How to plant a tree correctly?

How to plant a tree? Step by step instructions

The question “How and when is the best time to plant a tree?” is not easy to answer. There are several factors: the species of tree you want on your site, and the climate in which you will grow the seedling. We can help you decide when it’s best to plant and how to choose the right seedling.

What species are trees divided into?

Conifers: pine, spruce, fir, larch, cypress and sequoia. They are also called evergreens.

Deciduous trees: oak, linden, ash, elm, willow, cherry, birch and others. They include flowering and fruit trees.

The health of a tree is directly related to the type of soil in your area. Determine the soil type so you can choose the right seedling species.

Here are the most common ones:

  1. Podzolic soils form under coniferous forests on the East European and West Siberian plains.
  2. Sod-podzolic soils are found mainly in the taiga in Siberia.
  3. To the east of the Yenisei River, the permafrost-podzol soils are replaced by podzols.
  4. Gray forests extend from the border with the Republic of Belarus in the west to Lake Baikal 3 in the east.
  5. Chestnut soils in Russia are common in the Caucasus, the Volga region and central Siberia.
  6. Black soils occupy the Volga region, the North Caucasus, the Southern Urals and Western Siberia.
  7. Brown soils are found in the mountains of the Crimea, in the Caucasus, in the foothills of the Altai and Western Sayan, as well as in the south of the Far East.

Choose a planting period and a suitable tree

Spring. In southern regions, spring planting is sometimes carried out at the end of March, in central Russia – in April or early May, in the north – closer to the beginning or middle of May.

Autumn. In the middle belt of Russia autumn planting takes place from mid-September to mid-October, in the northern regions – from early September to early October, in the southern regions – from October to November.

The choice of season depends only on the variety of seedling.

you want to get a harvest Pay attention to fruit trees: apples, pears, apricots, cherries, plums, cherries, rowanberries and sea buckthorn.

Plant stone and seed trees in the spring. Plant hardy apples and pears in the fall. Soil composition: clay, less often clay. Soil reaction: Stone fruit trees (except cherry) and opuntia – neutral and slightly alkaline soils; apple and pear – neutral and slightly acidic soils; cherry – acidic soil.

Tip: To determine the acidity of the soil, just buy an indicator stick in a garden supply store and follow the instructions on the package.

More interested in aesthetics? Choose ornamental species, which can be both coniferous and deciduous. This group includes thuas, Canadian maples, magnolias, Ola apples, junipers, barberries and many other types of trees and shrubs.

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Plant birches and oaks in the spring. In the fall, plant conifers and some deciduous trees: poplar, maple, linden, alder, ash, and willow. Soil composition: clay and sandy loam. Soil reaction: for most conifers – acidic soil, for deciduous trees – slightly acidic or neutral.

Coveet: Give preference to tree species already grazing in your area and buy seedlings from the nearest nurseries: there you will find plants acclimatized to local weather conditions.

How to determine soil composition:

  1. Take a handful of soil;
  2. moisten it with a small amount of water;
  3. Mazoment Pymams – Tectas;
  4. Belts – on Gpetshop Opex;
  5. Pacata by False Schnapp;
  6. KVEPT in Colzo;
  7. Cpavnytatat.

Bazno!: However, they are at the same time, they have the same time, and they will have the same time. You get a bastard for a boss, that’s the whole case in bon.


Step 1. bibeptimatimi, the same as climate and depewa. Consumption in the center is the day. Be conscious to be able to make it possible: you have a sip of the same and a sophistication of the same.

SHAG 2. PO P-EPO: You can also have a reinforcement packer for this time. There is no time when they love Colntse, DPygie tunes, and it’s the same thing.

STEP 3. Produced: Ochi are invented with Yami. How much, pampi pampi Shapa from Kopni and Earth, worship another.

Step 4. Slok to the lower path and plows it with a pack. Increased with pits and Xopo p. this time of day at 15 Cantimetika in Glebini and 20 Canticity Fertile.

Step 5. The focus of the pits and is to go on time. Akkipatno Pakpane and Paktelle.

Step 6. 3Acipaite – Plopopoli all, Zaytment – Reader C O-DNA. Poshtoyanno same and itpambotvy.

STEP 7. 3akpena Yami Oplovovina and Zalit. This is a lot to get liquid, they at a time, they have diopxid, kpepko itpambuyit and kooptit tsvolki lila for watering.

How to properly plant fruit trees – apple, pear and cherry seedlings on a plot

The cost of good seedlings does not compare with the mental and material costs that arise when young plants die or grow poorly.

Therefore, before planting trees with your own hands, it is important to work out a few rules, what seedlings to choose, when and how to plant pears, cherries and apples on the dacha.

Plant fruit trees in the spring

Planting fruit trees in the spring

How to choose seedlings of fruit trees before planting?

In order for the trees to grow quickly, not get sick and in the future to bear fruit abundantly, seedlings should be bought in special retail stores or nurseries. Seedlings grown in the same area where they will be planted will put down roots much faster than their seaside counterparts.

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What to look for when choosing fruit tree seedlings for planting

Groundwater in the cottage.
  • For tall trees with long roots, the depth of groundwater on the plot should not exceed 3 meters.
  • Semidwarf plants are planted in the soil, so that groundwater does not rise higher than 2.5 m;
  • Dwarf tree seedlings with a surface root system require a site where groundwater is at a level above 1.5 meters.
soil quality

Choosing a location at random is a mistake. Seedlings will develop poorly and with great delay by the time of the fear of fruit festival. If we talk about the predilection of fruit plants for soil conditions, apple grows well on meadow-podzolic, forest gray and chernozem soils with a neutral reaction. Pears grow on wet, sparsely cultivated soils, sandy loam and loam. Cherry is medium-grown and bright.


Fruit trees Good lighting is crucial. The more it the plants get, the bigger and sweeter their fruits will be. On this basis, planting seedlings on the southern (less often southwestern) side of the plot is made in a place protected from the wind.


The place allocated for the planting of apple, pear and cherry trees, choose after calculating the height of all the trees. If different crops grow in the garden with a height of 5 m, 4 m and 3 m, they should be planted from each other at a distance of 6 to 9 m. If the seedlings are thicker, they will not die from it, but will not continue, but will not grow wide, but will hit the market, but interfere with each other, mix, rub, rub and shade.

Age of tree seedlings.

The best option for plants is a tree that is under 2 years old. How can you tell the age of a seedling tree? The absence of branches on the trunk will help determine such a sapling. Plants with branches, overgrown roots, with growths on the stem and leaves, it is not recommended to buy gardeners.

Seedlings with dried and rooted roots

Ask the seller what kind of seedling it is – grafted or rooted! Pear and apple trees are essential. Plums and cherries are much less common.

How do you tell the difference between a seedling or not? If grafting is done by a bud, the trunk of the seedling is slightly curved (another sign – look for a noticeable fine on the trunk). There are no signs of grafting – then they are trying to cheat you!

Fruit trees - nursery sale

Fruit trees – sale in the nursery

The best option is to buy seedlings in a container or with an earth clump that completely covers the root system. To ensure that the roots (the benchmark for tree quality) of freshly planted seedlings are not dry, they are planted within a few days of purchase. Fruit trees in containers are always planted for gardeners – from late fall to early spring.

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When should a tree be planted?

The timing of planting fruit trees is determined by the biological properties of the variety and climatic conditions. Apples and pears are planted twice: in early fall and early spring.

Tree planting in spring

Spring planting begins when the last snow falls and ends ten days before the buds open. As a fertilizer for planting apple trees, cherry trees and pears, natural manure is used. They fill the bottom of the hole with it. If the seedlings settle down a little (in about a week), growth activators are added to the soil.

Tree planting in autumn

The survival rate of fruit trees planted in the rainy season (dying off of plants) is almost 100%. Beautiful soil filled with water and relatively warm air temperature contribute to the stable rooting rate of fruit seedlings. Interestingly, when plants are planted in the fall, before the onset of frost, the seedlings go into hibernation and stop giving young roots before they begin to grow. Roots are protected by a layer of organic matter and mulch in a snowy winter. Material prepared for

Planting trees in winter

Winter planting is relevant when it comes to rough. Young seedlings of fruit trees are not planted in frozen soil.

Plant trees in summer

During hot times there is abundant evaporation of moisture by the leaves. Short roots lack moisture, and they do not grow. Seedlings planted in the summer are doomed to die.

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Step-by-step instructions on how to grow seedlings yourself recommendations for beginners

1. Preparing the soil

The creation of the future orchard begins with the preparation of the soil. Weeds are removed mechanically or with the help of herbicides. Pre-planting cultivation is carried out – deep plowing and filling the soil with mineral and organic fertilizers.

2. Preparation of holes for tree planting

If fruit-trees are planned to be planted in spring, the preparation of soil and pits starts in autumn. For this purpose, a square hole is dug under each seedling, 50-70 cm deep, with sides of 1-1.5 m. In the hole, put used branches, old leaves, compost, leaves leaves, etc. On top of them fill with soil and let them decompose until the spring planting.

For fall planting, pits are prepared a month before planting. At the bottom lay gravel for good drainage, a layer of broken bricks and coarse river sand. Then the planting hole is filled with decomposed manure, peat and complex mineral fertilizer. On top of the fertilizer is filled with soil 5-10 cm thick, mixed with humus.

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The floor is poured into the hole in the form of a cone.

It is categorically forbidden to level the walls of the hole with a shovel – not loose, compacted soil hinders air exchange and limits the growth of new roots.

3. Plant the seedlings in the prepared soil

After the bottom is established, a stable wooden post is hammered into the center of the hole. Reliable support does not allow the wind to sway the young plant and prevents the formation of voids between the bottom and the roots.

The day before planting, broken branches and roots are removed from the seedlings, renewed and easily trimmed with garden shears to healthy tissue.

Planting trees – rule number 1

The root neck of the sapling should be above ground level. Significant deepening of the plant’s trunk into the ground leads to bark rotting and further death.

Identify the root neck on the trunk is quite simple – it is the border of the transition of the bark of the tree from greenish to milky brown color.

Root neck of a seedling – diagram Root neck of a seedling – tree view

When planting, the top of the ground cone should be at the base of the knee. The roots are gently spread across the slope and covered with soil, focusing on the root neck. It should be 5-6 cm above the surface of the floor.

When filling the tree with chernozem, shake it a little so that the voids between the roots are filled with soil. Otherwise, drying out may occur.

Near the trunk, the soil is slightly compacted with your foot and watered with a weak stream of water at the rate of 3 buckets per tree. Wait until the soil has settled down a bit. Water again and compact well.

After watering, the roots may protrude slightly from the ground. After a few days, you will submerge them in the ground.

The open root of the plant needs to be kept moist. Root cuttings so you plant the tree properly

Plant a tree from a container

Plant a seedling tree from a container from a container from a container from a container from a container

Plant a seedling with a clump of soil

Plant a tree with a clump of earth. Plant a tree – water it and cover it with earth

Care for the tree after planting

Young trees require a lot of attention in the first two years of life. Moderate regular watering and feeding, loosening and weed control are important. In dry times, the soil should be thoroughly loosened after every watering or occasional rain.

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Mulching of bedding circles should not be neglected. Rotting mulch (grass clippings of cereals) performs several useful functions simultaneously:

  • provides good ventilation of the root system;
  • protects the soil from drying out;
  • does not allow weeds to germinate;
  • protects against soil freezing in winter;
  • Feeding provides organic nutrients;
  • prevents the formation of a soil crust.

Excessively moist soils are not mulched.

Mulching trees after planting

Trees are mulched after planting.

For the winter, trees are isolated and marked with flax seeds or needle branches.

The first pruning of young trees is done in the second year of life.

Supports for fruit trees with their own hands – tips

Useful recommendations from gardeners:

How to plant an apple tree?

Growing varieties of some apple trees can blossom already in the first spring. But they are not yet developed enough to form a full harvest in the fall. For good rooting, the buds are cut off even before flowering. In the second year (provided that the plant develops without problems), a few dozen flowers remain on the tree.

According to them, distinguish the most adapted to light varieties of apple trees: “Moscow Grushevka”, “Antonovka ordinary”, “Summer Patrol”, “Cranberry”, “Dessert Isaeva”, “Gift”, “Perevoznoe new”. Good varieties: “Kitayka Kerr”, “Arkadik”, “Oval”, “Medunitsa”, “Candy”.

How to plant a pear tree?

Most pear varieties known to gardeners do not have special requirements for exposure and soil composition. But pear trees grow and develop better in rich, loose soils and well-lit areas. Young plants do not tolerate thinness. In the first years, they need abundant and frequent watering. Pears bear fruit at the age of 3 to 8 years.

As a result of hybridization of species, a large number of interesting varieties, which are specialists in the field of breeding, have been bred. Among the popular ones are: “Clapp’s favorite pear”, “Lada pear”, “Nekrasovka pear”, “Cathedral”, “Allegro”, “Dibrovskaya”, “Belle Cherneko”.

How to plant a cherry tree?

The fruiting of cherries largely depends on the planting on the plot. The wrong choice leads to poor growth and poor yields. The root system of the cherry tree, located close to the surface, is sensitive to drought. Therefore, care for it after watering is extremely careful.

In the gardens of our country”, “Prima”, “Turgenevka”, “Lyubskaya”, “Zhukovskaya”, “Generous”.

Planting a tree with their own hands – Video

How to grow a tree from seeds?

Well-frozen seeds are washed and soaked in a stimulating solution for three days (with water changed daily). They are planted immediately in autumn. For planting in the spring, several months are stored in the freezer for straining.

Remember that trees grown with their own hands are very tall. Unlike the cultivated fruit trees that all nurseries offer, they are not initially grafted onto a dwarf population.

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