The main types and the timing of trim trim and bushes

Treech trees and shrubs – tips and recommendations

: Trimming trees and shrubs

So that the trees are actively fruits and are not injured, they should heal regularly – carry out trimming and remove old and painful branches. If they doubted that they do it right, we remember the basic principles of pruning again.

Wrong cropping can destroy the garden and cause irreparable damage to it. However, only a small part of the gardeners knows how to cut fruit trees and shrubs properly. Therefore, you should start with the basics and the most important points.

What is cut and why it is needed

Cutting is the removal of certain parts of plants – twigs, taps and sometimes roots. The correct circumcision rejuvenates trees and shrubs, improves the appearance and decorative attractiveness of plants. Four species are typically differentiated:

  • The formative cut aims to give the plant a certain shape or to grow in a certain direction. Such a pruning is used in the formation of a crown or grape vit notes;
  • The healing cut is designed in such a way that they heal a stained plant, save it from the affected areas and share and stimulate their further development.
  • Stimulating crops should improve the quality of fruits, flowers and leaves and provide a rich harvest.
  • With the limiting circumcision, you can suspend the growth and development of the plant, especially in cases in which it is important to save some space and not to close the light of other landings.

Pruning trees infographics

Which plants do you need circumcision?

Most cultures that are grown in suburban areas require regular pruning at least once a year. However, some plants may need more frequent “attention signs”. Therefore, it is so important to know what is growing in your country house and how often, based on trimming.

1. Trees and shrubs bloom in spring. These include Lilacs, Rhododendrons, Forsythia and others.

2. Trees and shrubs bloom in summer. For example, such as warehouses and Summer Lilac.

3. A time flowering roses. This includes climbing and old varieties of garden roses.

4. Repeated blooming roses. These are groups such as Floribunda, Grandiflora, tea hybrid, bush and miniature roses.

5. Fruit trees and shrubs as well as deciduous trees: peach, pear, apple tree, currant, raspberries, goosebumps, oak, ash.

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6. Evergreen trees and shrubs as well as needle plants such as juniper, cypresses, padub and Magonia also need a constant pruning.

To trim when

The beginning of trimming largely depends on the plant species that prevail in your website. If you remove the shoots too early, the plant blooms worse, does not connect the fruits and even die.

The worst time for the trimming of most cultures is the end of summer and beginning of autumn.

Since every circumcision ultimately stimulates growth, it is undesirable to carry out it during the temperature difference that begins with the advent of autumn. Therefore, only dry and sick branches should be removed at this point, which is definitely not useful.

When and what plants need pruning

How to do

There are several trim options. And they all depend on various factors, including the type of plant. The shortening of a hedge differs from trimming a standard rose. Then you have to determine what type of circumcision you use and what, as well as some general recommendations:

  • First remove all dry, sick and damaged branches and stems;
  • Then remove the side shoots and drives that prevent the plant from growing up;
  • Cut off branches that come into contact with others as this can cause diseases or pest infestation;
  • Cut the tips of the shrubs to slow down their growth. This is not suitable for all plants, and sometimes it is easier to transplant them into another part of the garden so that they do not affect the growth of other plants.
  • Carefully trim the plants to give them a suitable shape. Take your time and examine the plant from different perspectives and regularly take a step back to rate the results.
  • Always cut the branch down to the growth point or an growth cone without leaving a cut in the middle of the branch or trunk.

how to correct a large branch on a tree

Which tool is suitable for pruning

A successful trimming largely depends on the tool that is used for this process. If the garden or garden scissors are too small, you risk damaging you or cuttings with branches and leaving wounds and damage. The most important tools for the garden required for order in the garden are shown in the infographic:

Spraying of grapes with iodine solution

Tool for cutting trees and bushes

Thanks to the correct and timely pruning of fruit and ornamental plants, you can avoid many problems that occur during their growth, flowering and fruit formation. It is extremely important to carry out the “relaxation” of trees and bushes in good time. This will help you live for a long time and you will enjoy a lavish flower and a rich harvest.

lesson 1

1. Why circumcision is required (circumcision goals). 2. Types of circumcision (formative, rejuvenating, restorative, sanitary). 3. Spring, summer, autumn cuts; Casing calendar data – how to select the right one. In which cases is a winter average permitted?

Why is a pruning necessary?

In return, the partial or complete removal of drives, branches of trees, shrubs and (less often) mult i-year herbaceous plants. This is a very important event that often not only depends on decoration, but also the ability to bear fruits and the health of the plants.

Puning & & & & & & & & & mdash; An important procedure on which the harvest and the health of the garden depend

Cutting is an important process that both the yield and health of the garden depend.

The cut is carried out to get (improve) the shape of the crown; – regulation of growth and the development of plants; – stimulation of fruit formation, improvement in fruit quality; – more intensive, longer flower (decorative cultures); – Improvement (rejuvenation) of plants.


Depending on the purpose of pruning, it is divided into types. The gardener must understand them in order to be able to correctly select the options required for the plant. It should be remembered that different terms and different techniques can be provided for different types of trimming.


Their goal is to form the right crown of a certain type (optimal for a certain type of plant). First of all, such a cut is necessary for young trees and shrubs. It accelerates the beginning of flowering and fruit formation and facilitates the care of an adult plant. A wel l-shaped crown ensures good illumination, decorative effect; Reduces the risk of breakage, disease damage.

The video clip of the Country Wisdom program tells in detail about the defining cut of fruit trees and berry shrubs:

The formative circumcision in the early years of the life of a tree or shrub aims to create a basis – a durable skeleton that can continue to withstand the weight of the harvest. In subsequent periods, regulate the volume of the crown, your lighting, form due to the formative circumcision.

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See a master class about spring that forms the trimming of fruit trees from the rector of the Russian state agricultural correspondence university:

Not only fruit and berry plants, but also most decorative plants need the formative pruning. In this case, the main goals are a beautiful shape of the crown, large leaves, plenty of existing and longer flower. This can be achieved, including the removal or shortening of the aging branches, which leads to intensive growth of young shoots.

It is important to understand that the formation of circumcisions is a creative process. Despite the fact that there are general rules, an individual solution is required in any case, whereby the features of the system itself and its surroundings are taken into account.

The frequency of the formation of circumcisions mainly depends on the growth rate: rapidly growing plants become annually and those that slowly grow every 2-3 years.

Sanitary trimmings

It is carried out if necessary to cut down damaged, broken, dried branches and infected shoots in order to avoid the spread of the disease. His goal is to maintain the health of trees and shrubs.

Sanitary pruning can be done at any time of the year

Sanitary circumcision can be carried out in any season

In contrast to other types of circumcisions, sanitary can be carried out in every season. The only state is a stable positive air temperature. This applies in particular to the maintenance of started trees that have not been circumcised for a long time.

  • dry or dry;
  • broken, broken;
  • intertwined, converged, rub against each other (weakly cut out);
  • Dimensions with signs of illness or damage by pests;
  • overgrown and fat shoots;
  • Thickening, grow in the crown.


It is used to stimulate the update of old trees and shrubs that have lost the ability to grow and good fruit processes. The signal for the fact that the plant requires ant i-aging cutting is a weak increase, a bad flower and the fruit. Do not wait until the problem has reached the maximum that anti-aging circumcision begins with the first alarming signals: a decrease in an annual increase in shoots to 15 to 20 cm; Weak or vice versa – excess flower with bad pulp (many ovaries are formed, but they show up).

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The ant i-aging circumcision restores the balance between growth and fruits that are lost with age. For this purpose, the old branches are very shortened and can be easily blown up young shoots – they form a new crown of them. It is recommended to perform such a cut every 3-4 years on old trees (for apple and pears that are less often for 5-6 years). Cooked trees are better cut into several stages – for several years, with the old branches gradually cutting out and reducing and lightening the crown.

Berries are recommended to rejuvenate more frequently (some raspberries, blackberries, black currants – annually) and old shoots. Some decorative plants (for example a Spirea, a moc k-up) also need ant i-aging cutting.

How to return the youngster to the old tree with the help of trimming, look at the following video:

Restorative (recovery) circumcision

It is required for damaged (e.g. frozen) plants. It aims to restore the injured crown and return the ability to fruit (for fruit and berry plants). Often this type also involves pruning running trees, in which the crown is not formed, formed incorrectly, or has completely lost its shape, since it has not been cared for for a long time.

If we talk about plants affected by frost, then you should not rush with pruning – in early spring, the injured branches are not always easy to determine. Wait for the Kidney Awakening to assess the damage to the facility. Damaged shoots are cut to healthy wood, cuts are treated.

It should be noted that in practice there is seldom any form of circumcision in its pure form.

Dates from trimming trees and shrubs

It is very important to choose the right time for pruning. Untimely pruning does not bring any benefits and can damage the plant, and in some cases even lead to its death.

Traditionally, spring, summer and autumn pruning is distinguished. Winter pruning is rather an exception, they carry it out mainly in regions with a warm climate, where there are no severe frosts. Winter pruning in cold regions is fraught with serious plant injuries: at low temperatures, wood becomes fragile, the wounds are fragmented, and the cuts are poorly overgrown.

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Choosing the right trimming time is very important

Choosing the right trimming time is very important

The main work on pruning fruits and berries and decorative plants is traditionally carried out in the spring, when severe frosts have already passed. In the conditions of Central Russia, this is usually April in March (but before the kidneys bloom).

Berry bushes are the first to prune, as their kidneys swell very early and the first leaves can appear almost immediately after the snow has fallen. Then cut the fruit trees. Roses, grapes, decorative shrubs and trees are also pruned in the spring.

The famous Russian gardener Alexander Sidelnikov in the next short video prepared by the Order of the Russian Garden talks about the spring log of trees:

In the summer, additional trimming of old fruit trees is carried out. If they pinch or cut out additional young shoots, they form the crown of apple trees; After flowering, early flowering decorative plants are cut. In early summer, evergreen plants (e.g. boxwood) are pruned, including in hedges. Summer is a favorable time for pruning a lemonnik: this plant has early and active, during spring pruning an injured escape can literally drain with sap and die, and in the summer there is no such threat. Sanitary trimming of plants (if necessary) can also be carried out in the summer months.

What and how summer pruning of fruit trees is carried out is said in the following video:

The second part of the video about summer pruning:

In the fall, it is recommended to prune berry bushes, because in spring they bloom before other plants. In addition, in some plants (for example, raspberries), sprouting shoots are cut out in the fall. Fruit trees in regions with harsh winters are not recommended in the fall as their hardiness increases and the risk of freezing increases. The main type of fall is sanitary.

The expert of the Greensad Garden Center (Green Sad) in the following video talks about the features of autumn pruning:

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