Weeds in the garden – how to get rid of them?

How to get rid of weeds?

Weeds are a problem for almost every dacha gardener. You will definitely have to fight them, because such weeds quickly fill up large areas. How to do it properly, we will consider in the article.

What is important to consider?

In order to permanently get rid of weeds on the plot, it is important to consider the following factors.

  • The type of weed. Weeds come in different forms. They differ not only in harmony, but also in size. For example, it is much easier to get rid of dandelions with their small roots than, for example, from horse velvet or grass, the roots of which go a meter or more deep.
  • Timing. The earlier you take steps to eliminate weeds, the better. If you wait until they form seed bolls, you’ll have to start all over again next year. In many cases, a simple weed can only kill sprouting plants.
  • Techniques. There are many ways to get rid of weeds in the soil today. But some in most situations turns out to be ineffective. Basically, gardeners use a comprehensive approach, combining several methods at once.
  • Other plants. As for weeds in the garden, it is necessary to consider the neighborhood of other useful plants. Therefore, treatment with herbicides can have a very negative effect on them. In addition, many folk methods completely destroy useful substances in the soil, which is why there is a long light plot.

Traditional method

Traditional methods, from the point of view of many gardeners, are the safest, and yet the vast majority of dacha owners are limited to them. Let’s look at what options are acceptable for the dacha.


It is no secret that before sowing cultivated plants, the soil is necessarily recompacted and mulched with organics. The ditch allows you to get rid of the eggs of pests and their larvae, which decided to overwinter in the ground, and also with its help you can extract the roots from the weeds. Usually the ground is shoveled, and this is always done before planting.

However, if gardening is about finding weed roots, using a shovel is highly undesirable. The fact is that many weeds have long and branched roots, which are easy to cut with a shovel and, extracting, do not notice the individual parts. Those parts that are left in the ground are sure to sprout again. Therefore, when digging the ground to get rid of the roots, you should use resin.

The collected roots should be burned, not placed in a compost pit.


Mechanical uprooting of weeds is not always helpful, although it is effective. If the plot is already planted with plants, it will not be possible to constantly dig on the beds. In this case, it is better to fight the weeds. Weeds need to be thoroughly uprooted, using a garden rake or a small ripper. Root them out, but not when they are growing between plants with a branched root system. For example, next to parsley and other greens, you can only loosen them superficially.

Lack of weeds is a constant weed sprouting, as many of them cannot be removed from the root without digging up the soil.


Weeds can also be eliminated by exhaustion. This technique, of course, is relatively short-lived for the floor. It requires geomaterial for its implementation. You can take spunbond, roofing material and agricultural fiber. The site is cleared of tall weeds, with small ones you can not be particularly keen. Then shredded material is laid on the sides, so that the wind does not destroy it. In the absence of precipitation and sunlight, the weeds quickly die.

Acute pruning or garden care in August

Very often gardeners grow plants directly on the homestead plot. This method is practiced both in greenhouses and in the open ground. In this case, holes are cut in the matter, and then seedlings are planted in them. This method is widely used when growing strawberries and strawberries, green onions and some large plants. However, it proves unsuccessful in the case of the lowercase letter.


This method involves a thermal effect on weeds. It is advisable to use it when the vegetable garden for the first time after winter. The technique is carried out before planting vegetables, otherwise you can burn useful plants. To carry out the technique, a blowtorch is taken and the area is treated superficially. Weeds die already when heated to 50 degrees. However, it is important to keep in mind that the lamp does not burn them down to the roots. Over time, the plant will recover.

If you want to destroy the crop together with the root, you can buy a special device. It is so called – a weed killer. Such devices come in gas and electric, have a point effect on the plants, burn the individual weed together with the root and without harming the useful plants. You can use them in any period. The main disadvantages are the limited treatment area, the inability to use electrics on wet ground.

In addition, destroyers are very expensive.


Mulch is a certain layer of special materials that perform several important functions at once:

  • stops the growth of weeds;
  • prevents the evaporation of moisture;
  • prevents the formation of a crust after precipitation;
  • protects from overheating;
  • promotes the loosening of the soil and the saturation of the latter with nutrients.

As a mulch it is better to take organic, then you can also saturate the soil with useful substances. For example, it can be sawdust, fresh grass, peat, humus and more. Of course, even cardboard boxes and newspapers can be used as mulch. They will cope with weeds, but they will not be of any other use. The thickness of the layer of organic mulch should be about 5-10 cm.

biological methods

First, treatment with special preparations is carried out. Biological substances are much easier and safer than pesticides, but they must be used in advance, as they do not give an immediate effect. This is a kind of prevention, aimed not only at suppressing weeds, but also to improve the quality of the soil.

As part of most biological preparations, you can find special bacteria and fungi, which, getting into the soil, cause various reactions, destroying weeds, replacing them with useful microflora. Among the popular means gardeners usually note Baikal EM-1 and Vostok EM-1. There is another good remedy, “Shining.

In order to achieve the disappearance of weeds and increase soil fertility, treatment with medicinal liquid should be carried out in autumn if the crops from the beds are already harvested. In this case, the grass is cut as short as possible under the root. Then create a solution, strictly follow the instructions and water the beds with it.

It may be necessary to repeat the process, as indicated in the instructions.

There are several other options for biological methods.

  • Sideration. Siderats are plants to improve the quality of the soil. But they have another important feature – they suppress weeds. Legumes and cruciferous plants such as alfalfa, mustard, peas and rape are considered a good solution. Even stronger effects are seen in rye, oats. Even tall weeds can be dealt with. The greens are planted in mid-summer, and when they germinate and strengthen, they are mowed and buried in the ground. The method is absolutely harmless, is an excellent preventive measure.
  • Calcining. There are grasses that grow only on acidic floors. These are, for example, sauerclea and vegericha. If you calcify the floor after it reaches neutral acidity, it will be very easy to remove the weed from the construction site.
  • Mixed plantings. Here it is important to learn well the rules of plant proximity and crop rotation. The technique is aimed at filling all the empty spaces before weeds have time to fill them. For example, radish and lettuce in the corridors of carrots will feel well, and it is advisable to plant beans together with corn. Paprika is often planted along with garlic, as are eggplants. In addition, you can take the place of free-loving plants, such as marigolds, marigolds. They also protect pests with their scent.
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Chemical methods

Chemicals, called herbicides, are often used when weeds are overgrown and in large farms. They are a real poison to unwanted weeds, but the compound is always harmful and can affect the soil and other plants. Therefore, chemicals should be used cautiously and only if all else has failed.

There is the following classification of herbicides.

Systemic herbicides.

To ensure that weeds no longer grow on the plot, you can use systemic means, which are considered the most effective in the group of herbicides. Such drugs penetrate the tissues of weeds, causing them to become inhibited and ornamental. Reaching the root, they cause their rapid death. In this case, the size and length of the root does not matter. In the case of particularly noxious weeds with extensive and powerful root systems, systemic herbicides are often used. They can be used to water milk thistle, sagebrush, wolf’s milk, nettle and other large weeds.

The following products have proven to be the best in this group:

  • “Glyphovit.”
  • “Selenite.”
  • “Achiba.”
  • “Hurricane.”

Contact herbicides

It is possible to water plants and contact herbicides, but it is important to consider that these means are less effective, because there is no penetration into the tissues and the root. The preparations are poisonous, they immediately destroy the plants, but only their above-ground part. They can be used if you need to quickly clear a large area for sowing. Such products are very often used in grain irises.

You can choose such preparations as:

  • “Corum;
  • “Galactica Ultra;
  • “Agritox”;
  • “Acifen” and others.

Herbicides of continuous action

Such compounds are so called because they kill absolutely any vegetation, be it weeds or useful plants. Therefore, it is very dangerous to use them on areas with cultivated plants. Such herbicides can be used to treat large areas for crops and fields. They are used before sowing, in spring or after harvesting. Preparations are very toxic.

Among them, it is worth paying attention to such means:

  • “Sumamed”;
  • “Arsenal”;
  • “Hurricane” and others.

Election in autumn.

Such means affect a certain type of plants, without affecting other species. Of course, the drug is not produced for each individual weed, but for its families – completely. For example, there are herbicides for annuals and perennials, monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous weeds. It is worth choosing the product that is needed at the moment.

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For example, “advocate” is good for two annuals and for weeds such as Zheliakov, but Alpha Star will be complete with perennials.

Other good options:

  • “Dual Gold”;
  • “Permlin.”
  • “Primus.”

Using chemicals to treat plants, it is important to consider the following points.

  • The work is carried out in the absence of wind. By the way, the weather for different herbicides requires different. For example, some work better in heat, and others – in cool weather. But in any case, you should avoid rain.
  • Be sure to protect yourself during treatment. You can’t allow toxic substances to get on your skin or into your lungs. Wear gloves, respiratory masks, and goggles. It will be ideal to carry out the procedure in special clothing.
  • Do not disturb the proportion of the solution. This is very important, otherwise the result will not be achieved. Strictly follow the manufacturer’s instructions and treat as often as recommended.
  • If there are beneficial weed plants on the site, provide protection and cover them with plastic wrap during the treatment.

If the product penetrates nearly ripe fruits or vegetables, they cannot be eaten.


Eliminating weeds is a difficult task, but removing them is necessary because they take away nutrients from beneficial plants. You can fight unwanted vegetation with folk methods. Very often they are combined with traditional mechanical methods. The result is usually good, you can do without chemistry.

Let’s see what is in the arsenal of modern gardeners.

  • Salt. Ordinary table salt is an excellent weapon against weeds. Not without reason in ancient times, the fields of enemies were covered with salt: then it did not grow on them for several years. In our time, salt is also used to destroy weeds in the countryside. The remedy is simply poured directly on the plants or watered with a concentrated solution. However, this method can destroy weeds only in those places where the joints between the panels, summer houses and SUBSTRATES are damaged. If you sprinkle salt on the bed, it will be OKINODOR.

  • Carbonated water. On a construction site, weeds can be removed with baking soda. You need to take a liter of slightly heated water and stir 5 tablespoons of the product in it. Treat the weeds immediately after making the composition. In addition, the technology is only suitable for small weeds. If the plants are high, it is absolutely useless.

  • Vinegar. This is an excellent remedy for the final elimination of weeds on the plot, but it is forbidden to use it on the seedbeds. To obtain a solution, three cups of 9% vinegar are placed in a bucket of water. Then spray the weeds, you can also water the floor. Killing composition will turn out if you mix vinegar with salt. You will need 5 tablespoons of vinegar (9%), 2 tablespoons of salt and one liter of boiling water. Such a solution is very poisonous to vegetation.

  • Boiling water. Any vegetation is very afraid of boiling water. Pour such water on weeds in the garden, and they will quickly die. The procedure is carried out before planting crops.

  • Soap. We are talking about a special herbicidal soap, which can be easily made with your own hands. It is necessary to take vinegar (5%), salt and liquid or grated laundry soap. All is mixed in equal proportions, then stirred in a bucket of water. During processing, the crops are covered with a film.
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  • Alcohol solution. Here you can take both vodka and alcohol. The chosen remedy is diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10, then the seedbeds are watered. Weeds rise on the surface and are easily removed.

  • Saltpetre. Saltpetre is not only an excellent tool for killing weeds, but also an excellent nitrogen fertilizer, thanks to which the plants quickly become green. You need 3 kg of product per bucket of water. After mixing, spray the weeds.

Soleros is especially recommended for editing the growth areas of useful greens and flower beds.

In order to prevent weeds from disturbing dacha growers, the following preventive measures should be observed:

Weed control in the garden.

Weeds are indestructible! As much as we would like to get rid of them all, it will not work. But there are tricks that help to significantly reduce their number in the beds. How do you control weeds in the garden?

Worship in the garden

Scientists have calculated that in some crops weeds can reduce the yield of the main crop by 40-50% (1). Imagine, half of our harvest in unauthorized seedbeds is “eaten” by weeds! Therefore, it is extremely important to fight them. Only systematic control measures help to keep them staggered. It is worth lazy and let the critters scatter – they will immediately conquer the entire territory.

Methods of weed control

Here are some agronomic techniques that help reduce the number of weeds in the garden.

Weed your garden more often. If you live in the country, the manual method is the best option for you.

“Constantly suppressing weeds is sometimes like Hercules fighting a training hydra – you pull the head out and two grow in its place,” says agronomist Mikhail Vorobiev. “But it’s still more effective and safer than using chemicals. By persistent weighing, I even managed to get rid of arable winds. It ripped out new sprouts every three days, systematically weakened the root system and deprived the leaves of the energy they got from the sun. Many weeds have vitality – in the root (couch grass, thistle). But this power is not infinite, and patience and work will wear everything out…

Mow the plot and remove all the rhizomes. You can sort cation, thistle, gout or dandelion as many times as you like, but they will still grow. You can only get rid of them by digging the site and carefully picking out all the rhizomes. Only here it is necessary to dig not with a shovel, but with a pitchfork. With a shovel, you are sure to cut the underground shoots into parts, and then a new weed will grow from each one. With a pitchfork you can pick out whole rhizomes. The method is tedious, difficult, but very reliable and effective.

Worship in the garden

Let’s say beds. Sometimes crops become weeds. For example, mint, horseradish, Jerusalem artichokes, raspberries.

To prevent them from spreading throughout the plot, dig around them to a depth of 50 cm slate, metal sheets or special tape – it is sold in garden centers. The same fence protects cultivated plants from penetration of perennial weeds – dodder and wheatgrass.

Make drip irrigation. Not only do weeds need light, they also need water. If you water your beds with a hose and a watering can, the water will spread all over the plot and also reach the weeds. Drip irrigation solves this problem – it delivers water directly to the roots of cultivated plants. And the weeds are killed by the drought.

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Water the sides … with vodka. This method came to us from America, where it was first tried in the 30s. Its essence is to provoke. A month before sowing, the soil is treated with diluted vodka (150 g per bucket of water). Alcohol stimulates the germination of weeds, they sprout more amicably and faster, after which they are launched.

remedies against weeds

There are more radical means against weeds, but they are either unsafe for the environment, or require significant financial costs.

Herbicides. Yes, these are chemicals, but in other cases weeds can’t be dealt with any other way. Herbicides act constantly, destroying all crops without a reverse action (Uragan Forte, Arsenal, Tornado, Roundup (3)). And they act selectively on certain types of weeds – monocotyledonous or dicotyledonous.

Herbicides help to cope with such vicious weeds as couch grass, hogwort, dodder or hop. It’s best to use them while the beds are empty.

“Chemicals are also good to use where it’s difficult to remove by hand,” says agronomist Mikhail Vorobyov. -For example, at the fence on the border with the neighboring plot (usually there is a fence net, through which weeds, including nettles, willingly sprout), along the front of the house or outbuildings. But this should be done very carefully.

Treatment with herbicides is best done on a sunny, windless day and preferably in the morning. Carefully read the instructions for the drug. As a rule, it says that the treated area can be accessed only after 4 days, when the chemical becomes safe for people and animals. In general, all “killing” chemicals decompose in the soil within a month. Therefore, be very careful near berry bushes.

Covering materials. Cover the plot with a dense opaque duster – black film, agrovoloknom, cardboard. On the beds, you can use agrovolok – it is enough to make holes at the right distance and plant plants there. And so that the film does not spoil the look of the vegetable garden, it can be mulched with hay, straw or sawdust.

Black film, of course, costs money, but it lasts for several years and greatly simplifies the work.

Popular Questions and Answers

We talked about weeds with agronomist-breeder Svetlana Mikhailova and asked her the favorite problems of dacha growers.

Absolutely not! Yes, if you treat the plot with salt, the weeds will die. But so will the cultivated plants. Even if at the beginning of spring to salt or water the plot before planting vegetables, they will still be sick – will not come out of the ground. And the systematic use of salt, even in small concentrations, can eventually lead to anointing of the plot, and nothing will grow on it for years to come.

Many gardeners understand that salt can do harm in the garden, but baking soda is considered perfectly safe. And this is a misconception. Let’s remember the formula for soda: Nahco3. In other words, sodium bicarbonate. In other words, it’s a salt. To be precise, sodium is the acidic salt of carbon dioxide. Of course, when we use soda, we get exactly the same effect as when we use table salt – destroying plants and ruining the soil.

You can – it’s a great mulch. But under the state – do not place seeds and even inflorescences, as some species of harmful plants can already be plucked. For example, dandelion and wingwort.

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