June Garden Tasks

12 tasks for June in the garden and vegetable garden – plan your work, have time to do what needs to be done!

Good day, dear readers! I want to remind you what you need to do in the garden in June.

fruit trees

watering the trees

At this point, almost all trees stand with a plot that is actively growing and consuming a lot of water and nutrients. And this means that trees need to be watered. Every gardener has his or her own watering methods. I believe that the garden should be watered infrequently, but very abundantly, trying to moisten the entire root layer of soil.

Frequent and sparse watering leads to the fact that the root system develops only in the surface layer, which makes the tree dependent and can die in a drought. And anything can happen: you went away for a long time, or, for example, the pump broke.

And frosts in winter are harder for a tree with a shallow root system to survive. That is why I believe that watering the garden with the drip method is harmful.

Garden and vegetable garden work in June

Root system and nutrition

As for fertilizing, until midsummer, fertilizers with high nitrogen content can be applied under the trees. This can be the organic type, diluted with water in the right proportion of mucin or chicken droppings, or it can be a mineral fertilizer of nitroammophoska, which contains nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. However, it is best to use a complex mineral fertilizer, which contains not only macro, but also micronutrients.

Trees can be fed not only under the root, but also on the leaves. But such feeding should not be concentrated, otherwise you will burn the leaves. The foliar method of feeding contributes to the effective and most importantly fast, literally within two or three days, to correct nutritional imbalances.

Remember that flower buds are laid on trees in June, which means the next year’s crop is being formed at this time, so trees should not lack nutrition.

However, do not overfeed them, especially with nitrogen fertilizer, because the trees will start to shoot abundantly to the detriment of the flower buds.

pruning the trees

During the summer, many shoots grow on trees. Some of them go deep into the crown and so-called apex shoots grow from the root. All of these must be removed without delay by autumn, even if you have to practice not only with secateurs but also with a saw. Excess shoots take a lot of energy from the tree, and it is not used. To avoid depleting the tree, it is necessary to remove excess shoots at an early stage of their development.

Protection from diseases and pests

In June, plants are actively affected by pests, developing all kinds of diseases. To prevent epidemics and preserve the harvest, it is necessary to inspect trees daily and take protective measures when the first signs of pest colonization or the manifestation of disease are detected. It is much easier to deal with these problems early on.

Propagating plants with cuttings

If you, like me, like to propagate plants with cuttings, June is a good time to do it: young shoots appear on the plants, and they are much faster than hidden.

I cut the top cuttings with three buds, cut off their lower leaves and cut off the top half to reduce the evaporation of moisture by the cuttings. Then I plant the cuttings in loose soil and cover them with a glass or a cut plastic bottle.

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Further care of the cuttings consists of watering and aeration. Under the glass, a greenhouse effect is formed, which protects the cuttings from drying out and promotes root growth.

Many plants can be rooted in this way: raspberries, currants, gooseberries, plums, cherries, alycha, as well as ornamental shrubs, such as turquoise or tamarix. Root the remaining shrubs, trees and hedges after pruning en masse.

Pruning ornamental shrubs and hedges

I remind you that flowering shrubs are not trimmed in spring, but after the end of flowering, that is, right now. My tamariks are already in bloom, and I am slowly pruning them.

When cutting a hedge, the shrubs need to be trapezoidal: the upper level is narrower than the lower level. If the bushes are cut exactly along the plumb line, the lower part will receive much less light, and this will lead to the formation of bare shoots and large voids in the basal zone.

About grapes, lawn and strawberries

Separately, about grapes. In addition to keeping an eye on the health of the vine, if you’re not getting a second crop from early varieties, you should break out the stems. You also need to shorten shoots that are too long.

If you haven’t had time to seed your lawn in the spring, do it in June. Not too late. But you will have to water the lawn often: if at some point you reseed the seeds in the ground or young shoots, they will die from the heat. I do not know how it is in your region, but in our region the temperature is already below 30ºC.

Garden strawberries have bloomed and are already actively beginning to form a crop. At the same time she is releasing whiskers, and you need to decide what to do with them. If you leave the mustache to later spread through the strawberry, you will lose out on the crop. If you remove it, you will harvest more berries, but there will be no young rosettes to propagate.

You can make a compromise: leave some of the strongest mustache for propagation and remove the rest. Then you will have a certain number of berries and a few seedlings.

Garden

June is a hot time for the garden. By this time all the seedlings have already been planted, and you could go and admire how strong and grown they are. But along with the vegetables in our beds strengthen and grow weeds, which should be periodically removed.

In addition, it is necessary to treat the fertilizer and garden plants against diseases and pests: to get a good harvest, you need to try hard.

Flower

Feeding

Peonies and irises have already bloomed, and they need to be nourished, so that they recovered faster, and the next season also bloomed abundantly. And some plants, like roses, will only bloom.

My rose is all covered with buds, and to make sure it blooms lushly and vividly, I give it a full macro- and micronutrient-rich compound fertilizer. I have to make sure that the soil has all the substances I need for the rose.

About digging up the bulbs

Even though the tulips have long since bloomed, I am in no hurry to dig them out. But the flower stalks on which seeds have set should be removed immediately. The bulbs can only be dug up when their foliage has turned completely yellow. The bulbs should then be dried and stored until planting in the ground in the autumn at a temperature of 22-23 ° C in the ground.

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Rare varieties of tulips should be dug up every year because their bulbs sink deeper and deeper into the ground over time, making them very difficult to dig up again.

dividing perennials

If your region is hot and dry, it is not a good idea to transplant and divide perennials. The point here is not to plant the plants in pots, but to dig up the bush and divide it into parts. Engage in such propagation can only those who have considerable experience and skills.

Protection of ornamental plants

Let me remind you that the same pests and diseases that affect fruit plants also affect ornamental plants, so they also need your protection from powdery mildew, aphids, thrips and mites. Don’t forget this.

The same goes for houseplants that you take out into the garden for the summer. House plants also have to get used to the outdoors and sunlight: Put them in diffuse shade at first and then gradually move them to a brighter location.

Well, that seems to be all I wanted to tell you. I wish you good weather, and good health to your plants.

What to do in the garden in June 2022 – Tips from the green gardener

How to protect crops from Bears, tomatoes from Phytophthora, frequency of fertilizing and lots of other useful information! To help gardeners and vegetable growers in June the experts of “Green Garden” club of Tatarstan compiled a list of basic works

June is a hot month for gardeners, because there is so much to do! But when they have the “Green Garden” experts’ recommendations at hand, it becomes easier to streamline things. Fear not, but do!

Basic garden work – general recommendations

Basic activities in June:

Sowing beets for winter storage, it’s also time to pick beets planted in May;

Planting of late sprouts of different cabbage varieties;

with an interval of about two weeks re-seeding of early-ripening vegetable crops: spinach, lettuce, radish and others;

special attention in the garden should be paid to work related to weeds;

Simultaneously with weeding thin overgrown plantings;

It is necessary to carefully care for tomatoes, periodically pinching and tying bushes. Feed with a solution of manure or poultry manure about once every few weeks. In late June, spray tomato bushes against late blight;

It’s time to start sowing perennial varieties of onions;

In the middle of the month it is worth planting beans in the garden, the seeds of which are embedded in the ground to a shallow depth;

Do not forget about the beds with cucumbers, because it’s time to start thinning the seedlings so that the distance between them was at least six centimeters.

Be sure to loosen the potato aisles, thin them after rain or watering.

How to tend potatoes in June 2020

For prevention, spray plantings with special preparations against Colorado potato beetle and scab.

How to Get rid of Bears, Ants and Aphids

It is necessary to engage in the protection of the garden and vegetable garden from pests and diseases. In June, the honeybees become active on the dachas.

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How to get rid of bugs in the garden

To catch them, you can build shelters from boards, where the insects gather for the night. Another way to combat them is to make furrows with sand and kerosene around the edges of greenhouses.

Honey is used as a trap for bears. To do this, the inside of a glass jar is smeared with honey up to the neck and buried in the ground up to the neck. The neck is closed with a board with a gap of 1-1.5 cm, the bear trap can not get out.

Do not forget to spray the racks in the garden and in the garden and against the other numerous pests with an infusion of ash with soap. To get rid of ants, pour boiling water on the places where they congregate the most.

Actively control aphids on various crops using herbal infusions, tobacco solution, ash-soil solution, as well as PhytoUvermedicine, Biostop, etc.

Feelings!

-To make up for nutritional deficiencies on light soils, when a lot of rain falls in summer and fertilizers are washed into the lower soil layers, where the root system can’t reach them;

-To correct the amount of micronutrients in alkaline or too acidic soils, where plant problems are more likely to occur;

-Balance between the main nutrients – nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus.

How often should we feed our vegetable

Fertilizers can be organic or mineral.

In the first case, they are represented by natural products of animals or plants. The second category is micronutrients in pure form, which can be applied in different ways:

– Dissolve in water;

– Mix with soil in the form of dry pellets or powder;

– Sprayed on leaves and shoots.

Organic fertilizers are mineral fertilizers, composts, liquid infusions of grasses, and understraws.

Mineral fertilizers – azophoska, superphosphate, urea, etc. for different plants are used in different proportions.

folk recipes

Common iodine serves as an excellent tool for spraying strawberries (strawberries) before flowering. Iodine promotes active growth of strawberries and protects them from diseases: 5-10 drops of iodine per 10 liters of water.

How to feed strawberries in June

Against fire blight, sawflies, bug beetles, travelers, aphids, apple blister and other leafy caterpillars – spray berry bushes and fruit trees with the following solution: 100 grams of dry mustard pour 10 liters of water and for every 10 liters add 40 grams of soap (for better sticking).

Spreading onions on the plot of strawberries, it will protect them from mites.

Plants of the nightshade family will be very grateful to you if you prepare and revitalize them with the following fertilizer. Dilute 100 grams of yeast and 0.5 cup of sugar in 3 liters of water. Allow the starter to rise for a week. After this time, it is diluted with water at the rate of 1 cup of starter per 10 liters of water. The resulting nutrient solution is fed to tomatoes, peppers, eggplants or potatoes, pouring the solution under each bush.

What folk tips are not useful, but useless and even harmful

Do not put spring and cover when planting plants in the hole – these are complex components. You will not get any benefit.

Feather in the process of decomposition can release various unpleasant toxic substances, poisoning the life of plants.

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The sheath will lie in the ground for a very long time. It will not harm the plants, but you will waste time hoping that it will help combat apex rot, but it will not.

Don’t use ash in moderation, it can cause young growth in potatoes as well as nutrients in tomatoes. They will block phosphorus.

Birch tar contains carcinogens. Do not use birch tar for treating trees, growing bulbs or seeds. Much less for spraying plants. It is a harmful method!

Honox can deprive you of your crops, in addition, it can significantly damage the soil, change the acid composition, and kill worms and other beneficial soil organisms. Do not use this method rashly. Use ammonia only as directed.

Iodine and ammonia can destroy polycarbonate. Never use these components in a polycarbonate greenhouse.

Phytophytes on tomatoes

How to prevent grass rot on tomatoes

If late blight is not controlled, it can destroy all tomatoes. Increased humidity up to 65% and temperature from 20 to 25 degrees are excellent conditions for disease development. With them, phytophthora can manifest itself already on the third day. The difference in night and day air temperatures also contributes to its appearance.

Prevention of the disease should start as early as possible!

– Proper watering helps not to detect late Blight. Tomatoes rarely like watering. It is recommended to ventilate the greenhouse after it.

– Excellent soso matche proolactics phytohora jaroch. You can also test for sulfur, which gives off a lot of smoke.

– A solution of whey, water, and iodine is used to safely treat late leaves. This method helps not only to prevent the infestation, but also to control it: 1 L of whey, 10 drops of iodine and 5 L of water.

– Also in the season before flowering, you can treat with copper sulfate. The main thing is to follow the instructions. During the growing season, biological fungicides pseudobacterin-2, rizplan, phytosporin M, etc. are introduced against diseases every 7-10 days. , nitrite, misorin, etc.).

If the measures taken in advance do not give a positive result, it is necessary to turn to the preparations that punish to combat late lesions.

Basic work in the garden – general recommendations for the care of fruit trees and shrubs

Care of apple and pear trees in June

Sanitary harvesting of trees and shrubs.

Shrub propagation. For shrub propagation, conduct green cuttings.

Prepare for the return of frost. In early June, be on guard and prepare for the possible return of frost. To do this, cover trees and shrubs with protective material (but not film!) or spray with cold water.

Water trees and shrubs regularly.

Protect trees and shrubs from diseases and pests. Apple and pear prints from young trees and gooseberries come from mold. Check trees for pests, remove spider nests, twisted leaves, insect clutches, etc. To prevent fungal diseases, you can treat the leaves with 1% Bordeaux liquid at the beginning of the growing season.

Organic dressing for apples and pears

In June, there is intensive growth of apple and pear trees, the growth of ovaries begins. This means that the plants’ need for water and nutrients increases. Their lack can lead to poor growth and excessive wilting of fruit trees. Therefore, trees are fed immediately after flowering.

Top dressing of fruit-trees is advisable to combine with their watering. Infusions of mishlingen or bird droppings are used as top dressing, which are diluted in water at the rate of three parts of manure (or garbage) for seven parts of water.

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Some gardeners are too fond of mineral fertilizers: ammonium nitrate, potassium sulfate, superphosphate and urea. Meanwhile, applying large doses of nitrogen fertilizer prolongs the growth of shoots (especially young), they do not have time to mature and prepare for the winter. In addition, everyone should know that nitrogen from fertilizers gets into the plant in the form of nitrates and in large doses is harmful to the plant itself for the gardener.

Pests

Treatments should be carried out against different phases of pests’ development: in early spring – against hibernation phases, during vegetation against sucking pests use bioinsecticides fitoverm, helicoverk, biovert etc., against leaf-eating pests – Bitoxybacillin, Lepidocide, Biostop etc., against leaf-eating pests – Metarizin, Nemabakt etc.

If you miss the point of pests and biological insecticides can’t handle a lot of pests, you need to use chemical insecticides, which are approved for use by private companies.

So now they really weigh in.

How to weigh properly

Weeds must be destroyed before they have developed a strong root system.

According to the present, all parts of the weed must be removed.

Weeds grow best after it rains because the roots of the plants are easily pulled from the wet soil.

It is recommended that weeds be regularly removed from beds.

If weeds have formed between the bushes of seedlings, it is recommended to pull them by hand, so as not to damage the still fragile parts of the plants.

You can loosen between the beds with a shredder.

Using mulch reduces the spread of weeds.

Fertilizing the soil is recommended only from the compost heap, as a large number of plant seeds remain in fresh manure, which is fed to animals.

– You can prepare infusions of weeds to water the beds. The advantage of liquid fertilizers from weeds is that they are quickly assimilated by plants, reduce the acidity of the soil and enrich it with microorganisms involved in fermentation. For the preparation of infusions should not use weeds on which seeds were formed.

– It can be used for mulching.

Weeds are successfully used in folk medicine, for skin and hair care.

Few people know that some weeds can be eaten, while they have beneficial properties for the body:

How to cook nettles

Nettles. A weed that many people use for culinary purposes. An example is cabbage soup, in which nettle leaves are put instead of sour steam. They should be young and brewed with boiling water to eliminate the burning effect. Nettle leaves are also included in salads and sauces.

– Dandelion. One of the most popular dandelion treats is jam. The leaves of this plant can be used in salad recipes.

– Wegerich. Vegerich contains a large number of useful substances: carotene, citric and nicotinic acids, phytoncides, tannins, vitamin C, vitamin K, mineral salts and proteins (in the seeds). It is used in salads.

However, do not take your health lightly, and before taking herbs in food, you should know their properties.

(The material is prepared by the specialists of the Tatarstan club “Green Garden”).

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