Lemon tree – how to grow at home
Exotic lemon tree with fragrant and useful fruits grow not only in warm countries. The technique of growing lemon has been mastered by many flower growers, and now they proudly display this plant along with the usual violets or geraniums. The beauty of the citrus tree is that it grows beautifully even at home, but does not always bear fruit. How to grow a lemon with fruit? We will tell you the secrets of planting, feeding and protection of plants in the house or a regular city apartment.
Description of the home lemon
In countries where lemons grow, tropical and subtropical climates prevail. There, the trees grow up to 8 meters tall and produce large, juicy fruits in the open ground. The largest fruits are the varietal.
The largest lemon in the Guinness Book of Records weighed 5,265 g, and the fruit did not grow anywhere, but in the house of an ordinary Israeli, Aharon Shemiel.
The record lemon tree is, of course, an exception to the rule. Indoor plants are more modest. Their height rarely reaches 2 m, usually being limited to 1.5 m, but the crown of the tree is spreading, the leaves are dense, shiny, leathery, a pleasant green color. After three years, the leaves fall off and new ones gradually grow in their place.
The leaves of the lemon are miniature deposits of valuable aromatic essential oil, which makes the fruit not to be confused with the fruits of the world. In addition to the wonderful aroma, they have disinfectant properties, which means the lemon tree is safe to grow for anyone who cares about their health.
The real gift is the blooming period of the house tree. Beautiful flowers white outside and slightly pink inside emit a subtle fragrance and delight the owner of the plant. Later, the fruits are set. They are somewhat smaller than varieties grown in soil – lemons. However, absolutely all the valuable substances in them are fully preserved.
How to grow lemons at home
At home, the lemon is grown on a windowsill or on the floor in a large tub. You can plant a lemon at home in a pot (a small flower), and with good care, it bears fruit all year round, giving up to 30 small tasty fruits. On average, from one “apartment tree” take off up to 150 citrus fruits, which are not inferior in taste to their large southern counterparts. Interestingly, it is realistic to grow a large home tree even from a seed or to propagate it with cuttings.
A prerequisite for growing at home is a spacious room with lots of light. The tree is rather capricious to the soil, it is attacked by diseases and pests.
It is worth considering: from the moment of planting to the first fruits often takes more than a year, or even two. In general, the waiting period is 5 years.
However, if you have stood the test with honor by providing good home conditions for the lemons, the tree will please you for several years in a row. Over the years, the harvest of home grown lemons only increases.
Growing lemons from a seed
It is possible to grow lemons at home from a seed. Each ripe fruit contains several seeds ready for propagation. In order for the seeds to sprout from the pit, it is important to take them out of the citrus and plant them. The distance between the seeds should be 5-7 cm.
Drainage containing peat is placed on the bottom of the seed love. For indoor flowers, ordinary soil, which is sold in every flower store, is suitable.
During the germination stage, it is important to make sure that the soil remains moist, but not too wet. You should not overfill the lemon tree, otherwise the seeds will simply rot.
After about two weeks, the first sprout appears – delicate and weak. Now it is important to cover it with glass, put it in a bright place, where direct sunlight does not fall. From time to time – 2 times a day – you need to remove the glass and allow the sprout to breathe, to be oxygenated, and then hide back under the glass.
The future lemon tree will get stronger, the first real leaves will appear. Then the sprouts are planted in door pots, necessarily with drainage – gravel, gravel, brick chips. The diameter of the pot should not be less than 10 cm, otherwise the young tree will be too narrow. And only when the tree reaches 20 cm, it is transplanted to the “permanent place in the apartment” in a large pot or bath.
Lemon from Stecklingen
Growing lemons at home is possible and enroll them in flower culture and horticulture centers or special children’s gardens. When buying rucola, pay attention to lemon tree varieties. Those that root well are:
- Chinese Dwarf or Meyer is a mixture of lemon and orange, giving everyone a tea lemon.
- New Afon or New Georgian – delicious fruit with a thin peel.
- Ponderosa or Canadian – an original blend of lemon and grapefruit.
- Eureka with delicious, aromatic fruits.
- Genoa with a high yield of small, aromatic lemons.
All of these varieties have excellent rooting ability in an apartment or private home, good harvests and a pleasant taste. Planting lemon cuttings is best planned in early spring. The cuttings themselves should be strong, about 13-15 cm high and preferably have leaves.
The bottom of the future home lemon tree is sunny, do not let the soil dry out and regularly ventilate.
Care of a lemon tree at home
Lemon at home actively grows when the gardener is not lazy to care for the home plant, provides all the conditions, makes sure that the tree was light, moist and spacious.
One of the pruning and pruning of trees for a good harvest of lemons, timely feeding and keeping the water temperature convenient for lemons during watering is a must.
Although there are a lot of rules, you won’t need a lot of time. A little effort, patience, and the lemon tree is sure to bloom and bear fruit.
Soil for the lemon tree
As we have already said, the soil for the lemon tree must contain peat. In addition, it is important to saturate it with sand, humus, to ensure good drainage. The lemon tree likes phosphorous, loose, weakly acidic and neutral substrates.
Before planting a cuttings or sprouted seeds it would be good to sift the soil through a coarse sieve or sieve with large cells. Not bad – sprinkle it in the oven, oven, to kill pathogens.
It is also good to drench the floor with a weak solution of manganese. If you choose the relationship yourself, it is difficult to trust the selection of specialists: you need to buy land from a reliable nursery or gardening center.
Temperature and lighting for lemon
Lemon trees grow in warm countries, so it is important to create conditions at home as close to natural as possible. Citrus trees like bright rooms with plenty of air.
It is best to place the tree on the south side of the house. Small indoor plants under a glass dome, and “fledged” – without it. The optimal temperature is 21-24 degrees. In addition, if you regularly turn the tub or pot and expose the home tree to different sides of the light, the plant will grow more evenly, the crown will develop beautifully.
But direct sunlight is harmful to the home tree – it is important to avoid them by protecting the windows with blinds or a screen.
Residents of suburban homes, it is useful to regularly take a bath in the fresh air. House lemons just love to be aired, bathed in warmth and sunlight. To keep them from burning out, the pot or tub is put back under the crown of a large tree.
In nature after summer comes autumn, and so the lemon tree waits for the change of seasons. From November to March it should be moved to a cooler room with a temperature of d o 10 degrees.
Lemon watering and humidity
The root system of lemon trees is destroyed in wet soil and dries out in too dry soil. Therefore, the gardener should know how often to water the lemon and in what condition the soil needs to be moistened.
- First of all, it makes sense to start with water preparation. It should be slightly warm, clean and watered. You can take rainwater or, for example, melt water.
- It is poured as soon as the soil dries out a little, but not yet hardened – the lemon does not like this. The tree likes humidity in the range of 70%, it is easy to trace when buying a device.
- Many flower growers practice growing lemon trees on a pallet with expanded clay. The material perfectly absorbs water and gradually gives it away to the environment, creating the most comfortable microclimate for the home tree.
In summer, citrus trees are sprayed with water – the leaves become sturdy, shiny, and elastic to the touch.
Fertilizer for lemon is best to buy ready-made and use 1-2 times a month. Good reviews from the composition “Ideal”, “Zdraven” – Russian supplements are democratic. If your store does not have them, look at the composition: it should contain manganese, boron and zinc.
The instructions usually write whether it is possible to use the remedy during flowering, how to feed a young lemon that has recently given fruit.
A proven folk remedy is common ash. In the winter from December to February it a few times to feed domestic lemons. A tablespoon of ash per liter of water is enough to make a good nutrient solution for a tropical tree.
How to shape the crown
The second year of the tree’s life is the time to form the crown or pruning. This is usually started in late February to prepare the tree for the active spring growth, flowering and fruiting phase.
Crowning also noticeably ennobles the native tree. It looks fluffy and pretty and begins to branch beautifully. The process looks like plucking or pruning with a secateurs the head about 10-20 cm from the beginning of the shoot. Low stems are the key to high yields and strong stems.
To end up with a beautiful and lush crown, act strictly according to the instructions, forming shoots from the first to the fifth order.
The process is not fast, but the result is a lush and noble lemon tree.
To get lemon flowers at home, it is useful for gardeners the remedy “buto” or “ovary” and regularly spray the lemon tree with it. Theoretically, the lemon tree has flowers of two sexes at once, which can “go to the joint” without interference.
In practice, tree owners try to hasten the natural process by running a soft brush along the stamens and then finishing it on neighboring flowers. Do everything very carefully: lemon flowers are delicate and fragile creatures.
Lemon blossom time turns into a real holiday for the owner of the home tree. The large white-pink flowers contain a lot of essential oils and smell incredibly delicious. It takes about 4-5 weeks from the time the first buds appear until flowering begins, but lemons bloom for more than 1.5 months.
Once the flowers fall, the fruit sets. You have to wait from 200 years to home – lemons for tea can be plucked. There is an important nuance here.
As soon as the young lemon tree blooms for the first time, it is advisable to cut off the buds.
This way the home tree will develop normally. But already in the second flowering, the buds remain, waiting for the ripe fruit.
Pruning the lemon
About the pruning of the indoor lemon there is a heated debate among flower growers. Some believe that it is best to prune in early spring. Others believe that it is important to carry out this procedure in winter to improve fruiting.
In any case, the procedure is carried out in the first year of the tree’s life, pruning the trunk at a height of about 20 cm. The 4 buds are just as important – new shoots will emerge from them, and new shoots will emerge from them, and new shoots will emerge from them, and new shoots will emerge from them, and new shoots will emerge from them, and new shoots will emerge from them, and new shoots will emerge from them, and from them will appear new shoots, and from them will appear new shoots, and from them will appear beautiful branches, and on the sides of the tree will grow beautiful branches, and the home tree will look great, and it will be beautiful and voluptuous.
A seed grafted house lemon is much less likely to become diseased and the tree looks stronger overall, producing a crop of large, tasty fruit.
For the procedure of grafting home lemon on a fruit tree, a cuttings – a scion with buds, then it is pulled and inserted into the prepared “hole”. Gradually, the cuttings grow together with the tree and are ready for an independent life.
How to transplant a lemon
Transplanting a lemon into a new pot is carried out only when the root system of the house plant has formed. If the owner throws the young tree, the roots will be fished out of the hole for drainage, but it is better not to get into such a situation.
Since over time the home lemon takes up more and more space, each transplanting of the tree is an occasion to buy a spacious pot or a decorative tub. The transplanting itself is best done in late February, before the beginning of the active growth period. Although some flower growers prefer to do it in the fall.
The main condition for transplanting is accuracy. The lemon is removed, the damaged roots are cut, sprinkled with pieces of charcoal or the means “Kornevin”. Then the tree is placed in a new pot and gradually begin to cover the roots with fresh soil. To eliminate the voids, the soil is slightly kneaded with hands and then poured with water.
Diseases and pests of the lemon home causes and treatment
Lemon diseases are usually terrible for those plants for which the owner is not very carefully cared for. It can be yellow spots or with shiny droplets, suddenly falling leaves. Eventually, the tree may begin to protest, simply refusing to bloom and bear fruit. How do I identify diseases and pests? How to help an ornamental lemon?
Lemon leaves turning yellow
When home lemon leaves turn yellow, flower growers immediately close – it lacks iron and buy fertilizer to feed the plant with this valuable trace element. A very effective fertilizer for lemon, and for any home fruit crops – the means of Russian agronomists called Fasko.
Lemon drops leaves
If the lemon suddenly dropped its leaves, this is a sure sign of the stress in which the houseplant is. Think about it: why did it happen? Maybe you drastically changed its place of permanent residence, placing it under the scorching rays of the sun? It is worth taking a closer look at trees made at home: arrange artificial lighting in the winter, feed it, monitor the soil so it does not dry out. Lemons equally dislike both acidic and dry soil.
Lemon drying out.
If the lemon has leaves around the edges, it may be lacking certain nutrients, such as phosphorus, which is contained in the soil itself.
Then it is worth quickly feeding the home plant with a quality fertilizer. You can choose a ready-made fertilizer, although a proven and favorite “delicacy” from lemons is the usual ash. The tree is fed not often – once a month, often – twice a month, but if there are signs of disease, you can easily increase the amount of feeding about 2 times.
Why does the lemon not flower and fruit?
Home lemon refuses to flower and bear fruit only in one case – it does not have enough strength for active growth, development and even more so for fruiting. Therefore, with all the desire to see them, the beginning buds are cut off in the first year of life on the tree. In general, a lemon tree grown from seed yields no earlier than 8 years after planting. But the mature one bears fruit in 3 years.
Homemade citrus grown by grafting method with collapse, please with lemons already in a year.
One proven method of speeding up the fruiting of the tree is transportation. The branches are connected at the bottom with rings of stiff wire. The procedure, although it seems harsh, perfectly stimulates the appearance of the first flowers.
Even a homegrown tree is not immune to pest attacks.
- One enemy of the house lemon is shaggy lice or mealybugs. They love dry weather and are afraid of dampness. The risk of worms is minimized if you occasionally wipe the leaves of the tree with a damp delicate cloth.
- Another plague is the scale. To the touch, it looks like shiny drops of Bussiness. Treat the home lemon from the scale with a weak soap solution – put only 2 tbsp. of soap per liter of clean water and dissolve them thoroughly, dissolve them in a container. The leaves of the tree are wiped with the soap solution, and then washed with running water (you can in the shower). At the end, the leaves are necessarily wiped dry.
- Small dots of light shade indicate the presence of spider mite, and lemon leaves are in vitro. The tree is treated with sulfur, which is sold in garden centers of the right concentration.
To summarize, growing an ornamental lemon tree at home is a problematic but useful activity. With good care, careful attitude, the tree will last up to 40 years and more. It will give health, joy, clean air with tropical aromas.
And, of course, the main prize – fragrant lemons with their own hands. Before planting a lemon, it’s worth weighing the pros and cons and assessing your own strength.
How to care for lemon growth at home in a pot
Home lemon is an interesting and original plant, which can often be found in the home of flower lovers. Growing such a culture is not difficult, it will decorate any corner, will bring a note of exoticism and a light fresh fragrance. Despite the fact that the lemon tree grows well as an indoor flower, getting its fruits is quite a difficult task, requiring patience, knowledge and special care.
The lemon tree is one of the most coveted citrus species, native to the tropics. It is cultivated commercially in India, China, the USA and Italy. Heat and high humidity are necessary for its harmonious development. In nature, the crop grows over two meters tall.
To wait for the fruiting of the indoor plant, you need to learn some of the nuances and tricks of how to care for lemons in a pot at home. An important role is also played by the choice of variety – if the plant will perform not only a decorative function, you should choose a tree that can fully develop in a limited space.
The indoor lemon is an evergreen dwarf tree with thorns on the branches. The leaves of the lemon are light green, elongated, and very dense. They contain glands of essential oils that bring a pleasant, fresh citrus aroma into the room. The young leaves are characterized by a rich purplish-purple hue. The buds develop in about five weeks. The flowers are white, clustered in a single inflorescence and are distinctly fragrant. The flower can grow for up to nine weeks.
Lemon in buds.
The ripening process of the fruit can take more than nine months. They are usually egg-shaped with a tubercle at the base. The color and size can range from dark green to pale, almost yellow, or striped. Some lemons weigh more than 100 g and some weigh up to 50 g.
Important! If ripe fruits are not plucked, they can hang for a long time without losing their attractive appearance, but the taste will deteriorate – the pulp will become dry and hard.
Decorative properties of the lemon
Thanks to its beautiful crown and exotic appearance, the lemon will decorate any corner of the house or terrace. The plant is evergreen, looks great all year round and emits a fresh, exquisite scent. Beautiful fragrant flowers and ripening fruits add spice and originality. The shape of the crown is regulated by pruning.
Best varieties for home
The best varieties for home cultivation:
- Pavlovsky. One of the best indoor varieties. The tree is unpretentious, self-pollinating, tolerant of poor light. The lemon grows up to two meters, fruiting well – an average of 20 fruits per season. An older plant can yield up to 60 lemons. The fruits have an expressive odor and few seeds. Flowering time is early spring and fall.
- Vulcan. Dwarf tree – does not exceed one and a half meters in height, a hybrid of lemon and kumquat. A hardy plant which is not afraid of temperature changes and low humidity. It is characterized by small fruits up to 4 cm in length with a thin skin.
- Kiev large-fruited. An excellent option for growing in the middle belt – in the summer the plant can be taken outdoors and planted in the greenhouse. Characterized by continuous flowering – the tree can bear fruit 4 times a year. Fruits are large, tasty, leaves and flowers are large, very fragrant. The crown should be pruned to increase productivity.
- Zitron Meyer. Dwarf variety is characterized by a good rose, small, very sour and juicy fruits. Care for squirrels – requires frequent watering, feeding. Does not respond to a lack of light and changes in air temperature.
- Genoa. It is of high quality, medium-sized (about 100 g). Lemons are oval, ringing, bright yellow or greenish. The flesh is tender, juicy, not too sour, the shell is edible, thick, poorly separated.
- Eureka. The variety is evaluated for ornamentality – a beautiful crown with a wide face and small fruits, often reminiscent of watermelon in color: striped, yellow-green. The flesh is an interesting pink color, very sour, but juicy.
The most reliable way to breed a tree of a suitable variety is to buy a seedling in a special store. The method of grafting, cuttings and planting a seedling are more complicated and time-consuming options.
Werther’s control and growing problems
In order to breed a lemon tree at home, you need to provide the system with optimal conditions and learn the basic principles of lemon care. The culture needs regular watering and good light, but does not respond well to direct sunlight, the light should be diffused. The best place in the house is the southern and eastern side. Lemons can be placed on a windowsill or a glazed balcony.
Lemon on a windowsill.
- Temperature requirements. Lemon – a southern plant, which is very fond of heat and sensitive to its changes. In summer, the culture develops well at a temperature of 25 to 30 degrees, in winter 14-17 degrees is enough. It is important that the difference between day and night temperature does not exceed 4-5 degrees. If it is too hot, the tree may drop the buds, if it is cold – they will not form at all.
- Humidity level. Lemon is a tropical plant, needs moisture, regular watering, spraying. The minimum degree of humidity for the harmonious development of the culture is 60 percent. With a lack of it, the leaves of the lemon begin to dry and curl.
- Care in different seasons. In different seasons, the cultivation of the lemon has its own peculiarities. In the spring, the tree begins to grow intensively and build up green mass. At this time, it needs more sunlight and regular airing of the room. The culture responds well to nutrition. With the onset of steady heat, it is better to move the lemon to a balcony or terrace and take it outdoors. Experienced florists recommend digging up the tree in the garden in the summertime. Such a rest helps to strengthen the plant, accumulate strength for the whole year. Special attention should be paid to the place for the lemon – it is necessary to exclude constructions, direct sunlight and flooding during rain. In the fall, the object is returned indoors, leaves are carefully removed, branches and trunk are inspected. The lemon is planted in a permanent place. The frequency of watering is gradually reduced. In winter, most plants go into dormancy, care is reduced to a minimum: the leaves are sprayed, watering is carried out only when the soil dries out. If there is a lack of light, fluorescent lamps are used. Some lemons go to the branches with fruit in winter. In this case, it is necessary to continue the usual care of the plant: watering, spraying, feeding and light lighting. At the end of winter, you can still prune dry or diseased branches, if necessary, transplant the tree.
- Lemon pot pollination. Lemon flowers are double, and the tree most often pollinates itself. If there are problems and the ovaries do not form, you can use the preparations “ovary”, “bud”. Another method that gardeners sometimes use is manual pollination. The ovary is removed from the flower with a cotton swab and transferred properly to the stamens of another. This is a very conscientious process that requires care and patience.
Tips. Experienced florists recommend that if there is a large mass of ovaries and flowers, remove some of them – the plant does not have enough power to supply all the fruits with enough nutrients, and their quality deteriorates significantly.
- Control of pests and diseases. Lemon tree is quite resistant to diseases and pests. Causes of disease can be improper care, contamination of the soil or other plants, weakened immunity. The main pests:
- Aphids. With a small number of insects that eat the leaves, the plant is well washed. If there are many aphids, the lemon is treated with insecticides, change the soil (beforehand, a heat treatment should be carried out).
- Caption. If necessary, the leaves are washed with a soapy solution and treated with insecticides.
- Spider mite. A solution of boric acid is used.
- Sad fungus – the plant is washed, the room is ventilated.
- Scabies, Oddity (often the reason that the leaves and fruits begin to fall off) – the affected areas are removed, the system is treated with Bordeaux liquid (5%).
- Gommosis, root rot – the plant is removed from the container, the affected areas of the roots are removed and treated with a solution of parganoic acid potassium. The floor should be replaced with a new one, plant the plant. Under no circumstances should the root neck be buried.
Viral diseases of the lemon are not treated.
Lemon with fallen leaves
How to plant a lemon from a seed
Growing a lemon from a pith at home is the least expensive way to propagate and obtain a beautiful fruit tree. In addition, the plant grown in this way is strong and easily adapted to the right conditions.
Conditions for seedling germination
One of the criteria affecting the cultivation of lemons is the quality of the planting material. Seed seedlings should be freshly glued and dried for several hours at room temperature. It is better to plant several seeds at the same time – not all will germinate, and the sprouts already formed may die.
Preparing a place for seedlings
For seedlings to germinate, the optimal conditions are shady places with a temperature of 17 to 22 degrees. The container should preferably be covered with glass and bonding film to create a comfortable humid microclimate. When the sprout appears, the film is removed, the pot is transferred to a well-warmed place.
Planting a lemon seed
Soil for citrus
To breed lemon, use a ready mix for citrus, which can be bought in a special store. Prepare the soil itself is not difficult: you need to mix sand, lawn soil and humus. On the underside of the container should be placed drainage – fine gravel.
Selection of the pot
First, seeds are planted in small containers (plastic cups). When the leaves appear, it is necessary to monitor the number of shoots. If one sprout has two of them, it is necessary to remove them. When the pagon gets stronger, forms a developed root system, it can be transplanted together with an earth shock into a pot of acceptable size. It is better to use a ceramic or clay pot with a palette.
Tips. As the lemon grows, it is recommended to transplant the plant into a pot 1-2 cm larger in diameter than the previous one each year. It is better to do this in late winter or early spring. A sure sign that the container for the tree has become too small – the roots break out.
Lemon is a moisture-demanding plant and should be watered with settled room temperature water. Water when the soil in the pot is dry (about 2-3 times a week). If you over water, you can harm the plant – the roots will begin to rot. The leaves will turn yellow and fall off, and the plant will become weak. Beginner growers often mistake this condition for a lack of moisture and water the plant even more often.
Spraying the leaves and soil is much more effective for the lemon. In hot weather, you can spray the tree 2-3 times a day. Such an intervention not only refreshes and nourishes the plant, but also washes away the dust, allowing it to breathe.
Some tricks are also used to help moisten lemons:
- Damp expanded clay is poured into the tray – it will evenly saturate the soil with evaporation.
- The plant is moved to the kitchen – the humidity is always higher there.
- Room flowers are grouped together – so the microclimate will improve, the moisture will be preserved.
Important! After each watering, you need to carefully loosen the top layer of soil in the pot.
During the germination of the shoot from the seed, the air temperature should not exceed 20 degrees. During active growth and the formation of ovaries, in spring and summer, the lemon needs heat – it feels well at temperatures up to 30 degrees. In the dormant period (winter), comfortable conditions for the tree – up to 17 degrees.
How to plant a lemon tree
Lemon from a stone bears fruit at 6-7 years after planting. To speed up this process and grow a tree of your favorite variety, you can use the sprouting method.
If you properly garter the lemon, it will begin to bear fruit in the 2nd or 3rd year.
To carry out this process, you need to spread the seedling, give it time to get stronger and develop roots. The second step is the creation of quality mother material. This can be a cuttings of an adult variety of lemon intended for home cultivation. You will also need some materials: a second knife, masking tape, garden jam, damp cloth.
The best period for grafting is April August.
Method of occupation:
- Hand and tool disinfection is done.
- At the level of the trunk 5 cm on the bark, a T-shaped incision of 1 cm and vertically 2.5 cm is made.
- The seed branch is cut at an angle (a thin plate with bark should remain).
- The cut is inserted into the cut – it should press the tree tightly.
- The grafting place is wrapped with duct tape.
Two buds can be grafted at the same time.
Grafting into a hedge
Split grafting method:
- Prunes are cut to a height of 5 cm.
- Select a graft stock to suit the size of the stem.
- Make an oblique cut (in the form of a blade) and a horizontal 2-3 cm deep cut on the trunk.
- A branch is inserted into the cut, the grafting place is wrapped with adhesive tape and treated with garden varnish.
With grafted plant remove all the leaves, the lemon is covered with glass or bottle. If after a few days, the flux decreases, then the grafting was unsuccessful.
Grafting by division
When growing a lemon tree, it should be fertilized with citrus fertilizer, rich in the trace elements zinc and boron. Pruning is good for high fruiting swaths. First, the central shoot is cut at a height of 20 cm. Branches of the second and third order should be held back when they grow to 18 cm, flower buds are formed on the parts of the fourth order.
Growing a lemon tree at home to maintain its fruit is a long, lengthy process that requires a lot of effort and patience. It is necessary to provide the right temperature regime, humidity level and lighting. Lemon multiplication by seed is the cheapest option for novice gardeners. After quality grafting, a harvest can be expected 2-3 years after planting the tree.