Volvo EC240BLC excavator – description and features

Volvo EC240 crawler excavator technical specifications and description

Volvo is widely known for its vehicles and special equipment, which is characterized by high performance and safety. Specialized machinery is produced by a special unit Volvo Construction Equipment or Volvo CE, which produces road-building machines, spare parts and components for them. One of the machines that have gained wide recognition is the Volvo 240 excavator, whose technical characteristics have ensured its place on construction sites around the world. The Volvo EC240BLC is a high-performance crawler excavator. It is designed for digging pits, pits and trenches up to 14.35 m deep. In addition to construction and street works, it is used in mountains, quarries, etc. Produced from 2002 to 2007, but is still in demand.

Test drive video

At the moment, the production of this model is completed. The production was implemented in 2002-2007.

The main advantages of the Volvo EC240BLC excavator are:

  • Significant recycling, which increases environmental protection by 95%:
  • Robust in-house manufactured power unit with the highest efficiency in this class and high torque at low rpm;
  • A hydraulic system equipped with two pumps. This element provides high impact force, smooth control and good response;
  • Advanced Volvo Care Cab with ROPS, which increases productivity and reduces driver fatigue, which in turn provides maximum protection;
  • easily accessible reversible fan;
  • Caretrack telemetry installed as standard. This significantly reduces costs, reduces fuel consumption and increases the profitability of using the excavator.

The Volvo 240 Excavator is a high performance machine with a wide range of features.


Over the entire period of mass production, the manufacturer has repeatedly improved this model, taking into account all the wishes of customers. As a result, a large number of modified versions of Volvo 240 crawler excavator were created. Each modification has its own design features and equipment, including attachments and systems. Also, the modifications are equipped with one of the two engines, which were described a little earlier. As for the appearance and most of the performance indicators, all published versions are completely similar.


“Volvo 240” is equipped with a diesel power plant model Volvo D7DEBE2 with turbocharger, aftercooler and direct injection. This unit meets EPA Tier 2 and EU Step 2 emissions standards.

Characteristic design features of this 4-stroke, 6-cylinder diesel engine include:

  1. Air preparation;
  2. Automatic engine shutdown. The functional system installed can significantly reduce fuel consumption. If the excavator is idle for a certain amount of time (5 minutes by default), the system automatically shuts off the engine. One minute before the machine stops, the operator is alerted;
  3. coolant filter;
  4. 3-stage air filter with contamination sensor and pre-filter;
  5. heaters;
  6. fuel filter with water separator;
  7. specialized monitor with fuel consumption indicator. Average consumption is displayed on the screen, allowing you to monitor fuel consumption under different operating conditions.

The Volvo D7DEBE2 premium engine is perfectly matched to all vehicle systems. The engine is available in two versions, which differ in terms of exhaust emissions.

The engine, in turn, incorporates Contronics electronic control and monitoring, resulting in an optimum ratio of power output to fuel consumption.

The air coolers, hydraulic oil coolers and radiators in the Volvo EC240BLC are grouped on one level, which increases their efficiency, facilitates cleaning and reduces core contamination. The side cover makes maintenance access extremely easy.

Volvo D7DEBE2 engine specifications:

  • displacement – 5.7 liters;
  • Power rating – 119 kW (159 hp);
  • RPM – 1800 rpm;
  • maximum torque – 730 Nm;
  • the bore is 98 mm.

Technical Data

Technical characteristics of the dozer blade:

  • Type of installed bucket – backhoe.
  • The smallest capacity of the built-in bucket – 0.44 cubic meters.
  • Maximum capacity of the installed bucket – 1.75 cubic m.
  • Number of teeth on the lower cutting edge – 5.
  • Maximum digging depth – 6500 mm.
  • Maximum height of the shovel blade – 6700 millimeters.
  • Maximum reach of bucket on ground level is 9620 mm.
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Engine specifications:

  • Type of engine installed – in-line, diesel.
  • Type of engine – D7DEBE2.
  • Engine manufacturer is Volvo.
  • Number of cylinders – 6.
  • Total working volume – 7100 cubic meters.
  • Rated power output – 130 kW / 174 hp (at 2000 rpm).
  • Nominal crankshaft speed – 2000 rpm.
  • Maximum torque – 870 Newtons per meter (at 1350 rpm).
  • Type of cooling system – intermediate liquid cooling system.
  • Type of injection system – direct injection.
  • Cylinder diameter is 108 millimeters.
  • Piston stroke – 130 millimeters.
  • Type of supercharging – gas turbine with intercooling.
  • Average fuel consumption per hour of operation is 11.9 liters.
  • The lowest speed of independent movement – 3.3 kilometers per hour.
  • Maximum self-drive speed is 5.5 kilometers per hour.


  • Overall length – 10020 millimeters.
  • Width of the tracked platform is 3190 millimeters.
  • Full height is 2,990 millimeters.
  • Crawler width – 600 millimeters.


excavator maintenance

In contrast to the Russian tradition in the automotive industry, where one of the main advantages of the technique is a “by the hand” repair, the European manufacturers have staked on the high-tech mechanisms that require professional repair. However, Volvo has made every effort to simplify the operator’s daily maintenance and control of key parameters. The hood is equipped with a convenient opening mechanism, and major components are equipped with large service covers. Operations such as checking the oil or coolant level or inspecting the engine don’t take long.

Detailed information on the maintenance of the excavator can be found in the operating manual and requires a separate article. The following can be determined by the basic work.

Daily (all 10 mater. are performed):

  • Checking the oil stand;
  • Checking the fluid level;
  • Checking the electrolyte level in the battery;
  • Check the alternator drive belt voltage;
  • Cleaning the moisture separator.

Weekly (all 50 mater.):

  • Add grease to working parts;
  • Checking and adjusting track tension.

Quarterly (all 500 maters):

  • Install Öler in engine;
  • Lubrication of rotor circuit;
  • Cooler cleaning.

Removable bucket Volvo

Volvo works with a variety of attachments


The Volvo EC240BLC excavator is known for its powerful and well-protected electrical system. Reliable connections and corrosion protection are achieved with double locking thanks to moisture-resistant connections. The electrical valve and relay are also protected against mechanical damage. A battery switch is included in the basic equipment of the system. Diagnostic and function monitoring information is provided in controversial cases.

The composition of the Volvo 240 includes an X-shaped frame with sealed and lubricated track chains. The tracks are driven by a 2-speed hydraulic motor, with speeds appearing automatically.

The structure is rotated by a planetary gear thanks to an axial piston hydraulic motor. The excavator’s minimum equipment again consists of a check valve and an automatic swing circuit brake.

Video at work

One of the most important features of the Volvo EC240BLC is the latest ASWM (Auto-Sensing Work Mode) hydraulic system, which has been designed to deliver significant throwing power and maneuvering precision. By summing and distributing currents, the priorities of the rotation system, trade, arrows, but again, the regeneration of the arrows and trade is based on the regeneration of the flows of the arrows and the act. For this reason, optimal performance is achieved.

The following functions are available in the ASWM hydraulic system:

  • Boom priority, with which accelerated climatic recovery can be carried out, when excavating from considerable depths and during loading;
  • Boom and arm flow regeneration, which maximizes efficiency by optimizing rivers while combining movements;
  • Stream Summation. With this feature, the rivers of the two main pumps can be combined to provide a short duty cycle and high performance.
  • Hold the handle and arrow, blocking the possibility of drift during operation;
  • Prioritize the swivel loop, which allows for faster rotation of the structure during the work process;
  • Force the breakaway and lift functions as needed;
  • Special Power Max mode, accelerate the speed of work movements;
  • Priority arrows with accelerated magnification.
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The Volvo 240 operator’s cab features easy access, excellent multi-directional visibility and a wide door for easy entry. The hydro-amplified supports completely eliminate vibration and shock, and the sound-absorbing cladding minimizes noise levels. The lower front window glass is removable and can be stored in the door, while the upper window retracts under the ceiling.

The Volvo EC240BLC operator’s cab has a built-in heating articulation system. An automatically controlled fan directs filtered air into the operator’s cab, creating a comfortable working environment. The ergonomic operator’s seat is adjustable in nine positions and customizable for each operator. The operator can store lubricants and tools in one large, well-located reservoir. Seat belts provide additional protection.

The hood and large service covers are easy to open and provide easy access to important parts and service components. Rugged steel points, complemented by shatterproof pads, increase safety when working in all weather and at all times of day.

The Volvo 240 is one of the market leaders in terms of reliability and safety. This special equipment has excellent technical characteristics and relatively moderate cost for this category.

schedule assignment

Excavator Volvo EC 240 Caterpillar is designed to perform such work as digging ditches and pits. loosening of rocks and frozen ground, compaction of loose soil, drilling holes of depth and diameter, loading and unloading, creating mounds of soil and other bulk materials, leveling the work area, cleaning work sites from industrial waste, quarry development, excavating the bottom of asphalt and concrete pavement, the destruction of concrete and reinforced concrete structures and much more.

This technique is widely used by various construction organizations, large industrial production, mining, quarry companies and road repair services.


Production of the EU 240 ceased in 2007, so only used equipment is for sale. Ideally – not used or with low mileage. The price depends on the year of manufacture and configuration. The average cost ranges around 3 million rubles.

In general, an excavator of 2006-2007 production year can be bought for 2.2 million rubles. If you are looking for units in very good condition and with a small mileage, it is worth orienting to 2.8-3 million rubles. If the set includes special attachments, the price can increase significantly: for example, excavators for building demolition are offered for 5.3 million rubles and more.

Non-assembled equipment

The following equipment is used with the excavator:

  1. Bucket – the main device that works with loose goods. Buckets are used to dig pits, pits, trenches, load cargo, perform loading and unloading operations, and are also used for transporting small loads over short distances.
  2. Shovels are designed to grind soil before digging trenches or other operations. They are made in the form of a claw or fang with a sharpened “crown” of increased strength. They are used when working with heavy and frozen ground, piles of construction debris, etc.
  3. Grips are different types of wages, resembling jaws or flowers with opening petals. They are used in well installation, loading and unloading. Depending on the type of gripper, they can work with long loads (pipes, logs) or loose materials.
  4. The hydraulic cutter is used to open and dismantle road surfaces made of iron or asphalt concrete and frozen soils.
  5. Hydraulic drilling equipment for making round holes in the floor and in asphalt concrete slabs. In the presence of gaps and fences, a device for drilling holes is used. The design of this mechanism includes a drive unit or head, a toothed snail, and extensions.
  6. Hydraulic shears are shaped like large pliers. They are mainly used when dismantling old buildings and structures. They have a pivoting crown for ease of operation.
  7. Rüttel plates are used to compress the floor. The most common application is the construction of roads, parking lots, airfields, in some cases it is used to strengthen the ground for further work.
  8. Mühlen is a type of earth shredding equipment. It is based on a drum with high-strength teeth. There are cutters for different types of soil, asphalt and concrete ceilings.
  9. Mulchers are a type of special device for shredding branches, thin tree trunks and other plant debris. It is used for clearing clearings and areas for destroying bushes and young growth, and also copes with the cutting of crowns. It is a rotor with movable and hard teeth made of high-strength steel. The cutting teeth may have an additional hard metal coating, which increases durability and wear resistance.
  10. Stone saws – used in quarrying, tunnel construction, and rock breaking. They consist of high-strength steel with a special coating that is selected according to the hardness of the rock.
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Most Volvo excavators are equipped with attachments made in-house. Volvo CE designers have created an entire line of shovels in high-strength steel and have provided reliable protection against overloading in critical areas. The range also includes interchangeable elements: teeth, adapters, segments, side cutters, and protective pads. The company also actively uses products from other manufacturers, such as British Miller, which produces attachments for excavators Cat, Hitachi, JCB and others.


The chassis of the Volvo EC240BLC excavator consists of a cross frame with crawler chains and greased seals. The crawlers are hydraulically (automatically) driven by the engine at two speeds.

The platform is driven by an axial piston hydraulic motor with a planetary gear. A recoil-reducing valve and a turntable brake system are fitted as standard.

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It is worth noting that under the name “Volvo 240” is known not only as an “adult” passenger car, but also as a modern 12-tonner with a load capacity of 6 tons. The trucks are known under the name “Volvo FL-240”.

Volvo 240 specifications

This truck is equipped with a 7.1-liter engine with 240 hp. The “Volvo 240” truck has impressive features. It is equipped with air suspension, disc brakes with ESP, ASR and ABS, fog lights. Inside, there’s a traveler, sliding roof, CD radio, cruise control, full accessories, a great pneumatic heated driver’s seat, standalone heating, on-board computer, air conditioning, and of course, a cabin equipped with a comfortable bed.

Despite the same name, these two cars are fundamentally different. Nevertheless, they have something in common. The feature that unites them is the undoubted quality. However, all Volvo cars are characterized by this feature. Due to this feature, the cars of Swedish concern are so popular.

Volvo EC240BLC Crawler Excavator

The Volvo EC240BLC crawler excavator is a special construction machine designed for excavating ditches 6.5 m to 14.35 m deep. This also includes street repair work, mining, quarrying and construction in the engine room.

High productivity, economical fuel consumption and high power make it possible to carry out demanding tasks for long periods without the need for a break.

Features and benefits

The first model rolled off the assembly line in 2002, and the Volvo EC240BLC excavator was discontinued in 2007.

Major advantages of the technology include:

  • Telemetry, which is part of the standard assembly. This system reduces fuel consumption and maintenance costs and speeds up the machine’s return on investment.
  • A fan to reduce the temperature of engine compartment components that is easy to maintain;
  • The modern cab of the Volvo 240 excavator is equipped with the ROPS protection system, which has a positive effect on productivity, concentration, safety and reduces driver fatigue.
  • hydraulic system with two pumps, which guarantees a large trench, smooth and accurate movement of working equipment;
  • durable engine Volvo 240 of its own production, which has maximum efficiency and is able to develop a large torque at a small movement;
  • Clean exhaust. The filter traps 95% of pollutants.
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Excavator Volvo 240

Volvo 240 Excavator

The excavator belongs to the complex class of special equipment, it is characterized by versatility, versatility, cost-effectiveness and environmental friendliness.

Specifications and dimensions

Technical features of the Volvo EC240BLC:

weight 24,3 т;
working body capacity 1300 l;
Standard bucket width 3.19 m;
Trench radius 9.69 m;
Trenching forces 121.6 kN;
Trench Depth 6.98 m.

At the same time, Volvo accounts for 240 dimensions:

Length 10.02 m;
width 3.19 m;
height 2.99 m;
width of raupsband 0.6 m.

Fuel consumption

On average, the excavator consumes 12 liters of diesel fuel per hour, fuel consumption when the Volvo EC240BLC is active. The fuel tank has a capacity of 380 liters.


The machine is powered by a 119-kW or 159-hp engine. The D7DEBE2 5.7 liter model is equipped with a turbocharger, charge air auxiliary cooler and direct fuel system. Exhaust emissions comply with Tier 2 and Eustage 2 standards.

engine Volvo D7DEBE2
performance 119/159 KWHP.
Coolant liquid
fuel diesel
cylinder 6
Engine displacement 5.7 l
Tank Capacity 360 l

The Volvo EC 240 requires the installation of an automatic idling system for high performance. It is responsible for putting the engine into this mode when the lever is in neutral and the pedals are idle, which reduces noise and fuel consumption.

The wave speed of the four x-cylinder engine with six cylinders (D = 98 mm) is 1800 rpm. Characteristic features of this powerplant include:

  • A screen in the cab that reflects diesel fuel consumption;
  • Fuel filter with water separator;
  • An air heater for the Volvo EC 240;
  • Three-tier boot air cleaning system with filter dust sensor and pre-cleaner;
  • Filter for cleaning the cooling system fluid;
  • Automatic engine stop is an optional feature that reduces fuel consumption. If there is no action for 5 minutes (time interval can be changed by the operator), the engine shuts down. After 1 minute a warning message appears on the screen in the cab;
  • Pre-filter for air cleaning.

The maximum torque of the engine is 730 Nm.

The developers have taken care of the interaction of all systems of the Volvo EC 240 with the engine. Two types of units can be installed, and they differ in the quality of the exhaust gases.

Electrical tax and monitoring systems are installed by default, which rationalize fuel consumption depending on the tasks to be performed.

The engine cooling system consists of a radiator, a supply air cooler, and a hydraulic oil cooler. All components are in a functional unit, allowing for quick inspection and maintenance. This reduces Volvo EC240B downtime and engine compartment contamination, increases productivity and ensures easy maintenance. They can be accessed via the side cover.


The machine’s advantages include reliably protected electronics. High-quality connections and corrosion protection are guaranteed by the double-locked connector design, which prevents the ingress of moisture. Electronic valves and relays are equipped with auxiliary protection against damage, and a battery separator is installed by default. The Contronics system displays information on the in-cab monitor about the inspection and monitoring requirements of individual systems.

Design advantages of the Volvo 240 crawler excavator include:

  • Reliable crawler joints that do not require lubrication and feature long, trouble-free operation;
  • Reinforced design, welding joints are high-strength and made twice;
  • Reinforced booth and arm mechanism;
  • Reinforced chassis frame for durability in daily use.


The chassis of the Volvo EC240BLC excavator consists of a cross frame with crawler chains and greased seals. The crawlers are hydraulically (automatically) driven by the engine at two speeds.

The platform is driven by an axial piston hydraulic motor with a planetary gear. A recoil-reducing valve and a turntable brake system are fitted as standard.

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Hydraulic system

The Volvo 240 excavator features an advanced hydraulic system that is a state-of-the-art development by the manufacturer. ASWM has been designed to increase productivity and accuracy of the work process. The hydraulics are responsible for distributing the work media according to priority. Performance is optimized through precise flow distribution on the rod, boom and spindle arm.

The main functions of the hydraulics are:

  • Boom mechanism priority during accelerated lifting;
  • Powermax operating mode that increases the speed of the main organs;
  • Improved technical properties of the Volvo 240 excavator for nothing and lifting to increase the speed of work;
  • Turning platform priority to reduce cycle time;
  • Stick and boom retention with skid-proof equipment;
  • Combining the currents of the two main hydraulic pumps to shorten cycle times and increase productivity;
  • Regeneration of boom and boom equipment currents and optimization of operation;
  • Accelerated priority of the boom arm, increasing the development of the ground to a considerable depth and in the process of charging.

Operator’s cabin

The Volvo EC 240 Blc crawler excavator features a practical, well-designed cab. It features easy access to the workplace, a clearance door and a large viewing angle. The load-bearing structure with hydraulic design absorbs vibrations and shocks by 98%, and the interior upholstery made of soundproofing material significantly reduces intoxication. The windshield consists of two parts: the lower part is removable, the compartment is designed in the door space, and the upper part can be completely retracted under the ceiling.

The Volvo 240 BLC and air conditioning system is installed by default. The ventilation system includes a fan and filter for cleaning. The ergonomically designed driver’s seat has a group of adjustments that can be used to select the optimum position. A container in the cab has been designed to hold grease and tools at all times. A belt is provided for safety.

Easy operation and maintenance

The hood is large and easily accessible by opening the engine cover. Service hatches provide access to the most important functional units. Robust steel platforms and anti-slip pads are fitted as standard to ensure safety regardless of weather and light conditions.

The excellent performance of the Volvo 240 excavator, ease of maintenance and cost-effectiveness are in high demand among Russian customers. The most important service points are accessible from ground level. This reduces downtime for inspection and maintenance of devices. Lubrication points are centralized.

Other advantages of the excavator include reliability and safety, electric power and low cost in comparison with analogues.


During the release of the machine, the manufacturer has repeatedly improved it, taking into account the wishes of users, which has led to a large number of modified models. You can buy the Volvo 240 in the standard assembly group or with certain modifications:

  • EC240BLC-DAS Availability of extended machine, 6 m boom, 2.97 m arm, 1.1 m3 bucket and counterweight weighing from 4.6 to 5.3 tons;
  • EC240BNLC – a similar machine with a standard counterweight weighing 5.3 tonnes;
  • EC240BLR – availability of 10.2 m boom equipment, 7.85 m arm, 0.52 m3 bucket and 6.6 tons counterweight;
  • The Volvo EC240BLC Prime Excavator has been produced since 2008 and has improved technical characteristics. It is equipped with a larger bucket, a powerful propulsion system and a longer boom. This change is more economical.

Cost of new and use

It is still impossible to buy the units without editing the materiel. This is due to the establishment of its production in 2007. You can buy a Volvo EC240BLC for 2-2.2 million rubles. Subject to the release on 02.02.03. The later machine costs 2.5-2.7 million rubles. Depending on the equipment.

One can rent a special equipment for an hour for 1200-1500 rubles.


Prices for the Volvo 240 are slightly different from similar vehicles: ISUZU W2245 and WOLWA DLS 240-8B.

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