Wild grapes on the fence: planting and care
Wild (maiden) grapes are often used for vertical landscaping. Such vegetation has a decorative appearance, grows strongly enough and is absolutely unpretentious in care. Today we will talk about how to decorate the fence of the plot with wild grapes.
Functions of cultivation
If you decide to decorate the fence with such plants, then decide in advance on which side it is better to place it. If the fence will be in the shade, you will not be able to enjoy the beautiful purple leaves in the fall.
It is important to make sure that the vegetation, since it is actively growing, does not spread throughout the area. If the fence is near buildings, a trellis should be installed, so that the vines do not entwine the house. Sometimes plants are grown on a wire mesh. Such grapes will look spectacular on a fence made of corrugated cardboard, artificial stone and bricks.
Overview of species and varieties
Today there are many species and varieties of this grape. Most often two main varieties of this vegetation are used for landscape design.
- Five-leafed. This species has small dark fruits, they are not suitable for eating. The leaves consist of five separate small plates. Sometimes this wild river grows even on the balcony of the house. Often it forms an entire hedge.
- Triostreneum. This species comes from China and Japan. In natural conditions, it grows near rocks and braids them. Its leaves are solid, the inflorescences are quite loose. These plants are especially sensitive to refracting cold. TRISTRENY grapes are sometimes used as ambiguous ornamental vegetation.
Among the most popular varieties are the following.
This variety is considered the most popular among the five-leaf grape varieties. It has large leaves. Their upper part is slightly pointed. In summer, the lobes of the leaves are colored lush green. In autumn they turn purple. The grape is absolutely undemanding in care.
“Don Juan” grows well both in the sun and in partial shade. In addition, this variety is highly frost-resistant.
This variety is also a five-leafed variety. It is great for creating decorative hedges, interesting compositions in the garden and enlivening shady areas at the construction site. It is often used when decorating arbors. “Star Shovers” has an interesting spotted coloration. The variety is particularly hardy. The variety is absolutely undemanding to the nature of the soil.
The growth of these wild ryvoks is moderate. It grows best in sunny places. “Star Shovers” prefers to grow in places completely protected from wind and draughts. Plants begin to bloom in early July. The fruits ripen in the fall, they are gathered in beautiful black and blue grapes, but the berries are inedible. During the fall, the leaves of the grape take on a light and beautiful purple hue.
This maiden grape with five rags has a rich green color in summer, closer to autumn the foliage becomes bright yellow. The variety exhibits special decorative properties. Leaf plates are large, their surface is matte. Plants bloom in the fourth year of life. Flowering occurs from late May to June. At the same time, a large number of white flowers form on the plantings. Yellow wall” prefers to grow on fertile and moderately moist lands. At the same time, the plants are fine in sunny areas, as well as in partial shade.
The greens of this variety have a glossy sheen. The leaves are relatively narrow. Their color is dark green, but becomes light purple closer to the fall. “Mururum” easily tolerates prolonged drought, high humidity and moderate frost. The variety has black-blue fruits, they are inedible. Young plantings grow rather slowly. The plants do not begin to increase their growth rate until the third season.
This grape with lush strong vines is used for vertical landscaping. Its leaves are small, three-parted. They turn a bright red color in the fall. The fruits for vegetation are small, they are collected in a bunch. “Neptune” is completely unpretentious in care. The vegetation in winter is straight on the supports without frosting. Plants are practically not damaged by pests.
This perennial wild grape with branched vines forms large flower brushes in June with a very pleasant subtle fragrance. The leaves on the bushes are large, ternate. The adult plant is easily propagated by cuttings and clumps. It can also be propagated by seed.
This kind of maiden grape has leathery leaf plates, a large number of stubborn tendrils that adhere to a strict structure. On this grape, the leaves can be seen to be ternate or ovate. The leaves have an interesting bronze color in the spring, a deep green color in the summer, and a purple color in the fall. The leaf plates remain on the branches until the first cold weather.
This variety is ideal for small plots. Its size is 5-7 meters. In order to keep the vines within certain limits, periodic pruning is sufficient. In the spring, the leaf plates have an interesting yellow-green coloration. In the fall, it gets closer. The leaves are relatively small in size.
During the fruiting of the plantation a large number of blue-black berries are formed, which stand out spectacularly against the background of light-colored leaves. “Starfall” is ideal for decorating arbors, arches.
Grapes boast a high frost resistance. However, it is still recommended to remove the vine before the beginning of cold weather to avoid frost.
Grapes with weakly growing vines will delight with their appearance from spring to autumn. After the buds blossom, the vegetation is covered with beautiful foliage with a bronze hue and a light sheen. During the summer, the leaf laminae turn a dark green color. In the fall, they turn red. With the help of red elderberry, you can create the densest cover on the fence.
How to plant?
Wild grapes can be planted both in spring and fall.
In this case, seed is most often used for planting. In this case, grape seeds are first soaked in cool liquid for about 5-6 hours. After that, the planting material should be stored in the refrigerator for a week. You can also treat the seeds in growth stimulants. The seeds can then be planted in loose soil to a depth of about 1 cm.
For seedlings, the seed material is germinated in pots from February. In this case, seedlings will appear in about 20 days. In May, the vegetation can already be transplanted to a permanent place.
It should be noted that the seed method is often used in autumn planting.
In the autumn period, you can plant wild grapes with cuttings. This method is considered the simplest and most common. In this case, a healthy vine should be selected in the spring. She should have well-developed buds. This vine should be bent from the ground. During the summer, the vine needs regular watering. Until the beginning of September vegetation is not touched. The formed sprouts can be separated only the following autumn. Then they are planted in a permanent place.
Before planting in the ground, it is recommended to treat the material in a special stimulant for the rapid formation of a strong root system. To plant seedlings, you must first choose a suitable place for them. It is better to plant vegetation on the sunny side. In this case, the leaves of the grapes turn out large and more saturated. Next, holes are dug on the fence on the selected side. Their depth, length and width should be approximately 55-60 centimeters. The distance between them should reach at least 70 centimeters. The earth from the pits is mixed together with humus (at a ratio of 1 to 1). Sand is gradually added there as well (0.5 bucket of the component is taken for each seat).
The bottom of each excavated hole should be covered with a drainage layer (at least six centimeters thick). Brudelstein, fragments of bricks can be used for this purpose. After that, the seedlings are carefully placed in the prepared holes. They should be placed in the center. In addition, the young vegetation is carefully covered with earth. Then, the plantings are watered. A layer of mulch should be formed around each grape seedling. For this purpose, pine needles, moss, tree trunks, compost are taken.
If your dacha fence will consist of a solid wall (made of stone, brick, profiled sheet), it is necessary to form a reinforced grid over the entire area u200bu200bt planted vegetation.
how to take care
In order for wild grapes to enjoy their beautiful appearance, it is necessary to properly care for them. Plantings should be watered. In doing so, about ten liters of water should be poured under each grape bush. In late autumn, young vines should be carefully removed from the supports, laid on the ground and covered with dry deciduous and spruce branches. This will protect the plantings from frosts.
Pruning shrubs is of great importance. It is carried out in the spring. It is necessary to remove the stems frozen over the winter. In addition, it is necessary to remove broken and weakened branches. Do not allow excessive densification of plantings. This can lead to the spread of various fungal infections. Clusters are formed so that the branches do not fan out. Any healthy and strong shoot is better fixed at a slight angle in relation to the neighboring specimen.
Wild grapes do not need fertilizer, but many gardeners still use fertilizer. This procedure should be carried out in early spring and summer. Nitroammophoska is applied to the area close to the trunk. For each square meter of planted area, 50 grams of such a nutrient should be sufficient.
A universal complex fertilizer with minerals will be a good option.
Wild grapes on the fence
Wild vines along the fence can be a very attractive addition to your home garden if you know how to plant them along the fence in spring and fall. Planting cuttings and seeds deserves attention. A separate relevant topic when making this decision is the care of the hedge.
advantages and disadvantages
Wild grapes on the fence causes concern for many gardeners and gardeners. His roots proliferate very strongly – so it is difficult to get rid of them when the need for the plant is eliminated. There are also concerns that the lush ground foliage will become a haven for rodents, which damage plantings and spread dangerous infections. It’s also worth considering that grapes are a deciduous plant, and every fall you need to clean the area.
But all these problems are either exaggerated or leveled by the objective advantages of the wild vine. It can be grown with equal success
- on a chain-link fence;
- on a brick or wooden structure;
- on a concrete block fence;
- on a fence made of profiled sheeting.
Proper care allows the liana to be used to decorate gardens. Fastening:
- Withstands low temperatures d o-45 degrees without additional protection;
- does not require intensive watering even in rather dry times;
- can propagate with any of its parts, as well as with seeds;
- has white-green or rich emerald-green leaves in summer, in autumn they turn cherry-red;
- by late August-early September forms many clusters of small blue-purple bunches;
- Can be attached to a very flat surface;
- Prevents or attenuates fading fences;
- muffles extraneous noises;
- traps dust;
- becomes additional protection from prying eyes;
- is resistant to parasites and dangerous microorganisms;
- does not require a strictly defined composition of soil;
- can be grown in the shade;
- Very diverse in terms of design, allows you to create a variety of compositions.
You can even plant wild vine bushes on the northern side of the plot. There, as well as in shady places, the expressive greenery is preserved until frosts. By planting this plant in a sunny spot, you can enjoy the full range of red color possibilities during the fall months.
This solution can beautify even the most inconspicuous dividing barrier. Grapes crawl beautifully over any material, including concrete and metal structures.
Returning to the disadvantages, it should be noted that:
- The berries are inedible;
- if the grapes are located near the house, the foundation and drainage can be damaged, and windows can be shaded;
- Intertwining vines sometimes spoil the appearance instead of improving it;
- Leaves can only be expected to appear toward the end of spring, when the bulk of the plants are already in bloom and attracting attention.
- Not even weeds, let alone cultivated species, can develop properly under the roots of the grape.
There is no need to adhere strictly to organic requirements for varieties of Maiden Vine. However, there are a number of varieties that can be used in ornamental culture. Triostenium grape is a very old variety, known since the 19th century. Its vines can reach 20 m in height, its cultivation is facilitated by its general lees.
The triostenic grape is characterized by good branching. It can be grown almost anywhere, as there are no high requirements for soil and site selection. Despite its relatively high susceptibility to frost, these grapes tolerate air pollution. Therefore, it can be recommended for industrial areas with poor environmental conditions. Other information:
- dark green foliage 100-200 mm long;
- spring flowering;
- Autumn ripening blue-black berries.
Henry grape is also popular. Its young stems are quadrangular in shape. Gradually they become woody. The foliage is formed in a palmate complex pattern; there are 5 light green leaves up to 70 mm in size on 1 stalk. Small greenish flowers appear in spring.
It is worth paying attention to the five-petaled form. Grows 15-20 m in height, which is hardly suitable for decorating ordinary hedges. The culture is able to tolerate both cold and air pollution. The length of the leaves does not exceed 20-40 mm. In turn, the berries have a blue-black hue.
Not a bad option can also be an attached grape. Its properties:
- Height – 3-4 m;
- The foliage is 50-120 mm long, glossy on top and bottom;
Trying to plant wild grapes along the fence is not particularly difficult. However, there are a number of nuances to consider. Optimal planting in the fall (September); At this point, the heat has already subsided, but it was still warm enough for full development. In terms of planting itself, lighting is not that important. However, it can help or slow down full development and affect the color of the plant.
A distance of less than 2.5 m from the main wall is not acceptable. It is also worth keeping wild grapes away from fruit crops that do not reflect its presence too well. The optimal distance is not less. When the vine reaches the top, it should be released horizontally or suspended to the other edge.
It is undesirable to plant shoots of grapes older than 2 years, it is better to use annual plants; there should be 1.5-2 m of hedge per 1 sapling.
- it is necessary to dig a trench 0,15-0,2 m deep and 1 spade bayonet wide;
- on the bottom of the trench should be poured sand, crushed stone or keramsite (sometimes they are replaced with gravel);
- drainage layer should have a thickness of 0,03-0,04 m;
- then mix humus with garden soil.
Wild grape seedlings should be planted in the soil in which they grew earlier. The root neck should not be backfilled. When planting the cuttings, make sure that they are placed at an angle with a couple of buds deeper. It is necessary to compact the soil tightly and make sure that there are no voids.
Wild grapes should be watered intensively immediately after planting, using 10 liters of water per bush.
In this case, you can avoid excessive spillage of liquid, leaving it on the side due to the formation of tubercles poured from below. The watered plant is mulched:
The timing of planting is determined by both general climatic and actual weather nuances. The method of propagation must be considered.
Experts say that planting wild grapes in the fall months is no less attractive than in the spring. However, in the first case, you can not do without special placement. It is formed at his own discretion.
If the decision is made to use cuttings for grape propagation, it is necessary to wait until May-June. Important: Regardless of the time of year, no later than 11 and no later than 18 hours. Otherwise, the seedlings can simply burn. Planting parthenocius with seeds is quite possible. However, they must be planted in pots in January-February.
Wild grapes do not need protection for the winter. However, severe frosts do not occur in all areas where it can be grown. It is useful to cover only the very last shoot with earth or peat. The height of such a mound cannot be more than 15 cm. In summer, on hot days, irrigation is required. A good option is a “warm shower” for the leaves.
Feeding is practically unnecessary. All that is needed is in the spring, the soil with humus is too mulchy. However, these are not all the requirements that must be followed to properly provide wild grapes. During the growing season, prune broken shoots twice, remove excess branches. In order for the plants to develop more actively, it is necessary to fix the upper parts of the middle shoots at a height of 1 m.
Shoots pulled out of the trunk should be directed to the lattice in the manner of a fan and fastened with ropes. Gradually, the grapes will learn to adhere to the support and systematically tie everything up. The task of gardeners is only to control the placement with such growth by timely withdrawal of branches in the right direction. Pruning is necessary several times a season. If you do not do it in time, it is likely to break the supports and the body of the whole structure.
From 4-5 years of age it is possible to participate in the spreading of the culture. For this purpose, in addition to seeds and cuttings, sprouts and layers are used. Seeds should be sown on a special bed, which is folded from loose sandy soil. Placement of planting material should take place with a burial of 0,5-0,8 cm of 10 x 10 cm grid.
Prostrate will occur in a feather as soon as the steady heat comes.
Care of such plants should be taken carefully, at least during the year. This requires constant occupation of both beds and regular watering. To the permanent places transplant only the matured seedlings.
It is much easier to use layers or processes. With the beginning of spring, select the vine, on which the buds develop well. It is buried at 5-7 cm and covered with earth. This sapling should be watered until the end of summer. During the cold season, it is left unattended and cared for. In the fall, all the sprouts should be separated and transplanted to another place.
Curtsies should be cut in the spring. On each of them there should be at least 4 large buds. The sprouts are kept in a solution for root preparation for 30 minutes. Then they are planted either in their original place or in a container for re-growing. All descents from this point are systematically watered, if there are no other problems.
Examples in landscaping
The appearance of the hedge is very relevant when growing wild grapes – after all, that’s where it all starts. A good option can be the protection of a brick fence with dense thickets. Behind them it is quite difficult to see the fence.
You can do things differently: Behind a thick multi-colored carpet hide the barrier. In this example, only part of the wooden gate is open.
Another option is to use slopes of greenery on a metal fence.