Out of diseases and pests: garden processing in spring
The appearance of the first spring valley remembers that gardens will very soon come from hibernation. Harmful insects will wake up with them. So it’s time to fight against them. According to the rules, garden processing is carried out in several phases in spring. We will find out how we can do it correctly in order not to damage fruit and berry plants and get an abundant harvest.
Everything about the spring processing of the garden
Why do you need spring processing?
Insect reliefs and pathogenic microflora continuously attack garden planting from spring to autumn. Despite the fact that gardeners are fighting them, part of pathogens, larvae and egg masonry in the garden remains in the garden. They are equipped in the ground in the bark. The heat of spring awakens them to life, and if measures do not take measures, the exuberant enemies of the garden will actively develop and multiply.
Early processing enables most wintering of insect pests and diseases to destroy until they are still active. The first events are carried out in wooden tribes before the start of the sapotage. This makes it possible to use strong substances and not to damage planting.
There is no precise data if there is no way to process trees of pests in spring. They are completely dependent on the weather conditions. The first work can be carried out at minimal positive temperatures. Two to five degrees heat allow spray. This is the most effective possible process. But it should be consistently warm, not thawing temporary. Otherwise you can harm plants.
4 stadiums of garden treatment in spring of diseases and pests
It is unlikely that spraying a spray will be achieved a persistent result. Harmful insects and microorganisms are partially survived after processing and come from neighboring areas. Therefore, the processing must be carried out several times and in particular in four stages. We will describe each of them.
1. Before the kidneys occur
It is carried out immediately after the snow is melted before the kidneys swell. At this point, the plants are still in winter, there are no active sapotage. At this stage you get rid of insects and their larvae that wave in the winter bark. Shrubs, such as currants or gooseberries, are exposed to irrigation with a lo w-pink solution of potassium perhanging. Trees are difficult to process. Therefore, different medications are used. You choose those that are effective at relatively low temperatures. It can be iron or copper sulfate, nitrofen, “Drug 30+”.
2. On the “green cone”
This is the name of the phase, in which sharp green tips of the leaves begin to swear. It doesn’t take long, so you have to have time to process plantings. These terms are good for combating different putrefaction, kidney and fungal infections. This determines how the garden is processed in early spring. Copper sulfate or burgundy mix fits. “Decis”, “Actellik”, “Aktara”, “Hom”, “Topaz” etc. are used by the special preparations
3. According to the “Rosa Knospe”
During the flowering period, it is forbidden to process crops, since there is a great risk to bees. Therefore, manipulations are carried out in the “pink bud” phase, so called the period of formation of small buds. In these terms, the fight against pests and pathogens of fungal diseases is effective. They use the Bordeaux mixture, Karbofos, Horus, Fitovermus, Aktar, Fitosporin.
4. For ovaries
You can spray plantings after the ends of the flowers, the petals will be crumpled, and the ovaries will begin to form. At this time, they are actively fighting harmful insects. Urea, colloidal sulfur, burgundy liquid or “phytosporin” are used. From the insecticidal preparations they choose “Trust”, “Decis”, “Actar”, “Speed”.
How to process plantings correctly: step-by-STEP instructions
Regardless of what means are processed by plants, there is a specific procedure for carrying out manipulations. We provide instructions on how to do it right.
- They clean the garbage from under wooden crowns, break off old leaves, perform pruning if necessary. All collected materials are carried away from the garden and burned. It is impossible to leave it on the site, as this is a shelter from harmful insects. The ash after burning can be used as fertilizer.
- Lichen or moss that appeared on the trunk is carefully cleaned. It is advisable not to damage the bark.
- The soil in the trunk is dug or chopped deep enough. An important point: fallen leaves or dry grass should not be on it. Otherwise, the wintering masonry of eggs and larvae will fall into the ground.
- White trees and bushes. True, there is a risk of washing lime when spraying. Therefore, if indelible paint is used, you can whiten before processing. Otherwise, it is better to whitewash after spraying.
- Prepare a working solution. Strictly observe all proportions and safety rules when instructed to do so.
- Spraying is carried out in the evening or early morning in dry clear weather. If the road is cloudy, you can work during the day, provided, however, there will definitely be no rain. The trees begin to process the trees from the tops and gradually fall down. Then the solution is applied to the barrel and to the ground around it.
Powerful sprayers are used for adult trees. This is necessary in order to process the entire crown. A little dispersion spraying here is ineffective. The volume of the crown is large, small drops evaporate, not having time to reach the leaves. Spraying Smassperssion works well on young fruit trees. Their crowns are not yet large, even a conventional spray gun is sufficient for processing. The overgrown old bushes before spraying are sometimes tied with a “shock”, and after manipulation they unleash it. This will help to quickly and effectively apply the drug to all branches.
Features of processing different cultures
For each culture, preparations for processing are selected individually. We will find out when and how in the spring fruit trees and berries are processed.
Before the kidney bloom, it is necessary to treat apples and pears from the fungus and lichen. 2% copper sulfate is used for this. At the same time, the trunks and bottom in trunk circuits are treated with urea. For 10 liters of water, 300 g of powder is taken. This will destroy all Overwest insect pests. At the “Green Cone” stage or a little earlier, gardeners perform the so-called “blue spraying”. For this, 2% Bordeaux liquid is used, after the leaves have appeared, 1% of the mixture is already used. This protects against the young and against moniliosis.
Iron sulfate is carried out before the leaves appeared. It is diluted in a ratio of 200 g of a substance per 10 liters of water. The resulting solution is applied to the crowns, trunks and trunk circles of the seeds. This protects you from various mushrooms, lichen and harmful insects that have been safely overwritten in wood or bark.
Riss and all types of drainage are treated with insecticides such as “Fufanonov” or “Sparks” from aphids, trunk beetles and plumedotts. In order to protect fruits, homosexuals and equipment from the decay, 2% are sprayed with a mixture of Bordeaux, 2% copper sulfate or urea composition. It is diluted in 10 liters of water of 300 g. At the beginning of spring they have to become white to protect the tribes from thermal burns and the hibernation pests.
There are several ways to process the trees of cherries or cherries in spring. Before the active sapotage begins, you are sprayed with 2% with a mixture of Bordeaux or 2% copper or iron sulfate. You can use urea. It is solved in clean water, guided by a ratio of 300 g funds per 10-liter bucket. Spraying kills adults and larvae of harmful insects, protects against purple spots, boys and monilial burns.
Fungicides or compositions with copper such as Bordeaux mix or copper sulfate are selected for the first processing of the peach. In the “Pink Bud” phase, the plant is sprayed with “trichocin”, “actophytes” or “planri”. This will protect him from pests. From the list of systemic fungicides, choose how a tree is processed in the last stage. It can be a “speed” or “phytosporin”. They protect against gray rot, powdery mildew, curly leaves.
Garden in spring: How do you spray trees and shrubs and above all – when?
In spring, as early as March, the caring summer resident of the matters is located over the roof! First we go into the garden: we check the emergency accommodation (you can be ventilated during the day in cheap weather), drive on with fruit trees and think about the early spray of the garden. With regard to the processing of pests and diseases in spring, most amateur tarters have two main questions:
- When do you start spraying trees and shrubs?
- How can you spray the garden in spring?
With both questions we tried to answer the details in this article.
Data: When spraying trees and shrubs in spring
Nobody will say the exact date on which you can start spraying. In theory, you can spray the garden at the end of March. During this time, the temperature can rise to 10 degrees heat, and insect amplifiers wake up at a temperature of 5 to 6 degrees heat. In addition, pathogens of mushroom diseases (putrefaction, steam, moniliosis) begin to spread early. However, the processing at the end of March can be ineffective because it can still be wet snow, make rain and quickly wash off the product. It is best to wait for dry, stable weather in April.
As a rule, fruit trees in the garden are sprayed in two terms in spring:
- Before swelling / flowering the kidneys (mainly from diseases),
- During the buds of the kidneys in the phase of the green cone (mainly from pests and diseases).
1. The first spray
When to spray? In the stage of the closed kidneys, as they say, “on a bare tree” if there are no signs that they awakened. At this point, spores of fungal diseases can already fly away. It is believed that it is advisable to carry out the processing when the average daily air temperature reaches 5 degrees heat.
As? The first spraying occurs from diseases, since insects have not yet been activated – they simply did not have anything to eat (the kidneys did not open). Spraying protects the garden from various types of rot, moniliosis of bone plants, from ledges – on apple trees and pears. Preparations are used: Bordeaux mixture of 3%, urea, ferrous sulfate, copper sulfate, copper halls Hom, Oxich, Chorus fungicides, Sum, Pharmaciode, Abiga-Pick, Nitrafen, Rales and insecticides “30 Plus”, “”, “” , “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “Preeclaine”.
Before the exposure of the kidneys is relevant, processing against wintering stages of pests, and modern preparations “30 Plus” and “Prevention”, as well as the proven complex “Nitrafen”, which acts against both pests and diseases, come to the rescue.
2. The second spraying
when to spray On the green cone when the kidneys were already bursting, but the leaves haven’t turned over yet. It is very important not to miss this phase because the Apple baroid (weevil) is activated.
As? Insecticides against pests are used: Funke, Intavir, Tanrek, Kinmix, Fufanon, deciders from professionals. It is possible to carry out treatment with fungicides from diseases: Bordeau x-mixture of 1%, chorus, speed, oxich. It is only important to consider that the Horus drug works well with cool weather and is more suitable for the first processing, and the speed is more effective at temperatures above 5 degrees of heat.
You can spray fruit trees 2 more times: in the stage of the pink bud (not after flowering plants) and in the ovaries, the size of a pea – against apple huts and from moniliosis (second wave). For spraying, sparks and Intavir, Decis, Chorus, as well as biological products of phytovermus and bitoxibacillin are suitable (work at a temperature above 14 degrees).
It is necessary to spray not only branches, but also the trunk and even a trunk circle. Fruit trees, bone plants and berry bushes are processed.
Currants and raspberries are also better to process in the early stages, without waiting for the swelling of the kidneys. First of all, you can collect on tic k-B buds (they are round and healthy – elongated), they can be distinguished in winter. The tick grows up at an average daily temperature of 5 degrees of heat. The kidneys must be assembled and burned. The curved shoots that were affected by aphids last year are also cut and burned.
In the early stages, while still pretty cool, spray Acaricidal Drugs against the tick: Theovite Jet, Kleshchevite, Akarin, Aktellik. At temperatures above 12 degrees of heat, the biological product of the phytover is used.
On the swollen buds, insecticides are sprayed before the leaves: sparks, decis of pros, tanrek. For the prevention of powdery mildew, currants are sprayed with drugs containing copper (Bordeaux mixture, Chor, Hoom, Oxich, Scorch) when the leaves have already begun to bloom – at the end of May.
Raspberries are also treated with fungicidal medicines containing copper before the leaves bloom against diseases, against pests listed in Insecticides above.
Before the buds of the kidneys, currants and gooseberries infected with anthracnose or powdery mildew are sprayed with solutions of nitrafen, carbofos or burgundy liquid with solutions.
Attention! The drugs are sprayed with the help of garden sprayers, in calm weather, in the morning or in the evening.
And what will the lunar calendar say 2020 …
Most printed sources indicate that trees and shrubs can be started at the end of March – in early April. And if, among other things, the moon calendar for 2020 is used in the care of plants in the garden, among other things, in the care of plants, it is recommended too early in early March (of course it is too early, but such information has a place to be) :
- 2, 3, 7, 11, 12, 13, 25, 26 – spray plants from diseases and pests.
- 19, 20, 21, 29, 30, 31 – Processing of currants and gooseberries with hot water.
- 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 26, 27 – Processing of plants from diseases and pests,
- April 3 4 – Processing of currants and gooseberries with hot water.
- 9, 10, 13, 14, 18, 19, 27, 28, 29 – Processing of plants from diseases and pests,
Means: How do I spray the garden in spring?
Now let’s go through the means with which we will spray trees and shrubs in spring. We divided them into two groups: traditional and modern. In the description of each tool, we also emphasize the recommended processing time.
Traditionally, a concentrated urea solution is used in the garden to process the garden in early spring. Print sources offer different doses: 500 g, 600 g or 700 g urea per 10 liters of water. Accordingly, we receive a solution of 5%, 6%or 7%when issuing. In our own summer house for early spray, we use urea. As a result, a rich and healthy harvest of apples, pears, cherries (almost always). The best result is specified by using a complex solution: 700 g urea per 10 liters of water + 50 g copper sulfate. In front of the buds of the kidneys.
A traditional, effective and universal product. In the first half of April, a solution of iron sulfate (300 g per 10 liters of water) can spray trees to bare branches and tribes – this will destroy pests. The solution to a lower concentration is used in autumn after burning the leaves from the apple and the plums: 100 g sulfate are dissolved in 10 liters of water. A 3%solution of iron sulfate (300 g per 10 liters of water) also processes braids on the trunks. In front of the buds of the kidneys.
The 1%solution of copper sulfate (100 g per 10 l water) is effective against fungal diseases, mold and some pests. It is often used to spray fruit trees and berry bushes to prevent fungal diseases in spring before the kidneys bloom. The solution is effective against the Parsha, moniliosis, crawling, cokanticcomic, antracosis, september and various types of stains.
Modern gardeners prefer to use copper sulfate in spring as part of a burgundy mix or urea solution.
Old, like a world, a remedy. A concentrated 3%solution is used to spray the garden in the early spring in front of the kidney blossom, and only a 1%solution to the burgundy mixture in the green cone phase. In detail about the preparation of the solution, it was in the article: “How can you make a Burgund y-colored liquid?”
Against the pests in wintering until the kidneys are swollen in spring, fruit trees with a solution of 3%(300 g per 10 liters of water) and shrubs – 2%m (200 g per 10 liters) are sprayed, and shrubs – 2 %M (200 g per 10 liters). . The drug works on fruit trees, currants, goosebumps and raspberries. In addition to the barrel and the branches, spray the floor in trunk circles. Read the review of the drug “Nitrafen”.
The “Kemifos” drug in a dosage of 5 ml per 10 liters of water is used against a pest complex of bones and fruit plants on berry shrubs. The processing is best done in morning or evening hours.
In early spring before the kidney flowers have reached an average daily temperature of +4 degrees, they can spray fruit trees and berry bushes with the medication “prevention”. The solution destroys pests before they come out of hibernation.
Coppe r-containing medication
Hom and oxich are used for both the first (in front of the kidney flower) and for the second spray (phase of the green cone). The solution is manufactured in accordance with the instructions.
Fungicides and insecticides
Fungicides (from diseases) choir, scorch, pharmacid, Abiga-Peak, Raek, insecticides (from pests), “30 plus”, “Preractin” are for spraying the kidneys.
If the kidneys have already burst, but the leaves have not yet been unfolded, the insecticides (against pests) are used by the spark, Intavir, Tanrek, Kinmix, Fufanon, decisio n-makers from professionals, fungicides (from diseases) of the chorus, scorch, Oxich.
A solution of table salt is also used for spring sprays: 1 kg per 10 liters of water. It is believed that this solution is required for the start of the sapotage.
Immediately after the snow has melted, but so far the kidneys have not yet been used up, they are the thermal processing of currant bushes and goosebumps 1 Bush. With this method you can destroy hibernation pests.
So there are a large number of means to spray trees and shrubs. And the processing time largely depends on the selected medicine. Experienced gardeners also recommend concentrating on the condition of nature: the snow has almost melted, the temperatures are already plus, but the kidneys have not yet been awakened – it is time to spray. In spring you can process the garden at least four times (under land conditions) because different pests and diseases are activated at different times.