Cross-loss: types, methods of cultivation
The fight against the cross loss of vegetable plants has a somewhat bitter taste. Nowadays it is becoming more and more popular. The unusual taste is due to the presence of mustard oil in the green parts of this herb.
The useful properties of this herb have been known since antiquity. Hippocrates spoke about the healing properties of herbs, their ability to purify the blood and have a general refreshing effect on the body as a whole. In ancient Egypt, it was used to improve male health and increase potency.
Thanks to its improvement, it increasingly appears on the beds and windowsills of the inhabitants of Russia.
Description of cruciferous
The plant is herbaceous, can be biennial. It is classified as a dietary.
Cross salute has several names: water bark, Crested sowing, tsitsmat. It is a member of the Cruciferous family, genus Cottonwood. It is native to Iran, but also grows naturally in Egypt, Ethiopia and Asia. It has been known in Mediterranean camps since antiquity. The first successful attempts at its cultivation were made there as well.
The height of the shrub can vary from 30 to 60 cm. Its root is simple. The leaves are colored, like the shoots, in a light green color. Flowers can have different colors, there are: white and pink. After abundant flowering in June – July, fruits resembling pods appear. The plant is best grown in sunny or slightly shaded areas. Loves neutral or slightly acidic soil with a high content of nutrients, watering in moderation. Propagated by seeds.
There are several subspecies of the plant: sowing, with solid leaves and curly. All of them differ from each other in appearance.
The curly clump of lettuce has a semi-free rosette, and its leaves are extremely unusual, carved. The bush is about 15-17 cm in diameter.
Lettuce with solid leaves has a flat, large rosette that can reach up to 20 cm. It can grow to a height of about 5 to 6 cm. This variety refers to late maturing varieties such as Dutak.
Types of rootstock sprawl
The large-fruited seedling is something in between the other two species. It has a large, semi-winged emergence and large, dimensional leaves. It owns the highest growth. For example, ‘Fun’, ‘Dange’.
Species and varieties
The table shows the most popular varieties.
|With solid leaves||Ducat||Characterized by high growth. It takes an average of 2 weeks from the first sprouts (technically) to ripening. The maximum height is 15 cm, the diameter is 25 cm. The number of leaves varies from 8 to 16, they are large, colored light green. They are characterized by a pleasant mustard flavor with a light tip.|
|Brei t-Leaved||Relates to a variety of medium maturity. Can be eaten within 1 month after planting. Grows very fast, reaches 12 cm in length, the leaves are very tender, have a green color and a pleasant spicy taste. Used in the preparation of meat, fish and salads.|
|Curly||Broken||A variety with a medium-early maturity period. Ready to eat in 3-4 weeks. Grows up to 25 cm in height and width and can be grown in the field as well as in greenhouses and at home.|
|Curly||This is also one of the medium-early varieties, but does not reach maturity until 40-45 days after planting. The bushes are slightly smaller and reach a width and height of 20-22 cm. All parts of the plant, including the young shoots before the arrows appear, can be used as food.|
|sowing||merry||Refers to varieties with earlier maturity, which are suitable for growing at home, in greenhouses and outdoors. Used as a spice and for salad dressing.|
|Danish||The earliest-ripening variety – ready for use 10 days after the first sprouts. Resistant to short-term cold, which makes it indispensable for growing in Russia. Has a high content of iron and its salts, vitamin C, calcium and iodine in the leaves and stems.|
|Wavy .||Also ripens early, has a high yield. Has a rather spicy taste similar to mustard. Ready for use on the 17th day after sprouting.|
Growing methods for feather cress
There are different methods of growing feather cress: on the windowsill, in the greenhouse and in the open ground. But before you start planting, it is important to prepare the floor and the seeds.
This type of herbaceous plant is one of the most unpretentious to growing conditions. It can germinate even on a simple paper towel dampened with water. But it is still worth considering some rules, so that the harvest when it is abundant will come to your liking:
- When planting on a windowsill, it is worth buying soil from a specialty store, rather than taking it from a personal farm. This is because the floor can hold the larvae and eggs of the Kreuzblutler flea, which is a pest that damages feather cress.
- If you plant in the open ground, you should not pay attention to beds where cabbage or root crops (carrots, beets, garlic, etc.) grew in the past. You will not get a good harvest, it is better to choose another place.
Once the place for planting is selected, attention should be paid to the preparation of the seeds. They have a plant large, slightly elongated and resemble mustard. They are placed in a container and poured with water just above the surface. Soak for 10-15 hours. After this process, you can proceed to sowing.
Planting seedlings of feather cress
It is not always possible to plant cress in the field, but it is very easy in the apartment at any time of the year. In this case, sow regularly every 7-10 days. Prepare pots of height 8-10 cm, then the seeds are immediately planted in the ground or they can be germinated on moistened absorbent cotton or paper napkin, and then transferred to a prepared container.
How to breed feather cress step by step from seeds
For this type of cultivation it is not necessary to use a separate container, feather cress is fine in other places. All varieties of the aquatic variety of this plant, such as Ducat, Podmoskovnyy, are well suited.
Growing feather cress on the windowsill
Seeds are better to plant from the second half of September, at this time comes warm, but the lessons of the daylight hours are still long, which does not allow the plant to gain height sharply and process.
In advance, a container is specially made for growing, wool or nutrient substrate 2 to 4 cm thick is placed on the floor, sawdust or a layer of soil for seedlings or indoor plants is poured on it. Then from the floor at a distance of 1,5-2 cm place the seeds. Carefully watered, covered with glass, organolite or film and removed to a dark place until the first sprouts appear.
Bromegrass germinates best at a temperature of +5 … +6 °C, in this place it forms a strong root system. After the formation of the first leaves, the covering material is removed, and the container is moved to a warmer place with a temperature of +15 ° C.
It is important to put the pot in the penumbra and rotate a different side every day. An insulated balcony or loggia on the north side of the house is good for this method of cultivation. It is worth taking care of the plant and do not allow the soil to be tilled. A beneficial effect on the greens has a spraying from a sprayer. Feed lettuce with complex fertilizers, superphosphate or “rainbow”.
Even if the daylight hours are short, the system does not require additional lighting. It can be eaten when the bushes reach a height of 8-10 cm. To do this, they are carefully cut with sharp scissors.
Cultivate the rhizomes in the open ground
The rhizomes can be planted in the open ground from the second half of April to the middle. It is important to consider not only the timing, but also the temperature regime: the floor should be thawed at least 4 cm, and the air heated to + 6 … + 8 °С. If sowing is done in winter, it is important to conduct it before the first frosts, otherwise the seeds will die.
The soil is better suited slightly more acidic or neutral.
Do not plant after cabbage or next to it, as the cabbage can be infested with cross flea.
On the eve of the fall, it is necessary to prepare the bed: it is recultivated and added superphosphate or manure, which has already decomposed. In spring, you can also fertilize with ammonium sulfate just before planting.
Slots 0.5 … 1 cm deep with a spacing of 10 … 20 cm are made on the dissolved soil.
It is better to plant in partial shade, as the plant on beds quickly forms arrows with a lot of light and is unfit for food.
Through a cremaller sprinkle, depending on the drying of the substrate. After moistening, you can gently loosen the bottom between bushes. With fertilizing, after the emergence of sprouts, you need to be extremely careful, because the maturation period of the plant in it is very small and the nitrate that got into it just can not be processed and instead of the benefits of its use will be harmful.
Growing root crops in the greenhouse
The technology of growing this plant in the greenhouse is no different from growing in the open ground. It can be planted earlier in the spring than in the open ground, for example, in case of long spring frosts. It is only necessary to regularly ventilate the greenhouse and supply it with fresh air.
Peculiarities of care of the fence
There are not many basic rules for the care of this system. It is important to water it in time and in sufficient quantities, but this should not be excessive.
If you flood the plant, it can die, which is especially important if you grow lettuce at home, as excess moisture simply does not have the ultimate capacity.
You also need to choose the right place to plant it so that it is not too hot and sunny. This applies to both the apartment and the open ground.
Pests and diseases of Corscapa verticillata
Because of its rapid growth, cordes salatus most often does not have time to be affected by pests or diseases.
However, sometimes situations arise when it suffers. The table below discusses the most common problems caused by various causes.
|the problem||manifestation||corrective measures|
|Black stalk rot.||Stalk rot appears and then goes away with increased soil moisture.||Destruction of diseased shrubs. It is not recommended to plant in the same place in the next summer.|
|Tiger flea.||The leaves of the plant are sprayed.||Treatment of the plant with tobacco dust or decoction. To prevent re-infestation, it’s worth moving the beds to a secluded spot from the family’s roofed house.|
Reports Mr. Summer: Useful properties
Crossbush salute has medicinal properties: in addition to its high water content, it can quench thirst, and it is also a treasure trove of vitamins, minerals and trace elements. So, it includes: vitamins A, E, K, B, C, Ca, phosphorus, magnesium, selenium, choline, iron, zinc and many others.
If you consume this plant every day, according to modern research, the risk of diseases such as prostatitis, cataracts and the appearance of malignant tumors will be reduced.
Due to its high iodine content, it improves the functioning of the thyroid gland and reduces the likelihood of its pathology. Regular addition to the diet of iodine normalizes sleep and increases the overall efficiency of the body. It is very useful to eat in the spring, when the risk of avitaminosis is particularly high.
However, this miraculous herb is contraindicated for people with problems in the gastrointestinal tract, especially during exacerbations.
Also, you should not consume more than 4 tablespoons of herbs a day, otherwise you may have problems with the digestive tract: diarrhea, diarrhea, abdominal pain.
It is important to remember that even the most innocuous remedy should be consumed in the recommended doses.
Crossalut is a wonderful plant that is easy to grow not only in the garden, but also on the windowsill. With proper care, it will please not only its excellent taste, but also the appearance of the bushes, because it is very beautiful.
Cruciferous cucumbers: growing in the garden and at home
The cruciferous plant (lat. Lepidium sativum), or seed beetles, or waterspouts, is an edible herb or birch, a species of the genus Cruciferous of the cruciferous family. Corsus is native to Iran, but is now found wild in Ethiopia, Egypt, and Asia from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea to Pakistan. Cultivation of rhizomes-consumption in the area of the modern Mediterranean was in ancient times and over time the culture spread widely throughout Europe.
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plants and care
- Planting: Sowing in the ground – March to September. Sowing seeds at home – October to March. Planting seeds outdoors – from mid-April to mid-April.
- Lighting: bright sunlight or light partial shade.
- Soil: any, moderately moist, fertile, neutral or slightly acidic reaction.
- Giessen: Regularly, in the field without rain – daily.
- Feeding: Not carried out: All fertilizers must be put into the ground before sowing seeds or planting seedlings.
- Propagation: by seeds.
- Pests: Crackerel fleas.
- Diseases: blackleg and other putrefactive diseases.
- Properties: is a food plant.
Feather cress plant – description
The feathery cress grows 30 to 60 cm tall, it has a simple root, and the stems and leaves are bald, bluish-green. The upper leaves are linear, entire, the middle leaves are ternate-petiolate, the lower leaves are single- and double-petiolate-petiolate. Flowers are white or pink; the fruit is a pod. Fountain cress blooms in June or July. It can be grown not only in the field but also in the apartment. Home cress is an unpretentious plant.
It is the most convenient and unpretentious crop of greens for the indoor vegetable garden:
- Feather cress can be eaten as early as two weeks after sprouting;
- Like other plants, it does not suffer from short daylight hours and tolerates shade well;
- You can use any container to grow garden cress;
- Feather cress seeds can be purchased at any agricultural or gardening business.
We will tell you how to grow cress feather in the apartment, how to plant and care for cress feather in the field, what types of cress feather better to grow on the windowsill, and what – in the garden, what useful properties has cress feather and whether there are contraindications for cress feather .
Planting seedlings of feather cress
When to plant a seedling of feather cress
If you do not have a plot, you can grow cress all year round at home, planting seeds at 7-10 day intervals. If you have a dacha or garden, you can sow cress in the ground from March to September and grow it on a windowsill from October to March. In home conditions it is advisable to grow different varieties of watercress alternately, so that you always have delicious, rich in vitamins vegetables on your table.
Growing garden cress from seed
At home, cress can be grown in a pot or other container with a height of 8-10 cm. Some amateurs grow it in a large container next to other green or vegetable plants. Climbing varieties of watercress look especially attractive in such mixed beds.
Growing cress at home
How to grow feather cress at home
At the bottom of a pot, pots, container or box, put a layer of absorbent cotton or substrate 2-4 cm thick. As a substrate, you can use vermiculite, coconut fibers, sawdust, sponge, ready mix for sprouts or flowers, but not garden soil – it can be eggs of Creutzbütler flea, a vicious pest of all cabbage crops. The seeds are spread on the surface, lightly sprinkle with nutrient mixture, moisten with a fine spray, cover with foil and store in a dark place until sprouts appear. As soon as the first sprouts appear, remove the cover and place the plants on a well-lit windowsill.
Conditions for growing cremallow in the apartment indicate that the air temperature at this stage is maintained at 6 to 8 ° C, which promotes the formation of roots in seedlings. Once the seedlings develop the first leaf, the temperature should be increased to 15 ° C, but no more, since the seedlings at higher temperatures stretch, thin out and lodge.
Container with daylily plants rotated 180 °, so that the seedlings receive even light. Although the croc is a long day plant, the lack of daylight does not affect its development much due to the unusual culture conditions. Therefore, the cultivation of croast at home does not require additional lighting.
When the seedling reaches a height of 8-10 cm, croak can be cut with scissors and eaten.
Water the crocus
Corsa care consists of regular spraying of seedlings and moistening the substrate. Under no circumstances should be allowed to remove the air or floor, as the plants quickly agree, the leaves fan noise lettuce coarsens, the inflorescence is bitter. For these reasons, keep a container of squash away from heaters.
Top Crocking Feeding.
In the phase of development of the first leaf, seedlings are fed with urea, for which they dissolve 25 g of urea in a bucket of water. This composition is sprayed on the leaves of the plants. A week later, dissolve 10 g of ammonium sulfate, 10 g of potassium salt, 20 g of superphosphate in a bucket of water and water the substrate with this composition. After harvesting, repeat the complex feeding to provide growing seedlings with electricity. As a fertilizer, you can use a liquid fertilizer rainbow in a weak consistency.
Cultivate the rhizomes in the open ground
Planting Corses lettuce in the open ground
Planting cremains in the open ground depends on the climatic conditions of the site from mid-April to mid-April. For example, crema in the Moscow region is sown earlier than in Siberia, and in Ukraine or Moldova – later. Sowing takes place under two conditions: the floor must be thawed to a depth of 4 cm, and the air temperature must rise to 6-8 ° C. You can also sow croast under the winter in October.
It is better to breed croast in an area with neutral or weakly acidic soil, in which beets and other root crops, potatoes or onions are used for growing. Do not sow the crop after cabbage plants. It is desirable for the place to be sunlit in the morning and in the shade in the afternoon.
The floor under the cabbage is made in autumn: it is recultivated and 5 kg of medicinal compost, 20 g of superphosphate and 15 g of calcium chloride are applied to each m². In the spring before sowing, it is recommended to add tammonium sulfate to the soil.
Samples are sown in furrows to a depth of 5-10 mm, which gives rows of 10 to 20 cm wide. You do not need to worry that the seedlings can freeze, and the printout of the rhizomes can tolerate frosts up to about 5 ° C.
How to grow croak in the ground
Growing croak in the open ground does not present any difficulties. For full development, each seedling needs an area of about 10 cm². Therefore, densely growing shoots should be thinned, otherwise the leaves of the transition cross will become low, and there may be a risk of infecting the culture with fungal diseases. After watering, the floor between the plants should be lightly loosened and weeds removed from this area.
When cress grows in partial shade, you can literally grow it until September and sow seeds every 5-7 days. However, if the bed is in the sun, then the cultivation of feather cress is scheduled for the beginning of hot days, otherwise it begins to shoot. Only continue harvesting in a sunny spot in August.
Water the crocus
Feathercress in a field without rainfall should be watered abundantly every day, especially as summer progresses. In cloudy and rainy weather, the plant is watered less often – once every three days, and in rainy summer feather cress should not be watered, as from excess moisture it becomes brittle and is affected by fungal diseases. Lack of moisture spoils the taste of lettuce, stimulates the formation of flower arrows and deprives the plant of resistance to pests.
Top Crocking Feeding.
Feeding feather cress requires caution because the plant reaches nutrient maturity too quickly and nitrates do not have time to be processed. Therefore, it is best to apply any fertilizer the plant needs to the soil before sowing. If you for some reason did not fertilize the soil before sowing, apply the fertilizer in a very low concentration and in the minimum amount.
What to plant feather cress
After green plants, it is best to plant cucumbers, legumes, tomatoes, onions and potatoes on the plot. Kreuzblutler should not be grown, as it shares pests and diseases with feather cress.
Pests and diseases of Corscapa verticillata
Diseases of feather cress.
Because cress matures very quickly, diseases don’t have time to meet it. At least not in large numbers. If the floor or substrate is regularly waterlogged, feathercress cuffs can be affected by blackleg, and if there is constant rainfall, the plant can rot. In this case, feathercress is better to sow, as treating the plant with fungicides can be harmful to your body.
Pests of feather cress
Most often cress is affected by the flea Kreuzblutler – the enemy of all cabbage plants. To get rid of it, plants are sprinkled with tobacco dust or sprayed with tobacco spike in hot, dry weather. To avoid cross-flowering, follow crop rotation and plant cross-flowers at a considerable distance from each other.
Species and varieties
There are three types of cress, which are more properly called varieties:
This species includes late, maturing broad-leaved plants with a large horizontal rosette 19-21 cm in diameter and 5-6 cm in height. The best varieties of this cress are ducat, whole-leaf and broad-leaf;
Curly or wavy.
Early to mid-early plants with strongly dissected leaves, gathered in a small sublimated or semi-flowered rosette up to 17 cm in diameter. The best known varieties are: Openwork, Curly, Curly Watercress, Small Curly, Garden Krause;
Seeded or pinnate.
Plants of this variety occupy an intermediate position between the whole-leaf and ruffled varieties of feather cress. They have a large, semi-rosetted rosette that consists of slightly parted leaves. Narrow-leaved, Zabava, Dansky, Twisted, Extra Kerld, Broad-leaved – early-ripening varieties of watercress are most often grown.
Properties of feather cress – harms and benefits
The medicinal properties of feather cress
Watercress is 90% composed of water or, rather, structured liquid, which saturates the cells of the human body with moisture. In addition to water, the leaves of the plant contain proteins, complex carbohydrates, fiber and even fats. As for the amount of vitamins in the crova, the plant in this respect even surpasses the orange: its leaves and stems contain vitamins A, E, K, C, B vitamins (folic acid, niacin and choline). Crestnut also contains minerals potassium, selenium, magnesium, manganese, zinc, phosphorus, copper, calcium and iron.
Regular consumption significantly reduces the risk of cataracts, prostatitis and cancer. Due to the iodine content, root crops are useful for people suffering from thyroid diseases. Plant has a therapeutic effect in cases of respiratory diseases, cholelithiasis and kidney stones, relieves the condition in nervous disorders, sleep disorders, depression, swelling and pain with inflammation of the joints. Undeniable benefits of cruciferous flea and in the spring vitamin deficiency.
In folk medicine, the sap of the crestnut is recommended to gargle the neck area for anemia, scurvy, to treat coughs and strengthen the immune system. Wheatgrass root is used externally to treat wounds and an enlarged prostate, and ointments made on its basis, get rid of scabies, allergies and scrofula. Cranberry powder is used instead of mustard powder.
Contraindications of cross-leaf lettuce
As useful as this product is, you should not eat more than three tablespoons of crushed cranberries per day, as excessive consumption causes kidney and digestive problems. It is incomplete in gastritis, colitis and duodenitis. However, these restrictions apply only to the internal use of croaker, and for those who use preparations from it externally, there are no contraindications.