How to treat trees from diseases and pests in the fall. How to process garden trees
How to treat trees from diseases and pests in the fall. How to process garden trees
How to spray fruit trees in the fall? Orchard plants best protect solutions from urea, iron, or copper sulfate. Each solution targets a specific type of threat.
And therefore, spraying plants cannot be carried out only by one drug. The tool is selected depending on the result. Experts recommend this procedure at the end of October.
This drug is treated and fed fruit trees such as apple trees, plums, cherries and peaches. After processing, the plants receive a lot of useful trace elements and iron. Even after the procedure, oxidative processes improve.
Ferrous sulfate removes lichen, moss, cytosporosis, vapor and black cancer, fights parasites. Iron is an important element in the life of fruit trees.
If it is insufficient, the quantity and quality of the harvest will be reduced. It is not difficult to prepare a solution of ferrous sulfate. You need to mix one kg of dry powder with 15 liters of water.
If you don’t know what the trees spray in the fall, use copper sulfate. This drug, which has a fungicide in its composition, does not allow rotten diseases, powdery mildew, steam and stains.
Experts recommend treating plants with copper sulfate in spring and autumn. In the fall, it is recommended to spray plum, pear and apple trees. Other garden plants can be treated.
Plums This drug protects against moniliosis, cocoon, gear and curly. For pears and apple trees, it provides a protective response from monoids, young and phylosticosis.
If the trees in the garden are no more than six years old, use up to two liters of a solution of copper sulfate per seedling for one seedling. If the plant is older, use up to ten liters.
It is best to spray fruit trees in the garden in the morning or evening. The temperature should be from +5 to +30 degrees, and it is also undesirable for the wind.
Garden urea processing
It is recommended to spray the urea of the plant in the garden as a first or last stage in preparation for winter. The first spraying should be done with a high concentration of the product. Such an action kills all the larvae of pests.
Seedlings in the garden are processed in the fall, after half the leaves collapse. To do this, make a solution – 10 liters of water and 500 g of urea. When all the leaves have fallen on the trees, the solution becomes 7% more concentrated.
You need to process trunks, branches and soil. This excellent protection of trees and their manure. Only you should not overdo it with the preparation of the solution, if it is too concentrated, the leaves will get burns and fall earlier than necessary.
As a result, the absorption of nutrients decreases, and the frost resistance of fruit trees decreases.
Processing of bone trees in the fall. autumn preparation
In the premise, gardeners and gardeners have a lot of problems, but fruit trees require special attention so that they can count on a decent harvest next year. The question of how to process a garden or individual trees in the garden is solved not only taking into account the age and type of plant.
It should be borne in mind that there are many potential diseases and pests. This means that before choosing toxic substances, fungicides and folk remedies, you need to put the site in order and treat plants.
Protection provides for a variety of measures – in winter, the garden can appear in the garden. Heat-loving crops can suffer from severe frosts, and therefore require shelter.
The volume of spring summer events depends on the thoroughness and variety of measures applied in the fall. The less likely the pests survive and the appearance of diseases on fruit trees, the less effort needs to be spent in the spring.
In autumn, between the harvest and the first frosts, you must surely:
- Remove all weeds (dry and still green), collect the foliage of decay and take out the site.
- Cut the dry branches and collect all the twigs on the ground;
- Burn all this on a neutral area, so as not to smoke and fire to damage viable branches;
- Dig a site to get rid of insects that are usually in the ground winter in the ground (if there is no way due to a large area, you need to dig at least every tree and shrub).
- Carefully prepare trees – Experienced gardeners clean the old bark, moss and lichen as potential sites for garden aggressors to hibernate, where they can hibernate and activate during warm periods.
- If the tree has damage, they are covered with a garden var, which allows them to recover and gain strength in the dormant period.
- After processing, the trunks should be covered with a protective layer that will prevent the insect from using trees for winter shelter.
It is recommended to do garden whitewashing not only in spring, but also in autumn. The only difference is that the trunks are not always covered with lime in the fall. This can be water-based paint or a self-made composition of slaked lime, copper sulfate in combination with glue or clay diluted in water.
Spraying the garden is a long and proven way of protecting plantations from probable fungal diseases, viruses and malicious insects. But before you determine what to process them, it is necessary to carefully carry out all the preparatory work.
Trees process with copper sulfate in the fall. Why process the garden in the fall of urea and copper sulfate?
Experienced gardeners are fully aware of the benefits of autumn processing of fruit trees and shrubs. The procedure allows you to get rid of many diseases and pests. Processing is usually done with urea and copper sulphate based solutions. If the procedure is neglected, the risk of damage to the garden from various diseases and pests increases.
Urea treatment is carried out when trees and shrubs have already cleared most of the foliage. Experienced gardeners recommend carrying out the procedure until mid-October. Spraying urea allows you to get rid of various fungal diseases, such as: B. Mocking or boys. It is also effective against eggs, larvae and pupae of many pests.
To prepare the solution, give a bucket with 500 grams of urea in 10 liters of water. Mix the arrogance well. Apply the solution with a spray. It is also advisable to treat the soil near the trees with the composition.
The process is carried out in dry, calm weather. If it rains after processing during the day, the procedure will be carried out again.
- How can you cook compost quickly?
- Proper preparation of the wee d-top dressing
A good effect is observed in the autumn processing of trees and bushes with copper sulfate. In particular, it is suitable for currants and apple tree. The procedure should be carried out in clear, calm weather. If it has rained, the processing will be carried out again.
The solution reliably protects against the occurrence of moss and braids. Prevents the occurrence of black cancer and septosporosis, the occurrence of cracks on the fuselage. In addition, the autumn treatment with Sulfate has a positive effect on the subsequent productivity. Enables trees and shrubs successfully winter.
The processing should be carried out at the latest at the end of October. Put 10 liters a water tank 300 grams of copper sulfate, 200 grams of lime. Mix well. Leave the composition for 2-3 days. Then cook for 30-40 minutes. Before use, the solution is diluted with water (1:10). For the best coupling, the composition shredded is added. To treat an adult tree requires 10 liters of solution and 2 liters for young.
The composition of urea and copper sulfate includes many valuable for fruit trees and shrubs of substances. Solutions based on them not only act as an effective top dressing, but also reliably protect against many diseases and pests.
Garden processing in autumn with copper sulfate. Soil processing with copper sulfate in autumn
The preparation of a land trade after harvesting for the winter includes an active struggle with harmful insects, fungal diseases that could strengthen their positions in the warm time. A useful medication will come to salvation here.
The cultivation of the earth with copper sulfate in autumn certainly leads to a positive result:
- Fertilizes the floor;
- becomes a source of useful trace elements for garden plants that are prepared for winter;
- destroys harmful insects;
- Offers the prevention of fungal diseases.
What are the consequences of soil processing and plants with copper sulfate
After the drug was introduced into the ground, plants pick up copper sulfate into the root system. As a result, there is:
- Soil oxidation with the subsequent restoration of the useful composition at the molecular level;
- Increase in the plant endurance;
- Improvement of the sugar content and the taste of fruits;
- Destruction of mushroom disputes caused by copper ions;
- The fatal effect of the drug on harmful insects.
How to treat the earth with copper sulfate in autumn
The preliminary step will be the production of the soil for the medication. It is necessary to remove the fallen dry leaves, weeds and only then make the medication. Copper sulfate for the soil in autumn is only used once all five years. A copper surplus accumulated in the soil is undesirable.
A 3- or 5 percent mixture is made for the ground disinfection. Spray the mixture evenly with a spray. The cultivated country is dug. Organic fertilizers are introduced for the best effect.
Apricosis processing in autumn. How to feed apricot in autumn
The healthiest foods are home-cooked meals. This applies to berries and vegetables. However, for successful cultivation of plants, timely top dressing is necessary. Apricot is particularly responsive to fertilization. This amazing plant is able to please the eye with the beauty of spring flowering and the abundance of summer harvest. For successful cultivation and an increase in yield indicators, it is necessary to apply nutrients in a timely manner. How to feed an apricot in the fall?
Autumn spraying with urea
Autumn spraying of apricots with carbamide is used to prevent contagious plant diseases. Urea is used to eliminate diseases such as fungal infections, scabs, spotting and putrefactive diseases. Carbamide – a concentrated nitrogen fertilizer is also used to kill pests that overwinter in apricot bark.The best time to spray an apricot in the fall is late fall, when the leaves have already fallen off the tree. Treating the plant before leaf fall can cause burns, which will adversely affect not only the preventive benefit, but also the frost resistance of the tree.Apricots should be sprayed with urea in dry, calm weather. This allows the tree to absorb nutrients to the maximum, protecting the environment and people from the negative effects of the pesticide.
- Trees older than 10 years must be prepared. Many “middle-aged” plants have bark diseases that need to be treated before spraying. This can be done manually or mechanically with a brush. Simple measures will help the remedy penetrate directly into the affected area.
- Prepare a solution: 500 g of concentrated fertilizer is used for 10 liters of water. The solution should be prepared according to the manufacturer’s recommendations;
- Spread the solution on the apricot crown with a sprayer. For disinfection, it is also recommended to spray foliage and soil near the tree.
Carbamide is a chemical that allows you to have a healthy tree and helps the plant bear abundant fruit. When working with the tool, the use of personal protective equipment is recommended. Nitrogen fertilizers give the tree strength and resistance to adverse environmental factors.
Apricot trunk whitewash
Top dressing and sheltering should be done before the onset of the first frosts, in calm and dry weather. Both the trunk and skeletal branches should be treated with a solution. Lime is a reliable and proven protection against pests, fungal diseases and infections. It also increases the wood’s resistance to the negative effects of low temperatures. To prepare the solution you will need:
- 10 liters of water;
- 2 kg of lime;
- 400 grams of copper sulfate;
- 1 kg of clay;
- 1 kg of cow manure.
Stir all components until smooth and apply to the tree with a brush. Fertilizers of this type have a beneficial effect on the development of a young plant. But for him lime should be replaced with chalk.
fertilizers to increase yields
Apricot root top dressing can help increase yields next year. Fertilizers are applied in mid-autumn. For deep digging, humus is used in an amount of up to 4 kg, potash fertilizers in the calculation of no more than 70 g per tree. Apricot perfectly responds to the introduction of superphosphate. It is used at a rate of 40 g/m2. Apricot responds well to mineral fertilizers. Wood ash can be used to feed it.
Breeding tips for autumn fertilization
To insert nutrients into the floor under a 2-year-old tree, up to 15 kg of rotted manure, 100 g superphosphate and 40 g potassium chloride are used. 10 kg of slurry are used for inserting organic substance under a 6-year-old tree. The use of saltpeters and phosphate is also worthwhile: a tree, which is over 9-year-old, requires up to 80 kg of organic fertilizer, up to 370 g salpeter, up to 880 g phosphate and up to 250 g potassium apricot requires timely use of iron and nitrogen . The tree is sensitive to chlorine, which is why potassium chloride should be used carefully and strictly according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. For apricots, it is better to use potassium sulfate apricot fruits are characterized by their unsurpassed taste and an unforgettable aroma of summer. Plants use autumn top dressing for successful cultivation, which is no less important than the introduction of special nutrients in summer or spring. But when preparing, you should consider that it is just as bad to overfeed a tree like not supplying it with the necessary components for a full development. Too much fertilizer leads to lower yields, slower growth and development as well as a loss of environmental resistance. Fertilizers must be applied in a precisely defined concentration, and then they will be an advantage: the apricot harvest is impressed by their size.
Expose garden sprays in autumn
Since the seasons change, some plants in our garden are more susceptible to health problems than we do. The correct processing of fruit trees and decorative shrubs increases their resistance to various diseases and pests significantly. This article deals with a very important topic in maintaining a garden property – spraying the garden in autumn.
Why is it necessary to carry out an autumn repayment injection in the garden?
Mushrooms and bacteria in the air increase when the temperatures drop in autumn, and they often infect our leaf plants by penetrating small scars that were left by the leaves. These pathogens can also be introduced when cutting. Spray the entire garden, you should pay attention to fruit trees, ornamental shrubs and roses. All stone fruit trees should be processed particularly carefully, since they are weakened after the vegetation period and fruit formation and are more susceptible to different bacterial diseases. Pests and diseases infect all cuts or scars of falling leaves, get into the stems of plants and cause serious damage and diseases such as bark cancer and others.
If necessary to spray fruit trees and shrubs in autumn
There are no clear conditions for this procedure. It all depends on the region you are in, on the climatic conditions of your region. In the northern latitudes, the autumn spray of the garden is carried out earlier than in the southern regions. One of the conditions for the right time for the last spraying of the garden with drugs is the end of the movement of juices in the trunk and the throwing of all leaves. As a rule, this period falls to the end of November, sometimes even in early December.
What preparations for the autumn inspection of the garden before pests and diseases
Now in garden centers you can find many different means of processing fruit, ornamental garden crops in the fall from diseases and pests. Many of them are not always effective, as manufacturers claim. We will describe those preparations that experienced gardeners have been using for a long time and have proven their effectiveness more than once.
Use of ferrous sulfate for spraying fruit trees
One of the most important means of processing fruit and ornamental plants in a garden or summer cottage is iron sulfate. This drug is an excellent tool in the fight against bark diseases on woody plants. In winter it kills lichen, fights bark canker and destroys insects on the trunk. Autumn spraying of fruit trees with iron sulfate is carried out after the end of leaf fall, when all the foliage has fallen off.
The dosage of iron(II) sulfate is calculated based on the health of your trees and shrubs:
- In a healthy garden, for prevention, the concentration of iron sulfate should be 200-300 g. for 10 liters of water;
- In a sick garden, the dosage should be increased – up to 500 g. for 10 liters of water.
Eradication treatment with urea
The second popular agent for spraying in late autumn is urea or carbamide. A weak urea solution acts like a regular nitrogen fertilizer. For autumn eradication of the garden from diseases and pests, the solution of carbamide should be more concentrated. For the treatment of fruit trees in the garden, the doses of urea of the drug are calculated in the following ratio:
- in a clean garden, when there are no obvious diseases of horticultural crops, 200-300 gr. is enough for preventive autumn spraying. for 10 liters of water;
- in the so-called “sick” garden, after the penetration of aphids, scab diseases and powdery mildew, the concentration of the solution must be increased from 500 to 700 g. for 10 liters of water.
This urea solution acts as a powerful fungicide and insecticide. This drug “burns” spores of diseases on trunks and fallen leaves, kills insect larvae and the pests themselves, hiding in the bark for the winter.
A mixture of ferrous sulfate and urea for spraying
These two preparations described above can be used together by mixing them into a solution. Spraying your summer cottage with this mixture of urea and iron sulfate, you will carry out a comprehensive treatment of garden trees and shrubs, destroying most pests and effectively fighting common diseases of fruit crops, both on trunks and fallen leaves. The dosage of these medicines when mixed in a solution is the same as described above. That is, for 10 liters of water 500 gr. ferrous sulfate and 500-700 gr. urea.
Autumn spraying of the garden with copper sulphate and Bordeaux mixture
Instead of iron sulphate, copper sulphate can also be used. Its dosage is as follows: 300 gr. for 10 l. Water. Autumn treatment of the garden with urea and copper sulfate is the same as in the situation with iron sulfate. The main thing is to wait for the leaves to fall and to calm down calm weather.
You can also use a Bordeaux mixture (copper sulfate and lime).
For more information on using Bordeaux mixture in the garden, see our article.
Some spraying tips from seasoned gardeners
Before processing the garden of pests, it is necessary to remove the entire leaves and other plant remains, especially from the trunk circles of trees. If your rooms were sick during the vegetation period, it is advisable not only to remove the fallen leaves, but also to bury them deeper into the ground (add the compost heap not sick leaves).
Make sure you attract protective clothing, feasts and decryption so that the solution does not fall on your skin and respiratory tract.
Suvenous circles should also be sprayed thoroughly with drugs, their props should create a “fog” of very small drops. Electric and petrol units do this perfectly and convey great pressure, which in turn sprays the solution in the form of a very small fog. This is necessary so that a mixture of drugs can fall into the smallest pores and cracks in the cracked bark of old trees.
When choosing the time for the eradicative spray of autumn, we have to take the weather conditions into account. It is desirable that there is at least a few hours of dry weather during and after processing the trees. This is necessary so that the plants can dry after drugs. Otherwise, the rain washes the entire solution into the ground.
You only have to spray in calm weather or a very weak wind (in this case you have to become so that the breeze is blown in your back). This does not give the solution to spread towards your naserie.
After spraying, you have to rinse the spray thoroughly so that it works without failure next time.