The most popular spring blooming flowers

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country home

Dutch perennials are a special kind of flowers that can only delight with their beauty and uniqueness. They are grown in picturesque areas, because only thanks to them you can create a continuous flowering from early spring to the end of late fall.

Types of bulbous perennials

Garden tuberous perennials include many types of plants that differ not only in external characteristics, but also in the period of flowering.

There are different types of bulbous perennials:

  • Tuberous;
  • Smart;
  • Dwarfs.

All of them are perennials, the underground part of which contains all the necessary microelements and nutrients for flower growth.

When choosing perennials, you should pay attention to the seasonality of the flower to ensure its continuity in the design of the site:

  1. Spring specimens and first-flowers. The earliest flowers include such perennials as crocus, blueberries, mascarias, and snowdrops. Daffodils, tulips, honeydew and hyacinths bloom early in the warm season.
  2. Summer bulbs. During the summer months, larger flowers with amazing fragrance and a variety of colors appear in the flowerbeds. These are lilies, dahlias, daylilies, calla lilies, gladiolus, freesias, etc.
  3. Autumn dams. Flowers that are not afraid of cold weather and continue to delight the eyes of others – crocuses, colchicums and alpine veins.

To choose the right varieties, you should not only carefully study the properties of bulbous perennials, but also take into account your photos. This will help to create an original planting that blooms almost without skipping.

Spring bulbs

Spring bulbs are filled with a special tenderness. They attract the attention of passersby and bloom in early spring, when almost all of nature has not yet awakened from sleep.


Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Bulbous perennials, which are found in Asia, bloom in early May, although there may be some factors that change the time of flowering (climatic conditions of the region, amount of moisture, etc.). Species vary not only in color, but also in height (from 10 cm to one meter).

Several tulip flowers can be seen in the photo:

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house


Another more common representative of bulbous perennials is narcissus, which is represented by 60 species. However, in the middle belt, just over 25 species of this flower are grown. Flowering can begin in mid-April, but not later than the beginning of May.

Important! This variety is considered the most popular and widespread among flower growers. It does not require special care, is resistant to spring frosts, does not need feeding and frequent watering.

In addition to these species, there are many other hybrids, some of which are not even included in the state register of the Russian Federation.


Fritillaria or Haselhuhn are also bulbous perennial flowers that bloom in spring. The flowers got their name because of their appearance and color. The plant can also be compared to a palm tree, the top of which is decorated with original buds. Popularly Haselhuner has another name – the paradise tree, numbering about 150 species.

The most popular varieties:

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Rauses can bloom for a month, but it all depends on how much sunlight they get. Therefore, it is best to plant this perennial in lighted areas.


Saffron or crocus has over 300 varieties, most of which bloom in the fall. But there are also early varieties that will open their buds even when all the snow has not yet melted. The bulbous crocus is not afraid of frost and precipitation in the form of snow, so it is an invariable inhabitant of many flower gardens.

Among the most common species of these perennials are:

Chionodoxa .

This is a perennial low-growing bulbous plant, which occurs in only 6 species. It got its name from two Greek words – “snow” and “pride”. People have their own names – “snow beauty” or “snowman”. The flowering of the crop begins very early, the moment the snowdrops break through the thaw.

The plant does not like to grow together with other bulbous perennials, so it should be planted away from them. But the neighborhood with weeds and other plants does not bring him any discomfort. In addition, chionodoxa does not require special care, feeding is enough in the fall, and watering is required only in dry weather.

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Perennials with small lobes

There are also small perennials that bloom in early spring. They are all similar to each other in terms of the underground part and its size. Despite the fact that the bulb is shaped like a chicken egg, the plants grow very large and quite strong. Therefore, they are not afraid of such surprises of nature as gusts of wind, lightning rain, etc.

Musk (mouse hyacinth).

Also onion, mouse hyacinth, muscari are all names for a flower that belongs to the asparagus family. Muscari blooms at the beginning of active snowmelt, blooms long and is even used for cuttings. There are several species of muskrats, the most common of which are the following varieties:

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Iris reticulata.

Iris reticulata is an early representative of perennial abdomen flowers, blooming its buds in March. To ensure annual flowering of this species of iris, it is necessary to plant new bulbs every fall for 3-4 years, annually dig up the babies and transplant them to another place. The tubers should replace each other, as this flower sprouts buds and is formed from the haulm, blooms only after 3 years.

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house


Galanthus or snowdrop is our favorite of all flower growers. Its buds appear along with the leaves, just as the snow begins to leave and continues to delight the eye despite cloudy weather, frost and precipitation in the form of snow.

Among the 18 species of snowberry, the following varieties are the most common:

Prowll (Scilla).

Scilla or Spray is an early flower of the talkative family, blooming as early as March. A total of 90 species of the plant are known, among which these varieties are more popular:

Bulbous perennials bloom in summer

Bulbous perennials, obsessed with long blooms that reach summertime and bud size, have a special fragrance and color scheme.


The garden lily is a striking representative of bulbous perennials, of which there are at least 80 species. All lilies resemble the type of inflorescence, which has a cylindrical shape and the presence of many flowers on it (up to 16 pieces). The most common varieties are:

Gabrandus (Argentine lily)

Leaper is the popular name for Gabbrandus, as it is only 3 to 5 days from now until the first leaves bloom. This is an original perennial flower, from each bulb grows about 3 – 4 buds. The main feature of the plant is that it is completely unpretentious in cultivation and it can be grown not only in flowerbeds, but also in the home.

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house


Decorative onion can also be found in garden plantings. In total, the bulbous plant has at least 400 species, so flower growers always have the opportunity to choose exactly the variety that is best suited for a particular landscape design. All arches bloom for a long time, so they can be planted both in individual stands and in group plantings. The following varieties are distinguished:

Montbrane .

Crocosmia or Montbrayne will be a great summer garden decoration. The tuber bulb strikes with the brightness of its colors and is suitable not only for decorating flower beds, but also for cutting (it can stay in water for more than 2 weeks). A distinction can be made between the most popular species:

Dutch perennials for a lush flower bed in your country house

Galtonia (African hyacinth).

Galtonia belongs to the Lilium family. There are only 4 species of this flower in nature, of which the white variety is the most popular. The perennial grows to an impressive size (more than 1 meter) and on each bush from 10 to 15 flowers, which are weaker than the inflorescences.

Important! This species does not tolerate cold weather, so it is important to bury the bulbs for the winter even in regions with a fairly mild climate.

Bulbous perennials that bloom in autumn

Autumn bulbs are a real decoration, stars against the background of yellowing nature. Many of them bloom in spite of mushy weather, numerous precipitation and other features of autumn until the cold. Perennial flowers, whose bulbs contain essential substances, mostly “feed” in the fall to endure overcoming and all the negative effects of the environment.

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First aid.

Autumn, colchicum or evens are all names for the same flower whose buds have bloomed when most plants are already in bloom. Evens are unpretentious. All that is required is infrequent watering, which should only be done during flowering. If the weather is rainy, this phase can easily be skipped.

Colquicia has several species, but the most common varieties are the following representatives:

Garden Cyclamen.

The garden cyclamen or alpine violet, so popular are the small flowers that line the carpet and in the general background of fall nature and make an impact. In addition to their beauty and grace, cyclamen are striking with a fragrant fragrance that can be felt several yards away from the bed:


Bulbous perennials are a type of flower that no flower claim is without. With their variety of varieties, different blooming periods and a multitude of colors, you can use these plants to create a unique group planting that is fragrant from the time the snow falls until it does.

The most common spring bulb flowers for the garden (photo)

Bulb flowers undoubtedly occupy the leading position among the spring chips. And this is well deserved. After all, they surprise with a variety of beautiful forms and colors, have a subtle, delicate fragrance. And grow them under the force of even an inexperienced gardener. Therefore, these flowers can be found in every garden.

Common species of spring corms

There are many bulbous flowers, and breeders are constantly creating new varieties with special beauty and delicacy.

Snowdrops (Galanthus) are a well-known, one of the first to bloom, delicate white wildflowers. It needs no introduction. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, decorative snowdrops have appeared, which differ from their wild relatives.

  • The common snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis) grows up to 20 cm in height. The individual white bell-shaped flowers have a green spot at the ends of the outer petals. Exploitation of this species: Viridapice, Atkinsii, Sam Arnott, and the terry variety Flore pleno.

Snowdrop white nival “Flore pleno”

  • Elvis snowdrop snowdrop happiness (Galanthus Elwesii) – the largest species reaches a height of 50 cm and is very similar, but much larger. The flowers have a unique enchanting honey fragrance.
  • Voronowii snowdrop (Galanthus Woronowii) is a variety of Russian selection. It has relatively wide leaves. The flowers are small, but have beautiful green accents on the petals. It sprawls heavily, so division and replanting is required every two years.
  • Crested Snowdrop (Galanthus plicatus) is also a broad-leaved variety, the green leaves with a bluish tint have a longitudinal crease.

Scilla (Scilla) is well known to us in spring blue glades in the forest. However, the blueberry is very diverse, with several dozen species. Only a few of them are found in our gardens. The color of blueberry flowers can be blue, white, pink and purple.

The most common spring bulb flowers for the garden (photo)

The most common in our area is the Siberian bellflower (Scilla Sibirica) with azure bells, it also has a white-flowered variety, there are copies with pink flowers. Ornamental varieties include Spring Beauty with sturdy stems and dark purple flowers.

The Rose of Spiked Rose (Scilla Roseni) is a very beautiful method with an unusual flower shape. In the natural environment it grows in the mountain meadows of the Caucasus. The plant with an arrow up to 20 cm, the flower is white-blue (about 5 cm). Its elongated petals bend backwards. It is still rare in our gardens, but not capricious and therefore deserves further distribution.

Breeders have bred hybrids of Scilla with other flowers. These are Scilla Campanulata and Scilla Puschkinioides.

Very popular bulbous flowers are crocuses or saffrons (crocuses). Crocuses bloom immediately after snowdrops. A characteristic feature of this plant is a very short stem, the flowers seem to grow right out of the ground of different colors (there are also bicolor varieties).

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One of the first to bloom is the large-flowered crocus Vangarda. Its flowers consist of snow-white outer petals and deep purple inner petals. It has a pleasant smell.

Next in bloom is the very popular large-flowered variety Jeanne d’Arc. These snow-white flowers just exude tenderness. The purple lines are barely noticeable on the flower tube.

Another crocus variety, Cream Beauty, touches with its fragile appearance. It has beautiful creamy, cup-shaped flowers with a yellow-brown neck.

The most common spring bulb flowers for the garden (photo)

A very original angustifolius variety with elongated, pointed petals of rich yellow with dark bronze stripes along the outer petals.

Negro Boy is considered the latest variety, the petals are a deep purple with a light, barely noticeable white stripe along the edge.

Chionodoxa is a beauty of alpine meadows. These tubers delight us in the spring with lovely bouquets of little stars surrounded by lush green foliage.

  • Rice (Chionodoxa gigantea) – This species is characterized by rather large (up to 4 cm) flowers. It is traditionally blue in color, but there is a variety with white flowers. (Alba Hort).

The most common spring bulb flowers for the garden (photo)

  • Lucilia (Chionodoxa Luciliae) – Their leaves are shorter than the stems, which emphasizes the effect of the bouquet. And in the center of the light blue flower is a blurred white spot. There are varieties with white and pink petals. (Alba Hort, Rosea Witte, Pink Giant, Miss Alice, Pink Queen, Sireneviy Nebel).
  • Forbes (Chionodoxa Forbesii) – This species is characterized by a large number of flowers and tall (up to 30 cm) stems. (Rosa Riese, Alba, Blue Giant).
  • Sardinian (Chionodoxa Sardensis) – Their dense flower stems can be used for cutting. Height 12-15 cm Flowers are light blue, but there are decorative varieties with pink petals.
  • Dwarf (Chionodoxa nana) – its small flowers (no more than 1 cm) are on stems about 10 cm and are rare.

All chionodoxa are slightly dusty and form interspecific hybrids.

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Muscari, mouse hyacinth or bulbs (muscari) are perhaps the most unpretentious bulbous flowers. They are ready to adapt to any conditions, and soon you will have to cut off withered flowers to avoid a strong spread in the garden. The unpretentious flowers have a very pleasant fragrance, slightly reminiscent of hyacinth. There are many species of this plant, and they are rich in a variety of varieties. But we will focus on the most original ones.

The already very famous and exceptionally beautiful Muscari Armeniacum Blue Spike, whose sadly blue, voluminous flowers make the inflorescence look like a lush foam.

Muscari Armeniacum Valerie Finnis is unusually colored with dense cone-like inflorescences in smoky blue and a small tuft of small flowers on the top of the inflorescence.

The most common spring bulb flowers for the garden (photo)

The new variety Pink Sunrise (Muscari Armeniacum Pink Sunrise), with pale pink flowers initially but gradually gaining color.

The exotic Muscari Comosum Plumosum surprises with bashful blue-purple flowers, very different from traditional ones. And the Golden Fragrance muskari variety has an uncharacteristic yellow color for its variety. Muscari neglected (Muscari neglectum cast. Et ten) has such a deep purple color that it sometimes appears black.

The most common spring bulb flowers for the garden (photo)

All of these muscari are very hardy and are perfect for our gardens.

The beauty of Puschkinia (Puschkinia) is demonstrated only by two species: kipreus and hyacinth. Cypress has only one stem, blooms in April, white or blue stars gathered in a loose brush. And hyacinth – blooms in May, can have up to four stems, similar to hyacinth. Their flowers are light blue with a blue stripe in the middle of the flower leaf.

The main bulbous spring flowers are narcissus (daffodils) and tulips (tulips). The efforts of their breeders have an extraordinary verdict. There are 13 species of daffodils and 15 of tulips by flower type. Only tulips come in species (large with a variety of shapes) and botanicals (small and need not be dug). Every gardener is sure to find a suitable specimen here.

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Both plants are quite unpretentious and grow in almost every garden. Care for them is similar, but tulips need to be dug up some time after flowering. Read more about this and other growing tips here.

The most common spring bulb flowers for the garden (photo)

In our gardens, it is rare to see spring and cannabis.

The most common spring bulb flowers for the garden (photo)

Mohawk or erythronium (Erythronium) – the height of this bulbous cluster is up to 35 cm. Flowering begins in mid-jump. The winter-hardy species are Siberian and European. The Siberian is distinguished by its brown marbled leaves and large, charming pink-purple flowers with bright yellow stamens. And the European variety Lilac Miracle has a rich purple color in the color of the flower, the pink-flowered variety Pink Queen and Snowflake – creamy white. These species do not need winter placement.

Spring or Eranthis is a plant that is meaningful in appearance, unlike other bows. Its leaves are palmate and partly, the flowers are small (up to 3 cm), most often yellow, but in Eranthis stellate white, with a lighter tint underneath. It is a forest dweller, so feels good under trees. Distinguished by a very early flowering, sometimes just under the snow.

We can’t ignore the ascendant (Iridodictyum). As soon as the snow falls, dense, narrow leaves with several facets appear under the floor, and the stem comes out with them. It in Iridodictyum under the leaves is very short (8-15 cm). The flowers (5-7 cm) resemble iris. The large lower petals, resembling butterfly wings, are encircled. The coloration is different. For example, the variety J.S. Dijt is red-purple, and its large petals with a lower layer have a pattern of yellow spots, white lines and black dots. And the Harmony variety has the same pattern, but the color of the petals is poured blue. The popular variety Danfordiae has a bright yellow color with greenish-brown spots on the lower petals. Except for the beauty of the flower, all of these varieties give off a sensitive, subtle fragrance.

You can go on with our list of spring onions. However, they bloom on the border in summer. They are hazel (Fitillaria), hyacinth (hyacinthus), birdwort (ornithogalum) and others.

The most common spring bulb flowers for the garden (photo)

Bulbous plants.

Spring bulb flowers are best planted in early fall. Onions have time to take root before frosts set in and will overwinter beautifully even without protection.

The general rule of thumb for determining the time to start planting is to reduce the floor temperature to 9-10 degrees. And it is necessary to finish at least 2 weeks before serious frosts.

    The first stage is the selection of bulbs. You should not greedily and thoughtlessly discard damaged and diseased specimens. The bulb should not be soft, heavily sprouted (long roots and peeing shoots), with other visible damage. Good planting material produces beautiful, strong and healthy plants.
  • The second step is to treat the onions. They can be disinfected in a solution of the drug “Maxim” for disinfection.
  • The third stage is the preparation of the place. The place for planting is chosen depending on the type of plant. Tulips, for example, like the sun, and the canker prefers light shade. The earliest ones can safely be planted under trees, as there are no leaves on the branches during their flowering.

All bulbs do not tolerate stagnant water (the bulb rots). After digging the soil, be sure to make a drainage of about 2 inches, for this use coarse sand or rubble stone. Very little complex fertilizer or wood ash should be added to the soil.

The depth of planting directly depends on the size of the bulb. A depth of 3 per bulb height is considered ideal. The distance between the bulbs is about 10 cm.

The bulb is placed in the hole downwards, gently covered, the soil is compacted, watered and mulched.

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The most common spring bulb flowers for the garden (photo)

As we have already noted, spring bulb flowers do not need a spring home in winter. Mulching with peat, wood shavings or other materials does an excellent job of protecting against frost and serving as a fertilizer. In very harsh and snowy winters, you can cover the planting site with dry spruce branches or straw.

Bulb plants are prone to the formation of “offspring” – small young bulbs. Therefore, they should be planted periodically (after 3-5 years), so that they do not crumble and wilt.

Bulbs are dug up after the complete death of the above-ground part, most often in June, for the growth of new roots. It should be done on a sunny day. Dug up bulbs should be well dried, peeled and separated from the ground. Then they are stored until autumn at a temperature of about 10-15 degrees.

During flowering, spring onions need moderate watering and light fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. Be sure to regularly remove weeds and loosen the soil. This is a prevention of various diseases and pest attacks.

Pests and diseases of spring onions

In a sense, early flowering onions are lucky, because they have time to wake up before the appearance of various garden pests. However, their underground part can be attacked.

The most common spring bulb flowers for the garden (photo)

To prevent the spread of pests, thoroughly trim the bulbs, followed by disinfecting the remaining ones. This will help protect them from pests such as onion root mite, narcissus fly, onion thrips, and onion aphids. If this does not help, you should apply spraying or watering with insecticide solutions.

And from caterpillars and armyworms will help by introducing chlorophos into the hole and constant loosening of the soil.

To protect against rodents, plants are planted in baskets with metal mesh. Onions can also be treated with a repellent, or the soil can be sprinkled with a tincture of hot pepper or tobacco juice once.

If stem and tuber nematodes are found in a particular area, it is not recommended to plant onion flowers there for the next three years.

Diseases pose the greatest danger to bulb plants.

The most dangerous disease is onion rot. With a small lesion, you need to cut out the lazy part with a sharp knife and hold the onion in a solution of the maximum drug or sprinkle the cut with wood ash. A severely rotten bulb should be discarded.

Onions can also be affected by viral and other diseases.

The main condition for disease prevention is a careful inspection of onions, as the disease is mostly caused by poor quality planting material.

Bulb flowers in landscape design

The most common spring bulb flowers for the garden (photo)

Most of the primordial flowers that decorate our gardens are bulbous plants. They are actively used in the design of spring landscapes.

Planted around trees, they bring color to the colorless garden, which has not yet awakened after winter.

Very beautiful look tubers, which are gradually replaced by lawn grass. For this purpose are suitable plants with rapid death of the above-ground part, suitable only for flowering, such as blueberries, snowdrops, crocuses. They will look great in between the first sprouting grass and create an alpine meadow effect, gradually giving way to wild greenery.

The most common spring bulb flowers for the garden (photo)

Mono-flowers of tulips and daffodils look chic and austere. And small bulbous plants will be a spring decoration for any alpine hill or stone garden. Terry tulips look great in stone gardens.

A wide variety of tubers can be used to create distinct patterns from the bed. And in a mixboard, fill in the empty space until the flowering perennials grow.

Note that all onion flowers in groups look beautiful. Therefore, it is recommended to plant at least five pieces next to each other.

The main problem of spring onions is a short blooming period. Then annual flowers are planted in the bed. But to avoid additional hassle, you should plant bulbous flowers together with perennials that bloom in summer. In this case, you will have to plan the flower bed only once, and then only maintain it in order.

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