How to get rid of snails in the garden: simple techniques
There are proven ways to combat snails, which involve the use, including environmentally friendly measures.
The greatest damage in the garden is caused by naked snails, that is, those without a shell. The shell-covered creatures are easy to move from the garden to a safe distance for the vegetation, but it is a bit more difficult with the naked ones.
Photo: © Belnowosti
Snails as a threat to crops in the garden
Snails appear in gardens in search of shelter and food. They like dark and damp places where they can hide from the scorching sun. So they like to hide in long, uncut grass or in shelters in front of the house in the form of rocks, boards, wood or rubble, under which they can hide from natural enemies. Snails are nearly omnivorous – they feed on sprouted as well as mature, even rotting plants and small animals.
Snails can also be beneficial because they eat both weed seeds and dead plant parts. They feed on larger animals such as voles, birds, hedgehogs and mice. However, if there are many snails in the garden, they can completely destroy cultivated and ornamental plants.
Signs of snail eating are striped holes hollowed out in leaves, stems and tubers. Snails leave slimy, thread-like marks on the soil surface and on leaves. This means controlling them or at least limiting their numbers in the garden.
Home remedies for controlling snails in the garden
Home remedies to get rid of snails in the garden are to use natural remedies that are available in every home. However, if there are not too many pests and most of them have shells, they can simply be removed from the garden.
Nudibranchs hiding from the sun during the day should be lured somewhere in the evening and then taken away. Wet ground can be covered with planks, cabbage leaves, or burdock leaves, which serve as a refuge for these creatures and make them easier to remove. Beer is also a good way to attract snails – these animals are very fond of it. It is enough to dig mugs with the drink into the ground and wait for the creatures attracted by the smell to climb into them.
Another effective way to keep snails in the garden is to place traps around the crops to make it difficult for the pests to move around. Sawdust, pine needles or gravel can be used for this purpose. A great idea is to sprinkle with crushed eggshells, which will also have a beneficial effect on the soil.
A fairly simple but proven solution to the pest feeding problem is to use table salt. Salt acts as a natural poison for snails in the garden – just sprinkle it on each one.
A clever way to stock snails is to use basalt meal, which is made by grinding up volcanic rock. It is a natural fertilizer recommended for organic farming. It strengthens plants and reduces soil acidity.
Basalt flour can be scattered around plants or sprinkled on whole plants. This will make it harder for snails to move around and make it harder for them to eat the sprinkled leaves. Flour will also protect your plants from aphids and leaf-eating caterpillars.
Chemicals for controlling snails in the garden
If you have to deal with a real snail infestation, home remedies may not be enough. In such a situation, you need to use more radical solutions. Gardening deals and handicraft stores make it easy to buy different types of chemicals that effectively kill the pests.
Tools against snails in the garden are available in the form of powder, pellets or liquids. Snails are sprayed with a special liquid, and the area around the plants is sprinkled with powder or granulate. When using chemicals, remember to protect your hands with gardening gloves. You should also cover your face with a face mask when spraying.
Always use snail control chemicals as a last resort, as they are toxic not only to the pests, but also to other creatures living in the garden. It is best to choose those that have a fifth degree of toxicity – it is characterized by low harm to living organisms.
Remember that snails are food for birds, hedgehogs and frogs. It is best to choose environmental snail control products based on iron phosphate. This is a chemical that is found in the ground. It is only harmful to snails.
Proven methods to protect the garden from pesky snails
Snails and snails are frequent guests in gardens and dachas. They devour fruit and vegetable plants and endanger future crops. Therefore, it is so important at the appearance of the first alarming signs to begin pest control.
The above recommendations are especially relevant for beginners and gardeners who first met with harmful mollusks and do not know how to get rid of snails in the garden.
General characteristics of the pest
The garden snail is a terrestrial gastropod mollusk with a soft body and a shell on its back. On a sunny day it hides in dark, damp places, and nearer to night it seeks food. It feeds on leaves and leaves holes in them.
Snail on cabbage
In the dacha you can see a relative of the snail – the snail. This mollusk does not have a shell, so its body is more responsive to environmental conditions.
Snails, like snails, emerge from their shelters at night. Alternatively, they are active during unseasonably humid weather – often after a rainstorm.
The approximate body length of snails is 3-5 cm. However, there are also large individuals up to 10 cm.
The presence of the pests can be detected not only by damaged plants, but also by the mucus left by the mollusks.
Snails reproduce quickly and lay eggs in the ground. A natural decline in offspring occurs in dry years.
Damage from Snails
In the garden and garden plot, snails and snails eat the leaves of cultivated plants, tubers, stems, damage berries, which leads to a strong reduction in the volume of the harvest. Slime that gets on fruits provokes their rotting. Gardeners encounter pests in garden flowers.
The snail on its body can carry pathogens of fungal, viral infections and infect healthy plants. In addition, mollusks use the larvae of dangerous parasites as intermediate hosts. A pet that accidentally swallows such a snail runs the risk of contracting helminth infections.
Mechanical methods of snail control refer to the collection of the pest by hand and the installation of special barriers.
After the rain, you can find a cluster of mollusks on the plants. They are collected and destroyed with tweezers or hands (wearing gloves). Sometimes they are fed to poultry.
To create barriers for snails, attach special troughs on all sides of the bed and fill them with water. This prevents the pests from crawling into the crops.
Crops can also be protected by sprinkling salt, superphosphate, eggshells, hash-lime, small pointed stones, ground red pepper and dry sawdust around them. Or try laying copper wire around the perimeter of the bed.
The number of traps placed on the plot will help reduce the number of pests. Snails are baited with beer. Containers with bait are buried in the ground. Burdock leaves with beer are also created in the garden.
Snails are baited not only with beer, but also with fruit juice. It is possible to react to the smell of fruit, berries.
In addition to beer traps, jars of cornmeal are used. The containers are placed on the side, so that pests can get inside.
Another way to lure snails to a certain place: boards, old rags, branches, slate in small areas of the garden. After some time on a hot day, check these shelters. If the snails are hidden there, you need to collect them.
Attract toads and hedgehogs.
Snails – hedgehogs and toads can naturally fight with their enemies.
To attract toads, a small pond is made, in which the bottom and countries should be horizontal. Next to the pond, you need to plant plants so that your thickets cover the sun and heat.
A simpler option is to build a pond from an old container (basin, trough, bathtub), which should be dug into the ground. Plants are planted along the edges of the homemade pond, stones are placed.
The hedgehog at the site will attract the presence of a remote corner and a house in which the animal will be able to settle. The house is made of logs, boards, twigs. Inside it is covered with dry leaves, straw. It is good when there is untouched vegetation around the shelter. The habitat must be quiet so that no one will disturb the hedgehog.
The animal can be fed with dry dog or cat food and don’t forget to put a saucer with clean water. A hedgehog that lives on the property should always have access to water.
Fear of plants
It is believed that the smell of certain plants does not like pests.
Snails and snails are scary:
- Garden lilies;
Many gardeners plant such plants around the perimeter of the plot and between the beds.
Folk methods help to destroy snails and snails in the garden – treatment with decoctions, irrigation of closed cabbage leaves with hot water, ashing, etc. These methods are not always effective, but it is better to start the fight with them. And not with the use of chemicals.
It is recommended to treat plants with the following folk remedies:
- Mustard: To prepare a solution, take 150 g of dry powder and 10 liters of water.
- Vinegar: dissolve ¼ cup of 9% vinegar in 10 liters of water (suitable for watering cabbage).
- Pit – Red pepper: 100 g of peppers are in 1 liter of water for 48 hours, and then boiled. The resulting solution should stand for another day. 100 g of infusion is diluted in 10 liters of water and soap powder is added.
- Ammonia alcohol: 80-100 ml of alcohol is diluted in 1 liter of water (the method is suitable for flowers).
- Coffee solution: 3-4 tbsp. of instant coffee dissolved in a glass of water.
Cultures are sprayed closer to night, when pests appear on them.
Chemicals are treated with caution – they are dangerous to human health and pets. Often this is a forced measure, as methods of saving may not give results. When using chemicals, there is a high probability of getting rid of snails forever.
The poisonous bait for snails is the substance methalidehyde. It is contained in the preparations “Meta” and “Groza”. The pellets are placed next to the plant stems or in the row spacing. The required amount and the rules of application are specified in the instructions. For example, for “Thunderstorm”: 15 g of the remedy is taken per 5 m 2. Pests are killed on contact with chemicals. 2 The treatment is carried out during the season.
It is forbidden to use the poison during fruiting – fruits can accumulate methaldehyde. Treatment is carried out 3-4 weeks before harvesting.
To prevent the infestation of the site by snails and snails, preventive measures should be carried out:
- Periodically loosen the soil after watering.
- Thoroughly mulch the site in the fall (before the first snow falls) and repeat the process as spring begins.
- Eliminate piles of dry leaves and grass.
- Don’t create cramped areas, calculate and remove construction waste and debris from the site on time.
- Plant pest repellent crops in addition to vegetables, flowers and berries.
- Do not plant plants too close together.
- Do not use grass as mulch – it is better to replace it with humus or compost. Wood ash, dried mustard, small pieces of eggshells can be poured on top.
The listed methods of controlling snails and snails in the garden often help to finally get rid of pests. To exclude a repeat infestation, prevention should be paid special attention.