T-130 Bulldozer: Technical properties
The T-13 industrial tractor was produced from 1969 to 1988. In the 1970-80s, the T-1330 was the main tractor of the sixth traction class, and received the greatest distribution in the USSR, the countries of the socialist camp and friendly states of the Soviet Union.
The Chelyabinsk tractor plant has produced a total of 242,051 T-130 tractors! Such popularity was due, among other things, to the fact that it was extremely versatile.
In addition to bulldozer blade or traction wind, T-130 tractors could be equipped with various attachments. T-1330 became the basis for all kinds of special equipment: pipelines, pipes, trenches, ditches, rippers, sitters, swamp tractors, logging trucks, ropes, etc., etc. Many of these heavy machines are successfully operated and work properly even nowadays. And above all, of course, the bulldozer T-1330.
About the history of the tractor T-1330
When the young Soviet state was building tractors for industry (which happened in 1929), our company did not “re-invent the wheel”, using the wealth of experience and knowledge of American specialists.
The world economic crisis of 1929-1933 had just died down in the USA. Therefore, Albert Kahn Incorporated of Detroit was happy to take over the development of the tractor system of Stalingrad (agricultural tractors) and Chelyabinsk (industrial tractors). Albert Kahn’s reputation was impeccable: Before the world economic crisis, this company designed and undertook the construction of most of Henry Ford’s plants.
The base model for the CHTZ was the American Pillar 60 hangover tractor. The first machine, called “Stalinets-60”, came off the assembly line of the new system on May 15, 1933. Till 1956 all new models of tractors produced by the factory were called “Stalin”, by the fact that the leader of Communist Party was also called the factory. During the Great Patriotic War the plant produced heavy tanks KV, self-propelled artillery units and tractors for Haubitzen.
The absolute best seller of the Chelyabinsk factory was the T-100m multifunctional tractor, the famous “SOT”, the holder of many world records, including mass production: from 1963 to 1983, 412,145 such machines were produced. The T-130 tractor is a direct descendant of the “hundred”, which was developed in the conditions of the continuation of the T-100 MS production, an improved version, and went into production.
Technical features of the T-1330 bulldozer
Compared with its predecessor, the T-130 tractor has significantly increased in power. By 1981, the tractor was equipped with D-130 diesel engine, and in 1981-1988 – with DPS D-160 engine with a power of 140 hp. Of course, the weight of tractor increased – up to thirteen tons. The problem of cabin ergonomics has been successfully solved.
The distinctive features of the T-130 tractor technical device are the high strength of all units and mechanisms, reliability and unpretentiousness, high maintainability and constructive succession of T-100M-T-130-T-170 models.
For consumers this means literally the following: spare parts for T-130, discontinued, can be easily found these days. The ability to install new components on older machines is not a problem.
General technical indicators of the T-130 bulldozer
- Dimensions (length x width x height in mm): 5200 x 2480 x 3085.
- Base, in MM: 2480.
- Track, in MM: 1880.
- Ground clearance in MM: 415.
- Specific pressure on the ground in MPa: 0.05.
- Engine type D-130 and D-160: Turbocharged, multi-fuel, four-stroke diesel.
- Specific fuel consumption in g/kWh (g/hp): 244.3 (180).
- Fuel: For main engine – diesel, for starting – mixture of gasoline and engine oil in part 1:15.
Tanks of the following volume are installed on tractor T-130:
- Diesel fuel tank – 290 liters.
- Capacity of the cooling system – 60 liters.
- Capacity of engine lubrication system – 32 liters.
- Two on-board gear tanks of 12 liters each.
- Hydraulic system tank – 100 liters.
Engines of T-130 tractor
As already mentioned, diesel engines D-130 will be installed on the machines of former production plants. Since 1981 they have been replaced by the powerful D-160. The main advantages of these engines are their reliability and unpretentiousness. During long-term operation, they have shown stable operation in the most extreme conditions: in the Karakum desert, laying irrigation canals and beyond the Arctic Circle, working in the oil and gas industry.
However, in the Far North, the machinists showed themselves for the first time with engine start-up in conditions of severe frost. The T-130 tractor intended for shipment to the harsh northern regions began to be equipped with engine and all technical fluids preheating. D-130 and D-160 engines have shown stable operation with any quality diesel fuel and even kerosene or gas condensate.
The D-160 engine is the base engine of the T-130 bulldozer since 1981.
The T-130 bulldozers had a mechanical or hydromechanical 8-speed transmission with a continuously closed clutch, four clutch discs (2 toothed and 2 demonstration discs) and a four-wheel drive. The transmission includes a two-stage residual gearbox, dry multiples of the onboard clutches, and a bevel gearbox.
As mentioned above, the T-130 transmission is four-shaft, so you can shift speeds from four rear and eight front. The maximum traction force in this case is reached through the reference point at bulldozer speed of 2.6 km/h – 128.2 kN.
Running Gear and Steering of the T-130 Bulldozer
The suspension of the T-130 bulldozer is semi-rigid, with a balanced transverse oblique position. It consisted of two stamped side members joined with rear axle.
The track bed consists of stamped caterpillar links connected by metal pins.
Steering of the tractor, as in previous and subsequent models of CHTZ, is provided by a lever system using a glue belt composite complex.
In order for the bulldozer to make a full turn, a swivel hitch is used. Such a device is located on the rear axle and is connected to the drive wheels by means of shafts. At the same time, using the belt brake (located around the turntable hitch), the tractor can be turned virtually in one place.
Operator’s workplace on the T-130
Everything is relative. If the cabin of T-130 seems extremely economical and “Spartan” equipped in comparison with modern tractors, the driver’s workplace turned out to be much more comfortable and convenient to work in various conditions compared to the previous model, T-100M.
Workplace ergonomics has been carefully designed with perfect placement of all levers. The driver’s seat is equipped with adjustable backrest. Air conditioning and heating system provides the driver with normal temperature even in severe frost. Rubber seals serve the same purpose, as well as protecting against noise and dust. The cab is equipped with a reinforced safety cage.
The T-130 bulldozer operator’s workplace.
T-130 tractor hydraulics and attachments
A set of work tools is a separate hydraulic unit, designed to perform work with two types of attachments: front and rear; rigid or oscillating.
The hydraulic system of the separate unit is designed to provide operation of the attached and trailed equipment. There is a dozer blade mounted on the front linkage in two versions with standard working width of 2.5 or 3.2 meters.
Various rippers and grubbers are mounted on the rear linkage; pipelayers, piling machines, wood handling equipment, etc. There is a positive experience of using purely “industrial” T-130 in agriculture: for plowing previously unused virgin lands.
Modification T-130B and “next generation” – T-170.
For wetlands was developed a modification T-130B. It differs by its base with wider “swamp” caterpillars and more powerful D-180 engine. It should be noted that the T-130B bulldozer had excellent cross-country ability thanks to a record low ground pressure of 0,5 MPa per square centimeter.
T-130B with extended tracks and D-180 engine.
The T-130 was the basis for the development and implementation of a more advanced and modern model of industrial tractors – the T-170. Which, if it were not for notorious “perestroika” and the following breakdown of the USSR, also would have become one of the powerful tractors – the world’s best sellers.
The operator – about his experience with T-130 bulldozer
It is one thing to use T-130 in the Soviet Union, when diesel fuel cost kopecks and generally was “state”, and quite another thing in the new Russia, where fuel costs a lot of money and people buy it using their “hard earned” money. In this regard, the current owners of the T-130 note that this bulldozer has a high performance, but requires a large amount of excavation work, otherwise its use will be simply unprofitable.
If to compare this model with a bulldozer based on DT-75, the T-130 is much more efficient and productive. However, it “consumes” more than twice as much diesel fuel. That is why it makes sense to use it at large and “shock” construction sites first: construction of dams, streets, clearing and planning of large areas for major construction work, paving the driveways, etc.
Machinists who work on T-1330 in the conditions of the far north confirm the difficulties of starting the engine at extremely low temperatures. However, a man adapts to everything and, according to one of the machinists, it is certainly not easy at first sight, but with time on the machine and no more difficult than turning the ignition key and starting the engine on a car”.
A significant problem with T-130 engines is that you (or rather your turbine) are afraid of idling for long periods of time. If you keep the engine idling frequently and for long periods of time, the turbine starts leaking oil and eventually fails.
The fact is that when the engine is running at low rpm, the oil practically stops flowing into it for lubrication. The turbine starts to run dry, so the wear and tear on the parts increases, and destruction can occur.
Another important disadvantage is that the track shoes are attached to the screws, which regularly loosen and turn. Therefore, you have to constantly monitor the connecting elements of the shoes, check their integrity and retighten.
T-130 in the construction of the street.
In general, all but minor defects note the amazing indispensability and reliability of the bulldozer combined with its truly “monstrous” durability and performance. This is confirmed by the data of the State Commission conclusion on the acceptance of the new tractor model T-1330, the very one, which remained from the distant Soviet times: the tractor has passed all the tests with the exceeding of all the announced indicators and it has surpassed all the expectations.
The T-15 bulldozer on the modern aftermarket
Once they were produced hundreds of thousands of units, and in the 21st century this old but reliable tractor can be bought in almost every region of Russia and other republics from the former Soviet Union.
On the Internet you can find many ads for the sale of such bulldozers. The price ranges from 250 thousand rubles (for the tractor of advanced years and in a rather “tired” technical condition), to 1 million rubles (for the still “awake” T-13 with an upgraded engine, which has undergone an overhaul). There are many ads for the sale of all kinds of spare parts and components for T-1330.
Tractor T-15. Overview, characteristics, features of use and operation
Development and approval
The T-130 tractor is a Soviet development, a tracked tractor that was produced by the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant from 1969 to 1988. It is a deep modification of the even more famous model T-100, which is also called “kettlebell”. The scope of application of the T-1330 was very wide, the device was used for agricultural work and industrial specifications.
Purpose of the T-1330
T-130 tractor could perform the following operations:
- Laying pipes;
- Cargo transportation;
- Stacking function;
- Soil spreading (bulldozer function);
- Loading bucket operation;
- D Reason for the item (e.g., in the case of logging platforms).
The machine has been used as an independent element and as part of bulldozer units.
- simple design;
- moderate cost in comparison with the models produced at that time (or with foreign analogues, which were in short supply in the USSR);
- simple control mode;
- high weight, power, good cross-country ability (including availability of swamp modification, actual for use in the taiga, tundra areas and various countries of the first development).
Model T-130 also had a number of disadvantages, which, unfortunately, could not be eliminated, for example:
- mechanical transmission;
- semi-rigid suspension;
- low service life of on-board clutches;
- starting the diesel engine over starting the gasoline engine;
- strong vibration, which is felt in the driver’s cabin.
Model range and modifications
In contrast to its predecessor T-100, the tractor T-130 was produced only in two modifications:
- The flagship model (directly T-130);
- swamp model T-130B (features – increased area of u200bu200bt crawlers, so the equipment does not get stuck in swamps and unstable surfaces of swampy terrain).
The T-130 tractor is used in agriculture, construction, everyday life and in industry for a variety of works. During the conveyor production time T-130 was popular also because its design features facilitated repairs and spare parts for the tractor could be bought almost everywhere.
Today, working copies of the tractor T-130 can be found at some construction sites. The cost of such equipment when buying from private owners ranges from 5 to 12 thousand dollars (125,000 – 400,000 hryvnia, 150,000 – 300,000 rubles). The price depends on the condition, mileage and general characteristics of the device.
Weight and dimensions of T130
- Dimensions of the tractor T-130: 5193 x 2475 x 3085 mm.
- The weight of the machine is 14320 kg.
- Track width – 1880 mm.
- Ground clearance is 41,5 cm.
Initially, the tractor T-130 was equipped with a D130 engine. Its power reaches 140 hp. Since 1981 the tractors were factory assembled with D160 engine with such function as turbocharging. Its output reached 160 hp. Like the previous engine model, the 160 engine was started by activating the gasoline starter.
The transmission of the T-130 is an eight-speed gearbox with movable gears. Due to this design of the transmission, gear shifting during the movement of the tractor was carried out quite smoothly. The design of the gearbox has increased productivity of the transmission.
transmission and chassis
Transmission T-130 tractor is multistage, mechanical and includes a swivel mechanism. Thus, the tractor’s chains could move at different speeds. In tractors of newer models such mechanism of motion is not used, because this system does not provide a variable turning radius. The T-130 has a dry clutch with four discs.
Type of cabin – two-seat. Features of the cabin: resistance to mechanical damage. When assembling the cab at the factory the gaskets were used to increase the thermal life of the cab and to improve the level of sound insulation. the cab
The T-130 cab has good visibility, it is equipped with ventilation and heating. The driver’s seat is adjustable. There is a steering wheel, dashboard with fuel gauges and other indicators of tractor operation in front of the cab.
T-130 is controlled by steering wheel and pedals. A steering clutch is used to change the driving trajectory. To enter a turn, the operator uses the belt brake. If the brake tension is increased, the track stops turning and the tractor can be pulled in place. There is a locking mechanism – it prevents the clutches from disengaging.
T-130 clears snow at logging sites
Equipment not mounted
For aggregation with T-130 tractor it is recommended to use attachments produced by Chelyabinsk tractor unit, as well as any attachments suitable for the type of attachment and corresponding to the tractor-tractor.
Possible options of attachments for T-130:
- ChTZ LT25 diaper;
- OB12E blade (It is possible to install other types of blades, except bulldozer, e.g.
- OR10NZ Loader;
- Front loader.
LT25 Looser Dumplter Loader
Agricultural canopies are suitable for this model:
- cultivation cutter (2.1 m);
CHTZ also produces special ripper mounts (depending on the equipment severity) – sets or in single version, single-tooth or three-tooth, depending on soil type. You can also buy GLT-1PSP type crawler tracks in a single version. This model of caterpillar has a reduced metal content, so it reduces the load on the machine and simplifies the operation of the tractor.
Features of operation and maintenance
The main features of operating the T-130 include a large wing – it allows the operator to use the machine as a means of compacting the soil to remove large layers of soil. High degree of cross-country on any soil, a large traction force – the undeniable advantages of this type of equipment.
Follow the recommendations below for safe operation of the crawler tractor:
- Do not: open the operator’s cab in case of loss of fuel, loss of fluid from the hydraulic system, increased fluid pressure.
- When the engine is running, do not repair any key tractor components or fasteners.
- When working the equipment on sloping terrain, special spurs are taken on the track shoes to prevent slipping over the tractor.
- When burying implements fixed in the ground, no sharp turns are allowed.
- Do not leave the tractor unattended while the engine is running;
- Use the buzzer to signal the tractor to start moving if there are people or animals on the site.
Operating conditions of the T-130 tractor
Since all working models of T-130 are now obsolete, maintenance is carried out as long running devices, that is, at least every 50-100 mater.
During this time it is recommended to:
- perform fuel draining;
- fill up the fuel tank with fresh fuel;
- control the electrolyte level;
- drain the waste into a separate container and deliver it for disposal.
- Observe repairability of all knot connections, closing the equipment.
When putting the tractor into winter/seasonal storage perform the following actions:
- drain the coolant;
- drain off the fuel;
- all other liquids (from the wiper tank, condensate from the air tank);
- control lever in neutral position;
- Disconnect power to the battery;
- Under the tractor, position the stern (recumbent) part so that the tracked part does not touch the ground.
Main malfunctions and repairs
The main malfunctions in the operation of the T-130 crawler tractor and ways to fix them
|Malfunction (cause)||How to correct|
|1. Diesel engine knock (fuel pump is incorrectly adjusted, the clearance between journals of a crankshaft is more than normal).||Gap adjustment, fuel advance angle check|
|2. 2. Engine overheating (overloading, low coolant level, V-belts breakage)||Reduce load, check coolant level, V-belts condition. 3.|
|Low oil pressure (could be a leak)||3. Low oil pressure (may be leaking) Check oil level gauge, top up oil, repair cause of oil leakage.|
|4. High oil consumption (wear of piston rings, other parts of cylinder block)||Replace worn parts, clean piston rings|
My father worked as a bulldozer operator on the T-130 for over 20 years and he says it is hard to find better machinery. Modern CATs, for example, are fast, but speed is not always a sign of quality. Again, each task has its own machine. When you just need to cultivate the garden, it makes no sense to use such a “heavyweight”, and the bulldozer is indispensable for work at any enterprise.