What is grapevine clematis.

Clematis vitro: description, planting and care, propagation

Clematis vitalis: description, planting and care, propagation

Ornamental vitro clematis is often used for landscaping the garden or personal plot. Many people are interested in how to care for it, planting and propagation.


Clematis s-Vitre o-Legeda belongs to the genus Lomonosus of the Buttercup family. The shrub resembles a grapevine. The elongated cuts of the ribbed leaves are luring, which helps the branches grab onto the base of any support and cling. For its ability to dangle, the plant has been dubbed “vitro dueling.”

The climbing plant is used to decorate arbors, terraces, and various fences. It perfectly hides various flaws of buildings. The shrub creates additional shade, which makes it cool in hot and dry summers.

In nature, there are 2 forms of wild plant: grass and semi-bush. Herbaceous dies off after the growing season, only the roots remain. The semi-shrub type endures wintering well.

The root system of this crop consists of two types:

The roots are in the upper layers. The system with the first type of root system does not like transplanting. The culture should be immediately placed in a permanent place.

The stems of the shrub are thin, flexible sticks with dark brown bark. Many young filmy shoots appear on them each year. The shrub can grow a lot in a single season.

The compound, unpaired leaves consist of five or three lobes. The ovate, dark green leaf with a rounded base and pointed end resembles a heart. Sometimes there are large denticles along the edge. The smooth or slightly downy leaves may be 3 to 10 cm long and 3 to 4.5 cm wide. Blossoms in 3 years after planting.

Buds are formed only on young shoots. The white flowers have a light fragrance reminiscent of the delicate scent of almonds. The diameter is usually 2 cm. The flowers are necessarily gathered in paniculate inflorescences on long stems, which sometimes reach 12 cm. The flowers resemble stars. The core is studded with numerous yellow stamens and surrounded by 5 or 6 petals. Flowering occurs in June or July and may last until the end of September.

At the end of flowering, the fruits of Mähnkopf appear. The edges are thickened and the pinnate spout can reach 4 cm. The brown elongated seeds reach 7 mm in length and 4 mm in width. The fruits remain on the branches for a long time.


The choice of location for planting the plant is not essential. The intensity of flowering and development of the culture depends on it. Photophilic shrub needs the presence of shade, otherwise the leaves burn in the sun and turn yellow. It needs to be protected from structures and winds. The culture well tolerates spoilage and smoke.

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The seedlings should be planted in September – October. In areas with cold winters, it is better to plant seedlings in early spring.

First it is necessary to prepare the soil. It must necessarily contain sand, peat, humus (about 20%) in equal proportions. The resulting mixture is poured into the excavated soil (30%), and then add humus, ash and complex mineral fertilizers. Exchange stone is used as drainage.

Prepared soil is placed in a pre-made hole with a length, width and depth of about half a meter. Seedlings are placed at a distance of at least one meter from other bushes. They are buried in the hole to a depth of 15 cm, then watered and covered with a layer of sawdust. At low night temperatures, the sprouts should be covered.

The unpretentious shrub does not require special attention. It needs moisture-absorbing soil, but excessive moisture is undesirable. Water it as needed. On hot and dry days, abundant watering every 3-5 days. Two buckets of water should be poured under the plant. A strong stream should not fall on the middle of the bush.

Annual plants and flowers planted next to each other will help to keep the moisture and cool. The shrub will take well to the climbing rose.

To avoid rotting in wet weather, the underside of the bush should be inspected. Rotting processes contribute to the death of the crop. To get rid of rot after the soil has dried, antifungal preparations are used. Then the floor is sprinkled with ash.

Fertilizing is carried out in early spring with a lime solution: 1 cup per bucket of water. This amount is enough to fertilize 3 bushes. Then the soil is thoroughly loosened and sprinkled with sawdust. In spring, they are fertilized with humus combined with nitrogen preparations.

From May to August, once a month alternate complex mineral fertilizers with organics: manure mixed with water. Before the formation of buds, make phosphorus and potassium fertilizers, then there will be many lush inflorescences. In the autumn, it is necessary to use humus and mulch.

Pruning the shrub is recommended twice a year. In the spring, the procedure is carried out before the buds appear. Spring and autumn pruning gives the plant a neat look and beautiful shape. Web grass is removed as needed.

Protection from diseases and pests

Despite its resistance to various diseases, the crop can sometimes be susceptible to rust, root rot and powdery mildew.

Organic garden: a natural remedy for plant protection

Rust is characterized by the appearance of spots on the leaves. The infection spreads quickly. In a short time, the entire bush is covered with spots. Treatment is carried out with copper sulfate. It is recommended to remove damaged branches.

Root rot occurs due to excessively wet soil. It is necessary to thoroughly dry the soil, constantly loosen it and follow the rules of watering.

Powdery mildew can be recognized by a gray plaque on the leaves, which can be eliminated with Bordeaux liquid or soap solution.

Sometimes the shrubs are overrun by pests.

Aphids feed on the sap of young shoots and leaves, covering the culture with a kind of sticky layer, which provokes fungal diseases. It can be destroyed by spraying with a soapy solution.

The spider mite seduces the leaves and shoots out spider webs that affect the entire bush. The mite can be recognized by the black dots on the leaves. The insect is destroyed by preparations Fytoverm Actellic.


The plant spreads in several ways.

Seeds are sown in early spring. First they are soaked in warm water, and then planted in a container with a nutrient mixture. After transplanting, seedlings are piked and transferred to the greenhouse. There she stays for a year. In the open field in the open ground, seedlings are transplanted the next spring.

Petioles 10-15 cm long are propagated in July from 10 to 15 cm. First, the petioles are placed in a vessel with a “rhizome” for one day, and then planted in a container with a nutrient mixture. After a year, planted in the open ground.

Propagation is carried out in mid-summer. The shoot is bent to the ground, strengthen a little and let it germinate.

Shrub division is done in late fall or early spring. From a part of the mature mother bush, a spade separates the expanse together with the root. The damaged part of the root is sprinkled with ashes and treated with potassium preparations. After planting in the ground, watering with warm water is required.

Clematis – vitro-zis.

Clematis grapevine is a vinescent semi-shrub plant with small white flowers. It was introduced to culture in the early 20th century and is still popular due to its unpretentiousness. Despite the name, its leaves do not resemble grapes, but have the same petioles with which they can braid a support.

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Clematis vitifolia

general description

Clematis vitre o-Abvindi g-This is a climbing plant from the Buttercup family. It reaches 6-15 m or more in height, but is formed to the right size with a cuttings. The stems are thin and branched, breaking off at the roots. Leaves grow on leafy sticks that cling to a support when woven.

Flowers appear on the young shoots of the current year (June to September). Flowers are small (about 2 cm in diameter), star-shaped panicles, aggregated in inflorescences. The cream-white calyxes (4 PC) are framed by several yellowish stamens. Flowering is very abundant, with a subtle fragrance similar to that of linden.

Best varieties

Vanilla – This variety is offered by the agricultural company “Aelita”. In fact, it is a classic clematis Vitalba with slightly larger flowers (2.5 cm in diameter). The manufacturer promises extremely abundant flowering.

Summer snow – sometimes attributed to vetch varieties, but it actually belongs to the Fargez group.

  • Other names are Paul Fargez or Paul Fargez, Fargesiodes, White Cloud.

The difference is that it is a hybrid variety. It cannot be bred by seed (decorative properties are not preserved). Flowers are larger – 5 cm in diameter. The cones are 5 or 6 pieces. Flowering begins in early July and lasts until September.

Planting features

It is recommended to plant the vine in September, if the winter in the region is not too cold. In the north, it is better to move the planting to April. In the south, you can plant in early October.

Clematis grown by the container method is transplanted throughout the growing season.

  • The plant likes light, but needs semi-shade (in the south, it is better to plant in the shade to avoid overheating of the roots). It is necessary to think about protection from the wind: the presence of a wall, fence, trees, etc. (but the distance to the structures or the next perennial should be at least 60 cm).
  • Floors are suitable fertile, well-moistened, alkaline, without stagnant water.

For autumn planting, select seedlings with developed vegetative buds, for spring planting – 1-2 shoots. The plant should have three roots 10 cm long. In the past, the bush is dipped in water and left for 2-3 hours.

  • A hole is dug 60 cm deep and of the same diameter.
  • At the bottom, lay a drainage of crushed stone, broken bricks, pebbles or shells.
  • The bottom is mixed with humus, peat, sand. Add 100 g each of superphosphate and chalk, as well as 200 g of ash.
  • The soil mixture is poured in a mound, a seedling is placed on top of it and the roots spread the slopes (the container plant is transplanted together with the clump).
  • Water the clematis with a bucket of water, backfill and at an angle.
  • Conduct another watering and mulch the soil.
  • Nearby, a support is installed and the vine is tied to it.
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How to properly care for

Clematis is completely undemanding and needs minimal care. Watering is done as needed, feeding 3-4 times a season. If you want to keep the vine “within” the size, it is pruned in spring and autumn.

Clematis vinbaufoto

Photo of growing a clematis vine


Clematis needs moderate watering and does not tolerate waterlogging. During hot periods, it is watered 1-2 times a week, using 2 buckets per bush. Make sure that water does not get on the leaves and stems.

Loosening, weeding and mulching

After watering, the soil around the bush is loosened, at the same time weeds are pulled out. To facilitate care and protect the roots from overheating, mulching (peat, sawdust or pine bark) is used. Mulch is introduced in a diameter of 40-60 cm with a layer of 7-10 cm.


In the first year after planting, the plant can not be fertilized. Then they adhere to the schemes:

  • In early spring, watering with a solution of lime (200 g of lime per 10 liters of water).
  • Before flowering, universal complexes of minerals are introduced;
  • Midsummer – organics (infusion of compost or lazy mulch);
  • In September, phosphorus-potassium feeding is carried out.

In addition, it is useful to spray clematis monthly with urea and water with potassium permanganate.


Pruning of the shrub should be carried out in the spring and autumn. The liana grows quickly, and flowers appear on the shoots of the current year: if you carry out pruning, the flowers will be somewhere above, and on the flower stalks at eye level. The growth of the bush is regulated, leaving 50 cm from the ground after pruning.

Preparation for winter

The adult plant decently endures the winter without covering. Young specimens are emulated with a mixture of soil and peat (8-10 cm), covered with dry leaves or spruce lapnik. To protect against rodents, the bush can be covered with a wooden box.


Clematis can be propagated by seeds, cuttings, and by stripping shoots and parts of the bush.

The first method is the longest, but allows you to get many plants at once (often there is a self-tightening propagation). It is recommended not to separate the vine every 5 years. Cuttings and layers are quite successful.

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Clematis vitifolia reviews

Clematis vitrogen reviews


Seeds are stratified for three months and sown in the greenhouse in April. The temperature is maintained between 20-22 ° C. When leaves appear on the seedlings, they are transplanted into separate containers. Under greenhouse conditions, the plant grows throughout the winter, and by the end of spring it is planted in a permanent place in the garden.


Cuttings are best taken in late July – early August. They are processed together with the rhizome and buried in a substrate of peat, soil and sand. Planting is covered with a film to maintain temperature and humidity. Regularly burning and airing. Stubs appear within 1-2 months.


In the spring, the selected stem is cleaned of leaves, ducked to the ground and fastened with a wire. (The soil is pre-treated, loosened, watered). The shoot is sprinkled with sand and periodically moistened. After 1-1.5 months, roots appear, which are cut and transplanted.

Shrub division

The bush is carefully sown and divided with a shovel into several equal parts (each should have at least one bud). The divisions are transplanted in the usual way and tied to a support. Mulch a layer of peat and water regularly.

Diseases and pests

the problem Symptoms prevention treatment
Aphids Bug colonies on underside of leaves. Leaves dry, twisted, deformed. Proper watering. Control of anthills. Plant calendula plants nearby (to attract ladybugs, eat aphids). Remove affected leaves, rinse vines with a soapy solution. In severe cases, use insecticides.

Do not overgrow the plantings, cut and shape the bush in time.


Gertner notes the unpretentiousness of the Clematis grapevine, its resistance to cold and easy care. The shrub is ideal for natural style gardens and summer houses. It combines well with plants, especially with a whip rose. Long shoots can be interrupted and tangled, so they have to be bred during formation and released on a wide support.

Clematis grapevine vanilla

Vanilla grape-leaf clematis

In the first season after planting, clematis grows slowly, but already in the second – intensively builds green mass. Flowering is abundant on the 2-3rd year.

Judging by the few reviews, the liana can reproduce by self-seeding and grow as a weed. Pruning it is useless – it will only grow better. Additional plants need to be pulled out of the ground (it is not difficult, since the roots are thin and superficial).

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