Soil for growing vegetables – how to prepare it?

What soil vegetables like: carrots, beets, onions and dill

In order to harvest a good harvest in the fall, you must first properly prepare the soil before planting. And in order to prepare the soil, you must first learn what is necessary for the comfortable growth of a particular vegetable crop, what should be deposited in the soil and what fertilizer is better to use. Even minimal knowledge in this area will greatly increase the likelihood of improving the quality of the harvest. And in this article, we will talk about four garden plants that will undoubtedly grow in almost every vegetable garden. These are carrots, beets, onions and dill, and we’ll also learn what kind of soil the vegetables like.

What kind of soil do vegetables like: carrots

What kind of soil do vegetables like

Soil Like all crops, carrots should be planted in a new place every year – this is the main rule of crop rotation. Return the root crop to the previous bed can not be earlier than four years. And before carrots should be planted representatives of the legume family (lentils, beans, peas) or solanaceous (tomatoes, potatoes). It is these predecessors are the best option. Soil should be light and loose, with normal or reduced acidity, the presence of humus is desirable. Practice shows that on dense and heavy soils with high acidity, they develop very poorly, begin to be sick, and root crops can become deformed and lose their taste qualities.

Necessary conditions. Carrots can grow in light shade, but not in full shade (in this case, the root crops will be smaller than expected and take longer to ripen). The looseness and permeability of the soil is also very important, as root crops tend to branch out and change shape if the soil is too tight. Pay attention to the water table, as carrots are very sensitive to soil water damage. When the water stands high, raise the beds, making them 35-40 cm high, thus you will protect the root crops from rotting and the development of various fungal infections.

Prepare the place and fertilizer. To grow the culture, it is necessary to choose and prepare the place in advance. In advance is the day before in the fall. Dig the ground, while soaking sawdust in a specially prepared solution of urea, and then scatter them over the vegetable garden (1 kg of soaked sawdust per square meter of bed is required), adding sand and peat (half a course per square meter). When digging, add the standard set when digging: superphosphate, sodium nitrate and potassium fertilizer. All of this can be replaced by a complex fertilizer. With all this wealth, leave the soil until spring. If the soil on your plot is not rich in nutrients, and the sand takes them, you need to add peat, expired compost and sod soil per square meter – at least one bucket in total.

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In addition, superphosphate and potassium chloride should be applied from the fall. Only then will it be possible to grow a decent crop. However, this is only general information, and the autumn fertilizer run does not end with fertilizers. The greatest benefit in the cultivation of carrots are humus, peat and properly prepared compost. However, in addition to these, it is very important to add the necessary mineral fertilizers to ensure that the root crops have everything they need for full growth. Complex fertilizer can be used yourself, using sodium nitrate or urea (teaspoon), a tablespoon of superphosphate (not in the form of pellets, but in powder form) and the same amount of potassium chloride (calculation per 1 square meter of carrot beds). Add this fertilizer in a deep trench in the beds. Depending on the type of soil on your plot, experienced gardeners recommend adding certain components (all recommendations are calculated per square measure, calculate the final amount of additions even based on the size of the bed).

If you have a peat base on the plot, then to grow carrots, you need to add half a bucket (hereinafter through the standard e- e-liter – bucket) of coarse sand, decompost and lawn soil (4 kg each). If you are not very lucky and the floor is toned, add coarse sand mixed with peat (bucket) and 4.5 kg of humus. For light clay, everything as in the previous paragraph, except sand, only peat and humus. If the floor is sandy, you will have to tinker. You will need two buckets of peat mixed with turf soil, about half a bucket of humus, as well as a tablespoon of special fertilizer enriched with humic substances and useful elements. Well, if you have chernozem at your dacha, then you are unspeakably lucky and you can not fertilize the soil. Although a few tablespoons of superphosphate can be added, it will do no harm.

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What floors like vegetables: beets

soil and vegetables

Select and prepare the place. Preparing the soil for beets, you can rely on the information about carrots. These root vegetables prefer conditions that are similar in many ways, but there are still some differences. Like carrots, beets cannot be grown in the sunniest spot, only in a light penumbra. Bubens also grow in dense tones with increased acidity, but at the same time in slightly acidic soil feel quite well. Unlike carrots, beets require constant watering, otherwise the root vegetables are bitter. Beets grow very successfully on loamy soils with the addition of humus. The soil must also be prepared in the fall. The soil at time intervals is twice plowed. If organic fertilizer (compost or humus) needs to be applied to the soil, do so in the fall. In the pen, raise the bed above the general floor level, if necessary, and decide if this is necessary.

Fertilizer. Mineral fertilizer should be used to further cultivate the plants in the spring before planting. You can use a compound fertilizer or mix a powder of superphosphate, ammonium nitrate and potassium chloride (35, 15 or 15 grams) per 1 square meter (35, 15 or 15 grams) yourself. It is not recommended to apply fresh manure or poultry manure under beets, unlike carrots, they are not very fond of these organic fertilizers.

What soil do vegetables grow on?

floor requirements. If possible, place the bed with bulbs in a sunny place, if not, you can tolerate a little shading. Most importantly, do not plant it in the lowlands, where water stagnates, in which case the entire crop will be spoiled. It is extremely important that the soil is well heated by sunlight. Ideal would be slightly loamy soil with good air and moisture permeability. Like carrots, it does not tolerate increased acidity, in which case it is necessary to prepare the soil in advance, in which to introduce lime for a couple of years. The best predecessors of the arch are tomatoes, cucumbers and various types of cabbage, and the most suitable neighbor is carrots. These two plants grow well in the same bed and have a beneficial effect, as they provide each other protection from pests. If your plot is prepared for carrots as described above, and successfully plant these two plants next door. The only difference is that onions, like beets, do not welcome the presence of fresh manure.

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Therefore, if you plan to plant it in a bed with carrots, you need to abandon this particular fertilizer. Fertilizer. Personally preparing a bed for onions, you need to act according to the following scheme. In the fall, during the deep digging of the soil, add organic matter – five kilograms of mature compost and one kilogram of ash per 1 sq. 1 meter of onion beds. At the same time, apply superphosphate and potassium fertilizer (20 and 10 grams, respectively), and in the spring, when re-cultivating, add nitrogen fertilizer. Do not overdo the mineral fertilizers, as the roots of onions lie flat and just can not get to the nutrients.

Dill

What soil do vegetables grow on?

soil preparation. Dill is no exception, it also likes fertile and well fertilized soil, just like other plants. Very often it is not given its due and not allocated a personal place, sowing where it should be, including vegetables. Gardeners can not come to a consensus, but, despite this, most believe that dill can only be next to different types of cabbage, but it is undesirable to plant it next to other garden plants. The soil for dill is also made in the fall, digging and bringing half a bucket of humus per square meter. Before sowing the seeds, the soil is again recultivated or loosened, then tilled, furrowed and very abundantly watered. After sowing until the seedlings appear, watering is no longer necessary, otherwise the water may deepen the seeds into the ground and they simply will not be able to germinate.

Fertilization. Dill, unlike carrots, beets and onions, allows a slightly increased acidity and does not tolerate lime, wood ash or dolomite (so it is recommended to plant it separately). Therefore, it is sufficient to use humus or mulch diluted in water for fertilization. If you plan to plant dill together with any of the above plants, the soil should be prepared not for dill, but for carrots, beets or onions. Of these four plants, dill has the greatest ability to adapt to environmental conditions.

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What kind of soil do vegetables like: conclusion

What kind of soil do vegetables like

Let’s summarize what soils vegetable growers like. It can be reiterated that to achieve high quality and abundance, it is necessary not only to obtain planting material, but also the right place, observance of crop rotation and carefully prepared soil, taking into account the characteristics of a particular crop. Even if the soil in your dacha is not particularly fertile, you can organize several beds with excellent fertile soil.

How to prepare soil for a vegetable garden

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Preparing a plot to grow vegetables means creating the conditions for successful planting. This process is specific and time-consuming, but it is essential for a garden to thrive. If you are interested in learning the steps for preparing soil for the vegetable garden, pay attention to the following phrases.

Header image Preparing the soil for the vegetable garden Step 1

Understand that preparing soil for optimal gardening takes several years. However, you don’t have to wait 2 years to plant your garden. You can take steps that will allow you to grow a good garden now.

Header image Preparing the soil for the vegetable garden Step 2

Prepare the soil by digging up the area for your garden. First, create a perimeter and excavate the edge of the garden, and then break up the soil in between. Remove the top layer of sod with a shovel. If there is no grass on the property, simply remove weeds, rocks, and debris.

Image titled Preparing soil for a vegetable garden Step 3

Analyze the soil to determine its condition. Too much sand in the soil can make it dry, and too much clay can make it too wet. To grow a successful garden, the soil must be a good mixture of soil, sand and clay. You can send a sample to your local garden center and they will analyze it.

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Image titled Preparing the soil for the vegetable garden Step 4

Work the soil and turn it over with a shovel or cultivator. The plowed soil breaks it up and prepares it for planting. Use the soil to a depth of 30 cm. With a cultivator, this process is faster than if you do it by hand. Always remove stones and debris as you work.

Image with the title Preparing the soil for the vegetable garden Step 5 5

Mix some fertilizer with the soil to prepare it for successful vegetable growing. Choose compost, humus, or manure. Arrange the packets on the plowed ground. Open the packages and pour the compost onto the ground. Spread the fertilizer over the area with a rake. Spread the compost on the ploughed ground and shovel the tilled soil at least 15 cm deep to break it up.

Image titled Preparing the soil for the vegetable garden Step 6

Add topsoil to the garden. This process should be similar to adding compost to the garden. With a good topsoil layer, you can now grow the garden while the bottom layer of soil is prepared for future planting.

Image titled Preparing the soil for the vegetable garden Step 7 7

Allow the treated soil to stand for a few days before planting. You can turn the soil daily if you wish, but this is not necessary if you have already tilled the soil enough.

Image titled Preparing the soil for the vegetable garden Step 8

Ideally, you should prepare the soil for the vegetable garden with 2 seasons of compost before planting the vegetables. This is the time needed for the compost to decompose and greatly improve your soil.

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