The basic principles of the spring cutting of decorative trees and shrubs
The first cut old or damaged branches in the season returns to trees and creates its natural shape and increases the flower. Depending on the type of plant and weather conditions, the processing can also be carried out at the end of February. It is important that the air temperature is positive. Therefore, check the weather forecast a few days before the planned work. If frosts are predicted, the processing will move the processing the next day. Read on and you will find out why.
Spring cuts from decorative trees
Leaf trees have to be cut in the first years of growth. It is to remove branches with an acute growth angle and the branches on which several shoots grow at the same time. Thanks to this, they stop branching. They grow properly, i.e. evenly over the entire length of the run. As a result, the tree restores its natural gabit form, which corresponds to the species or varieties. Old specimens also need a translucent cut to improve the light flow in the upper part of the tree. Then the branches are cut: broken, the crown overlooked and crossed (close each other).
Don’t forget to protect the stumps from injuries that occur when working with a chainsaw. If they are not treated, they contribute to the appearance of pests that can eat with wood. To prevent this, apply a thin layer of garden ointment to the cut place every time you remove a branch. This is a special protective tool that quickly regenerates the newly cut plants and effectively protects them from adverse weather conditions. First of all, frost that hinders the healing of wounds.
Chainsaws – Mobile devices with which you can effectively cut off the branches of the trees in the garden and in the courtyard.
Pollut trees that you do not need a formative haircut because you keep the crown in the right form all year round, regardless of the weather conditions. In early spring, they only need sanitary cuts in which shoots are removed, which represents a potential source of infection. That means: damaged, especially pests and pathogens.
Spring cuts from decorative bushes
Shrubs with hidden root lumps do not require a radical pruning, with the exception of a small correction of shapes. While shrubs with an open root need a correction cut that restores their compactness. Its disadvantage is the effect of shortening the roots without breaking the crown – a process that is carried out immediately after digging plants from the earth (in kindergarten). To align the imbalance, cut all shoots in the upper part of the bush – about 0.5 cm above the last outward kidney.
The secondary cutter is a precise cut without prejudices compared to the condition of the system. Ideal for care tender decorative shrubs.
In spring and summer, shrub blooms during the shootings of the past year (forzia, shrub, early shrubs, pastures, Heideer, jasmine, varicose veins) need ant i-aging cutting that is to remove damaged and sick branches or illness. Thanks to this, the plant is stimulated for intensive growth. If you want your own bushes to create the best conditions for the development of new shoots, they shorten the old at least 1/3, but not more than 3/4 of their length. While shooting (Budlech, David, Horrense, Kustovoy Lapchita, Clematis) should be cut at a height of 15 to 30 cm above the ground in summer and autumn. After completing the work, you will soon notice a clear change in the appearance of the bush. He not only thickens beautiful, but also gives strong shoots that will bloom in the same year.
How do I cut decorative plants?
Trees and shrubs around the house are difficult and difficult. However, properly selected devices make it easy, light and completely safe for plants. If the time for the first cut of trees and shrubs comes in the season, it is worthwhile to have a chainsaw, a trainer or scissors at hand.
He has no same chainsaw when it comes to trimming the thick branches of trees in a large garden or garden in the back yard. Its advantage is an economic 2-stroke engine. With minimal combustion, it offers maximum performance, which leads to economic work despite intensive use. Service security is due to practical solutions. One of them is an inertia brake that automatically blocks the saw chain when it suddenly “jumps” from the surface of the sacrifice.
Petro l-secreteurs are designed for trimming thin branches of small trees. Effective work under all conditions provide a knife with laser sharpening, covered with a zinc layer to protect against corrosion. The full control over the device is ensured by an ergonomic handle with a cutting direction at every angle – even from above. You can change it freely in the work process: from vertical to horizontal and vice versa, depending on the growth direction of sprouts. While electrical prisoners and batteries of environmental devices that are ideal for a small garden when cutting thick decorative bushes. They differ in a power source (the first work of electricity, the second is driven by a lithium-ion battery), but combine: calm without damage to the environment and efficiency, comparable to the effects of working with combustion engines. . This is possible thanks to practical accessories such as a telescopic arrow, with which you can cut the shoots in higher parts of the bush and reach several meters in height. If you use it, you don’t have to climb the stairs. Working in the garden is therefore not only easier, but also completely safe.
The first cut in the season enables decorative plants to get healthy, and especially after the end of the growing season. Use the appropriate garden technology to make it correct and efficient at the same time. Chainsaws, a secondary distance and garden scissors are returned to a weakened decorative trees and shrubs.
Spring cuts from decorative bushes
Spring cutting is one of the most important operations for all fruit and decorative trees and shrubs.
We have already written about how to cut fruit plants in our article “How to cut fruit trees”.
Today we will talk about how and when spring circumcision is carried out by decorative shrubs. After all, they are not so bright and great and decorate our favorite garden with their wonderful beauty.
Three types of trim decoration bushes
Cutting decorative shrubs is divided into sanitary, education and ant i-aging.
In spring and autumn, the sanitary crops take place. It comprises the thinning of the bush with the removal of branches that grow within the crown to improve ventilation and give oxygen access to the entire bush, as well as the removal of weak, broken, frozen and other damaged branches.
Cutting is referred to as a sanitary, since it prevents the development of pathogenic bacteria, which form during the rotting damaged cuts of the bush and with a lack of oxygen in the crown.
The formative circumcision is the most important thing. It is necessary to give decorative plants the desired shape and contributes to the most splendid and brightest flower, which represents decorative bushes in the most profitable light.
The formative circumcision is carried out at all times of the vegetation period: from early spring to the beginning of autumn. It cannot happen later, as this can lead to a strong weakening of the plants before winter frost.
A rejuvenating pruning can give an old bush a second life. With regard to the terms, it only becomes at the end of the end of February to the end of March. Cutting is very short (per third of the length of each branch). His main task is to excite and activate the growth of sleep and subordinate buds, from which young branches will start to grow instead of the old.
The ant i-aging cutting also increases the length of the inflorescences and the size of the flowers in them on old bushes (they are usually smaller there).
Which decorative shrubs are contraindicated in sprin g-cutting
Many, especially beginner gardeners, are certain that absolutely all shrub decoration plants can be formed in spring, but this is not at all.
Most spring flower bushes (moc k-up, purple, spirea, blossom in spring, forsythia, great hydrangea, weigel, Kolquidia, Kerriya and others) are laid last year. Therefore, cut the branches and form the bush, they cut them. These plants simply cannot bloom this year!
In these cultures, you can only carry out sanitary complaints in the spring – carefully cut out the dried, old (more than three years) at the base, broken, thickened and frozen branches and immediately disinfect the cuts with potassium perpetrators and cover with garden var.
Trimming such decorative shrubs is carried out immediately after the end of their flower. In addition, it is desirable to do this with no n-companies, cloudy weather.
Don’t forget to process fresh sections immediately!
Which decorative shrubs need spring cuts
In spring, these shrubs are cut and the flower buds are placed on the instinctes of the current year. This operation can begin at the end of February.
The first, the kind of Strauc h-Decorative EV cuts. A little later – Barberry, whose buzin, colored or golden hazelnut, bladder, rose hip, door quoil with colored leaves.
In April they start to curtse off the hydrangea of the tree and panic and to bloom on the shoots of this year. They are cut fairly short (up to 15 cm), then the flower becomes more great.
Read more about how you can grow and cut off different types of hydrangeas in our article “Fros t-resistant hydrangeas in your garden”.
In spring, the lowe r-sized Japanese Spirea, which blooms in summer, will be trimmed. Such a haircut gives the bush an unusual decorative effect.
Pay particular attention to the cut of roses. The company depends on the type and variety of this “queen of the garden”. However, experts believe that the best time is for the cut of roses in mi d-April.
With hybrid tea and polyanthus roses, only old and damaged skeletal branches are removed so that everything stays young and strong on the bush. Under no circumstances should your ends be cut off.
In the case of parkers and other shru b-fros t-resistant varieties 5 – 7, leave the strongest shoots and shorten to the fifth bud. At the top branch on the edge, let a bud on the edge grow up so that the shrub does not lose its shape. Reduce 1 cm of it and make a sloping cut with a sharp knife.
Ordinary climbing roses that bloom on the shoots of last year are cut after the end of the flower. But this species also has remuming varieties that bloom on current shoots.
They are circumcised in spring and leave five strong shoots. Each should have 4-5 buds. The sections are then disinfected and the cut branches are immediately bound to the supports.
There are ornamental shrubs that can be shaped or unshaped – depending on the desire. This includes: Berberitzen, snowball, dwarf mine and others. They may only have to be trimmed sanitary.
There are ornamental shrubs whose whole beauty does not focus on flowers, but on the color of the leaves (colorful, golden, emerald green, etc.) and the bark (light green, orange, fire red, etc.).
When they form such shrubs in spring, they decorate their ornamental garden in an unusual way with colored crowns that become more splendid after the pruning and are preserved until late autumn and give the surrounding landscape of exquisite originality and grace.
Properties of the spring cutting of decorative bushes
If you do the spring cut of decorative shrubs in your garden yourself, think of some important points.
When choosing the extreme apical bud, think about the fact that the new instinct grows in the direction in which it is directed. When the kidney looks at the side, the drive grows in this direction.
Second, cuts should be made just more than half a centimeter above a healthy kidney. You should be weird, start at the center of the kidney and end just above your tip.
Thirdly, in order not to infect the plant tissue, all sections must be disinfected with potassium perpetrators immediately after cutting and covered with garden bangs at the top.
Tool for cutting in the spring
For the spring cut of decorative shrubs, a more sophisticated tool is required than for the cut of fruit cultures. In some cases, this is actually a filigree work, especially when it comes to artistic haircuts.
If you do not deal with form cut (produce sculptures from green plants), but need a regular spring cut, it depends on this: crown formation, hygiene measures (removal of dry, damaged, age, thickening and other additional branches). ) and adaptation of the landlock.
Special safe and practical tools will help you to carry out this work competently and carefully. You have to buy them now.
Cutting tools should have as sharp as possible so that the cuts are as even as possible, do not clamp or crumble. The ends of the blades must be narrowed so that they can also reach the most inaccessible branches.
Choose more easily, but at the same time a strong tool with a no n-linite grip on a light color (it is easier to find in the grass).
You need: a garden edge, a brush wall, a bush, garden saw and a hack saw, a garden knife, garden lacquer.
Before the start of the work, the entire inventory must be disinfected so as not to insert no infection into the plant tissue.
We told you how to cut the spring of decorative shrubs. Now you know which of you can be cut in spring and which cannot be done and how this work is done correctly!
Fill with practical tools and prepare yourself for the spring work!