Lawn after winter: 10 basic care tasks

Lawn care after winter

Winter is the most difficult period in the life of a lawn. Freezing temperatures, too much moisture, sickness and trampling often occur. Spots, yellow spots, holes and bumps appear. All of these damages can be repaired if you know how to care for your lawn in the spring.

Your lawn needs all the attention it can get in the spring. This is when the foundations are laid for its growth and development throughout the season. A lawn after winter requires care and attention, just like a garden, a vegetable garden. However, the mechanism of its revival is specific.

In the spring, the lawn law will be implemented in stages. Experts recommend performing the work in the following sequence:

1. Removal of melt water 2. Removal of weeds 3. Combining 4. fertilizing 5. Irrigation 6. aeration 7. Restoration (repair) 8. Treatment 9. Control of undesirable creatures 10. Wagon

When does lawn care begin in the spring?

Lawn care begins in early spring, when the first warming weather arrives and the snow comes down. First of all, you need to break up the ice crust – the real one. It prevents oxygen from entering and prevents plants from breathing. Thin ice can be broken with a rake, thicker ice with a spade.

As a rule, you can start this work at the end of March, when it is thawing. In any case, you should familiarize yourself with the forecasts of weather forecasters. If there is a chance of frost returning, you should wait until April.

Before you do the lawn, stuff the boards. They should be used to move around the site. Otherwise, you run the risk of trampling and further injuring delicate plants.

Melt water drainage

Lawn care after winter begins with the drainage of melt water. To prevent your lawn from being covered in puddles in spring, make sure you have a drainage system in place before planting. If drainage is not done, it is fraught with the formation of pits and rotting of plants. In this case, you have to remove water manually.

It happens that part of the site has already dried up, and in some places there is still snow. It is necessary to ensure its rapid melting. Try to scatter drifts over the entire area. After the winter, the lawn will not be excessively waterlogged and the topsoil will dry evenly.

2. Remove weeds.

With the onset of spring, weed vegetation wakes up. It absorbs nutrients and moisture. The soil is depleted and dries out. Weeds also damage the decorative appearance of the lawn. There are two ways to deal with them: remove them mechanically or chemically.

The mechanical method is more labor-intensive. Weeding can be done manually or with a shovel, trap, root collector. Weed rhizomes must be carefully tied up and pulled out completely to prevent subsequent weeds by vegetative root division. Care should be taken not to remove too large clumps of soil. This method is used in small areas.

The care of large lawns requires the use of chemical weed killers, so-called herbicides. A chemical solution is made just before treatment according to the dosage indicated on the package. It is applied locally with a brush or sprayed on the weeds. Use selective herbicides that do not kill the weeds or damage the grass cover.

Working with herbicides requires special care. Treatment is carried out in windless weather with the obligatory use of personal protective equipment (overalls, respiratory protective mask). Children and pets should not be around.

3. Lawn Combing.

Dry grass residue is a breeding ground for infections and insect pests. They must be removed by combing the lawn with a rake. This process is called scarifying. Before you fertilize your lawn in the spring, it needs to be combed so that the fertilizer can better penetrate to the roots.

The main tasks of scarifying are:

– Reading “felt” (dead plant parts) – Destroying moss – Improving sunlight access to the discs – Loosening the soil crust (improves root air exchange and reduces the risk of disease).

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Make sure the soil is completely dry before tending your lawn. Otherwise, combing it out may cause the lawn roots to pull out. The entire area of the plot must be cleaned longitudinally and transversely. Collected debris should not be stored on the lawn. It can be used or taken away for composting.

The use of a stiff rake with twisted tines is recommended. You can use them to properly clean the grass felt. If you have a young lawn, it requires increased care. In this case, soft objects are used.

4. Grass feeding.

In April and May, lawn care continues after the winter. If positive temperature conditions are created, the lawn is fertilized with complex fertilizers with a predominance of nitrogen. They also contain phosphorus, potassium, and other useful trace elements. Fertilized shoots recover faster after winter, becoming thicker and brighter.

It is best to apply fertilizer when the lawn grass has not yet begun to actively grow. Fertilizer should be distributed evenly in accordance with the rates specified by the manufacturer. A special sieve can be used for this purpose.

Exposure to sunlight can “burn” the pellets formed grass ceiling. Therefore, it is better to fertilize the lawn in the evening or on cloudy days. The ideal time is before it rains. During dry weather, water the area generously so that the granules dissolve as quickly as possible.

Bundle watering is unacceptable; it washes out the roots and damages the pavement. The best lawn watering system is drip irrigation. The ideal is an automatic with multiple sprinklers that take over the entire lawn.

Water it in the evening so the water evaporates less and absorbs more. Don’t exaggerate. Control the amount of water to avoid waterlogging.

Place glass cups on the grass in different places. Mark the time when you get a little more than 1 cm of water. This is the one-time watering rate. Set the timer of the automatic watering system according to the result.

6. Floor Ventilation.

Vertical penetration into compacted soil is called aeration. This process can be compared to ventilation. Aeration repeatedly improves the penetration of air and water into the soil. Puncture holes provide artificial gas exchange: oxygen penetrates to the roots and carbon dioxide, which inhibits the growth of the lawn grass, is removed.

The simplest tool for aeration is a garden fork. The depth of the punctures should be at least 10 cm. The appearance of the lawn in this case does not suffer at all. You can use special devices, such as aerators B. Spikes. Such a walk on the lawn will not only provide aeration of the roots of plants, but also pump your feet (which is very useful before the beach season).

If you have a large lawn, you can make the task easier by buying an aerator rake. They have thin plastic tines that cut the ground horizontally. Such a tool allows you to combine combing and aerating in one procedure. There are also scooter aerators, which have spikes. They are even more convenient to work with.

7. Lawn Repair

Damaged areas in the form of gaps and irregularities need to be repaired. It is also sometimes necessary to touch up the edges of the lawn. Restoration includes the following procedures:

– Digging over “bare” areas – patching the soil into a hole, cutting from knolls – compacting (with a sod track or barrel) – after seeding grass mixtures – watering – mulching

8. Lawn Treatment.

Yellow areas, gray dots on the grass, mold, fungus, moss, lichen are lawn diseases. They can be treated with chemicals or the affected areas can be removed and new ones seeded. Chemicals usually need to be sprayed twice 2-3 days apart.

It is necessary to continually look at the area and identify unhealthy tendencies over time. Knowing how to properly care for your lawn, owners recommend annual spring disease prevention. To do this, treat the lawn with iron and copper sulfate.

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9. Combat unwanted fauna

Moles, earthworms, and ants can settle on the lawn in the summer. They will make the lawn more difficult to look at, damage it and make people uncomfortable. Fight with them must begin before they appear.

From moles install mole cases (to scare away the sounds). Worms, although they improve the aeration of the soil, also make earth piles and stink in the grass. Mulching protects against such problems. If ants don’t get angry by resting on the lawn, an accounting is done.

10. Lawn mowing.

Lawn grass begins to grow at a temperature of +5, so it reaches a height of 10 cm in May. This is the time for the first mowing. This work should only be carried out with a lawnmower on dry grass. The grass cover is mowed from about half its height (to 5 cm) so that it has time to recover after the winter. All subsequent cuttings are no longer so gentle.

A delightful lawn will look well groomed for a long time. The second mowing should be done after a couple of weeks. You can cut off the lower 3-4 cm. It is still worth sticking with this frequency (once every 2 weeks). It is not necessary to remove the cut grass from the lawn – it will serve as mulch and natural fertilizer.

What should I do with my lawn in summer, autumn and winter?

Lawn care begins in early spring and ends in late fall. Regular lawn care is necessary throughout the season. However, the most predictable spring event is behind us.

During the summer months, lawn grass requires maintenance in the form of fertilizing, weed removal, mowing and watering. During the summer, it is recommended that the lawn be aired out 1-2 times. Lawn edges should also be mowed.

Lawn care in the fall includes the same work as in the summer. However, their number is gradually reduced. Mowing and watering become less and less frequent. During the rainy season, the lawn is restored by means of bedding circles and fertilized with potassium fertilizer. Before winter, the area is cleared of leaves and ventilated.

In winter, the vegetation on the lawn appears during the break, it is advisable not to disturb it. Walking or storing anything on the lawn is not allowed. In winter, it is not allowed to pour an ice rink in the area. If winter is low, it is advisable to dump snow from paths onto the lawn to protect it from freezing. Winter is the time to get your lawn care tools and gadgets ready

Lawn care with tools

Most lawn care tasks are rather tedious. If you have sown a large lawn, it is easier to care for it with a tool. This saves time and effort.

To disperse the fertilizer, you can use a mechanical saw. In this way, the pellets are distributed more evenly. For combing the lawn mower use scarifiers or special nozzles. An electric comb comb simultaneously comb the lawn. There are also motor ventilators, which are indispensable for processing particularly large areas.

Buying a lawn

If you do not have a lawn or it is in poor condition, it is worth considering buying a lawn. Statistically, it is the choice of most homeowners around the world. It is a ready-to-roll canvas on which grass is already growing.

Rolled lawn care does not require much effort. But it also needs to be mowed, watered, fertilised and combed out. A new lawn always looks great – and how you care for it afterwards is important.

You can buy custom lawns almost all year round. After delivery, the rolls should be immediately rolled out on the prepared floor. Lawns can be laid every season (except in winter).

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Beautiful grass after winter. How and what to fertilize the lawn in the spring?

A smooth lawn very quickly absorbs nutrients that were left in the top layer of soil during the winter. However, they are very little, not enough to get the grass root system the right amount of appropriate macro and micronutrients.

When you’re done, the home grass will turn bad. The lawn will weaken, making it susceptible to pathogens, mainly fungi. The grass will lose its natural color, wine-colored, and soft moss and other weeds will appear in shaded areas that are damp most of the day.

This situation doesn’t have to occur, just reschedule lawn fertilization. Fertilizing the substrate in the garden in the spring is necessary – regenerating the lawn and stimulating healthy grass development. Spring fertilization, on the one hand, ensures good growth, and on the other hand, of course, a beautiful, rich color of the grass.

Lawn fertilization – a concept

Lawn fertilization is a multiple feeding process that gives the best results if done three times during the growing season: in spring, summer and fall.

Spring lawn fertilization is around March-April. The second (summer) period is from early May to late June; Helps keep the lawn in good condition during the high season. The last fall fertilization is from mid-August to early October; The goal is to get the lawn well prepared for winter.

When should I fertilize my lawn in the spring?

The best conditions to fertilize your lawn are early spring, when the grass is dry and the floor is slightly damp. This is best done on a cloudy day so the grass doesn’t get hot from the sun.

It is strictly forbidden to use loose fertilizer on both dry and wet lawns. Fertilizing your lawn during a drought can burn the grass. Exposure to moisture will cause the fertilizer grains to stick to the stems, which reduces the effectiveness of the fertilizer.

It makes sense to fertilize the lawn after the winter in the spring on restored soil, i.e. before taking care of the current condition of the lawn, improve the structure of the floor in the garden!

An electric lawn rake will be practical in a small garden in spring. With it, you can easily prepare your lawn to absorb fertilizer.

A lawn that grows on sandy soil first needs humus (from compost, for example) and then fertilizer. If your lawn is growing on clay soil, loosen and aerate it first; after a week, the lawn will be ready to absorb the nutrients in the fertilizer.

Loosen the lawn:

  • corrects soil conditions,
  • Increases the elasticity of the lawn,
  • Increases lawn resistance to pathogens,
  • Stimulates intense supply and proper development of grass.

It consists in flat vertical mowing of the lawn (to 15-20 mm deep into the substratum) in order to loosen the structure of the floor covering and remove felt from its upper layer, which blocks the free access of air, water and nutrients to the roots of the floor covering. This prevents the healthy development of young tribes.

The scarifier helps in an upright position. Internal combustion engine – equipped with an economical engine with low fuel consumption – is useful in a large garden. It makes the work go very smoothly and won’t take too long. When you have finished scarifying your grass, you will have plenty of free time left over to use as you see fit. It doesn’t have to be around the house.

An electric scarifier works well in a small garden where it’s easy to get easy access to a power source. Working with this appliance is a very pleasant atmosphere – literally, since it doesn’t emit any exhaust fumes. In addition, the electric air horner works silently. When it’s on, it doesn’t disturb the peace of the household or neighbors nearby.

In a large garden, a gasoline-powered conductor works perfectly. In doing so, they clear the lawn of felt, which increases the effectiveness of subsequent lawn care in the spring. Fertilizer application follows.

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Regardless of type, all stiga scarifiers have a practical depth adjustment function that adjusts the cutting blades. As a result, they exert equal pressure on the floor and cut the cut grass evenly (at a distance of 2-3 cm to the selected depth, i.e. from 5 to 20 mm).

When using the Skrudler, do not set the blades too deep – only 5 mm is enough to effectively remove an even layer of thatch from the surface of the lawn. Gradually increase the depth of the sections in subsequent passes until they reach 10 mm (or more, depending on how juicy grass you want to get in the end result).

The impact of the strips on the lawn will have to wait about a month. During this time the lawn will have fully recovered from the winter.

  • Lawn care
  • Improves water and fertilizer absorption
  • Improves the structure of the soil directly under the lawn,
  • Stimulates the growth of young stems, which increases the root mass of the lawn.

It consists in piercing the lawn to 8-10 cm into the ground. On a small plot, it is possible to aerate with the help of special shoes with spikes. In a large garden it is much more convenient and faster to perform this work with a ventilation service.

How to fertilize the lawn in the spring?

1. What to fertilize the lawn in the spring? Part I: organic, ready – mineral

Organic lawn fertilizers include compost, manure, garden pictures, and bark. They need to be shoveled to work well. It’s worth using them in the garden at least once every 3 years because they are beneficial:

  • Revitalizing soil microorganisms,
  • reducing the amount of humus in the soil,
  • improving the physicochemical and water properties of the soil,
  • They protect the lawn from unwanted weather conditions.

Organic fertilizers do not overload the lawn because natural processes regulate the amount of minerals released into the soil.

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Prepared (mineral) lawn fertilizers come in pellets, powder or liquid form.

Liquid fertilizers work fastest because they are both foliar and soil fertilizers at the same time. On the other hand, mineral grass fertilizers are the most practical due to the ease of even distribution over the entire surface of the lawn.

Scattered granules moistened with water release nutrients slowly, providing a full and regular vigor to the lawn throughout the growing season.

2. What is spring lawn fertilizer, Part II: Short-term and long-term fertilizers

Short-term fertilizers They last about 30 days. They should be used systematically, preferably every month throughout the growing season, otherwise lawn fertilizer will not produce the expected results.

In addition, a lawn which has been fertilised with short-term fertiliser is only partially nourished – only about 30% of the nutrients are trapped in the fine granules. Most of it goes into the deeper layers of the soil.

Long-acting fertilizers last from 100 to 160 days (over 6 months). Thanks to this, it is enough to apply them once, maximum two times a season. When you use them, you don’t run the risk of overrunning your lawn as you would with organic fertilizers. This is due to the constant, slow release of small doses of minerals into the substrate.

When you get from a fertilizer with a long exposure period, the lawn takes in about 70%. The rest leaches out of the root zone – just like some of the ingredients in short-acting fertilizers.

The effect of a long-acting fertilizer is the result of processing by producers, including: nutrient condensation or “shielding” of the granulator – covering it with sulfur, mineral oils (such as tar) or compounds.

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How quickly does a long-acting fertilizer dissolve? It depends on the temperature and humidity of the substrate. The warmer and wetter the soil, the more nutrients are released. Which corresponds to the natural growth rate of grass; the higher the temperature and more sunlight, the faster it grows. Therefore, it needs a higher dose of macro and micronutrients.

3. Which lawn fertilizer for spring, Part III: Component fertilizer, multi-component

Component lawn fertilizer. Early spring grass needs nitrogen (s) for vigorous growth and color, and of course a component nitrogen fertilizer is the first choice.

The best is ammonium-nitrate, in which nitrogen is present in two complementary forms: nitrate and ammonium. Highly effective nitrate nitrogen speeds up lawn regeneration after the winter. Ammonium nitrogen is slowly absorbed, it is not washed out of the soil, but has a positive effect on plant roots.

Comprehensive lawn fertilizers. This is the so-called starter fertilizer for lawns. In addition to nitrogen in high concentrations, their composition includes other elements that affect the condition and appearance of the lawn after the winter: phosphorus (K), potassium (P), iron (FE).

Phosphorus stimulates the development of the root system. Potassium protects the lawn both from diseases and from adverse weather conditions (drought, heavy rains, frost, snow). On the other hand, iron is involved in the production of chlorophyll, which is responsible for the green color of the grass.

How to fertilize the lawn in the spring?

Just before the fertilizing process, loosen the floor well and lightly loosen it (this grass fertilizer allows the grass roots to penetrate quickly). Then distribute the appropriate fertilizer evenly over the entire surface of the lawn.

Grass Spring Fertilizer – Control List

First Before fertilizing your lawn.

A lawn growing on sandy soil should be fertilized with humus (such as compost). For lawns growing on tinted soil, do: script and aerate. After a week, the lawn is ready to absorb fertilizer nutrients.

2. When should I fertilize my lawn?

The deadline for lawn fertilization in the spring is at the turn of March and April.

3. How do I fertilise my lawn?
  • Type of fertilizer: organic or mineral

Organic fertilizers include: compost, mineral fertilizers. They are time-consuming to apply to the lawn, but there is no risk of overfertilizing the lawn.

Mineral fertilizers are sold in garden stores in the form of

  • Powder,
  • Liquid (works fastest and works both ways, i.e., worked, floor).
  • Granulate (easiest to distribute evenly over the surface of the lawn).

Fertilizer effect period: short-term, long-term.

Short-acting fertilizers only work for about 30 days. Lawn only absorbs up to 30% of the nutrients it contains. It should therefore be used systematically over the whole growing season.

A long lasting fertilizer is effective for 100 to 160 days (6 months), if the lawn absorbs approx. 70 % of active minerals. It should not be used frequently, one season at the most. There is no risk of over fertilising with Long-Life Lawn Fertiliser.

Mineral fertiliser composition: single, multi-component

One-component fertilisers are recommended for lawns which do not require intensive spring replanting. Improves grass bushiness and stimulates grass growth.

A multi-component fertilizer recommended for heavily damaged lawns during the winter. They repair the damaged structure of the lawn, stimulate the growth of grass and have a positive effect on the discoloration of stems.

After winter, the lawn looks neither beautiful nor good. You can see with the naked eye that a weakened lawn needs intensive regeneration. Fertiliser is essential! Follow STIGA’s advice on choosing and using the right substrate – depending on your garden substrate needs. The lawn will take shape, the garden will shine again in its most beautiful form, and you’ll enjoy admiring the landscape around the house.

Did you enjoy this article? Find out more about spring lawn care!

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