Garden for beginners: Where can you put the beds
Work in the garden and in the garden
So you are a beginner in summer and have dreamed of having your own small garden for a long time, but don’t you know where to start? How can you start working in the garden so as not to be disappointed later or at least not to tear your back immediately? Maybe the tips suggested below will help you.
Garden for beginners: Where can you start your experience in the garden
A garden for summer residents for beginners is most likely more organizational than physical. Here we will consider some principles when laying beds and small tips:
1. Select the right location
Most plants prefer a lot of sun in the afternoon and a slight shade. Choosing the right place for the garden requires reflection. So spend some time on your website and watch the light distribution during the day. Also pay attention to the trees on both your website and on neighboring trees. See which and when you give a shadow. And do not forget that the winter sun area can be shaded when thick leaves appear on trees and bushes in spring.
2. Decide which beds you want
This decision should be made in the very early phases of planning. Different types of beds have different advantages:
- Supported beds are one of the most effective ways to grow vegetables. The materials are not too expensive, do not have to dig the ground, there is a barrier against weeds.
Depending on the planned height and the width on the device with high beds, different labor costs are required. This type of bed is becoming increasingly popular, but there are also other options that work perfectly.
- Container. If the room is limited, the container garden can be an excellent solution. Large, medium and small pots are perfect for growing all types of vegetables. Salad, pepper, green and garlic grow particularly well in containers. In addition, the container can be easily arranged to find the perfect place.
- Plant plants directly into the ground. People used this method for many centuries. In this case, it is necessary to check the quality of the soil and to produce the necessary organic substances. The concept of combined plantings (the use of accompanying plants) is ideal for such planting.
3. seedlings or seeds?
It is very difficult to stay in garden transactions and not buy many different seeds at the same time. At first glance, it seems that the cultivation of them will not be difficult at all. But as always and in everything, the art of growing plants requires skills. Some plants grow better than others. Some seeds should be planted directly in the ground, such as radishes, carrots, beans, salad and manhold. Others require growing seedlings for which additional care, backlight and proper irrigation are required. Perhaps at the beginning of your gardening, it is better to buy seedlings in a proven kindergarten. Choose plants with strong stems and light green leaves.
4. Plan irrigation
If it is often rained in your region, the garden property may have to require drainage. If the rains are irregular, you have to consider how plants can best provide the required moisture. Modern irrigation systems can be set up for working with a timer, but many people prefer manually because weeds can be removed at the same time and the plants can check for signs of diseases and pests.
Regardless of how you want to pour your garden, you have to prepare for it. Buy hoses, nozzles, irrigation and can prepare yourself in the garden for some time. When arranging the garden, for example, we made an increased barrel and disguised it with a chic black black black black black https://ekosad-vsem.ru/obustrojstvo-goroda/
5. These evil pests
Gardeners have been pursuing pests since the same garden was planted. Birds peck their berries, proteins to kidnap everything you can take with you, there is no number of insects, and they are all hungry for some reason (from our Kochka).
However, they can be successfully defended against them. There are many remedies for insects (including organic). In addition, it is possible to attract useful predator insects for your website and/or plant plants that reject pests. And remember when the floor is healthy, your plants will be healthy and it will be easier to protect yourself from pests.
Barriers are created against birds, protein, snakes and other unwanted animals. Berries and fruits are well protected by birds and protein.
6. Top dressing
If you want to have a productive garden with healthy and delicious fruits for many years, you will definitely have to take care of the health of the soil. Biologically active soil enables plants to get healthy that do not need a large number of fertilizers. It is not necessary to spend a state for buying fertilizers in shops. There are ways to feed natural, organic materials. Also, do not forget that excessive top dressing can even harm.
7. What and when to plant?
In books and articles on the garden and garden, it is not difficult to find a lot of useful information about when you plant plants, how you can take care of you, the plants are suitable for the appropriate plants. All of this is very interesting and useful, but if you are a beginner, you just have to find out which vegetables in your region grows well and does not need any special care. Such plants will be not so few, it is with them that it is worth gaining experience in the garden.
It is also important to take into account the possibility of landing in several phases. After all, you don’t need a whole salad or radish bed at the same time? Although everyone happens through this temptation …
Only then does the understanding seem that these plants have to be planted in several stages with one interval per week or two weeks – then the harvest can also be harvested in several stages.
8. The experience of old timers
One of the best ways to be successful in his new garden is to find an old timer – a person who has devoted years to create his successful garden near you. His experience can be invaluable for her, since he has already fought with all the pests that could meet near them, planted a variety of vegetables to protect his plants from unexpected frosts and sno w-covered hard winters, and now knows how he can get maximum advantages from his page? ˅.
Micro combinations, which can be planted at the beginning of their gardening
Usually the purchase of a summer house is triggered by the desire to have your own garden and household products. In most cases, people who have nothing to do with horticulture do not imagine what can be planted on the site. So you should take a closer look with this issue.
As usual, the garden is only bought from vegetable beds. Of course, it is simply impossible to breed the entire rich vegetable spectrum, so it is worth remembering what kind of vegetables you love in the shop and buy in the shop. Certainly there will be onions and potatoes, then you have to assign a place on your website. The potatoes simply didn’t fit in our region, so that we can handle the purchased handling. Do not forget seasonal cultures such as tomatoes and cucumbers. You can also prepare good blanks for the winter. Friction, pepper, eggplants and beans are better planned for next year. In the next season you will already read more about vegetable plants and evaluate the strength and place. Among the green in the first season, it is easy to “stir” a piece of the bed. Sit Salad, Rucola, Manhold (Blattrote Beete), Dill and Petersley. Long Greens such as sour steamers, lovers and so on can also be added to the lon g-term plan lis t-there are nothing that you can hurry up, you will have time to tinker with you.
What is a garden property without berries? If no shrubs were planted in the bought area by previous owners, it is worth assigning the earth under currant, raspberries and rose hops. They are the most common plants. If there is a free south wall of the fence, a blackberry will continue perfectly. This berry is less popular than raspberries, but in our view, their return is higher and less with it. In addition, nobody prevents the summer residents of beginners from buying seedlings of decorative bushes like roses.
Despite the fact that the trees grow very slowly and at least for the 2nd to 3. You can choose absolutely all trees, but first it is necessary to examine what kind of natural stripes you are intended and what care you need. For example, it is best for beginners to try to plant an intensive fruit type of the fruit – they almost always do without forming and form a rather compact crown.
So that the garden area looks good and looks attractive, do not forget decorative plants. In this case, the choice is quite wide and enables you to decorate the garden according to your taste. In the first year you can choose yearbooks or grow several years of flowers. In addition, you can differentiate the territory from a special shrub with the help of a hedge that can be given absolutely any shape. A garden plot is a unique opportunity for every summer resident not only to get delicious and natural products, but also to express its individuality and to organize them in such a way that every guest lets them admire them. The acquaintance with gardening is best from the unpretentious plants.
And so as not to tear your back immediately, place 2-3 beds per season. And they don’t have to be as a collective series of farms. Now the trend is semicircular, triangular and even decorated. We are sure that our recommendations where you should start your own garden will be useful for the summer residents of beginners.
The first bed of a novice gardener – advice to beginners
If you recently bought a summer cottage and do not know how to put the first beds – do not despair. We will help you pay attention to the main points required to create a dream garden.
So, in your possession, a suburban area has appeared. You probably already know that growing greens and vegetables requires patience and hard work. But this is not so tolerated to start landings! The beginning of summer residents represent the care of the garden simple and unpretentious: I bought seeds, threw them in the ground, watered and waited for seedlings. However, without the basics of caring for plants and the principles of growing, you risk getting a lot of trouble instead of the harvest you want. We will talk about how to avoid them.
A detailed inspection of the site
It’s time to look at the site with “different eyes” than when you purchased it. What kind of map does it orient? Does light fall on it during the day, do they close its trees and buildings? How is the plot sheltered from the wind? What soil rules there? Answering these questions, you need to make a “passport” of the site and clearly indicate everything by points.
In summer, the sun should illuminate a plot for at least 8-10 hours
The place for the garden should be straight and selected so that the maximum amount of light falls on it during the day. This should not be a lowland place (water will accumulate there), but not a hill (there is a constant lack of moisture).
Fertile areas rarely excel for conducting personal farming. Nevertheless, it is necessary to learn as much as possible about the properties of the soil with which you need to work in order to determine the plants that will grow on it. First you need to determine its composition and acidity.
To obtain accurate data on the composition of the soil allow a special detailed analysis, which is usually carried out by specialists. But approximate information can be assembled by yourself. Each floor is a mixture of sand, silt and clay. The structure and properties of the soil (and most importantly – fertility) determine the proportions of these three components. The “good” soil has sufficient water and breathability, it retains heat, moisture and nutrients better.
What types of soil are in personal plots?
- Sandy. They warm up quickly, are well ventilated, and are fairly easy to work with. But such soil freezes faster, water is poorly delayed in it, and nutrients are quickly washed out, so sandy soils are considered bad. It’s simple it’s simple: sandy soil is a dry powder that crumbles in your hands. If you wet it a little, you can see the water being absorbed suddenly and quickly. When trying to “blind” only very unstable “balls” are extracted from the sand.
- super. Such soils contain small particles (alevritive dust and clay), so the water in them is delayed a little longer, and the rest of the properties are similar to sandy soil. When wetting sandys in the sand mass, separate dense “sausages” can be distinguished, which quickly scatter in their hands.
- clay soils. Such a floor has a slightly “slow” response. It remains damp for some time, warming up more slowly in the spring and freezing more weakly with the onset of cold weather. Fertilizers and nutrients that provide plants with the necessary nutrition are well preserved in it. You can grind clay soil in your fingers with great difficulty, and if you get wet from a lump of clay, you can easily blind a “sausage” or ring.
- Loamy soils are the “golden mean” of all types of soil. All three components – clay, silt – sand – are contained in approximately equal proportions. It is the loam ideal for growing vegetables as it offers good drainage and moisture properties. Three subspecies: Light, medium and heavy soils. The subspecies is determined especially well by the “wet” method of verification (for this you need to moisten the clod of earth). From a light clay it will not be possible to create a “sausage” – it will crumble into separate parts. With the average clay, you can spin a small ring that also splits into segments. But from a heavy loam you can twist the sausage and only be visible in places.
- Peat soils are a good but short natural material. Such soils are formed on the site of swamps from plant residues and perfectly accumulate moisture, delaying it on the roots of plants. However, peat devices have high acidity and rarely contain beneficial substances, which leads to a lack of magnesium and the appearance of fungal diseases. When a patch of peat soil gets wet and tries to squeeze it, a patch of peat soil resembles a dense sponge.
Acid tester allows you to determine the properties of the soil with a high degree of reliability
Now let’s talk about acid. Soil of any type can be slightly acidic, neutral, or alkaline. A pH of 6.5-7 is considered optimal for vegetables. If the indicators are in the region of 4 to 6.5, this shows acidic soil, and between 7 and 9 to alkaline. How can you determine the acidity?
Method 1. With a pH tester. This is a special device sold in garden centers that allows you to measure the acidity in the area with high accuracy.
Method 2. Find out what plants grow on the site. On acidic soils, heather (Scottish Heather and Eric), blueberries, cranberries, rhododendrons, violets and camellias do well. On alkaline soils, belen, ey n-necessary eagle, kislitsa, carnations, lilac and jasmine grow most actively on alkaline soils.
Method 3. Throw a handful of land in a container with vinegar. If bubbles appear on the surface, the ground is neutral. If hiss and foam are added to them, it means that the soil is acidic.
Basically, there is an acidic soil in our gardens that requires limitation.
We make beds
When creating the beds, you can choose from several options at once. For beginners, traditional beds are optimal, but you can experiment and make high, vertical or containers in containers.
Start with small beds to assess your strength and approximate yield
Location . Beds are best placed south to north. But the most important thing is that the maximum amount of light falls on them, and moisture is delayed, at least for a short time.
Form . The simplest option is rectangular beds. They can, of course, be figured, but digging and caring for them is more difficult.
Dimensions. The optimal is the width of the beds from 60 to 90 cm, and the length can be laid almost any.
Height . In the first seasons, while you gain experience, use normal beds that protrude slightly above the ground. Then you can go to high beds to 40-50 cm high. In spring they warm up faster, cool and the yield to average higher in autumn.
Mezhi. A small strip of “neutral” earth should stay between the beds. Usually it remains 50-60 cm. So that the intermediary is not deleted, it is covered with a gravel with a layer of 15 cm or so. In addition, a layer of roofing material can be placed over it.
Which plants to plant in the garden
First, those who do not need complex and costly support and who can grow with the minimal participation of the owner of the house. Here are some useful tips for beginner gardeners:
- Do not plant many plants at the same time. At the same time, rate the “productive potential” of the soil.
- The floor to plant should be wet, loose and organic fertilizers.
- Buy seeds only from official dealers and manufacturers.
When creating the beds, you can choose from several options at once. For beginners, traditional beds are optimal, but you can experiment and make high, vertical or containers in containers.
Start your garden experiments with a salad – the easiest way to take care of it
So which plants should be planted in order to guarantee the harvest:
- Green (leaf salad, brass, spinach, croak). These cultures are so unpretentious that some even plant them at home and in pots at the window, on the balcony or in vertical containers. You need a minimum of the ground and weeds are not particularly terrible – Greens are actively growing and preventing them from growing. Green love sunlight and moderate watering. It is necessary to go to plantings in early spring and to plant seeds directly into the ground.
- Radis. Another traditionally unpretentious culture. The radi is resistant to reimbursable spring frosts and is usually planted in April, hardly the upper layers of the floor are freed from snow and moisture. Samples are planted in grooves up to a depth of 1.5 to 2 cm at a distance of 4 to 5 cm. Do not let the water logs allow and make sure that the maximum sunlight falls on the plant.
- Peas . This culture needs support in the form of support, but otherwise it can make herself available with everything that is necessary. Peas into the soil up to a depth of about 1 cm, a few times a week water and soon you will see how it will expand and adhere to the support.
- Beans. Although it belongs to thermophilic cultures, it grows quite quickly, requires no care and looks attractive at the same time. Take care of the curly support for this decorative plant – a network, a grille or poles.
- Potato . Put on the “second bread” in the first one or two years. When landing in mi d-May, you can collect the first harvest at the end of August. Potatoes are planted in holes up to a depth of about 20 cm, leaving a distance of 50 cm between them. In the event of growth, it is sufficient to sprinkle the country into the shoots several times and pour it moderately.
Among other things, we will describe the cultures relatively easily for growing cultures: beets, garlic, carrots and pumpkin. However, we do not recommend starting with tomatoes, celery, cucumbers and cabbage.
In the future, take into account that cabbage, cucumbers, beets, radishes, peas and beans belong to flat plants. Mint, sage, onion and parsley are planted in the dark areas. And tomatoes, eggplants and pepper feel great in the sun surfaces.
One of the most difficult to grow are tomatoes
With regard to the selection of the varieties, it is usually recommended to choose early and ultraran varieties of vegetables and green. However, this only applies if there are sandy and sandy soils on the site. As you already know, they warm up well and absorb moisture. Tonal areas are less suitable for planting early varieties.
In some cases we even envy them – they have a magical time for discoveries and enthusiasm from a new kind of work – garden. We hope that our simple tips and recommendations will help you to overcome the fear and stress of the first few weeks, and in the future you will only receive joy at the priority.