What to do with fallen leaves in autumn?

Autumn leaves in the garden: clean them or not

Autumn leaves in the garden: clean them or not

Many people know that fallen leaves are a valuable product. In winter they protect the roots of trees and shrubs from frost. In summer, they help keep the moisture in the ground. Decompose, turn into a valuable fertilizer – humus, enrich the soil with organic and minerals (1). This scheme works well in the forest. In the garden, however, autumn leaves can cause major problems

Where the fallen leaves are dangerous

In flower beds. Many of several years of decorative plants categorically do not tolerate soak. Among them are stone, woolen cleaned, several years of cloves, floor covering phloxes, bathing clothes and primrose. If a layer of leaves that has matured in winter is above, you will lose you in spring.

The leaves of a different kind of leaves in autumn in the garden are delivered to primrose: splashes, hionodox, crocuses and other small, clear – in spring it will be difficult for them to break a layer of charming leaves.

In needle compositions. In autumn, the crowns of needle plants are strongly clogged with leaves. This problem is particularly relevant for stunted juniper – sometimes they are not visible at all under an Opada layer. The spherical thuja and pillow spruce also suffer. After the end of the sheet, you must therefore carefully select all leaves from the crown of these needle plants. If this is not done, the decaying lump of the leaves in it leads to the development of fungal infections.

On the lawn. Here you have to constantly clean the leaves, especially in rainy weather. You only have to leave them for a few weeks, and the Luzhaika is yellow and covered with mold. So the rake in your hands (and better the garden vacuum cleaner) and go remove the leaves. At least once a week.

Incidentally, it is possible to collect leaves from the lawn with a rake only at positive temperatures. During frost, the grass becomes fragile and can be damaged.

In the pond. But only when the fish live there – drowned leaves begin to rot and release poisonous substances into the water. Therefore, it is better to catch them as soon as possible while they are on the surface. It is most convenient for a watch.

If you do not want to constantly work on the icing, pull a network with small cells above the pond.

In a pond in which there is no fish, the leaves also become a problem, but only next year – water will bloom. But if there is no time in autumn, it is possible to catch them in spring.

On the border of the site. If you have lovers in the district to burn the old grass, it is likely that the fire will spread to your website – dry autumn leaves burn perfectly. Before you leave the cottage for the whole winter, take it to the scope of the fence.

Where the fallen leaves are useful

In trunk circles. The leaves are beautifully mulch, they protect the roots of trees and shrubs from frost (2). This is particularly important for hea t-stressing plants. Opad is poured in trunk circles with a layer of 10 to 15 cm. So that it does not smash in the area, you can throw dry branches or needle messengers on it.

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But remember: the leaves for mulching the seizure circles should be healthy and without pests. Otherwise, all these uninvited guests remember their entire garden in spring.

In gardens with onions. With those in which large light bulbs and powerful stems that can break through the leaves are tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, hazelhuse and decorative loop. Fallen leaves protect you from frost, especially if the winter is covered with snow. In this case, however, the mulch layer should be small – about 5 cm.

How can fallen leaves be used in the garden and in the garden?

A healthy garden is a rarity. In most summer residents, trees and shrubs are affected by diseases and pests. And leaves of such plants cannot be used as mulch. But it’s a shame to throw away. So what to do? There are also options.

Burn. This is an option for a highly infected leaves. You cannot take any risks here, otherwise the infection will be distributed throughout the district. But after burning, you will receive the most valuable fertilizer ash that contains potassium, phosphorus, calcium and trace elements- magnesium, sulfur, boron, manganese (3).

When it cools down, sunk, pour it into glass glasses and close the Kapron lid. In this form, Ash can be saved for years and will always be on her fingertips.

Enter compost. If there were only a few pests and diseases in summer, the leaves can be placed in a compost heap. But remember: your layer should not be more than 10 to 15 cm, and it is necessary to pour a thick layer of earth or peat (at least 30 cm). Only in this case, in the spring of next year, can disputes from mushrooms and pests cannot come out and die.

Prepare the floor of you for seedlings. Summer residents are used to buying land in garden centers, but its quality has a lot to be desired lately. So let ourselves do it ourselves! However, make sure that the leaves of fruit trees are not suitable for these purposes, we need forest.

And the technology itself is simple. A small part of the fallen leaves is poured into a black plastic bag for garbage. Then add a composting show and pour a little of all EM medication (they come in different names, but the essence is similar to photosynthetic and lactic acid bacteria, yeast, actinomycetes and enzympthals). After that, part of the leaves are poured, again the ball of the compost and a bit of the European Championship drug. And so on until the bag is filled.

After that, it is necessary to dilute 1 tablespoon. A spoon of every jam in a glass of water and in a bag with leaves of casting pouring is necessary that microorganisms in the European Championship medication are active in cold weather. Now the bags have to be bound and left in the garden.

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After about a month, excellent fertile flooring forms in it – the bags can be removed in the barn and stored there until spring. And at the beginning of the season they have their own fertile soil for seedlings.

Popular questions and answers

We talked about the fallen leaves in the garden with the Agronomist Selescerer Svetlana Mikhailova.

How can you understand that fallen leaves are sick?

Sick leaves can be identified by stains or white plaque. Bloating, network and deformation is also a sign of the disease. It is better to burn such leaves immediately.

Which leaves cannot be used to mulch the floor?

Oak leaves and all types of pastures are not suitable for mixing the soil – if they are decomposed, they differentiate substances that inhibit the growth of other plants.

Is it possible to mulch the floor with a needle opad?

The needle dough acidic, and most garden plants love neutral or slightly alkaline soil. But there are plants that, on the contrary, like acidic soil. For example blueberries, cranberries, lingon berries. They are not only possible, they also have to be poured with an opad needle.


Photo 1

In autumn, the fallen leaves is a serious problem, and their disposal is exported to a landfill or burning end, which is prohibited by law.

Nevertheless, she can find a different application in which she not only works to dispose of the entire sheet of grandpa, but also to receive a benefit.

There are various ways to get rid of leaves with benefits and benefits.

Next we will say:

  • how to use this material;
  • Which leaves are better suited for certain applications?
  • What can be done with a fallen leaves in companies or independently.

Where can you use leaves in the country in autumn?

Here are the most important ways to use fallen leaves in the country:

  • Mulchen;
  • Humus production;
  • Growing mushrooms;
  • Ceiling insulation;
  • Production of different fuels.


This agricultural event is used to protect plant roots from hypothermia during frosts and to improve the structure of the soil. A layer of leaves that was cast with plantings on the beds or the area forms an air gap that carries out protective functions.

Since the leaves have no time to overshadow in front of frost or snow, mulch expires to a certain degree protective functions, although it is less effective than a mulching layer of most other materials, such as wooden saws or chips.

After the snow melts in the layered leaves, various microorganisms begin to multiply in humus (humus), ie the main component of the soil, which contains the nutrients required for plant growth.

Microorganisms that convert organically into humus actively consume nitrogen and pull it out of the air and the soil without inserting fertilizers containing fertilizers, just as mulching dramatically. However, this is characteristic of all cellulos e-containing materials that are used for mulch gardens or gardens.

Photo 3

Mulch from fallen leaves is a little (changes the alkaline acidity equilibrium), so that it is desirable to use ash or other alkalizing components.

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However, this is characteristic of all types of natural mulch, since the acid is released by microorganisms that process organic substances and transform them into humus.

Even crushed leaves to Rotor forms rather large particles that loosen the floor and improve its ability, absorb water.

In addition, parts of the foliage that microorganisms could not become humus due to the large size could not become food for earthworms that loosen the soil and also produce substances that are required for plant growth. We spoke in more detail about all of these problems and the correct use of fallen leaves for mulching.

Production of humus

The mulch with leaves sends the floor and robbed him of nitrogen. In addition, this procedure cannot be carried out where there are several years of flowers and some types of bushes. In fact, acids that damage the thin shell of the run are released in the process of vital activity of microorganisms. Therefore, leaf opadad is often transformed into humus and only adds it to the floor.

In order to transform the fallen leaf mass into humus, the initial mass is mixed with:

  • Ash, lime or dolomite flour;
  • Medicines that contain tribes of the necessary microorganisms and accelerate their spread; ; .

Then the mixed mass is placed in a compost pit. The compost can be invited instead of a pit:

  • A pile on the corner of the garden free of plants;
  • Special box;
  • Bags.

Each of the methods has both advantages and disadvantages:

Photo 2

  • It is easiest to make a bunch, but it poisons the floor and also spoils the appearance of the location. In addition, the wind often breaks the dilapidated leaves from it, which it then freads through the surroundings.
  • The box is comfortable for charging, unloading and maintaining compost, but due to rather large sizes, it is quite difficult for you to find a place.
  • The bags are comfortable for charging, saving and unloading, but it is almost impossible to turn the content into them.

Then the tire compost turns back regularly and is used as fertilizer or mulch after maturation.

Such a humus after mixing with the floor forms a ground mix that can be used:

  • Germination;
  • Growing seedlings;
  • Drill internet flowers.

You can find more information on all topics in connection with the acquisition of humus from the fallen leaves by this link.

Despite the fact that mulching and gaining humus are the most popular opportunities for the disposal of leaf opada and enables them to achieve at least some advantages of the process, there are other methods. They are not too common in Russia, especially if the disposal of leaves pays the budget, but these methods are required in private houses or abroad. We will talk about it below.

Growing mushrooms

The cultivation of mushrooms at home gains popularity because mushrooms are a very valuable and useful product that can partially replace the meat.

The advantage of mushrooms is that they are able to feed on plant waste. Therefore, a fallen leaves are used to grow them.

In order to obtain 1 kg of mushrooms, 3-5 leaf mass is required, and the mushrooms do not require any special care. For faster and more rich growth of mushrooms, the leaf mass is mixed with excrement of animals and ashes.

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Ceiling insulation

The uneven shape of the leaves and an increase in thickness in the area of ​​the veins enables them to use this material to heat the ceiling. In fact, an air cushion appears between the right leaves, which performs the function of the heating isolator.

With proper laying and high steam barrier, the lifespan of such insulation is several decades. In fact, active decomposition processes only begin under conditions with high humidity, so that the steam barrier with high quality and the removal of excess moisture completely suppress the important activity of microorganisms that disintegrate the dead leaves.

Fuel production

The main component of the fallen leaves are hydrocarbons so that fuel can consist of them.

Most is this fuel in the form:

  • Briketts (including Evrodrov) and Pellet;
  • Pyrolysisegas;
  • Biogas;
  • Alcohol.

Photo 4

Briquettes and other types of solid fuel are generated by pressing.

However, the leaves without adhesive is not suitable for such an application, so different additives are added.

In addition, the price for finished fuel often depends on the costs of these additives.

In one of the English companies, wax is used as an adstringing element. This increases the hea t-intensive ability and increases the combustion period. However, the cost of standard protocols from Eurodrov are over 300 rubles. A more popular additive is shredded wood that spends lignin when compression. Also use wallpaper glue, manure and other substances.

Pyrolysis gas is slightly inferior to most natural combustible gases in heat-intensive ability. However, getting it from the fuel that’s underfoot completely eliminates those differences. To obtain this, a smoke generator is necessary – that is, a device that burns leaves in a severe lack of oxygen. The amount of air that enters the furnace is just enough to keep the foliage fluid. Therefore, most of the carbon comes out in the form of carbon monoxide, which burns well in the air.

Biogaz is obtained by repeating the mass of foliage in water without access to air. The same process occurs in a swamp, so biogas and swamp gas are completely identical. However, the redundancy process of a foliage is too slow and not very effective, so after rotting, the organic matter turns into biogas and silt, which can serve as a good fertilizer.

To produce alcohol, Lea f-Opad undergoes hydrolysis, that is, the breakdown of polysaccharides (cellulose) into monosaccharides (glucose), in which yeast is then placed and fermented until alcohols are obtained.

After distillation, the strength of alcohols and other substances (various oils) increases to a level suitable for use in the form of fuel.

More detailed information about:

  • growing mushrooms;
  • ceiling insulation;
  • fuel production,

How to earn the disposal of Blattopada?

We remind you that burns not only cause damage to nature and cause humans and in some cases affect health, but also represents a violation of the law.” width=”360″ height=”220″ />

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Most of the ways to use the fallen foliage discussed in this article are well suited to commercial use.

After all, utility companies are forced to pay a lot of money for receiving fallen leaves on the landslides of solid household waste, so all the collected materials are given for free or for a nominal fee.

The hummus can then be sold to summer residents who do not have the opportunity to constantly be in the country and independently make hummus from Blattopada.

Briquette solid fuel, although it cannot compete with ordinary firewood, is suitable for those who are interested in nature conservation, because sitting by the fireplace they can tell friends that they were drowned with fallen leaves.

Bijeter (Methane) can be used to fuel Electric Generators, which saves Gasoline, meaning it’s also a kind of win.

Mushrooms grown on the leaves can be positioned as organic products (especially since), so their selling price is much higher than the ordinary ones. Even when selling mushrooms in ordinary stores without organic origin stops, they bring good profit, since the material for their cultivation is free and care for them is minimal.

It won’t work to make money selling alcohol as there are very high excise taxes in this area, but it can be used to fuel your cars. The high octane rating (100-105) makes this fuel suitable for all modern petrol engines designed to use 95-98 octane fuel.

Where can you put the leaves if none of the disposal methods are suitable?

If none of the methods of using Blattopada described in this article are indicated, then you must either independently take the collected material to the dumps of solid waste, or contact companies that are engaged in the disposal of fallen leaves. We have already talked about such companies in the article where they are supposed to hand over the leaves.

We remind you that the burning fallen leaves not only harms nature and makes people uncomfortable and in some cases affects health, but also represents a violation of the law.

Therefore, you can get a good or more serious punishment for this action. You will find more information on this topic here.


Many do not know what to do with fallen leaves where they should bring them into the country in autumn, how to use it. Despite the fact that a fallen leaves often covered as the territory of the garbage, it can be used that enables it to make a certain benefit from it.

In this article we spoke about different types of using this material and the advantages that such an action brings. This information helps you to no longer count the fallen leaves through something useless or interfering and treat it as a valuable and important product.

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