Preparing for spring: 5 basic rules for choosing and installing greenhouses in the country
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With the approach of the dacha season, many amateur rescuers begin to think about the organization of their site. After all, everyone wants to get a harvest as early as possible, regardless of weather conditions and time of year. To cope with these tasks and significantly increase the yield will help the greenhouse, the design of which will protect plants from the harmful effects of atmospheric phenomena. But to do this you need to know some rules and nuances, without which its effectiveness will be equal to zero.
Today it is difficult to surprise anyone with a greenhouse or an ordinary greenhouse on a personal plot, but their presence does not always help the owners to achieve an excellent result. After all, your installation requires not only the availability of a dacha plot, but, above all, the competent location and the right choice of structures for growing certain types of plants. It is these components that can negate all efforts. In order not to make a mistake when installing the necessary protection system, because this pleasure is not cheap (even if you do it with your own hands), listen to the following tips and rules.
1. Choose a location for your greenhouse
As most greenhouses are not built for just one season but for at least 8-10 years, a careful site selection is advisable. If you buy a ready-made greenhouse, you can certainly guarantee professional advice. However, if you decide to create it yourself, it is better to adhere to the following rules:
– Choose the most level place, the least exposed to wind loads.
– Install the structure in the most lighted place, so that it is in the sun most of the day. It is best to place the side to the south (since it has the largest area).
– When installing a vaulted or gabled house, control the distance between trees, buildings, or fences. Not only does shade significantly reduce performance, it also prevents snow drifting in the winter, which can lead to destruction or excessive flooding and considerable cooling of the soil.
– Necessary communications-Water and electricity must be provided when the greenhouse is installed.
2. Choosing the construction and design
Once you’ve decided on a location, you already know what size your greenhouse will have. Modern manufacturers offer a huge selection of greenhouse designs that range from 5 square meters to huge industrial areas.
At the same time, this type of design can be created with his own hands, it all depends on his financial skills, creative streak and the capabilities of the elementary school. With any method of creating a greenhouse, it is necessary to remember that it is the planned area becomes the dominant criterion in choosing the material for the frame and a transparent canvas of the main lighting. At the same time, you need to consider the needs of the plants you want to grow and can be guided by such criteria when determining the type of construction.
It is necessary to have a clear idea of what purposes the greenhouse is installed for, so as not to throw money away.| Photo: Roomble.com.
It is also important to understand that to create an expensive professional greenhouse for growing greens, small amounts of cucumbers and tomatoes for salad in the spring and summer time, it makes no sense to grow orchids in a greenhouse.
Don’t forget to consider the agronomy and biological properties of the plants themselves. For example, the arched frame type is suitable for growing greens, onions, strawberries, root crops, eggplants, cabbage, peppers and stunted tomatoes.
A gabled greenhouse becomes ideal for growing tall tomatoes, cucumbers, shrubs and flowers.
Gazebo greenhouse becomes a great recreational area and a place to grow early vegetables and a mobile vegetable garden Photo: roomble.com.
A very interesting option, which can simultaneously serve as a greenhouse and an enclosed terrace, is a glazed orange arrangement. Such a structure closely borders the house and can serve not only as a place to rest, but also for growing seedlings, herbs, flowers, vegetables in containers or pots, berries and even a portable garden.
3. Choosing materials for the base, frame and covering of the greenhouse
Lightweight mobile greenhouse instructions are ideal for growing vegetables in the spring and summer.
To use a greenhouse from April to September, it is better to install a lightweight structure with inexpensive covering material. They are mobile and convenient to use, since for them it is not necessary to form the basis, and the delays are created in the form of a base of a wooden plank or strict ripped boards, on which the frame and translucent cloth are attached directly. In this case, the frame may consist of aluminum, steel or plastic tubes, as well as wooden frames.
If tubes are used as the frame, they can easily be deepened into the floor and secured with pencils. As a light transformable shelter material can serve the usual polyethylene film or sheets of polycarbonate, glass on portable structures is not used. The main thing is not to forget about the organization of the top and side ventilation, because through each greenhouse passes a lot of sunlight and during the day is very hot.
Polyethylene film and polycarbonate are the ideal translucent covering material for most greenhouse structures.
Typically, these mobile greenhouses are outlived, removed and stored until the next season because their lightweight construction cannot withstand strong wind gusts, large frosts and snow cover.
To use a greenhouse all year round, install stationary structures, which require a foundation, and in some cases even a basement. Therefore, it is better to build a greenhouse in the fall, because it takes a long time to create a foundation, because the construction requires a certain amount of time for shrinkage of the material. In addition, when creating it, it is necessary to provide drainage to avoid jamming the foundation.
As the basic material of the frame you can use metal pipes, profiles, wooden beams or ready-made frames, and translucent filling can be glass, acrylic, polycarbonate or polyethylene film. Frame should include vertical and horizontal struts (in some cases, even the rafters), special fasteners to ensure the adherence of all parts of the structure to each other.
You should also provide upper and side windows that can be easily opened and fixed in position, as well as doors (two, preferably on the front sides, for large areas).
4. Internal arrangement of greenhouses
The interior design of the greenhouse directly depends on what plants you plan to plant in it and what size they are. Place for seedbeds can be directly on the floor or specially created racks and shelves. In the first case, growing is carried out directly in the ground, although experts Novate.Ru advise not to do this to avoid the infection of certain types of plants with diseases and widespread contamination of the soil. It is better to use pots, containers, boxes or even bags.
Greenhouse crops are better to grow in containers, on racks or shelves to avoid diseases.
In large greenhouses, it is better to install stationary racks with a lattice surface or portable racks, which, if necessary, can be removed or moved to another place. Such devices do an excellent job of providing active air movement, reducing the risk of plant disease in a warm, humid environment.
Whichever type of beds you choose, you also need to follow agronomic standards. For example, when planting low-growing crops (herbs, sprouts, peppers, some varieties of tomatoes, cabbage and root crops) beds (even if they are pots or racks) should be located from north to south.
If we are talking about mixed plantings with the cultivation of some tall or wicker vegetables requiring trellises (cucumbers, tall tomatoes, zucchini, squash), it is better to cover the beds from the west place to the east for even and proper lighting of plants.
In any case, do not forget about the irrigation system (it is better to use drip irrigation) and allocate areas when planting crops in the fall and winter.
5. Basic rules for the arrangement of plants in the greenhouse
To get a high yield with the least amount of time and money, it is necessary to get acquainted with the agronomy of growing and biological properties of the crops beforehand. Proper plant selection and distribution are necessary for the intelligent design of the necessary zones.
Given the limited space and crowding of different varieties and crops, the main criterion for distribution is plant height. Further consideration should be given to what the plant needs. If in bright sunlight – plant on the south side of the greenhouse, “lovers” of drafts and airing – closer to windows and doors. If there are special requirements for humidity, it is better to divide the territory into drier and wetter zones and properly distribute plants in them.
Agrotechnics and biological features of growing cucumbers and tomatoes in the greenhouse. https://vasha-teplitsa.ru
Variety and compatibility of the crops themselves also play an important role. In greenhouse conditions use alternation of tops and roots (cabbage-tomato-carrot or beet) depending on the “taking” of nutrients by each plant during the period of formation and active growth. If necessary, groups of plants and some species can be separated from each other by special screens or more suitable neighbors to reduce mutual dependence on the growing conditions of neighboring crops.
To increase efficiency, increase yields and provide your family with fresh herbs or vegetables, it makes sense to grow them with different maturity dates (early and medium). After harvesting the early varieties, it is necessary to plant the next early-ripening variety, which will have the same requirements for agronomy and growing conditions.
Plants must be properly planted and cared for not only in the greenhouse, but also in the open field. To learn how to do it more efficiently, so that the harvest was excellent and the work brought joy, you can read the material below, which reveals all the creations of the ideal beds in the country.
The best indoor winter gardens and greenhouses
If you’ve decided to create a winter garden in your private home, we congratulate you! Whether you live in the countryside or in the big city, you will fill your life with joyful and enjoyable moments. Fill your conservatory with exotic plants, turn it into an extra living room – you’ll be in harmony with nature in all seasons. Whether you hire contractors or build your own conservatory, we have some great tips for you.
Natural stone walls give your conservatory a cozy feel
Crucial to the design of a conservatory is, of course, the glazing. The glass should be insulated. When designing the roof, its slope plays an important role. Calculate how the sun rays fall in winter: the roof should be at right angles to them. Then in winter you can collect all the sun’s heat, and in summer – to hide from the scorching sun. Keep your garden at an optimal, comfortable temperature year-round.
Add fresh accents with furniture
A glass terrace as a winter garden
Greenhouse with conservatory
Even if we are talking mostly about southern regions with mild winters, pay attention to one very important point: Cheap materials are not even considered here! The glass and moving mechanisms must be of the highest quality if you want to be able to spend time in your conservatory all year round.
Enjoy a delicious breakfast or read a beautiful book in this conservatory.
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Winter garden decoration
Of course, a winter garden can be used to store plants for the winter. It can also be made into a greenhouse, growing your own vegetables year-round. However, we are considering an option in which the interior of the winter garden is like a living room, in which you can gather the whole family, nature and fresh air at any time of the year and in any weather. The first is comfort and coziness! Use comfortable upholstered furniture or beautiful garden furniture. Install a comfortable table and do not forget about the lights. Outlets will also be useful for them. Plants certainly do the soul of a conservatory. Fill the room with greenery. The winter garden will be an oasis in which you can fill your strength for new successes, the embodiment of comfort, a circle full of blooming plants!
Classic furniture in an aluminum conservatory
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A glass terrace as a winter garden
If you already have a wonderful veranda or terrace that you like to spend time on in nice weather, why not glaze it over? A small family doesn’t need a large conservatory, a glazed veranda is enough – a quiet corner with fresh air where you can spend winter evenings.
Winter garden with sun protection
Large winter garden with a domed structure
We publish for you photos of completely different, but no doubt the best winter gardens and greenhouses.