Cultivation of the maiden grape

Maiden grape in autumn: planting, preparation for winter and care

Maiden vines are used for decoration in landscape design. To get a strong plant in the spring, it should be planted in the fall. About the subtleties of planting this variety of maiden grape and care – read further in the article.

Description and characteristics of the maiden grape

Woody plant of the family of wine grapes. When growing, it forms flexible, long shoots, which, thanks to prickly tendrils, cover the entire vertical support. Depending on the variety, the liana grows from 3 m to 20 m in length.

“Jungfrau” or “Virginia Ivy” (as the plant is called), quickly develops and builds leaf mass. Annual growth of shoots is 2-3 m. The leaves have a complex structure of 3 and 5 tendrils with serrated edges.

The color of the leaves can be:

  • light green;
  • golden yellow;
  • Reddish-red;
  • Burelom.

It bears fruit at the end of September. The berries are small, dark blue or inky in color, contain a lot of acid, so they are considered inedible.

Popular varieties:

  1. Fiv e-Lin e-IV Y-FAS T-growing Liana grows to a height of 18 m. The bark on the young shoots is shaded red, turning darker as they grow older. The leaves are pubescent with 5 segments on a long, thick petiole. Young leaf plates are light green, turning purple toward fall. In July blooms in small, loose inflorescences of white flowers. In September loose brushes with dark blue berries form. Popular varieties: yellow wall – lemon-yellow leaf color, Don Juan – dark maroon, Serenade – purple.
  2. Triota ivory – the length of adult lianas is 15 m, the leaf plate is divided into three parts. The upper part of the leaf is shiny. There are three types of colloquial grapes that differ in leaf color: Vicha grape – orange-red, golden liana – green leaf with light yellow, pierced, purple grape leaves.
  3. Raspberry vetch – develops to 10 m tall. Leaf blades, rounded at the base of the leaf stem, divided into three lobes. The surface is mottled with veins, the color of young leaves is green, in the fall it is colored in different colors yellow, red-orange, dark maroon.

Planting of the maiden vine in autumn

Decorative wine vine is recommended to plant in September before the beginning of frosts. Thus, the liana will reliably root until winter, and in the spring, at favorable temperatures, it will quickly go into growth.

Preliminary work

Before planting, it is necessary to choose the right place. This takes into account the rapid growth of shoots. The vine dies off with whiskers on each support, and other plants can braid and drown them. The foliage gets maximum decorativeness in lightened areas, in the shade the leaves remain green and smaller.

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Ivy virginia is undemanding to the composition of the soil and can grow in any country. Soil acidity can be neutral or slightly elevated (5-7 рН). However, favorable conditions must still be provided for the rapid growth and development of the vine.

At the place of future planting, the soil is excavated and the top layer is mixed with the bottom layer. At the same time, the place is cleared of plant residues. A bucket of sand and compost 300 g of superphosphate 1 l of wood ash per 1 m² are added to the trench.

Planting methods

The creeping liana is used in landscaping to decorate arches, pergolas and terraces. Planted on open, inconspicuous balconies to create shade and coolness in the hot season. Under the light and dense leaves can hide defects in stone fences or walls of the house.

For decoration, maiden vines are planted in two ways:

  • When decorating a vertical support – the distance between the holes is not less than 1 m;
  • For carpeting – the distance between the holes of 0,6 m.

Planting material is collected in the spring or summer. It is necessary to know how to cut the vine properly, so that there are no problems with root formation. Cut healthy, up to 30 cm long shoots with a few resilient buds. The bark should be evenly colored, the cuttings should be flexible. The shoots are placed in a container with water, which is changed regularly, until the formation of roots.

Planting technology stecklingen:

A drainage layer (gravel, broken gravel) is placed on the bottom of the hole (60 × 60 cm).

  1. Setzlingen are trimmed and leave 4 eyelets.
  2. Immediately in the hole is placed a handle for the future support.
  3. The cuttings placed in the hole are filled in and leave 2 ocelli above the surface of the bottom, 2 ocelli under it.
  4. The earth is compacted and becomes abundant.

The culture can be enlarged by side shoots. To do this, you need to cut off a branch up to 2 m long from the vine and bury it horizontally to a depth of no more than 3-4 cm, and then abundantly water.

Roots appear in 10-12 days. The disc is dug out, cleaned from the ground and cut into cuttings. According to the technology described above, seedlings can be planted and rooted.

Vine grows through seeds, but this process is long, so the method is rarely used. Sowing is done in the spring (March) or before winter (October). For the spring process, the seeds must be set so that they do not die in the cold soil. To do this, 40-45 days before sowing, the seeds are placed in a container with wet sand and placed in the refrigerator on the vegetable shelf.

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During the autumn procedure, the seeds are cleaned of the protective skin and soaked in a slightly pink solution of potassium etchant. Seeds are sown in the furrows to a depth of 1.5 cm, the distance between the seeds – 30 cm, then you can plant plants on the density. Sprouts after autumn sowing will appear next spring, with spring sowing sprouts will appear in a month.

Care after planting

Maidens – unpretentious culture, which can grow even an inexperienced gardener with minimal care.

Necessary growth conditions

During the period of active growth, the vine requires special attention. Young plants need a support in the form of a trellis with several trellises. Given the rapid growth and the number of shoots, it is advisable to use a special tool for trellis – tapper.

Tapper for wild trellis.

This tool reduces intervention time and does not damage the shoots. Loosening is mandatory to oxygenate the roots and weeds the weeds.

What to feed and water with?

With a normal amount of rainfall, the vine is watered 3-4 times a season. A 10-liter bucket of water is poured under the root of each bush. At the same time with water, fertilization is carried out, for this purpose the mineral complex “Kemira” is suitable. The first time in the spring, “Kemira Combi” is used, which compensates the micronutrients necessary for growth and development.

It is recommended to fertilize with liquid solutions (40 g of the substance per 40 liters of water). The second fertilization is carried out during the formation of flower sticks by Kemira Lux (20 g/10 L). During fruiting, the plant needs potassium (20 g of potassium sulfate dissolved in 10 liters of water). In the autumn, after harvesting, spray the plants with calamagnesia 15 g/10 L.

Data and features of pruning

The question of the need to prune the vine due to the rapid growth of green mass becomes irrelevant. Without intervention, the cultural planting of the ornamental plant is in overgrowth.

  1. In the spring – before the beginning of the sap movement, it is necessary to remove branches that do not withstand frost, broken with damage. To inspect the bush on the shoots that do not want to grow towards the support, they are also removed.
  2. In summer, remove newly formed stems and thicken the crown. The drives, the direction of growth of which has changed, are removed.
  3. In autumn, prepare for winter. Remove wind-damaged, withered branches.
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If you want or need to transplant a sprawling bush to a new place, the procedure is carried out in late spring or summer. The selected area is recultivated to the bayonet of a spade, add compost (0.5 buckets per 1 m²).

Transplanting should be according to the following scheme:

  1. Dug a hole 60 × 60 cm, on the bottom lay broken bricks with a layer of 15-20 cm and sprinkle.
  2. The bush is placed on a mound of earth, the roots are smoothed so they do not bend, and the plant is covered with earth.
  3. The root neck of the bush should remain above the surface of the earth.
  4. After the bush is watered.

Preparation for winter

A large number of grapes of five lines is recognized as a real culture. The other varieties, however, are recommended to prepare for winter.

To do this, the top is removed from the support, which is placed in a ditch, the soil of which is covered with dry leaves. In addition, the plant is covered with leaves and covered with pine needles or agrospan.

Disease and pest control

The culture is not susceptible to diseases, but it can be attacked by orea. If a pest is spotted immediately, a solution of SOAP with alcohol (1/3 of the solution volume) helps. If an insect colony is detected, FiteverM can be used. To spray vines, the concentrated preparation is diluted in the proportion of 5 ml/4 l of water. Repeated treatment is carried out after 3 weeks.

Vines planted on the walls of outbuildings or residential buildings can serve as an entrance for small rodents. Tracks for mice and rats help secure their real estate and food supplies. The plant itself has super shiny bark that is unattractive to rodents.

Difficulties in growing the liana can arise from improper care:

  1. Leaves dry out – lack of vigor. Use balanced preparations three times a season (at least).
  2. Leaves appear, possibly roots – excess moisture. Adjust the frequency and dosage of watering. Make sure there is no dense groundwater.
  3. Leaves lose their varietal properties: bright color and size – lack of light. Constant shade does not allow the plant to show itself in all its glory. The light becomes bright, diffuse, partially possible coloration.

The charm of the maiden grape – in unpretentiousness and rapid growth. In a few years ivy can densely blanket the walls of the house, gazebo or terrace, decorate the old fence. Designers love this liana for its beautiful neighborhood with other climbing, flowering plants. It is only necessary to ensure that it is properly and regularly cared for.

Feeding in winter

Maiden grape


In nature, the maiden grape (Parthenocissus) is found in North America, specifically in Canada, Mexico, Texas, as well as in East and Southeast Asia. Cultivated forms are distributed throughout the world. They are mainly used for vertical landscaping of building walls, arches, fences, pergolas and other structures.

The maiden grape got its name because it is able to bear fruit parthenocapically, that is, without pollination.


The maidenhair grape is a tree similar to the leaf lover, with a strong root system that grows from 15 to 30 meters long. The pentilineal species clings to identical surfaces with antennae with sticky pads. The maiden grape has no such suction cups. The membranes, which were first colored red, eventually become dark green. The leaves are complex, consisting of five or three pointed dark green leaflets, which are pubescent on the underside. In the fall, the leaf plates turn a bright orange or burgundy color in the sun, a paler yellowish color depending on the variety in the shade. Flowers are small, white or greenish, clustered in inflorescences. Fruits are about 8 mm in diameter, dark blue, almost black, ripen toward fall and are not edible. The berries are not poisonous but are very acidic because of their high oxalic acid content. Nevertheless, birds are happy to peck them.

Vitilla maiden is frost-resistant and muthowy, not susceptible to disease and not very attractive to pests. It requires no protection for the winter and can grow where sunlight does not penetrate well. It can also plant wild grapes on the west and north sides of buildings. In dense shade, however, its leaves lose their bright ornamental coloration.

Frequent species of maiden grape:

  • Pentilinear or Virgin;
  • Suitable ones;
  • Triostrene or Nudes.
  • Fifth-length maiden grape: Serenade, Don Juan, yellow wall;
  • Palti: raspberry wineberry, boscopian weedwort.

How to plant a maiden.

Planting and care of Partinocytus is not particularly difficult. Ornamental grape is not demanding to the composition of the soil and light. However, light, fertile soil is preferred for this vine. Before planting, it is not superfluous to make compost or humus into the soil, add wood ash and superphosphate.

Planting grapes on a fence

Virgin grapes can be planted along the fence.

In the garden

You can, depending on the climatic conditions of the region, both in early autumn and in spring or in May. Seedlings are placed at a distance of at least one meter from each other.

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Prepare Landeloh and plant grapes as follows:

  1. Pits are dug, the diameter and depth should be about half a meter.
  2. At the bottom of the poured drainage of broken bricks, elongated bar or small pebbles with a thickness of 0.2 m.
  3. Then in the box is placed a mixture for the floor of two parts of the dirt, two parts of sheet chaff and part of the river sand. About 1 liter of wood ash is added. Everything is mixed.
  4. A seedling is placed in the hole at an angle and covered with the remains of the floor mix.
  5. Feeding, watering and mulching.

It is best to plant wild grapes along the fence along the perimeter of an arbor or other structure. From the foundation of buildings, vines are planted at a distance of 1 m, from the fence – at a distance of 0.5 m. Do not place a vineyard on dilapidated buildings, they simply will not withstand the powerful pressure .

Support for grapes should be installed before planting the seedlings. The cilia, which quickly find themselves on the ground, take root and can cover a vast area in a short time, since the annual growth of this vine is 3-4 meters.

On the balcony

Maidenhead grapes planted on a balcony will create a nice shade and light up the look of the loggia because of their decorative qualities. It will grow well in containers on the east or west side of the house. And in regions with mild climates, it will also look good on balconies facing north.

To grow it, you need to prepare buckets, containers or barrels of about 100 liters and a height of at least 40 cm, since the maiden vine is still a tree-like liana and it has no room flowers, small containers are not suitable for this. It is better to give preference to wooden containers, as wood has poor thermal conductivity and protects the roots of the plant from freezing on an open balcony. In the first winter, young plants should be brought into a warm room, the next year, if the grapes are well rooted and strengthened, it can be safely reared on the balcony.

As material, you can use seeds or seedlings. The second option is faster. To get seedlings, the young shoot is separated from the adult vine and rooted, using pronounced wet sand. The top is covered with polyethylene film and wait for the shoot to put down roots. Plant grapes around the end of March.

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