How to cut a hedge
A hedge is an idea for a bizarre fence that gives us a feeling of intimacy while we relax in the garden. However, so that our hedge can be developed correctly and splendidly, it must be trimmed regularly.
How often we cut a hedge depends on whether plants are formed for hedges (e.g. boxing wood, TIS) or no haircut (e.g. Thuja, Lavson Cypress).
Cutting and the formation of hedges
In larger trees, high branches are best removed with a saw with a retractable bar. This offers easy, safe and comfortable access to branches
The hedge should be circumcised at least once a year. Seasonally strange shrubs, ie those who lose foliage in autumn should be shortened in June. Evergreen shrubs and deciduous shrubs – mi d-August or until new shoots are published in early spring.
It is very important to cut the small recently planted hedges, although we often do not want to do this, which anticipates the expected impressive appearance of our garden. However, if young branches are too tight, it can turn out that the lower part of the bush is empty. It should also be remembered that regular cropping young shoots stimulates plant growth.
If we form hedges with original figures or shapes, remember that the tops should be cut to the same height. It is also extremely important that the bottom of the hedge is always wider than the top. The symmetrical shape of the trees can be reached by pointing the side upwards and apically. A simple solution is to use bamboo poles and washcloths. This method also works well for paths.
Before you start cropping, you should consider which shoots you have to remove. They obviously grow into the middle of the plant unnecessarily and thus block access to light to other, correctly directed branches. It is also recommended to prove a densely growing plant. You should also grow up the shoots and those who disturb the tip of the plant.
Tools for trimming hedges
An excellent solution is scissors with low weight and an adjustable handle. When buying, you should pay attention to the length of the cutting jet and the distance between the knife of the device
The selection of the tools also depends on the type of hedge – if you are small and we do not want to remove twigs, we should have enough mechanical scissors. For the trimming of branches, a shifting cutout is much more suitable-it must be finished with both dry and wet wood.
The work will be most effective if you select a secateur with a gear. Thanks to this, we don’t have to make too much effort to cut thick tools. If a lot of work awaits us, the lever shears are the best solution. Thanks to them, cropping is carried out with three times more strength than when using tools.
The hedge can be circumcised with electric tools: a seeder or scissors, but with the latter it is a little more difficult to contact due to the weight of the tool.
Petrol scadeers are even more effective and effective. It has an additional advantage – it can be used if there is no access to electricity. This device is quite heavy and not very comfortable, but without problems that also do it with thicker branches.
Fertilizer of the hedge
Electric and petrol scissors for hedges help to form a fence and to maintain in good condition
Regular fertilizers are required to maintain a hedge. We start the process in early spring with full mineral fertilizer (approx. 50 g per 1 square meter m). We repeat the campaign in early summer with half of the dose.
It is also worth remembering the throw – plants can be filled with peat, bark or collected compost. The latter provides plants with nutrients that are necessary for growth and improves the general condition of the soil.
Remember that the hedge should be watered in the first year. In the following years it is sufficient to pour the plants during the drought, although coniferous shrubs also pour in late autumn and winter when the earth is frosty.
Education and trimming of hedges according to the rules
In recent years, hedges have not only become a decoration of city parks, but also private areas. They consisted of high, mediu m-sized or stunted plants and occupied their niches in the landscape architecture. With their help, functional areas are differentiated, unsightly objects are hidden and the place is protected from the winds. Thanks to a large number of plants that are suitable for the organization of hedges, this type of “fences” and “fences” is very often and often not only bears a functional, but also a very artistic cargo. However, a living fence is required and one of the most important components of this process is a timely haircut. Let’s take a look at how to form the hedges correctly and cut and cut.
Education and trimming of hedges according to the rules
What are the living hedges?
As mentioned above, all hedges are divided into: low, medium and high. The height of the hedge depends on the growth potential of the plants and preferences of the owner. At the same time, not all hedges have to be held back in growth and bring them into shape. Sometimes plants remain without haircut, which indicates their free growth. Such hedges also have to be a place and to carry their own special taste.
Cu t-cut hedge
If freely growing hedges are used in wide, free species, then compacts, where the order, maintenance and the need to absorb several functional zones are taken first. There is not much space in our gardens to grow in a free form. Therefore, we strive to make plantations more compact. Compactness is achieved by selecting cultures for certain tasks and regular pruning.
Plants for hedges
Before planting hedges, it is very important to understand which tasks it should carry out. If this is a limit, the plants should be small, succumb to the haircut, easy to grow, have a homogeneous texture of a cut surface. It may be:
From these plants you can form hedges up to a meter high. For hedges of medium height, the cut surface does not have to be homogeneous, which is achieved by planting smaller and coniferous plants. It can be loose if the selection falls on large plants. In this case, the following plants are suitable:
- viburnum bladder;
- shiny armor;
- golden currant;
- Alpin e-currants;
- dog rose;
- The spirea is ivolite;
- alpine honeysuckle;
- COMMON BREARBERREGE;
- Barberis Korean;
- BARBERBERGE TUNBERG;
- white snow;
- ordinary door kill;
- Goyastrik is ordinary.
From these plants you can organize hedges 1-2 meters high. Large plants are also suitable for organizing a green fence. Here it is necessary to remember that it is more difficult to care for such hedges. Often they are simply impossible to cut into compact sizes. To form a hedge two meters high is used:
- common hawthorn;
- Hawthorn is half-Dead;
- single-pharyngeal hawthorn;
- common cherry;
- Aronia is blac k-fertile;
- teat silver and narro w-lived;
- common purple;
- Smooth viscous;
- layer rough;
- berry – apple;
- ordinary mockery;
- field maple;
- maple tartare;
- Ginnal Maple.
From coniferous plants you can recommend for live hedges: western thuja, prickly spruce, berry wave, ordinary juniper, an abundance.
What is a well hardened hedge?
For your hedge to be called beautiful, it must meet a number of standards. First of all, the hedge should have a flat, dense homogeneous texture of surfaces, without holes and prophie without prophie. In addition, it must be ruined not only from above, but also in the “legs”. This is achieved through careful selection of plants, their correct landing, competent formation and haircut.
Before choosing plants, it is worth studying their needs. Compare these requirements to your skills. And then carry out the purchase of planting material.
The formation of hedges
Since the hedge should be well managed and have a uniform smooth texture of the surface, it must be formed from the first year of landing. With the help of haircuts, plants are stimulated to increased branching from the base up. To do this, they have a half lack of the central escape, as well as any shoots formed on the sides (if any). In the following years they repeat the haircut, gradually leaving a new level of height and width. This must be done until the hedge reaches the specified size.
A properly formed hedge should be covered with side branches from bottom to top. If the hedge is only trimmed at the top, it will gradually gain growth while exposing the base of the plants and showing a sloppy look. When forming hedges from shrubs that give abundant root shoots, in the first year they need to be cut in more than half, leaving only 15-20 cm of the length of the shoots above the ground. The next year, the resulting shooting shortens again. So it is necessary to do until the hedge acquires the plan.
If the hedge is formed from conifers, then there is a slightly different approach to their formation. Coniferous beards are well branched, so the hedges of conifers immediately give the desired shape, removing from the sides and from above beyond the boundaries of the formed tiers.
It is necessary to form a hedge from the first year of landing
Rules for haircuts by Hecke
In order to give the hedge a clear shape, you need to resort to a few tricks. The first step is to stretch the string along the guides, focusing on being able to create a flat surface. Next you need to use special devices for such haircuts. These can be manual or electric secateurs. If the hedge consists of large-leaved plants, then it can be cut with pruning shears. They also cut off plants with dense shoots.
A classic hedge can be either a rectangle or a trapezoid in shape. However, it is important that its upper part is not wider than its base. This is because as the hedge expands upward, it blocks the sun’s “legs” and becomes less green and less ornamental below.
The top of the hedge does not need to be cut in a horizontal plane. If desired, it can be given a rounded or triangular shape. It all depends on taste and imagination. After mastering some haircut skills, you can even cut the wave. And for hedges of conifers, a flat top is not even recommended, since in winter it accumulates snow caps on itself, under the weight of which the shape of the hedge can fall apart.
Frequency and timing of hedge trimming
The question of how often to correct the shape of the hedge depends on the culture with which it is formed. For some plants this is twice per season. This must be done before the kidneys awaken and after the intensive growth of young shoots has stopped. Other cultures may require more frequent edits. The signal that it is time to scissor is the loss of clarity of form and unity of the hedge walls.
Over the years, the bottom of the hedge becomes bare and the ability to form shoots decreases. The fence needs to be redone. To do this, all plants must be pruned to a height of 15–20 cm and regrown by permanent shaping. With this technique, the fence temporarily loses not only its decorative effect, but also its functionality. If this is unacceptable, you can go the other way – gradually rejuvenate the fence. First you need to cut the branches almost at the trunk on one side of the hedge. When they grow back and restore their shape, a similar procedure must be performed on the other side.
Hedge trimming is done to stimulate the growth of additional shoots and create a denser, denser crown.
Do free-growing hedges need to be trimmed?
While free-growing hedges do not require regular trimming, they will be shaped in the first few years after planting in the same way as hedges that are designed to be neatly shaped. They do this to stimulate the growth of additional shoots and create an increasingly dense canopy. In addition, only those branches are cut that significantly spoil the appearance of the hedge and greatly protrude beyond the limits of its natural shape. In addition, dried and damaged shoots are regularly removed.
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