Autumn plaster in the country, which is to be done first. Work in the garden in autumn
Autumn plaster in the country, which is to be done first. Work in the garden in autumn
In addition to the fact that you have to deal with autumn leaves more often in the garden than in other areas, you have to carry out many other actions.
Since leaves are a valuable compost material, it should not be burned. Prepare niches or special boxes and throw leaves out for other organic fertilizers.
Do not hurry to remove the fruits of late apple and pear types until they are completely ripe. Their maturity is determined by the color of the grains, they should be brown. In order not to damage the fruits, they have to be removed and not crushed. The harvest immediately after the harvest is stored in a cool place. Do the same with grapes.
What to do in the garden in autumn when all fruits are already collected? In addition to harvesting and harvesting, attention must be paid to all trees and shrubs. Without adequate care, you can get freezing or sick and die what the future yields will reduce.
Autumn is the time for planting fruit nets, the transplanting of trees and shrubs, but only after they have dropped their leaves. In autumn, too, layers of gooseberries, currants, yoshta, raspberries and blackberries are divided and dug.
Grapes are processed by pests, cut off and isolated at the base for winter.
In young trees that have not yet worn fruits, pinching long shoots to speed up the hill.
It is necessary to cut the branches of trees that have shrunk and infected by diseases, as well as to clean the trunks of the dead bark and moss.
Berries and fruit trees are dug deeply all around. This process offers access to the root system of moisture and oxygen and helps to locate and destroy the habitats of harmful insects.
Subsequently, the ground is loosened up near the root zone for a successful wintering of fruit trees and bushes, well thrown off and isolated with leaves, peat or mulch. The tribes of young trees aged up to 4-5 years, which are still weakly hardened and may not tolerate frost, have to be isolated with sack linen or fleece.
An additional protection against frost and garden pest as well as the last step in the garden in autumn and preparing trees and shrubs for wintering is your whig.
Autumn cleaning in zucchinigarten. What to do with zucchini tips after harvesting the last harvest?
While they take care of the zucchini harvest all summer, harvest fruits and feed the harvest, they will surely be happy about the lush leaves, the good fruits and the simply beautiful culture, which sometimes extends over more than one square meter.
But what to do when the fruit period of the zucchini comes to an end? After all, the leaves and stems are quite dense, heavy and voluminous. And in this case you need to know how to dispose of zucchinis tips.
Raw materials for warm beds
First of all, the tips of the zucchini can be used as one of the lower layers, together with branches, dry hay for warm beds. And especially in autumn, when they equip warm beds, all this raw material can be placed in the lowest layer. Place crap on it to heat the beds, and then fertile land.
If you are afraid that the tops of zucchini can cause the spread of fungal diseases, then just water them with any EM preparation, such as Baikal-EM or Fitosporin, and in this case there is nothing to worry about. After all, the manure also does its job and forces the bed to “burn”.
In addition, the tops of the zucchini can be shifted with marigold tops, which will also play a role in the disinfection of the future garden.
Zucchini tops are perfect for warm beds for tomatoes, peppers or potatoes. And tomato tops, in turn, can be put in a garden bed for cucumbers and the same zucchini. In this case, crop rotation is perfectly observed.
raw materials for compost
Of course, zucchini tops can be placed in compost. If possible, cut it into pieces so that processing goes faster.
You can put the tops of zucchini in black compost bags, pour layers of soil, as well as in a barrel. In such barrels, cucumbers can be planted next year. In a barrel you get an excellent food base, a kind of warm pillow on which cucumbers grow very well and bear excellent fruit. However, since zucchini is related to cucumbers, when placing the tops of zucchini in a barrel, it must be treated with an EM preparation or Fitosporin.
Autumn cleaning in the country. Autumn soil preparation for winter
After harvesting the crop, the soil in the garden and in the garden must be put in order immediately. Fall tillage increases fertility, helps control pests, diseases, and weeds, and reduces labor costs. So what makes sense to do in the garden in autumn?
Autumn tillage to prevent diseases and pests
The beds must be cleared of large weeds, dry tree tops, fruits and other debris. It is best to start autumn tillage at the same time as harvesting or as soon as possible afterwards. Do not delay: spores of pathogenic fungi ripen on rotting plant residues, infect the soil and prepare for a successful wintering. This is facilitated by rain, and in clear weather – fog and night dew.
Very often they write that autumn work in the country should not compost, but burn the tops of tomatoes and other plant debris and signs of infection. But this is not necessary: there are no suitable conditions for the development of pathogens in the thickness of the compost, matured compost is safe for garden plants.
loosening of the topsoil
Immediately after harvesting plant residues, loosen the beds 3-4 cm deep as early as possible to destroy the soil crust.
This must be done before a stable cold snap. Loosening provokes the germination of weed seeds. The longer they have until the fall to climb, the better. After digging the ground in the fall, the seedlings will die, which will reduce weeding in the next season.
Autumn digging of the ground
Do I have to dig up the earth in autumn? Digging in the fall does not make sense for all types of soil. It does not have a beneficial effect on sandy, crumbly soils, but it is extremely useful on heavy clay soils.
Digging up the soil in autumn improves the structure of the clay soil. It forms pores, air pockets into which oxygen penetrates. It is very important for root respiration and the uptake of nutrients by plants. With a lack of oxygen, the nutrients go into a form inaccessible to plants, and plant productivity decreases.
Autumn digging of the soil in the country reduces the infection of the garden with pests and diseases. It destroys the passages and nests of pests, opening them access to cold air. The lumps that fell out on the surface freeze better, this contributes to their partial disinfection.
Digging reduces the number of annual weeds. Small shoots of weeds are easily killed after digging, making it easier for you to weed next season.
Snow moisture is used sensibly. More snow accumulates on the hilly surface of the beds after digging. At the same time, when the snow melts, the water does not flow down the sides, but enters the pores formed after digging, swells and is absorbed deep into the ground. Garden vegetables can use the reserves of biologically active snow moisture for growth in spring.
Take time to complete digging before prolonged rains set in: if the soil gets wet to a depth of 10 cm or more, it will no longer be possible to dig it, as this will trample the soil and destroy its structure . As a rule, experienced gardeners try to be on time with the digging by the beginning of October.
Dig the beds about 15-20 cm deep and turn the clods over if possible so that the weed shoots are at the bottom. It is not necessary to carefully break up lumps and level the bed: snow and water collect better on an uneven surface. These are the necessary autumn work in the country.
Autumn cleaning on the school grounds coloring book. Autumn cleaning of our premises (photo report)
Tatyana Grekova autumn cleaning of our site (photo report)
Photo report on cleaning our site. autumn leaves.
leaves on the trees
It doesn’t fit either.
All day today
Everything flies, flies.
Apparently also in Africa
Purpose: To teach children cleanliness and order to awaken the desire to work in a team.
Tasks: to increase children’s knowledge of the characteristic signs of a change in nature, to emphasize the beauty of autumn nature, a variety of colors that clarify signs of autumn.
In the process of labor activity (cleaning the site), learn to finish what you have started, get an idea of the importance of work for yourself and others, learn to make a joyful mood from the results of the work done.
Cultivate a sense of responsibility and a diligent attitude to carrying out work on the construction site.
After short and warm autumn days, a “carpet” of colorful leaves appeared on the site of the middle group. -Dry leaves and branches were cleaned on site. We worked as a group, helped each other and are now looking forward to snow and beautiful winter days.
In the meantime, we take rakes, buckets, shovels and begin to perform the educator’s task of removing dry leaves and twigs.
Good mood and skilful children’s hands bring order to the construction site.
How exciting it is to work together and alone.
And above all, pleasure in the work done.
The children were delighted with the result of joint activities.
This is the end of our cleanup.
Autumn cleaning in the cemetery. Visiting a cemetery in autumn: what to do?
We have already written more about visiting cemeteries on our channel. We have broadcast it for every Orthodox Christian: This is by no means empty. Undoubtedly, we, who visits the cemetery, become the memory of the mortals in memory of the deceased. After all, this is one of the components of memory of the deceased in the full and conten t-related sense of this word. Relatives attend cemeteries to commemorate in every season. When we talk exactly about autumn: what is done when we visit the grave of the deceased of our natives and shortly before the right memory of him …
The appearance of the cemetery is preferably in the morning. But immediately say that this is by no means necessary. If we believe that this is unacceptable after lunch, then we get the superstition. You can visit cemeteries at any time. But in autumn it gets dark much earlier: and that is why it is better to remember the deceased by going to the temple in the morning, after going to the temple, an magpie and a requiem died about the.
We clean the grave and remove the autumn waste, leaves. And that is also of great importance. Finally we express ourselves around the grave on one of the memorial forms of the deceased. Sometimes it hurts to see the neglected graves, including fresher. How often in the year everyone decides to visit the cemeteries themselves, but the more often it is: it may not be quite correct, but close to the truth.
Next we pray for the deceased. We read the lithium that is defined in the relevant Orthodox books for laypersons. I pray for the deceased (by the way not only in the cemetery, but also at home), we not only express the respect for you, but also the love and care that we can do about you, and ask God, your current position To improve the world of another in the current position.
Do not put food on the grave and drink in the cemetery. The latter is particularly relevant. After all, we don’t remember them at all. According to many theologians and priests, we only worsen their posthumous fate with this ethyl memory over the burial mound. It is better to just pray and to remember the grave close to the deceased and to remember a memory of him: the latter will definitely benefit him!
Shu t-cleaning in a summer house. Trapped until winter. 7 important cases in the country in autumn
The case in the summer house does not end with the end of summer. If the garden is not prepared for winter, you can hardly be satisfied with a good harvest and a magnificent garden next year. Spb.aif.ru says what you have to have in the country in autumn.
In September it is time to dig potatoes, carrots, beets, cabbage and onions. In order not to rotting the vegetables when stored, they have to be dried in the sun for several hours, and before they clean in a hole or basement, it has cooled: a garage or another dark place with a low point temperature is suitable. Sort the root cultures: the largest can safely put them in the other corner, they are kept until spring. Store small or damaged vegetables closer: they have to be eaten first. Carrots and beets are better preserved when they cut off the tip, and cabbage – if they dig it with roots and wrap it into paper.
When the harvest is harvested, it is time to clean the garden from the garbage. Pull up weeds out of the ground, destroy the remains of plants, collect and burn the fallen leaves – otherwise they rot and pests will be started in them. Replace the earth in greenhouses and greenhouses or treat them with chlorine lime. It is recommended to pour the earth for future spring planting with a solution from soda: This will help to disinfect the soil. Then place the fertilizer on the beds – peat, manure.
Prepare trees and shrubs for the winter
Trim dry branches of trees and give shape in autumn. To prevent the occurrence of pests, they “seal” the intersections with sound. Tree trunks can be whipped with lime: This protects the bark from the harmful effects of the sun and infections. Spray branches, bushes and the floor around you with a special solution. “Sick” branches are best burned to prevent infection from other plants.
fertilize the floor
To make the floor more fruitful next year, sow it after the harvest with white mustard, rye or oats. White mustard is a versatile option, but rye does not help sandy soils and only dry it out. After three to four weeks, mow the tips of the seedlings and mix them into the ground with a hoe without digging the beds. The floor will be loose and fertile next season.
Another effective method is the use of faded ring flowers as a fertilizer. Crush the flowers with a hoe or shovel and dig them into the ground. The aroma of marig flowers discourages insect pests from the plants and the plants themselves improve the quality of the soil. By the way, if you dry a few flowers, you can find a very useful solution for plants in spring that protect your plantings from aphids and voracious butterflies.
Plant chop fruits
Autumn is time to plant onions, garlic, beets, radishes and carrots. It is better to do this in October before the frost is inserted. The soil in which you want to plant root fruits must be disinfected and fertilized. So that the plants do not die in the cold, they cover them with spruce branches.
Process garden tools
So that rake, garden scissors and shovels serve many other summer seasons, do not forget to make all garden tools winte r-proof! The entire inventory must be dried and lubricated with machine oil. Carefully wrap the tools in plastic film and leave them stand for the winter in a place protected from moisture. So the inventory does not rust and remains in excellent condition.
Make rooms winte r-proof
Do homework in autumn. Do not move them until spring: in six months you have many other things to do – clean, plant, water. Bring all the buildings in order before winter. Remove all food from you. Make sure the roof is not leaking. If the walls have to be painted, do it now! If necessary, repair the gate, the fence.
After that, you can take a deep breath, leave the land to spring and enjoy delicious supplies – vegetables from your own garden.
Garden care before the holidays
Everyone loves care and maintenance, they are particularly important for garden plants. Beautiful, healthy trees, shrubs and mult i-year flowers require regular care in spring, summer, autumn and winter. Every season, the type of care must be changed to carry out different activities that help prevent diseases and prevent the death of seedlings. Before you create a garden, you have to carefully study the care phases and familiarize yourself with the seasonal work packages, otherwise the garden less than a year. We study the sequence of actions to enjoy the beauty of nature all year round
Everything blooms in spring, color is bound in summer, the fruits mature in autumn and nature falls asleep in winter. Each season prescribes certain rules for garden maintenance, the disregard of which can lead to serious illnesses or to death plants. The owner of the garden must cut seasonal, water, fertilize and pest control. Some activities have to be carried out during the entire wax phase of the plants from spring to late autumn, others are only carried out at a certain time a year.
Spring care for the garden and garden is considered the most important phase in the life of plants. After frost and snowfall, rope, awakening and human help at this moment makes it easier to survive the transition period. Trees, shrubs and flowers prepare for the maturation and fruit formation and gain strength in spring. Care, planting new plants, can take place according to the lunar calendar to achieve a better result.
Spring tree care in the garden begins with its inspection. Mushrooms are removed, cracks covered, wounds treated. An externally healthy tree and shrub can die. The death of the plant only shows when it does not form buds, so caring for the garden in spring after winter is a thorough inspection. You should pay attention to the presence of depressions, injuries that indicate the presence of the disease. Young apple trees have to be carefully examined. When traces of born silk cocks are lying on dry leaves and spinning weavers hang, they are removed. Spring care for conifers in the garden is to protect them from the sun and cover them with special awnings. Trash from last season is removed, cleaned from the garden
The phases of spring garden care begin with the Tünchen. The kaling solution applied to the plant trunks helps to eliminate mushrooms and braids, to prevent the occurrence of pest and activity. The white coating protects the bark from ultraviolet radiation, fades in the sun and pushes small rodents due to a smell that is unpleasant for them
Spring garden maintenance includes spraying, which is considered the most important protection against malice insects, fungi and other diseases. With the help of insecticides, scab, black cancer, the appearance of caterpillars, apple winders and other insects can be prevented. As important care of the garden in spring as spraying the trees, it must be carried out before the flowering period. At the time of the ovaries, the influence of aids is most effective. After the start of bloom, the orchard can only be processed in special cases in spring if additional protection is required.
Top dressing is the most important step in garden maintenance after winter, since plants have significantly reduced nutrient supply. Fertilizers are selected in the type of culture, taking age, variety and state of health into account. The top dressing takes place according to the basal or leaf method. Organic fertilizers are interfered in the circles that are mixed with the floor. This can be rotted manure, bird droppings, compost or special infusions.
Cut trees and shrubs
Spring care for fruit trees involves pruning. It increases the fertility of crops, promotes the health of trees and shrubs. Lightening the crown reduces the likelihood of branches snapping from the weight of the fruit. In place of the old knots, new elastic knots grow that can withstand a large load. Material for grafting can be collected during the pruning process. Branches should be grafted immediately, or you will have to wait until the movement of the sap stops
Changing the sod and reseeding the lawn
Spring is the best season for landscaping. Closer to summer, it is necessary to apply complex fertilizers to the lawn, digging to replace old areas that have survived their useful properties with new ones. New seeds are planted on the bare spots of the lawn, grass is planted. After the winter, the lawn needs new strength, a recovery phase, so regular watering and combing are the order of the day to remove dry blades of grass. Due to the aeration process, the lawn grows faster and fills the area more densely. It can be done manually only in small areas, special equipment is required for large rooms.
plant flower beds
Spring flower care in the garden begins with top dressing for perennials, and with the next stage of planting for annuals. When planting it is necessary to sculpt beautiful shapes, drawing with different shades of the figure. Such actions will help make the club beautiful and interesting.
Summer garden maintenance is full of weed control and drought control. Weed grass begins to grow intensively, depriving seedlings of nutrient moisture and depriving some types of sunlight. This feature makes weeding the first step in summer garden maintenance. In addition to weeding, gardeners need to mow the grass, collect some fruits, actively feed and plant the plants
Protection against diseases and pests
Already in the first half of summer, insects begin to actively reproduce. Some do no harm, others can ruin the entire crop and lead to the death of plants. Gardeners need to examine the leaves of trees, shrubs and other seedlings for the presence of larvae and traces of insect activity, and timely process green surfaces to prevent the death of plants and eating of future crops
In summer, the plants are actively preparing for flowering and fruit production, so they need top dressing with mineral fertilizers. Perennial and annual flowers are fed with phosphorus for strength. Trees and shrubs are fertilized once in the middle of summer or partially along their entire length, when the lack of one microelement is pronounced. Top dressing may be urgent when the plant is sick, or is planned for general strengthening and increased productivity.
Summer gardening is impossible without watering. Plants under the scorching sun do not receive the required amount of moisture, so it is important to water them systematically, based on the need for watering. Watering is done early in the morning or late in the evening. During solar activity it is absolutely impossible to water the plants. Water on the leaves acts like a magnifying glass, causing burns that can cause disease and infertility. For the convenience and investment of human labor, there are automatic irrigation systems that work automatically at a predetermined time. With their help, basic irrigation, drip or rain irrigation can be carried out.
The loosening of the soil is otherwise referred to as aerialization. The green layer of the lawn is pierced with forks or special devices with teeth, which help to get oxygen through the upper earthen crust. The ripe land becomes softer, the root system of trees, shrubs and flowers becomes easier to moisture
In summer, the lawn haircut is not only for aesthetics, but also for the activation of its growth, the sealing of blades, the formation of reliable lawn. The shortening of the grass is perceived by a living organism of nature, like animals, so that it becomes stronger, beautiful and hardy
Cleaning the reservoir
If there is a reservoir on the territory of the garden, not only has to monitor plants, but also deal in the eedlation. High temperatures cause water flowers, then the ponds and wells look ugly, spread the stench and contribute to the spread of bacteria and pests. The walls of the pond must be cleaned by algae and collect the silt from below, the plants next to the climb should be cut and wiped off. With severe drought, it may be necessary to add water to the reservoir
Flowers are the decoration of the garden. So take care of you in awe and exactly. For your long flowers you have to spray the floor, water and inflorescences. In the vicinity of the colors, it is necessary to remove weeds in good time, to mulch with gravel or extended sound, to rejuvenate her or her or her dam. Perennials quickly lose their attractive shape if they do not monitor their dimensions, they grow and begin to disturb each other. Such plants are planted. Weekly efforts to maintain the beauty of the flower beds
Autumn maintenance for the garden is similar to spring training, only on the contrary. First, gardeners take care of the harvest and then start preparing plants for lowering the temperature and the beginning of the winter period. Your spring growth and health during summer time depend on the right approach for autumn care for plants. This season begins to plant perennials, plant lamps made of bushes and flowers, pitch to strengthen large trees
The root feeding is carried out in the middle of the car. A complex substances based on the needs of the plant are introduced into the almost Barrel circles. Nitrogen is excluded from the autumn period by mineral fertilizer
The territory of the garden is cleaned before winter, plants are saved from painful shoots, sick branches. Cutting for circumcision, crippled pests, damaged by the power of nature or other circumstances. All collected scrap, together with garbage, are taken from the front changes and burned. It is impossible to let the branches spoiled by the disease or pests spoiled for every purpose
Prevention of insects and rodents
Malignant insects and their larvae can survive under the hardest conditions. To prevent the situation in spring, you have to get rid of the old bark and fallen leaves, as these are your favorite places for hibernating pests
Preparation for the winter
Garden maintenance in autumn helps the plants to get the necessary energy before a long hibernation. The pot of the trunk is one of the first actions that are carried out in the preparation phase. It protects the tree from sudden fluctuations in temperature, prevents mushrooms from occurring and prevents insects from nesting. A kaling solution of low concentration is used for newly planted trees. So you get more oxygen. Use a concentrated, thick coating option for old trees.
Covering of flower beds, shrubs and hea t-loving trees
Shrubs, conifers and hea t-loving trees can die in spring if they do not take care of their shelters. As soon as the warm spring sun begins to warm, the moisture evaporates from the surface of the leaves and cannot be replenished anywhere because the roots are still sleeping. Shelter enables plants to survive, stay green and beautiful. Empty country that has lost plants for some reason is covered with mowed grass and flowers. The protection enables you to protect the fertile layer and to nourish with useful substances in winter. Flower beds are covered with cover material or leaves, several years of flowers are cut and annual plants are removed
Lawn care for protection against erosion and putrefaction
Not only shrubs and trees need care. Lawns need timely protection before inserting the cold. It is necessary to carry out the irrigation so that the grass has time until mi d-October to be saturated with moisture, to loosen the soil for ventilation, to feed the grass with fertilizers and carry out the last haircut in front of the cold weather. Cut grass tolerates frost better and recovers easier in spring.
The rules for the care of plants in winter gardens are easier, but no less important than in other seasons. In winter, strong snowfalls or critically low temperatures and complete snow freedom are possible. Each of the weather options can harm the plants. Ice rain and snow rain that stick to the branches and break them due to the severity of the cover are particularly dangerous. Winter with little snow can lead to freezing the root system. In order for trees, shrubs and other plants to survive the cold period, winter garden maintenance must be just as thorough as in other seasons. In addition to maintaining plant safety, you can also take care of the winter landscape design during this time of year. Thanks to the clarity of the shapes and the uniform color white, you can assess the abundance of the location and adapt its filling with plants.
Particular attention should be paid to protection against rodents. In search of food, forest and field animals come closer to people, so it is necessary to protect the plants in the garden and take care of the traps. Fabric and other materials are wrapped around the trees for the winter period so that no sharp teeth can reach the bark. In addition to wrapping, poison traps work effectively, but access for birds must be limited so that they do not eat the bait. Pads and boards that, unlike animals, cannot raise or otherwise overcome birds, can become a limiter
Root and bark care
Without snowfall, low temperatures can lead to freezing the root system, so it is necessary to collect and compact snow closer to the tree trunk to achieve the effect of a duvet. The trunks are wrapped with fabric, paper or cover material. Such measures help to avoid freezing and keep moisture inside.
Snake the snow of branches of trees and bushes
The more snow on the branches, the closer they tend to the ground. To avoid fractures, it is necessary to shake the precipitation regularly. Moist snowfalls are the most difficult, which are at the time of a strong decrease in temperature or during dew time. Snow turns into ice, covered with a thick crust, becomes difficult, which often leads to tree breaks, serious damage to the branches
The complex systemic supply of the garden implies the use of all knowledge and tools to create good living conditions of plants. Strong, healthy plants with high fruit indicators are the result of hard work, organize contractions for seasons and protection against pests one after the other. When planning a garden, you should concentrate on the following phases