Ornamental shrubs: names, photos and descriptions (catalog)
The more greenery on the plot, the more pleasant to be on it. To make it beautiful and comfortable, you need to choose plantings carefully. So we decided to prepare a catalog of ornamental shrubs with photos and names. And also – divided the selection into different categories!
Perennial Ornamental Shrubs
Let’s start with the most popular perennial species that have won the hearts of gardeners from different regions of Russia.
Park roses during flowering are covered with lush, macerated flowers of all kinds of shades. In everyday life, it is a very unpretentious plant that is also suitable for beginners.
Dumpling bifoliolate is densely covered with small, leathery leaves that form a splendid, dense crown. In summer it overgrows with small flowers with a delicate and sensitive scent. Geißblatt is frost-resistant and not at all moody.
Evergreen needle shrub is often used in horticulture and landscape design. It fills the air with the characteristic scent of pine needles. There are also dwarf and tall varieties – for any green composition.
This ornamental shrub got its name for the characteristic shape of the fan of leaves of light green color. In autumn, the shade changes to purple or even almost black. Japanese maple grows slowly and requires almost no pruning.
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Generations of common hazel enjoy beautiful leaves, which turn a spectacular purple color in the fall. The bream needs good light and space.
Frost-resistant ornamental shrubs
If you are constantly worried about unexpected seasonal frosts or live in harsher regions, these options are for you!
Barberry can easily survive the winter without protection, and even if it frosts, it recovers in the spring. In summer it is densely covered with cute little flowers, which then turn into fragrant berries.
Few people know, but Canadian roses are true record holders in cold tolerance. The bush even tolerates frosts up to-45 degrees, and also easily recovers on its own.
Hydrangea combines many pleasant virtues. She tolerates not only frost, but also the lack of light and high soil humidity. In addition, hydrangea can be rightly classified as one of the most beautifully flowering shrubs.
Juniper is regularly used to decorate hedges. Some of its species are not afraid of cold, moisture and shade, and also suffer from too bright, scorching sun.
Depending on the species, Monster is resistant with paniculate or light pink flowers. It is very resistant to frost and shade, but it needs to be watered regularly.
Shrubs for hedges: names, photos and descriptions (catalog)
Flowering ornamental shrubs
Among ornamental shrubs there are many flowering shrubs, and for this section we have selected the most interesting and spectacular of them.
Veigela is covered with spectacular purple bells until the end of spring and persists until the first colds. The shrub is difficult to tolerate frosts, but likes shade.
Kiznik always like a very long flowering, which lasts almost all spring. It is suitable for creating hedges, and is also valued in folk medicine.
Garden azaleas can be quite moody, but their beauty pays off in full. Most often there are varieties with white, pink and purple color.
Depending on the species, the magnolia can be a tree or a shrub. Its huge flowers are known for their bright and strong fragrance. And in the fall, the plant is covered with beautiful dark fruits that remain even in winter.
In natural conditions, the thorn is tall, growing up to 3 meters. But in the garden it tolerates pruning well, so it can also be shaped for a hedge. Flowers are small, but they are many and very fragrant.
Chubushnik (75 photos): species, planting and care
Evergreen ornamental shrubs
Evergreen shrubs delight with their beauty all year round. We recommend to pay attention to such varieties!
Sansita is a landscape design classic with landscape architects. It beats well, is not afraid of wind and design, feels great in the shade or on the unwanted floor, and also forms well when pruned.
Interesting and unusual plant immediately attracts attention with quirky carved leaves. And in the spring, the bush overgrows with the same bizarre inflorescences.
Chances are you know this shrub called Strawberry Tree. And its fruits do resemble strawberries, only they are larger and tasteless. Arbutus grows slowly and decorates the site for many years.
This is a heat-loving, evergreen and low-growing shrub, which is strongly branched. Dark green leaves form a magnificent dense crown. During flowering, the buds are almost completely covered.
Amazing plant strikes with original inflorescences, resembling brushes of several multicolored dusts. Callistemon blooms in summer, its leaves smell nice, and it adapts perfectly to any conditions.
Celosia (60 photos): species, planting and proper care
The most unprofessional ornamental shrubs
Not all plants are simple and immediately amenable to beginners. But we have recorded the most unpretentious shrubs, which everyone can handle!
And in particular – Deren white with its beautiful two leaves. This shrub is also beautiful in the fall, when it turns a rich burgundy color. It is affected in almost all conditions and is rooted in the ground.
The white-pink snowberry elder can be recognized by the characteristic large fruits that cover it until fall. With age, the shrub grows up to 1.5 meters, and almost twice as wide.
Shrubby lapchatka can be very different – very tiny or impressive and sprawling. The colors and shape of the inflorescences differ, but all varieties have in common excellent immunity, photophilicity and drought tolerance.
Deitia is characterized by complete indifference to the type of soil in which it grows. The main thing is that moisture should not stagnate. In addition, the plant feels equally well in the sun and in the shade, but in winter it is necessary to bend the branches to the ground.
Bubblewort is a very versatile garden shrub. He fears neither frosts nor lack of sun, and is also quite resistant to diseases and parasites. There are several species – with golden or lilac foliage.
Flower canna (60 photos): species, proper care and planting
The best ornamental shrubs for the suburbs
These beautiful ornamental species feel comfortable in the changeable climate of the Moscow region. So feel free to choose your options!
Pale yellow flowers bloom in early spring and will decorate the site immediately after a dull gray winter. Forsythia grows well in width, but does not tolerate excess moisture at the roots.
This shrub does well in variable conditions and even in large cities. Spirea blooms with lush snow-white inflorescences, and in good weather, at a good time of year – even twice a year.
This shrub is good at any time, as in the spring it is covered with delicate pink flowers, and in the fall the foliage takes on a bright orange hue. Louisiana likes good light and needs protection from strong winds.
The crop attracts very beautiful bright colors in all shades of pink, orange or white. It bears fruit until mid-autumn. Despite its exotic origin, this quince in the Moscow suburbs feels comfortable in both wet and sandy soils.
The simplest and most obvious option, which is ideal for the Moscow suburbs. There is no need to talk separately about the decorative properties of lilacs. It is best to plant it in well-lit areas and away from close neighbors.
15 fast-growing ornamental shrubs that will transform your garden
Ornamental shrubs can implement any idea in the landscape design of both garden plots and metropolitan areas. But much depends on how fast they grow. To see the result faster, plant the plants we have selected for you.
They are distinguished not only by their high decorative qualities, but also by a significant annual growth of shoots. Some have annual growth exceeding two meters. We hope that you will find these fast-growing shrubs useful, both for individual planting and for creating hedges.
Acacia yellow (Caragana treelike)
Deciduous shrub of the legume family – Caragana treelike – is better known under other names. Because of the similar structure of the leaves, it is called Siberian and yellow acacia, and because of the fruit in the form of pods – peas.
Caragana is often used in landscaping to create dense hedges because it grows quickly and is easy to cut. In the natural environment it grows up to 5 m in height.
In May, gardens are filled with the fragrance of the shrub’s many yellow flowers, which bees love. Gardeners love the Siberian acacia for its simplicity, easy propagation and representative appearance. In addition, yellow acacia is planted along the banks of ravines because. it can strengthen their slopes and improve the soil.
The exotic Buddleia davida is an excellent annual shoot. During the season, under favorable conditions, its stems are changed by about 2-2.5 m, so that they do not stretch out and bare, the shrub has to be pruned.
It is carried out in spring, shortening tall plants to 90 cm above the floor, and stunted ones to 30 cm. Thanks to this procedure not only improves the appearance of buddleia, but also the flower becomes more lush.
And the plant likes its elongated tassel-shaped – – – inflorescences of different colors: from white to purple, from midsummer to early autumn. They constantly emit a subtle honey aroma.
Maintains its ornamental value from early spring to late autumn, the black-leaved shrub, which reaches a height of 3-4 m. Its varieties differ in size, the shape of the crown and leaves, their coloring. Fruits can be both black and cream with red blush.
Elderberry is especially beautiful in summer during flowering. Its lush scalloped inflorescences also have a pleasant fragrance.
Unlike the wild species of its “relatives”, which are not afraid of frosts, decorative varieties of black elderberry in the middle belt and in the Moscow region need protection for the winter. If the shrub does freeze, it is cut in a scattered manner. The plant will quickly recover, as new shoots take root well.
Beautiful hydrangea will decorate any flower bed and garden. It has achieved popularity all over the world because of its magnificent blooms. The shrub has more than a hundred species, which differ in height, color and shape of inflorescences.
Among hydrangeas, there are even trees and vines that grow up to 30 meters. If desired, the plant can even be given a standard form.
Hydrangeas are demanding to care for. Requires regular watering, feeding and protection for the winter. Soil prefers poor or medium, does not tolerate semi-shady heat and stagnant water.
Eastern “relative” of hydrangea – deitia – blooms from June to July. If it is not trimmed, the perennial quickly grows and turns into a luxurious bush up to 1.5 m in height. Many sensitive deitia flowers decorate any garden because the plant itself, which for a long time does not lose its decorativeness.
Action is easy to expand, it is unpretentious in care, but you have to protect it for the winter because of the fear of Frost. Plant it in a sunny place, protected from cold winds, with a low water table. In the spring, sanitize the bush and shorten its branches after flowering.
Honeysuckle is also a fast-growing shrub. Its non-edible species are used in landscape design. During the year, the shoots of the ornamental plant with a length of almost 2 m (bar honeysuckle) increase. In a short time, this spectacular liana can create a beautiful hedge along the fence, braid an arbor or pergola.
Almost all types of goatweed are unpretentious in growing conditions and care. It only needs autumn and phosphorus-potassium feeding during flowering, infrequent watering during drought and light winter sheltering with decomposed manure and phosphorus-potassium feeding only.
Common raspberry decorates the garden all year round. She is magnificent in the spring during the lush flowering, good in the summer with yellowish-red berries, wonderful in the fall in a purple outfit. And in winter the red fruits are the main accent in the white stillness.
It is impossible to count the useful properties of viburnum berries. However, in folk and state medicine, not only the fruit, but also the bark, seeds and young shoots of the plant are used. Its infusions and extracts treat many diseases – from toothache to arteriosclerosis.
In addition, viburnum is a reliable soil protecting plant. It is easy to grow. It mostly needs pest protection and formative pruning.
Ornamental throughout the season, bubblegrass is a summer-green shrub in the Pink family. It is unpretentious and grows very quickly. In early summer the plant is decorated with white flowers collected in hemispherical inflorescences, and from autumn to mid-winter – unusual fruits-leaves.
The most popular in landscape design is the viburnum with spreading branches and three- or five-lobed leaves of different colors (depending on the variety).
Plant this ornamental shrub in open, sunny areas, then its leaves will be bright. Regular watering and pruning of panicle plants, both hygienic and shaped, promotes lush flowering and gets an attractive crown. Young plants need to be covered for the winter.
Such an unpretentious ornamental shrub as broom with moth-like flowers is not yet widespread in landscape design in Russia. In nature, it grows in Southern and Central Europe. About 15 species have been introduced into culture. The most popular brooms are crowned, cue, early, creeping and Zinger’s.
The bush ranges in height from 20 cm to 3 m. Low plants are planted in stone gardens, rock gardens. Taller shrubs are used in single and group plantings. They also strengthen slopes. In addition, thyme is a good melliferous plant.
Propagate the shrub is quite simple. It needs to be watered in time, nourished and trimmed, protected from diseases and pests. After flowering, it is necessary to cut the shoots to strong side branches. Young plants should be covered for the winter.
An excellent plant for landscaping shady corners of the garden is the red curdle or Red Currant. Especially in winter, its strong red branches do not shy away from strong winds.
The curlew blooms in late May, and with good care, in September. Small flowers are gathered in fluffy, almost flat grape umbrellas up to 7 cm in diameter.
With the help of such a decorative shrub you can not only dress up unsightly buildings, but also strengthen slopes, because. It has many root shoots. In addition, the Scroll is ideal for creating a hedge.
A light green summer shrub with a sprawling crown and drooping foliage in colors ranging from light green (spring) to blood red (fall).
Blood red currant
Blood red currant is one of the berries, but is more commonly used in landscaping because. It has many ornamental properties. But its fruit – blue-black oval berries – cannot boast a rich flavor.
This unusual shrub reaches 4 m in height (in culture 1.5-2.5 m). The blood-red currant gets its name from its red-brown straight discs and pink grapes. The young leaves have a rich aroma.
However, it is not recommended to grow the plant in regions where the temperature drops below e-23 ° C.
For creating hedges, Japanese spirea is widely used in single and group plantings. Depending on the variety, it is low-growing (20-30 cm) and taller – up to 1.3 m. The shrub blooms for many gardeners almost all summer. He is unpretentious and easily adapts to climatic conditions.
Japanese blooms with pink flowers, in the fall the large green leaves, depending on the variety of the plant, are colored yellow or pink.
A shrub that easily adapts to any climate and from spring to fall tends to beauty both in the south and in Siberia.
One of the first to “look” in the spring is forsythia. During its luxurious records, yellow bell flowers blossom. The branches are literally studded with them. At the end of flowering, the bush is “dressed” in light green foliage, which becomes golden or purple-purple in the fall.
For such a multifloral wonder, choose well-lit places with light and slightly alkaline soil. Forsythia does not tolerate waterlogging, needs protection for the winter, regular sanitary treatment and formative pruning.
It is always different in winter, spring and summer! Here’s how to properly care for forsythia.
Far eastern shrub fotinia is increasingly appearing in gardens. True, it is suitable for growing only in the southern regions, as it does not tolerate low temperatures. This evergreen complex with a height of 1.5-3 m attracts its unusual foliage, which changes color from red to green.
In May – June large white umbrella flowers bloom. In the autumn, dark red fruits about 1 cm in diameter mature in their place, and the leaves turn orange.
There are no special difficulties in growing the photo. It needs moderate watering and during the growing season monthly feeding with complex mineral fertilizers.
One of the most unpretentious shrubs – mahonia – quickly grows and well tolerates pruning. For its strong fragrance and white flowers it is also called garden jasmine, although the plants belong to different families. Monster is by Hortenseum, and Jasmine is by Olive.
The “Juniper” blooms in June and fills the garden with its distinctive scent. If you don’t like it, there are varieties whose flowers hardly smell at all. To enjoy the beauty and fragrance longer, Maclea needs to be watered and shaded for a few hours a day in hot weather.
Because of the annual pruning and strong growth, the bush needs more nutrients. Therefore, the plant is fertilized three times a season: in early spring before flowering and afterwards with mineral and organic fertilizers.
For most species of Monster protection for the winter is not required, as she withstands frosts up to 25 ° C, but it will not hurt the young plants. Frozen shoots should be cut off in the spring, they will quickly recover.
Each of these decorative shrubs can quickly transform and decorate your plot. And with proper care and timely pruning will delight you with their excellent appearance for a long time.