Calendar of seasonal work for the summer in the garden
Calendar of works in the garden in March. Works in March for the garden. What needs to be done in the garden in March. All that you need to do in March in the garden.
List of works in the garden in March
1️⃣ In early March, you need to sow peppers, eggplants and tall tomatoes for seedlings, if you did not have time to do it in late February. You need to speed up the emergence of seedlings, as you need to raise the temperature of the soil to do so. Peppers sprout on day 8-10 when the floor temperature is 28-32 degrees, and eggplants and tomatoes grow at this temperature on days 6-7. and 4-5. At lower temperatures, sprouting is delayed for several days. However, the temperature should not be raised above 40 degrees, or the seeds may die. If the floor temperature is below 20 degrees, peppers and eggplants may not rise at all, and tomato shoots will not appear until 15-17 days.
2️ As soon as the first seedling bulb appears, without waiting for the rest to appear, the container with seedlings should immediately be placed on the window and check the temperature: during the day it should not be higher than 16-18 degrees and at night about 12-14 degrees. After a week, the day and night temperature should be increased by 4-6 degrees. Such a temporary decrease in temperature is aimed at the growth of the subseedling knee and prevents the seedlings from pulling strongly at an early stage of development. However, you should not forget that a decrease in temperature by more than 8 degrees leads to early tomato disease and to the appearance of faceted (macerate) flowers, which also have to be cut off at the bud stage (it is unusually large), because from such flowers grow ugly fruits, several pieces that merge with each other. Samples of such fruits should not be taken, as they produce plants with faceted flowers.
3️⃣ If you already have seedlings of peppers, tomatoes and eggplants, don’t forget that top dressing should appear. Top dressing should be combined with watering, that is, water the plant not with water, but with a weak solution of fertilizer. For eggplant and tomato seedlings, Uniflor-Grow is best, and for peppers – Uniflor-Button. 1 teaspoon per 5 liters of water is enough. It should be noted that these solutions have no restrictions. Seedlings should be watered. The floor should be easily damp. A typical mistake of gardeners is excessive watering of seedlings, which leads to bare roots due to a lack of oxygen, suction of the soil and the appearance of small fruit rivers, which feed on plant rot. In such cases, the soil should be dried for 5 days without watering the plants.
4️⃣ At the same time, the seedlings need good light, otherwise the leaves are set at the growth point and the bud stand is delayed, which of course leads to delayed fruit formation. In general, you need fluorescent lamps, which are at a height of 5 – 7 cm above the plants. If the seedlings are growing, you need to raise the lamps so that the distance of 5-7 cm. turn on for 7-8 hours. But eggplants and tomatoes are long day plants, so the light for them should be turned on for 11-12 hours. If you have everything together, after 8 hours of lighting, the peppers should be covered with a black cloth. There are great “reflux” seedling light bulbs that are immediately suspended 1.5 meters above the seedlings.
5️⃣ After the appearance of the first real leaf in the tomato, before picking (first transplanting), the soil should be thoroughly watered with a weak copper solution. It is easiest to use Hom (copper oxychloride), as it can be diluted in cold water and used in any utensil, including metal. It is sufficient to take 1 teaspoon without the tip of the powder and dilute it in 10 liters of water (0.05% solution). The solution can be indefinitely long. Systematically water tomato showers every 2 weeks with this solution instead of water, and thereby greatly increase the resistance of tomatoes to the disease of grass rot. Or you can use “phytosporin” by dissolving a tiny seed in water until the solution is slightly cloudy (but not brown!). The solution does not stand, so you should not dilute it too much. You can water indoor flowers with the excess solution. Live bacterial spores, which are in “Fitosporin”, will wake up, and the bacteria “eat” all the floor pathogens of fungal and bacterial diseases. Such fertilization is also useful for eggplants, as they also suffer from grass rot, although to a lesser extent than tomatoes. Pepper plants in the late corridor do not get sick, but feeding them with copper does not harm them, because we usually grow seedlings on peat soils, and peat does not contain copper.
6️⃣ You can also sow root and leaf sellers for seedlings. To do this, take yogurt cups, fill three-quarters full with soil, add snow, compact and sow three celery seeds on the snow. The vendor seeds are clearly visible in the snow. They are very small, so like all small seeds, they are not covered with soil on top. When the snow melts, they will easily pull into the ground.
After sowing, cups should be covered with foil or glass and placed on the window sill next to the glass. Celery is a cold-resistant plant, the seeds hatch at 2 – 4 degrees Celsius, and germinate at 6 – 7. However, since seeds germinate with difficulty, it is better to adjust the temperature to about 20 degrees and move the seedlings after germination Place on the windowsill in a cooler place. When sprouts appear, the film can be removed. As soon as the plants appear 1-2 true leaves, leave the strongest plant in each cup, cut the rest with manicure scissors to the height of the ground. Subsequently, the plants should be slightly covered with earth, otherwise they will fall around: support the plant with a match, and rake away the earth with the other. You can later add sand.
7️⃣ In the same way, plant seeds of petunias, leucocia pharynx, nemesia, crystal mate and other long-growing flowers with small seeds in the middle of March. To stimulate the seeds, drop a solution of zircon (4 drops per half glass of water) from a pipette on them. Do not cover small seeds with soil! Sprouts need light. Immediately put the containers with seeds in a tied bag in a warm place. Do not water fine seeds from above! Use a syringe to water, with the needle stuck in the ground.
8️⃣ In late March, knock in the seeds of marigolds and asters and cover them with 0.01 m of soil. Consolidate the soil with a spoon. Cover with clingfilm and place in a warm place. Soil for asters should be pretreated with a solution of “phytosporin” or well polished to kill the spores of the coil fungus. Later, when picking seedlings, the new soil should also be sprinkled with “phytosporin” or homemade.
9️⃣ Drop the diseased bulb and the one that has started to grow into a shallow container with a little slightly moistened soil or simply into sand and place in a light place. In a few weeks you will have young greens. You can do the same with sprouting garlic.
1️⃣0% ⃣ At the end of March, you need to do sanitary pruning on the plot, prepare grooves to run off excess water during thawing, spray the garden against trees and pests under them. To do this, take 700 g of urea, dissolve in cold water, strain and well spray the entire garden and the soil under the plants. Such a high concentration of mineral fertilizer breaks the salt exchange of pests, penetrates through their chitinous cover and destroys them. Such dormant spraying is harmless to the garden.
If tree trunks are heavily infested with lichens, they can be easily destroyed before sap runs out by 7-10% iron sulfate solution (1 teaspoon per 100 ml of water). The trunks can be sprayed or covered with a brush. After three days, the lichens themselves will fall out of the trunks. Under no circumstances should this be done when the sap starts to emerge: you can burn the awakened bark and buds, thus causing too much damage to the tree or shrub – it may even die.
1️⃣ 1️⃣ carefully inspect blackcurrant bushes. Thick, swollen buds colonized by bud crests are clearly visible on the branches at this time. They should be re-insured and burned, otherwise the vagrants will come out of them with swollen buds and settle on new buds. If there are many such buds on a branch, cut off the whole branch and burn the whole branch.
1️⃣2️⃣ In late March you can do a north to north transplant. For us it is better to do this in March rather than in the fall. The beds for such sowing are prepared in the fall. And even make furrows on them with a border. In the fall, prepare a bag of dry soil and leave it on the porch.
Rake the snow from such a bed. Water the furrows well with hot water from a kettle. Sprinkle the furrows with ash (except where you will sow carrots, otherwise there will be several) and sow seeds in them. To prevent the plants from thickening, you need to prepare a mixture of a teaspoon of seeds, a teaspoon of powder fraction of fertilizer “Ava” and half a cup of fine sand-sand (or packets of sleeping tea or coffee) and as if “sprinkle” the seeds. Salt “furrows. Sprinkle the soil with a layer of 2 cm, nail the plants with a board and cover with snow.
1️⃣3️⃣ Feed the birds and spread mouse bait at home. You can use Storm, Clerat, Zernocin, Geldan, or just make a mixture of 1 part cement, 1 part sugar, and 2 parts flour. Spread on saucers, drip a few drops of unrefined sunflower oil and spread the treat along the baseboards.
Garden and garden plan for March what to do
As soon as the temperatures are above zero in March, the first work in the garden and vegetable garden begins, which must be done before the trees and shrubs wake up.
In today’s article we will tell you what to do in the first month of spring and what to pay attention to.
In what regions and what works begin in March in the garden
March is the first month of spring, and depending on the region, gardeners either just begin to carry out the first agro-technical activities in the garden and vegetable garden, plant seedlings, or continue planting things.
Gardeners and gardeners will have to do most of the work in the south of Russia: in Rostov and Astrakhan regions, the Stavropol Territory, the Crimea and the Caucasus. In these regions, from the first days of March, gardeners treat fruit and berry crops against diseases in their gardens, do spring pruning, and with the end of night frosts the trunks of trees turn white.
Gardeners in the Central Black Earth region go into the garden at the beginning of the third decade of March. Their plans include scalding currants with boiling water against pests, treatment of trees and shrubs in the garden with copper sulfate. Closer to the end of the month, you can prune the garden and vegetable garden and remove trash.
A little further north, in the Moscow region, the main work begins only in the last week of the month. This, in particular, the treatment of plants with preparations based on copper and iron. But mostly at this time more engaged in seedlings: planting, picking.
In colder regions: the Leningrad region, Karelia, the Urals and Siberia, work in the garden and vegetable garden in March is not carried out. At this time, gardeners are just beginning to deal with sprouts.
IMPORTANT: Sometimes there are very warm years, when in mid-March there is no snow, and the temperature rises to +9. In this case, you need to adjust your plans and start gardening and gardening in advance.
What work needs to be done in the garden in March
Most of the work outside the house needs to be done in the garden. Think about what to do with trees and shrubs in the garden in March.
Work with trees
Check fruit trees in the garden for damage caused by rabbits and small rodents. If there are frost holes, cracks or bark damage, have these repaired with garden varnish.
If necessary, carry out sanitary pruning by removing diseased and damaged branches.
At the end of March, you can lime the trunks of fruit trees in the orchard.
If you are going to graft, prepare the material.
If your fruit trees are prone to frequent pest infestations, you can do a stiff treatment with ferrous sulfate while the trees are still dormant.
IMPORTANT: Experienced gardeners do not recommend adding snow under trees and shrubs in the garden. When it gets warmer, the plants will wake up, but the roots are still in the permafrost under the snow and cannot absorb beneficial substances from the soil to saturate the tree or shrub.
Agronomic activities performed with berry shrubs also consist of 3 basic types of work:
- sanitary pruning;
- treatment against fungal and bacterial infections and insect pests;
- preparation of cuttings.
Raspberries and currants should be given special attention because these plants suffer most from pests. Currants, for example, can be scalded with boiling water. This will kill most insect larvae. Treatment with iron or copper sulfate also helps.
Sanitary pruning involves removing diseased, old, and driving ones. At the end of the month, animal shelters can be burned and all accumulated debris can be removed.
In March, shrubs are still sleeping, so you can painlessly harvest cuttings for further propagation.
But strawberries in March is better not to touch. This berry is delicate and afraid of frost.
Preparing gardening tools
If the weather does not allow, you can carry out a number of preparatory activities. Check your gardening tools: Be conscientious and make routine repairs. If something is missing, buy it.
All of this needs to be done so that you don’t waste precious warm days later.
What needs to be done in the garden in March
In March in the garden, you also need to carry out a number of agro-technical activities. To do this, you need to do the following.
Put snow from the aisles into the beds. This is how you will deliver extra moisture to the floor in the garden.
Melt water distribution.
If you have an uneven garden with elevations and depressions, you need to take care of meltwater drainage to avoid stagnant water in the lowlands during a flood.
What you need to do with your seedlings in March
However, most of the March work is not yet in the garden, but at home.
Of course, we are talking about seedlings. Let’s talk more about what to do with seedlings in the first month of spring.
March is the month for sowing most types of seedlings for further cultivation in the garden and vegetable garden. Tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and annual flowers are planted in March.
March is good because there is already a lot of sunshine at this time, so you don’t have to allow extra LED lighting. However, it is still important to remember that seedlings for normal development need 12 to 14 hours of daylight.
IMPORTANT: If you are sowing seeds for seedlings, you need to study all the technical information: varieties, zoning, growth rate, etc.
At the same time, the risk of “catching” seedlings is especially high in March. The heat is still on in the houses, but it gets hot outside as the sun warms up. Under such conditions, there is a great desire to open the window to ventilate. But it is not necessary to worsen the condition of the seedlings: they are afraid of structures.
Picking begins in March. The procedure should be carried out when the seedlings grow up. Dropping is carried out at the stage of the appearance of 2 real leaves.
Dropping should be very careful not to damage the root.
If the picking is carried out in the first half of the month, you can feed the seedlings at the end of March. At the same time, it should not be done with mineral fertilizers, but with complex liquid preparations or even folk recipes.
What work is done in the vineyard in March
In addition to work with trees and shrubs in March, it is necessary to carry out a number of agricultural manipulations with the vine.
It is important to remember that grapes are a heat-loving crop. If there is still snow in your region this year, all actions should be postponed to a later date.
South of Russia
In the southern regions of our country in March, the grapes are removed from the living quarters, treated against diseases and pests.
But it is not necessary to rush with the work. Everything should be done before the vine wakes up, but it will be much worse if you damage the grapes at a time when the temperature drops below zero.
So be guided by the weather as you work.
In the middle belt start to work with grapes only when the temperature approaches +5 degrees. At this point, you can remove the cover and start shaping the vines.
If the temperature is unstable, you can do more prosaic things. For example, make new supports and repair the old ones, remove debris accumulated in the vineyard, and trim the leaves if you have them.
Urals, Siberia, Northwest
In cold regions, grapes cannot be harvested for most of March because of the snow that is still on the ground. At best, the covers can be removed at the end of the month, weather permitting, as well as pruning and pest control treatments.
What work will be done with flowers in March
Florists do not have to rest even in March, although the amount of work they have, unlike gardeners, is different.
So, in March, the seeds of annual flowers are sown for seedlings. If the sowing was made earlier, some of the seedlings can be pickled. We are mainly talking about such plants as sainfoin, zinnia, aster, marigold, petunia, mallow, cobeya, etc.
In warm areas, you can inspect bulbs and bulbs of perennial tulips, gladiolus, etc.
In the last week of the month, depending on the weather, you can remove cover from roses, hydrangeas and peonies. However, this only applies when warm weather sets in in March. Otherwise, you can only begin to ventilate the covers. And if the snow has not yet melted, you can sprinkle it with a nitrogen fertilizer (such as urea) so that the mineral components are absorbed into the soil as the snow cover melts.
Lunar Gardening Calendar for March 2022
When planning gardening activities, it is important to consider the recommendations of the lunar calendar.
In general, the general recommendations are as follows:
- Seeds for seedlings are planted and harvested on a rising moon.
- In the full moon, do not perform any work, except to clean snow and garbage.
- On a waning moon, work with root crops, prune trees and shrubs, treat perennial plantings with boiling water, fungicides and insecticides against diseases and pests.
- No work is done during the new moon.
In March 2022, work in the garden and vegetable garden can be distributed by date:
- waning moon March 1.
- New Moon on March 2
- waxing moon March 3 to March 17
- full moon March 18
- waning moon March 19 to March 31
IMPORTANT: When working in your garden and orchard be sure to consider the climatic features of your region.
- ignore the weather. All gardening advice in March should be taken as recommendations. No one has canceled the fact that it is necessary to monitor the weather conditions and assess the overall condition of the objects. March is a challenging month. A lot of snow can still fall in late March.
- Sloppy pruning of trees and shrubs. All work should be done with a well-sharpened tool so as not to leave “jagged” edges on branches and stems.
- Incorrect concentration of the active substance in the treatment against diseases and pests. It is very important to follow the recipe for preparing solutions, so as not to kill the plants themselves.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Tilt the beds away from the aisles and provide for future drainage of melt water. Do not touch snow under trees!
Do I need to remove cover from shrubs and perennial flowers?
This depends on the weather conditions, but more often than not it is too early for this. Therefore, you can arrange to ventilate the covers.
During March in the garden and vegetable garden, you work on the weather and the condition of the plants.
If March is still too cold this year, it’s best to finish most of the work by April. If you boo trees and shrubs when it is still too frosty, it will not end well for the crop.
On the other hand, you should not delay agronomic measures.