How to transplant houseplants
Spring is the time to transplant houseplants. Let’s tell and show you how to do it right and good for our green friends!
Sooner or later, all indoor plant owners are faced with the task of transplanting them. This is a rare event, and the best time for it is spring: At this time, the plants are preparing for active growth. Make it a rule in March/April once a year to check whether your green pets need a new living space. Remember that plants are not transplanted during flowering or during a series of buds, you need to wait until the blooms are over.
If transplanting is required
Signs you can tell when it’s time to transplant:
- Part of the root system is visible on the floor surface or in the drainage hole;
- The plant grows slowly or does not grow at all;
- The ground is constantly dry and does not hold water.
If there are plants that need to be transplanted, new pots, soil and drainage must be purchased.
The new pot should be larger than the previous one in diameter. If you are using pots that already have plants in them, they should be washed well with warm water and soap. So you will prevent the development of diseases in the new “occupant”.
For most interiors, a universal soil, which is sold in a special business, is suitable. The exceptions are roses, orchids and cacti. Look for specialty soil in the store for you. However, if you can’t find it, you can also use universal. Drainage is also available at florists and hardware stores.
Only transplant plants while wearing protective gloves.
How to transplant houseplants
It’s a good idea to have excess water in the pot. Cover it with a piece of creek and pour a layer of 1-2 cm of drainage on top for small pots. If you have a pot without a drainage hole, just pour the drainage on the floor. Sprinkle a layer of new soil over it. The drainage along with the soil should not take up more than a quarter of the height of the pot.
Remove the plant from the old pot. Make sure that you place it in its lower area so that it is not torn away from its roots, give it a gentle tug from side to side. If this doesn’t work, you can put a spatula or broad knife between the bottom layer and the pot wall. You can tilt the pot and gently tap it on the surface of the table. The point is that you have to pull it out together with the root system and try not to damage it.
Carefully remove all the old country with the root system and carefully inspect the roots of the system. If there are any dry, diseased, fist, cut back to a healthy part.
Place the ready to move plant upright in the middle of the new pot. Cover the pot with soil around the plant.
Compact the bottom a little and water the plant generously right away. Do not give any food right away. Let them get used to the new pot. The first feeding should not be earlier than 2-3 weeks after transplanting. As a rule of thumb, transplanting plants stimulates them to grow quickly.
What do you do with plants that don’t need to be transplanted into a larger pot?
For example, you are happy with the size of the plant and want to keep it busy, but the pot floor is depleted and the plant needs to be transplanted. Remove the plant from the pot and in a regular transplant. Replace the soil in the pot with new soil. Trim the root system a little with scissors – try to remove only the thin new roots. Plant the plant in the same pot it grew in before.
Some very large plants cannot be transplanted because of their size. But you also need to transplant new, more nutritious ones. In this case, you can remove the soil from the pot as much as possible, hold the plant and fill it with new water. This procedure can be done twice a year.
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How to transplant flowers from one pot to another: rules and recommendations
Almost every home system needs to be transplanted. If fast-growing species are not subjected to this process, the immunity is weakened, nutrition and respiration are impaired. All plants tolerate this process differently: Some immediately revive and begin to gain strength quickly, others are sick for some time. In this article we will consider how to properly transplant flowers and at what time.
When to transplant plants?
Transplant almost all indoor flowers. Carry out this manipulation:
- Routinely – in the spring, when the active development of the plant begins. At this point, the soil is depleted, the roots proliferate and begin not to pass drainage holes, and the pot becomes small, the flowers do not appear due to a lack of nutrients.
- Additionally – if the plant is sick. The reason – perhaps the roots have rotted, pests have appeared, the floor is acidified. In this case, the plant is also transplanted to death during flowering.
How to properly transplant flowers? This is the question every owner of indoor plants asks himself. This process is completely simple, but there are still some subtleties. It is necessary to know that the flower after the manipulation feels comfortable and quickly gains height. To do this.
- Do not fill the pot to the brim, but allow yourself about two centimeters above it.
- After transplanting, do not place the plant in direct sunlight and place it in a shady spot. Smaller specimens are recommended to hide in a plastic bag for three days, so that the person will accelerate rooting.
- Transplanting is best done in the spring when the flower growth is increased.
- Only young plants are transplanted annually. With adult plants, this procedure is carried out once every three years, and sometimes less often.
Some flower lovers note that it is better to transplant flowers during a waxing moon. At this time, the movement of nutrients from the root system along the stems to the foliage is accelerated.
The main types of transplants
The life expectancy and appearance of indoor plants depends entirely on proper care. Transplanting plays an important role in this process. How to properly transplant flowers? To do this, use one of the following types:
- Complete – in this case, the roots of the plant are cleaned from the old soil, and all the soil is replaced with new soil.
- Partial – also called envelope. The plant with the old clod of soil is transplanted into a new pot of larger volume, on the bottom of which fresh soil is poured.
- Replacing the top layer – more often used for large plants. The top layer is removed from the pot, and the free space is filled with new substrate.
Depending on certain conditions and the variety of flower in the pot, the soil is changed completely or partially.
choice of soil
How to transplant flowers The success of this process largely depends on the right choice of soil. For each plant is selected a special soil, specially designed for it. In a flower store, buy the necessary composition. If you hesitate to buy, read the instructions on the box. Pay special attention to the composition and acidity of the soil.
If the necessary substrate is not available, buy a mixture used for houseplants from the same family. For transplanting, do not use soil from your garden plot, the composition of which is probably not suitable for your flower. It may also contain pathogenic bacteria and pests. It is best to sterilize the soil in the oven at 100 degrees before using it. This is a good prevention against destroying viruses and germs.
What kind of pot to choose?
When transplanting a flower, the choice of a pot is not the last place. Experts advise to take such a container, so that the old one easily fits into the new one. This is the main feature for the right choice of containers. Plants are grown in:
- Containers – boxes with a hard bottom, in which several flower pots are placed;
- pots – equipped with drainage holes, if there are none, you will have to make them yourself, such a container must have a tray;
- Planter – a container with a solid bottom, in which a flower pot is inserted.
There are three types of containers:
- Clay – made of porous material, it absorbs moisture well, so it must be filled with water and saturated with moisture before use, so that it does not take it away from the flower after transplanting. In addition, thanks to the constant air exchange, the liquid evaporates and the salts are removed from the soil.
- Ceramics – are considered a classic. Significant weight makes them stable.
- Plastic – they are lightweight, the price is much lower than ceramic, they are easy to clean. Plastic retains moisture well, so with abundant watering can rotting of the roots and acidification of the soil. But there is a wide range on sale and you can choose any size and color.
Take into account all the positive points, assess your object and buy a suitable container.
Step by step instructions
Before transplanting, it is advisable to buy new pots, prepare the soil and drainage. You will also need rubber gloves, a fork, a knife, activated charcoal. A detailed step-by-step guide describing how to transplant flowers from pot to pot is given below:
- Prepare a container. It should be a centimeter or two larger in diameter than the previous one. Clay vessels should be filled with water for 24 hours to saturate them with moisture. Rinse the old container well with water, disinfect and dry.
- Install drainage. The thickness of the layer – no more than two centimeters. Seramsite, pebbles or small shards will do. Make sure that the hole is completely covered, but not clogged.
- Add some fresh soil. After pouring about 3 cm of soil, tap the pot on the table to flatten it.
- Take the flower out of the container. Pick up the clump of soil with a fork and run your knife along the inside of the pot. Laying the container on its side, you can easily pull it out with the fork along with the soil.
- Clean the roots. Gently shake off the soil with your hands, being careful not to damage it.
- Inspect the root system. Carefully examine all of the roots for rot. If it is found, remove the damaged parts with scissors and sprinkle charcoal over the cuts.
- Repot the plant in a new container. Lower the flower into the pot. Make sure the root neck is just below the edge of the container. Fill any empty spaces with moistened fresh substrate.
- Compact the soil with your hands. Add country.
- Lightly moisten the plant. Flowers growing in dry soil or with damaged roots should not be watered immediately after transplanting.
After the procedure, leave the plant alone for a few days.
Then spray and water.
Those who have indoor plants poorly take root, and it is time to transplant, worry about how to transplant a flower correctly, so that it does not suffer and grow quickly. To do this, you can use transplanting. The main difference from transplanting is that the ground ball with the roots is not broken. The flower is transplanted into a new pot of larger size with a partial replacement of the substrate. Repotting is a faster process than transplanting. In this case, the flowers are practically not stressed, and the procedure is painless for them. How to properly transplant flowers by the method of transplanting:
- Carefully remove the plant from the old pot. To do this, loosen the soil slightly around the edges by rubbing it with a knife. Place the pot on its side and remove the flower.
- Cleaning the roots is not necessary. Put some fresh soil at the bottom, take the plant by the bottom of the stem and move it to the new pot so that the clump of soil is in the center. The free space is filled with soil and tamped down so that the system is well anchored.
What to do with a giant flower?
Sometimes it becomes necessary to replace the soil in a very large pot, in which there is a large plant. How to properly transplant it? In this case, proceed as follows:
- Carefully remove the top layer of soil 6-8 centimeters.
- Take a wooden stick and loosen the soil between the roots to the maximum possible depth.
- Pour about four centimeters of fresh substrate and mix it with the loosened soil.
- Fill with fresh soil up to the previous level, water with standing water.
Before the next watering, pay attention to the height of the substrate, perhaps it has settled and needs to be refilled.
Do I need to water the plant when transplanting?
How to transplant flowers and whether they need to be watered before and after the procedure? Here the opinions of flower lovers differ. Some recommend abundantly watering the flower before transplanting, and then do not water for a long time. Others are categorically against watering before transplanting, and for – after. Experts consider the following option to be optimal:
- Water the plant a few days before transplanting so that the soil is not too dry. This way you can easily clean the root system from the old soil without damaging it.
- Transplant the plant into slightly moist soil so that it can get its nutrients immediately.
- Water moisture-loving plants every other day, cacti every other week and others every third day.
Before transplanting, ask on the Internet what time she watered this type of flower.
Recommendations of experienced flower growers
Flower lovers with extensive experience advise on how to transplant flowers, so as not to make mistakes:
- Do not use too large pots. This harms the plant: rotten mold on the roots, stunted growth, the cessation of flowering.
- Don’t assume that one nutrient mix is suitable for a plant. A clearly defined substrate must be used for everything. Only then it will fully develop, grow quickly and bloom lushly.
- Before transplanting, familiarize yourself with the species of plant. Some flower abundantly only when the roots are cramped.
- Do not combine pruning and transplanting flowers at the same time. This is a lot of stress, and some die after such procedures.
- Do not add fertilizer to new soil, as the root system is at great risk. They begin to use them when the substrate’s nutrients are depleted.
Repotting is one of the most important steps in caring for houseplants. Therefore, you must treat them responsibly.
After reading the article, now you know how to transplant a flower at home. It turns out that there is nothing complicated about it. Subtleties, of course, there are, as in any other venture. Attention has been paid to all the basics. And if you read everything carefully, there should be no problems with transplanting houseplants.