When can I cut trees in the garden?

Unnecessary branches. What can be cut in summer?

When and how to break off and cut off the additional branches, AIF.RU was informed by the chairman of the Council of the Interregional Public Organization “Moscow Union of Gardeners” and author of books on gardening and gardening Andreianov.

Cutting small and large branches in trees will be carried out in spring and bushes in spring and autumn. In summer you can work with no n-proper shooting.

“If you do not need a growing branch, it grows in the wrong direction, thickens the crown or creates an additional shadow, then you must theoretically cut it in spring. In order not to wait that long (during this time the branch takes the nutrients out of the tree), it should be cut out in the shooting phase, and if the branch is no longer so young, cut off the Secateur. If the escape grows in the wrong direction but does not appear to be superfluous, it can be green and suppressed, but can be bent in the right direction with a wire or a cord. In this way you can easily repair a young sharp fork. If the branches leave the intersection by less than 30 degrees, they soonered separated wounds. Sharp forks should be cut in spring or now, while young, try to bend the branch, to repair and leave it in a new position. After a while to change the direction of the branch again, ”says Andrei Tumanov.

Sanitary’s pruning is carried out throughout the season as required. Drinked, broken, sick and infected branches are cut into a healthy tissue. In the event of diseases, this must be done quickly so that the infection does not spread further along the system. You can also cut the shoots at any time. It usually appears because the plant frozen or lost part of the crown. Some shrubs constantly form the shoots and fill the entire garden if they don’t take care of them.

“Over 90% of the gardeners cut the shoots with a secateur or cut them off with a shovel to ground level. This is wrong: the system begins to produce more shoots. To cut the shoots correctly, you have to take a shovel or a shovel and dig the bundle to the horizontal root – the place where it works. There you can already cut the shoots with a secateur or saw with a garden file without leaving a stump. Otherwise, sleeping buds wake up on it and a new shoot will grow. On request, the wound can smear with the garden and fill the floor. The shoots will no longer assume such a place, ”said Andrei Tumanov.

In summer you can carry out tweezers or dazzling shoots. It is the case that the trees do not grow high. The central ladder is pinned: cut the upper kidney or even part of the branch so that it stops growth.

“This will excite the side shots. For some plants, for example, apple trees will help increase fruit formations, ”says Andrey Tumanov. – It is important to carry out punctual tweezers: until the branches started to wood. If you bring it closer to autumn, shots will go, which has no time to grow up and is not convinced. If aperture occurs too early, the flower corolla becomes smaller and weaker. “

After the abric, the cuts are not necessary at all to process. They dry quickly and grow in a healthy plant.

“Every pruning is a serious intervention in the life of the plants, like a surgical intervention. If you’ve never trimmed a tree in your life, start small. There is no need to take many branches off the plant at once. The more you cut, the harder it gets for him. It will be harder to rebuild, it won’t always respond well. For example, sea buckthorn, cherries and plums will begin to sprout, and apple trees will begin to produce fat shoots,” said Andrey Tumanov.

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Pruning fruit trees and shrubs in 2022: calendar, favorable days

Calendar trimming of trees and shrubs

Every gardener wants their fruit trees and shrubs to look healthy, well-groomed and bountiful. To do this, they must be cut at the right time. The fruit tree pruning lunar calendar 2022 allows you to carry out this process with the least stress on garden plants in spring, autumn and winter.

Then your garden will change for the better, have a beautiful view and thank you with a harvest.

What is pruning and why is it needed?

Pruning is the removal of certain parts of a plant – branches, cones, and sometimes roots. Proper pruning rejuvenates trees and shrubs, improves the appearance and decorative effect of plants.

  • Topiary aims to give the plant a specific shape or to make it grow in a specific direction. Such pruning is used in the formation of the crown or vines;
  • healing pruning is intended to heal a diseased plant, rid it of affected areas and parts, and stimulate its further development;
  • Incentive pruning is said to improve the quality of fruit, flowers and foliage and ensure a bountiful harvest;
  • Limiting the pruning allows you to suspend the growth and development of the plant, especially in cases where it is important to save a little space and not close the light to other plants.

Calendar trimming of trees and shrubs

Tree and shrub pruning calendar 2022

It is recommended to coordinate the cutting plan with the lunar and stellar cycles. Thus, it is known that the intensity of the sap flow increases with the waning moon, and decreases as the earth passes through the signs of the zodiac Pisces, Aquarius and Cancer.

✔️ Favorable days for pruning trees and shrubs according to the lunar calendar in 2022

Month auspicious dates
January January 1st, 2nd, 9th, 10th, 11th
February February 6th and 7th
march March 5th and 6th
November 24, 25 and 26 November
December December 3, 21, 22, 23 and 31

❌ Unfavorable days for pruning shrubs and trees in 2022

Unfavorable days for gardening (including pruning) are the days when the moon changes its cycle – full moon and new moon. Also, the days of the rising moon are not recommended, since during this time the sap flow is upwards and the intersections become too sensitive.


The climate calendar recommends postponing spring pruning until the snow cover melts and the air temperature rises to at leas t-5 °C. It is recommended not to touch weaker plants (e.g. grapes) at all until such time as the shelter can be permanently removed. However, the lunar calendar complements these recommendations by highlighting unfavorable days:

  • March: 2nd, 5th, 6th, 7th, 10th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 24th, 25th March;
  • April: 2nd, 3rd, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 20th, 21st, 29th, 30th


  • September: 2nd, 9th, 25th;
  • October: 1st, 9th, 24th;
  • November: 1st, 7th, 23rd

When and how should trees and shrubs be pruned?

In the fall, when the leaves fall, fruit and ornamental trees growing in the garden should be pruned.

The branches can be circumcised in mi d-October without waiting for all leaves fall. If the cutting of the branches should definitely be completed, there is no exact date, so it is necessary to be guided by common sense.

How to prune trees to get a good harvest

It is not recommended to work in the garden and cut the plants with rain, because at that moment the earth is wet. If you survive trees and shrubs on damp soil, you can damage your structure and make it difficult to penetrate the oxygen into the roots. If you go to work despite bad weather, put the boards under your feet at least so that the earth is less compacted.

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Cut grapes, roses and other shrubs that have to be covered for the winter so that all work is complete before they are covered.

How to cut trees to get a good harvest

In order to obtain an abundant harvest, the crown of the tree should be protected. In this way, the fruit eggs can receive the number of sunlight required for growth. But not everyone can do it right.

Gardeners are currently being practiced on various options for trimming the crown. By giving the optimal form of the crown of different plants, you can increase plant productivity several times.

For example, a bush crown is more suitable for drainage, peaches. The shape of such a crown resembles a ball. This enables a tree to endure winter frosts better, and accordingly it is better to wear fruits.

A pyramid crown is more suitable for apple trees and pears. This not only enables fruits better, but also affects their taste.

The free shape of the crown is suitable for quinces. The plant is only cut to remove dry or sick branches. Otherwise it grows according to mother nature.

How to properly prune an apple tree

How to correct the apple tree. If it is better to trim. Cutting young and old apple trees.

Cutting apple trees is necessary to increase and maintain the yield of trees in order to obtain healthy and delicious fruits. The timely proper trimming directly affects the formation of the crown with access to the required amount of light and air. It is important that the correctly shaped crown makes the harvest considerably easier. But far away from all owners of apple or fruit gardens know how exactly it is necessary to cut this fruit culture. You will find out about it from this article.

Types of apple trees

Cutting apple trees can be three types:

1. Weak pruning – make young apple trees in spring or autumn. New growth that have grown all year round are shortened by a quarter. In spring, fresh shoots from cut branches and a beautiful shape will form.

2. Average pruning. They are used for 5-7-year-old and adult apple trees to increase the number of productive branches and the formation of the crown. Wonderful growth are set in a third of the length.

3. A strong pruning is required for thinning, so that the apples under the sun ripen better, since these branches are shortened by half.

How to correct the apple tree. Appl e-Pruning scheme.

A proper trimming of young apple trees with thin branches is carried out by a seeder, and stronger growth is sawn with a saw. The tool should be clean and very sharp, sharpened like a razor. Stupid garden scissors or a hack saw will “break” the bark and the wound is overgrown for longer.

How to properly prune an apple tree

When is it better to cut apple trees in spring and autumn

In spring, pruning apple trees is necessary for the formation of a crown and increasing the yield. Then the branches damaged by cold are removed. Spring cuts begins before the buds begin.

Strenuous apple trees in early spring provide the best results for the subsequent growth of the apple tree. And the younger the tree, the more often he is advisable to carry out his formation.

In autumn, when the leaves fall, the old, spoiled, broken, lazy branches are cut off. Cutting apple trees in autumn mainly aims to prepare a tree for wintering, and that there are no sick and weakened branches that can break in winter and thus weaken the plant.

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It is important not to miss the moment of trimming: it is carried out after the leaves have fallen, but to strong cold weather.

In summer to ensure the maturation of young wood and that annual growth do not freeze in winter, they are recorded by annual shoots. The pinching (chase) is a mechanical removal of part of the shoot. You can clamp with small scissors.

A formative pruning is carried out in winter. If the garden is large and there is not enough time in spring, you can transfer the cropping by the end of February. At this point, the plants are in peace and practically no stress from the procedure.

The winter cut is easy to tolerate with apple trees, since they are alone, it can be carried out at an average air temperature of at leas t-20 ° C, otherwise the wood bark will be damaged by the frost.

Autumn cutting of the apple tree

Autumn is the time for the sanitary supply of apple trees or the implementation of ant i-aging procedures. It is necessary to carry out the autumn cut after the start of the leaf fall, but before the first frosts the cuts simply have no time to heal and in winter they are not prepared, i. H. Cutting will only harm the plant.

The correct autumn circumcision is carried out as follows:

1. First remove all growth with mechanical damage dry or with a clear infection of diseases.

2. First, small growth growth are removed after a long distance;

3. The weakest branches of those who are too close together are cut out; 4. Cut the cutting in an acute angle;

5. All damage to apple trees during circumcision are carefully covered with garden varnish or owl paste.

6. Cutting branches are collected and burned.

Autumn is the ideal time to cut an apple tree and prepare it for the winter for the following new season.

Cut the apple trees in spring

Spring is an ideal time for the formation of a crown. In spring, pruning apple trees enables a strong trunk and a good crown for hig h-quality fruit fruit. A reliable foundation will make it possible in the future of a large load.

In spring, all frozen areas and branches affected in winter are clearly visible. If you remove them in good time, the apple tree will not spend the strength of the strength in the future and thereby distribute the current of nutrients in the required direction and the tree correctly. It is the spring cutting of the apple tree that is the gentlest and cheapest process for care.

In spring, the trimming of apple trees is carried out before the kidney and growth of new branches. In this case, the following rules must be observed:

1. We cut the weak and inner shoots, they do not bring a big harvest, but they will only thicken the crown.

2. We remove all the shoots that grow within the tree top, this will help in the future to breathe apple tree well, and most in the depths – get the necessary sunlight.

3. Cut off all crossing shoots and do not grow branches that come into contact with each other, while the outer layer of the bark is damaged and the development of diseases is caused.

The essence of the garden in spring is reduced to healing the apple tree and good yields are achieved.

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Cutting young apple trees

1. In the first year, the circumcision of young apple trees is carried out to correctly form the crown and put the skeleton. Such a procedure can take place immediately after planting a young seedling. In such a plant, the upper, strictly vertical shoots are mandatory. This happens in such a way that the seedling grows up abruptly and spends all the life juices for branches that do not bring a big harvest. It is necessary to cut the tip of the barrel and leave several young buds that form skeletal branches in the future and finally form a spreading crown. It is recommended not to remove more than 1/3 of the length of the trunk, the upper bud should “look” outwards.

2. Cut the apple tree for 2-3 years. Such seedlings leave the most powerful shoots, with a departure angle from the barrel at least 45 degrees, which then forms the s o-called wooden skeleton. It is also necessary to remove clearly competing processes so that they do not affect each other in the future. The main task in this phase of pruning is to set the basis of the future crown of the tree.

3. At the age of 4, shorten all branches for a third. Make the cut on the branches to stay the last outer kidney. Frui t-carrying buds will appear from them.

Cut old apple trees

The ant i-aging cutting of old apple trees is carried out in spring when annual growth is not big enough or in autumn after leafstuz. It is necessary to return your earlier return and increase the quality properties of fruits.

All rejuvenation work cannot be carried out in one year. This will significantly weaken the apple tree and not only cause the slowdown of the fruit system, but also the full death of the tree. It is recommended to stretch this process for several years.

1. In the first year, as soon as possible in spring, you should shorten some of the large skeletal branches and let the hemp grow from green shoots.

2. In summer we form the basis of the new crown from these young shoots.

3. Cutting the apple tree in spring or autumn for next year means that the remaining branches are shortened in a similar way.

Over time, a cut rejuvenated in autumn or spring did not affect the collection of a quality harvest during the years of the cladding, which only benefits the apple tree.

How to prune grapes and other curly trees?

How do I cut grapes and other curly trees?

Such plants can be cut in autumn. The juice flows very actively through the vineyards, which is why the plant loses much fluid and physiologically active substances during the spring sharpness. This inhibits growth, the plant loses the ability to give berries.

It is recommended to cut in autumn when the leaves fall. Choose the scheme of cutting at your own discretion. The simplest and most popular way in our climate zone is a fan cut that is suitable for beginners. So the vines can easily form and then hide for the winter.

Horizontal pruning is possible, but such a formation requires more experience, and plants use more space in the garden than when pruning a fan. On the other hand, such a pruning increases the yield of many types of grapes, the vines are good and the bushes are easier for winter. If you want to grow grapes and devote more time to care for a horizontal cordon.

Education and pruning when growing garden shrubs

Usually the gardener himself determines whether he likes the face of the plant or not, hence the need for trimming. It is not difficult for a person who knows little about the plant to determine the defects that need to be eliminated: from severe frosts, freezing rain or simply broken branches, dry and rubbing shoots, decayed branches, bulging branches, especially when cutting by hedges, damaged.

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Sanitary pruning when growing shrubs (removal of broken and damaged branches) can be done at any time. In other cases, it should be borne in mind that such plants as forsythia, cloister, honeysuckle, some spirea, lilac and other species take the kidneys out on last year’s shooting and bloom in early spring or early summer.

Education and pruning when growing garden shrubs

They should only be pruned after flowering has ended. And plants such as Biryuchin, Roses, Hydrangea, Buddhi David, Snowy and others that bloom in summer and autumn are cut out early in spring.

Different types of plants react differently to trimming, since the shape of the crown of the bush is of great importance, which can be either pyramidic, either spherical, continuous, etc. So, for example, in Hungarian lilac, Kizilniki, Geißschlau, Geißschnitzel, along the length of the branches new shoots appear, and in rhododendrons yellow rose, low pruning leads to the death of entire branches and even the entire bush, since these plants do not lead the property of the kidney formation have the lower old branches.

When growing shrubs in kindergarten in the first years of their life, a form is performed. In the future, after their landing in a permanent place, sanitary, the formation and rejuvenation of pruning begins. When pruning shrubs, plant growth is usually weakened or increased, flowering and feeling are accelerated or slowed down. The desired shape of the crown is enhanced or created.

The degree of trimming is very different: from removing withered flowers in lilac or roses to cutting large skeletal branches of fruit crops, as well as antiaging pruning of old shrubs. It should be remembered that pruning plants is the same surgical operation, and before starting the gardener should know exactly whether it is needed and what he wants to achieve this operation.

Many shrubs are usually in the second year after planting with low pruning at a height of 5-7 cm from the root collar. Such pruning will help strengthen the bust of plants.

This is especially important for breeds like honeysuckle, lilac, hawthorn, buckthorn, hazel, predisposed to develop central shooting to the detriment of Bokov. At the same time, barbaris, spirea, cabbage, cinquefoil and cinquefoil seem good without pruning. However, if you want to get a particularly magnificent copy or give it an original form, berries and decorative bushes should be done in the spring, before the buds begin.

Necessary test tools

For the formation and trimming of decorative shrubs, you need to have a suitable tool and know the rules for its use. The quality of the inventory is of great importance for the work.

The necessary tools to bargain for decorative shrubs are various types of plums, knuckles, secateurs, garden saws, garden knives, as well as an electric saw for haircuts of shrub hedges.

And from auxiliary equipment you can mention garden stairs, putty and gloves for work. Most often, gardeners use a secateur. It is indispensable when shortening the shoots and thickening the crown. The diameter of the branches cut by the secateur should not exceed 1-2 cm.

In gardening stores you can buy pruners with long handles, suitable for trimming branches up to 3-4 cm thick. For cutting high supported branches, poles or six knots set in motion with a rope. The blades of such a slut should be well sharpened.

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