January in kindergarten – what do you remember?

January in the garden What to do in your area? on Nedvio

Although January is one of the coldest months of the year, when most plants are not growing or dormant, it is not a time when we can forget about our garden. While there is certainly less stress in January than in spring or fall, it is important to know what steps to take to enjoy the beautiful vegetation on your property during the warmer days.

Low temperatures, heavy snowfall and rain, and little sunshine are typical features of January weather. Gardeners and their plants can rest during this period, but the increasingly longer days will keep you from forgetting that spring is coming and you need to prepare for it.

1. Tidy up the pond.

Special attention should be paid to the pond on the property. Sub-zero temperatures can cause the water to freeze, which is bad for both the plants and the wintering fish. To prevent this from happening, it is worth putting a bundle of reeds in the pond. This means that the organisms living in the pond will be permanently supplied with oxygen.

However, if we are too late with this decision, and the tank was filled with ice, you will have to pump out some water, leaving a gap of about 5 centimeters. This will become a kind of heat cushion. A submersible pump is ideal for this purpose. It is important to note that after pumping, you can not leave the ice in the pond – it freezes under the influence of low temperatures.

If the ice cover remains on the water for several days, it is necessary to make an ice hole. To do this, you can use a special ice axe or a pot of hot water, which will melt on the ice cover. With a shovel it is also worth periodically removing snow from the surface of the pond, especially during heavy rain. This way we will give the plants access to light.

2. Taking care of the composter

The composter also needs to be protected against frost. To do this, it should be covered with a technoratan board or straw. Otherwise, the decomposing processes in the composter will be blocked and we will not be able to use the composter’s contents as fertiliser in spring.

3. Make friends with the birds.

January is the perfect month to attract birds to your backyard. This alliance is mutually beneficial. In winter, we take care of our allies by supplying them with seeds for the feeding grounds or by hanging raw tallow, a delicacy for tits. At other times of the year, birds serve our garden by nesting in it and eating the eggs and larvae of pests that destroy our trees and crops.

Tree and shrub care in January

If we observe branches with no leaves in the garden, we might assume that they don’t need care. But they don’t. Sustained low temperatures encourage us to take action.

1. Protect the trunks of fruit trees

Until mid-January, it is important to protect fruit tree trunks from frost. Lime bleach protects their bark from damage, cracking and frostbite. Even though we did this in late November and December, you need to go out to the orchard and make sure the scale hasn’t washed off and remains in place. If you find that there is no scaling in some places, the bleaching should be repeated.

If your plot is not fenced, rabbits and deer can come to you. Gardeners know that their favorite treat is nibbling on tree bark. The most effective defense against this is to build a fence. However, this solution is expensive, and free money is not always available.

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A simpler and cheaper solution is to install a fence around tree trunks. For this purpose, you can use the already mentioned protective mats of technoratan or straw. Fence mesh (polyolefin or metal) is also ideal for this purpose. Another method is to scare away animals with special odors called repellents, which are applied directly to the bark of the tree.

2. Check the basement, basement and storage room

If it is very cold in January, it is worth checking the condition of the fruit stored in the storage rooms. It is important to find and dispose of any rotting foods. They release toxins that are not only harmful to plants but also threaten our health.

It is also necessary to throw away those fruits whose rotting process has just begun and parts of which are still healthy. Even these undamaged fragments should no longer be eaten.

3. Prepare your gardening tools.

Very soon, some shoots, shrubs and trees on your property will need to be trimmed for the winter. So it’s worth checking that our cutting tools are in good condition. In this case it depends on the correct sharpness of the tools. You should be able to make precise cuts. If we do not have the right equipment, we need to buy it.

For the care of trees and shrubs, the purchase will be especially useful:

  • Garden knife – with its help we can easily cut thin shoots, including those located in hard-to-reach, dense places. This tool is necessary for the treatment of trees, ornamental and fruit shrubs. With them, grafting and budding go smoothly and without problems;
  • Secateurs – they are mainly used in spring, summer and autumn. They are also indispensable for pruning hedges or adjusting the height of the grass in places that are difficult for a lawnmower – where it can not cut the grass. Secateurs are also useful in winter. They have proven to be good for trimming thick shoots. However, if we are talking about trimming thick branches, it is better to buy two-handed shears – they are more powerful and convenient.
  • One-handed pruning shears are a fairly versatile tool, which is usually used for pruning shrubs and thin tree shoots. It also allows you to get rid of single-trunked and unbound branches, which are up to 1 cm thick;
  • Two-handed garden shears – the models with extended handles have proven to be the best. Due to the longer length, the tool can reach high branches and cut thicker branches – up to 2.5 cm in thickness;
  • Seeder – equipped with a special rod. Thanks to the adjustable length of the tool it is possible to reach branches at a great height;
  • Garden saw – allows you to cut branches more than 2.5 p. A variety of attachments of this type, both in terms of shape, size, and type of blades, allows us to make cuts without damaging the branches. When choosing a cutting tool, we should pay attention to the handle. It should be ergonomic and fit the shape of our hand. It is also worth checking if the garden tool is made of a rust-free material. This will allow you to carry out the necessary maintenance work even in difficult weather conditions. January is also a good time to take care of your tools. Just a few drops of linseed oil will be enough to lubricate all the metal elements. This makes them last a lot longer.

4. Start cutting branches the first time

January is a good month to start pruning shrubs and trees. Of course, we are not talking about all plants in our garden, but only frost-resistant ones.

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Masking should be done at this stage:

  • Annual shoots for spring compost – this should be done in the first half of the month on sunny days, provided that the air temperature is above + 5 ° C. It is important to choose the right length (about 60 cm) and diameter (at least 5 mm). It is important to store the shoots of this species properly – before the beginning of spring they should be placed in a cool cellar, where they are stored at a temperature of about 2 ° C. The cut material should be covered with soil or sand and watered regularly to ensure a proper level of soil moisture.
  • Fruit shrubs – but only those that are most resistant to the harmful effects of frost, such as red currants, sea humpberry or goosefoot. This is best done in late January, on days when there is no hard frost.
  • Vines that curl along the wall – they should be cut so that each year there are two new shoots left and right of the main shoot. Then we will achieve better growth.

5. Get rid of pests

In January, you can’t use agents to protect trees and shrubs against pests and diseases. However, you should pay more attention to fruit plants. This is the so-called winter lustration. Although most pests are in their hiding places, we can see their eggs and winter nests and remove them easily.

This month we can spot and get rid of the fruit spider mite and protruding collar mite. The former has distinctive round red eggs on the bark and the latter forms distinctive rings on parts and branches. If you notice these signs in any of the fruit plants, you should get rid of them.

How to care for your garden in January?

1. Move root crops to the basement.

Carrots, salsify, scrapie, horseradish or parsnips are the kinds of vegetables that need proper storage after harvest. The best solution is to place them in the basement or basement, where the temperature does not exceed 4 ° C, and cover the top with soil or sand. The substrate should be moistened periodically to ventilate the room and remove rotting pickings.

2. Planting seedlings and green onions.

In winter, when our diet lacks fresh vegetables, we can make up for the lack of vitamins through vegetables. We can buy radish, alfalfa, cabbage, lentil or broccoli seeds, plant them in pots and leave them in sunlit windows. When added to meals, they provide essential nutrients for the body.

You can also grow onions in January. As with sprouts, proper pots are required. We bury the vegetables in them so that 1/3 of the bulb protrudes above the ground. An important point is regular watering of the sprouts prepared in this way. Then in winter we can count on a tasty addition to the dishes.

3. Prepare for the winter cereals

Mutton leaves, cabbage or parsley are resistant to low temperatures, so they can be found in the ground until spring. An added benefit is that not only can individual leaves be harvested in January, but all the stems can be harvested. Brussels sprouts can also be grown by mid-January. Its shoots are not afraid of temperature changes, and snow and ice do not affect its taste.

4. Take care of the garden.

If low temperatures are expected, use shredded straw or leaves to secure the bed. Then we’ll protect the soil from freezing. In the second half of January, seeds are already appearing in garden deals. This is a good time to start garden planning and make a shopping list.

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January in the ornamental garden.

1. Protect plants from frost

Protecting plants from frost is one of the most important tasks to be accomplished in January. This requires checking the condition of the covers and covers in the garden regularly and making necessary repairs if necessary. If January is frosty, windy and without snow, all winter coverings should be completed. We can also use bark, leaves, straw, broken branches or agrotextile.

2. Water evergreens.

Shrubs, azaleas, conifers or stinging palms lose water through their needles and leaves all year round, even in winter. Therefore, they need to be watered regularly. You should do this when it is warm and remember to remove any snow from around the plants beforehand.

How to recognize that the shrubs do not have enough water in winter? The main signs of dehydration are curled leaves, an unhealthy appearance and an excessive loss of needles. Therefore, in the thaw the plants should be watered immediately.

3. inspect the tubers.

All types of onions, rhizomes, carp and bulbs require regular maintenance. You should also pay attention to the low temperature in the room (2-4 ° C). Infected and rotten specimens should be disposed of immediately. This prevents the spread of disease and contamination of healthy specimens.

4. Start by planting perennials.

Primroses, tipwort, purple sun hat, Carpathian rituals, eagles or wickweed are plants whose seeds can only germinate when exposed to freezing temperatures. Therefore, January is the ideal time to sow.

Sowing boxes should be properly protected from birds and rodents. A panel will be the best option in this regard because it provides access to light. After 6 weeks, the plants can be brought into a bright, warm (12°C) room.

Potted flowers in January.

1. Think about meticulous care.

All potted plants that bloom in January require our extra attention. Regular watering and light fertilizing are the basics of caring for potted flowers in winter. With begonia, however, you need to be careful when watering. Excess moisture can damage it.

Other plants in Rgors should be watered to avoid drying out the substrate and having too much moisture. In a warm room, this becomes the perfect environment for fungi to develop. If you water flowers in pots, it is best to use room temperature water. It is also worth spraying the plants with water twice a month and removing fallen leaves regularly.

2. Start sowing.

In January, you can start propagating plants such as begonia, fuchsia and myrtle. This is usually done by the seedling method. This month is also a great time to sow lemons and oranges, as well as asparagus.

Flowers in January.

1. Make sure the plants are positioned correctly.

Most flowers from balconies and patios have to be brought home at the first sign of winter. So it’s important to make sure that they are not too close to windows and radiators. They should be watered and sprayed regularly, and withered and diseased plant parts and shoots that grow during the winter should be removed regularly.

2. Protect flowers from frost.

If you have plants with many needles on your patio or balcony, for example, protect them from frost, pests and cold winds. This can be done by covering them with straw or technoratan. It is also necessary to remove snow regularly. Otherwise, it can break the branches under its weight.

Lawn in January

The only thing a gardener should look out for is to stay off the lawn. Frozen grass is easily damaged even by light pressure. There is a risk that it may rot or turn yellow in the damaged areas of the pen. You should also remember that the lawn does not have to be cleared of snow. Grass covered in white snow can be treated with frost and will survive the winter.

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Excerpt from the conversation “What do you remember from summer”

Goal: To remind the children what interesting things they had during the summer, where they went, what interesting things they saw.


– To create a positive emotional mood;

– To expand children’s ideas about summer and its characteristic features;

– To participate in a conversation with collective groups, to listen attentively.

– Attention, memory, thinking, develop coherent speech, teach to make a short story;

– Develop the ability to observe, analyze and draw conclusions.

Materials: pictures of summer.

The course of the lesson.

Teacher: Hello people! Today we will have a very interesting conversation, and what exactly you learn from the poem:

Summer, summer is red,

With berries, herbs,

Rainbows over that-

Summer, summer, summer, they take their time

Come to the reeds!

Author: Vlizov I.

Educator: What are we going to talk about?

Today we will talk about summer, or rather about how you spent it. Listen to the poem:

How we spent our time in the summer.

We went to the sun.

Near the lake we played.

We sat on the bench.

We ate two schnitzels

And we grew up a little.

We watch a presentation with pictures of summer and describe it.

Teacher: Guys, what summer months do you know?

Children’s answers: June, July, August.

Pedagogue: What are they?

Children: Flowers.

Pedagogue: That’s right, there are a lot of flowers in summer. One person makes beautiful flowerbeds in gardens and parks.

Pedagogue: Look at what is drawn on the sun?

Children: bright.

Pedagogue: In summer, the sun shines brightly, so it is hot outside. Look at what kind of sky is drawn?

No clouds.

Teacher: Right. In summer, clouds rarely cover the sun, so the sky is blue. Even if it rains, it is warm. After it rains, colorful rainbows appear in the sky.

Pedagogue: Tell me, what kind of weather does it usually have?

Answers of children: (sunny, cloudy, overcast, rainy, windy).

Educator: And what is the nature like in summer?

Answers of the children: Everything is in bloom and ripening, the gardens are full of green, the meadows are covered with a wide strip of green grass.

Carer: Who are these pictures?

Children: Birds.

Educator: In the summer there are a lot of birds in the park and in the woods. They build their nests and raise their chicks. On summer mornings, you can always hear the sound of birds chirping. In summer, days are long and nights are short, so the evenings were long.

Well done guys! They answered all the questions.

Teacher: Guys, you all have been in the summertime: someone vacationed in the village, someone in the village, someone vacationed at the sea, someone was in the city and visited the parks, someone with his parents or relatives went to the woods for mushrooms. I suggest you share with the guys summer memories. But we will do it in order. Whoever wants to tell first, let him raise his hand. And everyone else will listen carefully to the storyteller. So, guys, where have you been this summer?

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Today we heard your interesting stories about what happened to you over the summer. I suggest that you and your parents write down these stories together in a home scrapbook and put it up at home. Then our actual book will be published. You can also draw illustrations of these stories at home.

read the poem.

Teacher: Children, listen to the poem “Summer” by Vladimir Orlov:

-What will you give me in summer?

– Lots of sunshine!

A rainbow fool in the sky!

And chamberiness in the meadow!

– What else will you give me?

– A key that rings in the silence,

Pines and maples and oaks,

Strawberries and mushrooms!

I’ll give you a cuckoo

To the end of the walk

You shouted loudly to her:

“Give me a lucky guess!”

And she answered you

She’s been thinking for years!

Educator: What is this poem about?

Answer of the children: About summer, about daisies, about the cuckoo guessing.

Result of the class.

– What time of year did we talk about?

– How long is summer?

– When does summer begin? What month is it?

– What are the summer months?

– What color is summer, why?

– What do you like most about this time of year?

Teacher: Guys, here we have remembered summer, but let’s not get upset that it’s gone, because autumn brings us nothing but joy and fun. Let’s say together, “See you later, have a good summer!

“Summer, summer, summer – how much light!” (photo report) Summer is a special time in human life, which we always look forward to. Adults go on vacation, students and schoolchildren – to a well-deserved.

Photo report “Oh, summer, summer, summer, happy time…” Good afternoon, dear colleagues! All over the country, teachers, along with their parents worked hard. We have not been left out. I suggest.

Photo-report of the holiday “Summer, summer, summer! What color are you?” Birds, butterflies fly. Lots of sunshine. Bees beckon over the flowers. The green forest is summer! Summer is a beautiful, joyful time for.

Photo report “Summer, oh, summer, summer is red, be with me!” Our trip to the library! We walk around the grounds of the garden. A little more and we are in the library, they are waiting for us there. The kids are in the checked out library for the first time.

Collective work on plasticine and tcography “Summer! Summer! Summer! Bright colors” – these are collective works with children of the preparatory group! Summer is one of the most joyful, bright, fun and unforgettable times of the year. If you look.

Summary of the conversation “Honey and bees” Summary of the conversation “Honey and bees” Objective: to consolidate the children’s ideas about the origin of honey, its useful properties. Strengthening the presentation.

The outline of the conversation observation on ecology on the theme “Summer” with preschoolers, when the dreams go to the sky, when the grass is in bloom, when the dew blooms early, sweeps on the ground, when the forests over the Kalina to night rumble.

Talk outline about Alexander Pushkin

Outline of a conversation about Alexander Pushkin e-program content. To acquaint children with the life of Alexander Pushkin and his works. Education of love and interest in the poet of Russian literature.

Outline of the conversation “Dandelion” Objective: to acquaint children with the dandelion flower, its structure and features of development. Objectives: – To deepen the children’s knowledge about flowers and their.

Decorating a wall in the group “Summer, summer, summer, what color are you? By the river kindergarten in a meadow of daisies. Forty little boys scatter in places. On the road shooting, shooting, catching blue panties.

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