Plants, with which your child can be poisoned while playing in the garden
Have you ever wondered which of the plants you grow in your garden or farm contain toxic substances? This question is not unreasonable, especially when children often play in the garden. To keep them safe from severe poisoning, check out this list of the most popular poisonous garden plants!
The chemicals produced by many well-known plants, which are responsible for their toxic properties, play a major role in protecting against attacks from pests and diseases caused by pathogens.
As a rule, adult contact with poisonous plants (with their sap or by rubbing the leaves) is expressed by redness, burning and itching of the skin, which disappear after a few or a few dozen minutes. In children, the consequences can be much more serious and in extreme cases require the intervention of a doctor or even hospitalization.
Which plants are particularly dangerous to health?
Toxic compounds come from annual plants and biennials (perennials, trees, shrubs). The first poisonous plants appear in early spring:
- Narcissus (Narcissus spp.): Poisoning can occur after accidental consumption of a bulb that deceptively looks like an edible plant. Symptoms: vomiting, shortness of breath, sweating, diarrhea, skin irritation,
- Box Evergreen (Buxus sempervirens): Toxic compounds are found mainly in the leaves and bark. For this reason, you should wear garden safety gloves when doing maintenance work that requires contact with the plant. Also ensure that children wash their hands thoroughly after playing in the garden,
- Pulsatilla vulgaris: As with boxwood, all care work on this flower should be done with gloves only; Contact with the plant can lead to skin irritation. Symptoms of poisoning: vomiting, cramps, respiratory failure, collapse.
Among the spring perennials with toxic properties, we first of all distinguish:
- Vernal anemone (anemone species): Like all plants in the anemone family, it contains the poisonous ranunculin, a proto-anemone glycoside, a fast-acting substance with a pungent odor and a stinging taste. Poisoning can occur when picking or crushing the leaves of the plant. Symptoms: diarrhea, oral mucosa inflammation, gastroenteritis, fainting, seizures, circulatory and respiratory disorders, kidney inflammation,
- Coral snowflake (viburnum vulgaris): poisoning when eating the raw fruit of the plant (they can be enjoyed despite the bitter taste). Symptoms: mydriasis, acute gastroenteritis, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea,
- MAIGLOSHEN (Convallaria Mahais): This plant is totally toxic. Poisoning can occur by sucking the stems or eating the attractive looking fruit. Symptoms: nausea, heart problems.
Nightshade, lilac, lily of the valley, laurel, wolfsbane are just some of the poisonous plants that are often grown in the garden.
In summer it is as beautiful as the dangerous lilac coral (Elder Racemose L.). Consumption of its fruit (which is similar in color and shape to red currants) is manifested by severe headaches, vomiting and diarrhea. However, it is harmful to narcissus (Daphne Mesereum). Contact with the plant causes redness of the skin, often accompanied by painful blisters. The use of the fruit is expressed in particular for: acute gastrointestinal failure (including stomach and intestines), swallowing disorders, vomiting, diarrhea. Particular caution is also required when growing Colchicum Autumn over winter (Colchicum Autumn), which contains the highly toxic colchicine, a pseudoalkaloid, whose overdose is expressed in limiting kidney function, gastrointestinal failure (including diarrhea, vomiting), burning in the mouth and neck, including fever, among others.
Harmful properties of popular garden plants
It’s not just ornamental plants that exhibit toxic properties. Popular dill, parsley, carrots and celery can also be harmful to health. The chemicals they contain can cause a specific allergic reaction if they come into contact with the skin or if they get into the body. H. A feeling of increased sensitivity to sunlight (“photosensitivity”). If you have consumed a large amount of one of the above-mentioned plants, you will therefore avoid the bright sun for some time.
The upcoming holidays are a time of carefree outdoor fun. Children, inspired by the sight and sweet smell of plants and unaware of the dangers threatening them, do not know or taste poisonous plants at any time. Knowing the harmful effects allows you to plan and maintain your garden even more carefully so that it is not only beautiful, but also completely safe for its users.
Consultation for parents “Beware of poisonous plants” Consultation (senior group) on the topic
The problem of acute poisoning among children is one of the most pressing in the summer. Poisonings often occur at the age of 1 to 5 years. Unlike adults, poisoning with poisonous mushrooms and plants in children is more complicated, because:
- All organ systems are still immature.
- Low resistance of the body against the poison.
- More rapid penetration of the poison into the body is characteristic.
- The tendency of children’s body to toxicosis and excicosis (dehydration).
Prevention of poisoning by poisonous plants and mushrooms is to observe the precautions.
Dear parents! Inform your children of the following:
- You must not try to taste unknown berries, leaves, stems of plants, fruits, seeds, mushrooms, no matter how attractive they may look.
- You can not even touch unfamiliar plants, as you can get burned – an allergic reaction.
- Poisonous plants include: black elderberry, crowberry, smargus, thyme, wild rosemary, black bilshlebar and many others. To avoid poisoning, you must teach children to know well the main signs of poisonous and inedible mushrooms and plants, and adhere to rules – never try to taste anything unfamiliar and dangerous, not to eat it and not even touch it with your hands.
- Poisonous plants contain poisons that can lead to poisoning by both inhaling the fleeting aroma of the substances emitted by the plants and by contact with the sap.
- The most severe poisoning can occur by ingesting the toxin with berries, leaves, and roots.
Measures for poisoning by poisonous plants:
If poisonous plants have entered the body, or if they are suspected, first aid measures must be taken immediately:
- Call a doctor or ambulance immediately
- If the victim is conscious, it is necessary to flush the stomach: give 3-4 glasses of water to drink and pull out the root of the tongue with a finger or the cutting edge of a spoon. Gastric lavage should be repeated 2-3 times.
- If you are poisoned by aconite and have abdominal pain, wash the stomach with a light pink solution of potassium promedol (potassium perga).
- Since many poisons are well adsorbed by activated charcoal, it is recommended to take activated charcoal (carbol) after gastric lavage.
- After first aid, it is advisable to take the victim to a medical facility as soon as possible. Institution. It is particularly urgent if the poisoning is caused by plants affecting the nervous system and heart.
- With the development of convulsions it is important to prevent airway obstruction due to spasm of the masticatory muscles, so the mouth of the victim should be placed a spoon wrapped in bandages or handkerchief.
Memo on mushroom poisoning
Uncomfortable to go to the woods for mushrooms? However, mushroom pickers and lovers of this dish can face an impressive danger of poisoning by poisonous mushrooms, because not everyone knows which of them are edible, and which are more poisonous, and the more dangerous poisonous mushrooms for children.
To prevent poisoning, never pick mushrooms:
- Near industrial plants, landfills, fields treated with chemicals, railroad tracks and streets under high-voltage lines in the city, including parks.
- With an unpleasant odor with a tuber at the base, with a shell, “sac” at the base of the stalk.
- Appears after the first frosts, which can cause the appearance of poisonous substances in mushrooms.
- Many types of poisonous mushrooms can easily be confused with edible ones. Remember!
- Improper cooking of edible mushrooms can also lead to poisoning. Treat mushrooms properly.
There are absolutely reliable methods for determining whether mushrooms are poisonous or not. The only way out is to know each mushroom by heart and not take the ones you doubt.
What to do if poisoning is still not avoided?
The first symptoms of poisoning may appear within 2-3 hours after eating. Signs of poisoning: weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, acute abdominal pain, headache; Sometimes there may be: rarer pulse, cold sweats, visual disturbances, delirium, hallucinations, seizures.
- Call an ambulance immediately, if possible, the remains of the mushrooms that caused the poisoning.
- Start gastric lavage with water using a probe or artificial vomiting.
- Give crushed tablets of activated charcoal and mix with water at the rate of 1 tablet per 10 kg. Weight.
- Cover the victim warmly, rub his hands and feet.
- On the head put a cold compress.
The main rule of careful behavior in nature – do not touch what you do not know. The woods are a lot of poisonous plants. So you should only tell the child not to touch unfamiliar mushrooms, without agreeing with him, you can not try the fruit of trees and shrubs.
At home with children is best to consider special literature with pictures of edible mushrooms and berries. In a conversation with a child be sure to emphasize that mushrooms, inedible to humans are suitable for other forest inhabitants. Therefore, in the woods it is better not to be tempted to kick them and express your contempt and displeasure that they got in your way.
Rules of conduct in the forest
Before you go for a walk in the woods at home, be sure to take time to talk to your child about how to behave in the woods.
Explain to your child that the forest is unfamiliar territory. Therefore, it can be harmful to run without looking under your feet, because it’s easy to miss a hole in the tall grass, fallen branches and protruding tree roots. Running far ahead, playing hide-and-seek without permission is not allowed!
When you pass over overgrown shrubs and trees with low branches, you’ll need to redirect the branches. In doing so, you must make sure that the person running behind you does not hit the branch with his face.
Be careful when you touch the grass! The edges of the twigs are razor-sharp. If you want to pick up a bundle, you may cut the delicate skin on the palms of your hands.