Clay floor – what and how to plant?

Clay floor: what to plant

The composition of the soil directly affects the growth and development of plants, the quality of the harvest, the life expectancy of trees and shrubs. Clay soil is heavy, and only some plants will thrive in this area. What vegetables grow on clay soil and how can its composition be improved?

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How to determine the mechanical composition of soil

Take a handful of soil from the pits on the diagonal of the plot, mix it thoroughly, then moisten it with water and knead it to a dough-like state. Do not knead the “dough” of sandy soil. On the surface of the hands of the resulting mass roll out a cord about 3 mm thick and lay it in the form of a figure eight. If the cord does not crumble, then the soil is heavier clay, if the ring bends but does not occur, but the figure eight, then the floor is loamy, if the ring tears in the bend, then loamy.

Toned or loamy floors are fertilized with decomposed manure (2-3 kg per 0.5 m2) or compost (2.5-3 kg), and sawdust (1-2 kg/m2) is added to increase crumbliness. After recultivation of the soil.

To increase moisture accumulation and enrichment of organic matter, light sandy-loam floors are sown with manure, compost or legumes for 1-2 years, the mass of which is then mowed and buried. To increase the sound content in the floor, which retains moisture well, 4-5 kg of pond silt per 0.5 m2 is brought to the construction site.

Chestnut and brown soils are quite nutritious (the former are somewhat more fertile), but the lack of moisture weakens the crop. Maintaining water and proper soil moisture is one of the conditions for increasing fertility.

The tinted floor must be properly prepared, and only then are the plants planted on it. First plant fruit trees, seedlings of ornamental plants and shrubs, then strawberries and garden fruits and finally ornamental plants.

In order to prepare and fertilise, it is important to know the acidity of the soil. Then it becomes clear what should be planted on clay soil?

Soil composition and improvement

Healthy soil quality is essential for optimal plant growth. High-quality soil in your garden gives the roots the nutrients they need. Improving soil quality does not happen overnight, but gradually if the right steps are taken.

Soil Quality Tests

Bodents tests determine nutrient content and pH. Too much or too little nutrients only harm the plants. The right amount is critical for optimal plant growth.

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You can test soil using the following methods:

DIY kit: It offers basic information about soil nutrients and pH values. The DIY kit provides you with basic data on the composition of your soil.

Clay Floor Improvement.

Despite its hardness, a clay floor can store fertility and water. However, the solids are hard enough to remove porous crevices, which prevents water leakage and organic root breakthroughs. Clay flooring is usually very dry and can tear in the summer.

Gypsum is a source of calcium, which binds the organic matter of the ground with soundness and gives stability to the floor units. Adding gypsum to the ground can improve its quality by flaking (forming small lumps). However, this only has an effect if there is already a significant amount of loose organic matter.

After landscaping, many gardeners have questions – what flowers grow in a tinted floor, what else can be planted in such soil?

Before planting the plants, it is necessary to make a fertilizer.

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Organic material

The most effective approach to enriching the soil with nutrients is the introduction of compost. Peat, leaves, mulch, manure, moss and similar organic materials rich in nutrients are ideal for composting. Organic materials create the presence of earthworms that prevent soil compaction.

Types of organic materials that are rich in nutrients and ideal for composting:

Always be careful when applying manure. Although pathogens are rarely found in fertilizer from small farms and personal plots, you can definitely rule at least three months between manure application and harvesting leafy vegetables or root crops in Mistes through large enclosed livestock farms that leave at least three months Root crops.

What plants grow on the tonic floor

With the right approach, everything can be allowed to grow on the tonic floor, all that matters is proper care.

Vegetable plants that grow well on a toned floor:

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Eggplants, on the other hand, don’t grow well on a tinted floor. It needs good preparation and the application of compost and peat.

What flowers grow on tinted floors.

Many flowers like toning, especially onions:

But bulbs don’t like a heavy garden floor; they have trouble sprouting through it.

Fruit and berry trees that can grow on sound:

They don’t like toning, and peaches don’t grow well on it. Other fruit trees, if fertilized, will grow well.

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Shrubs grow well in strong soil – gooseberries, raspberries, blackberries, geminals, all types of currants and other hybrids.

Iris does not tolerate heavy soil.

In clayey and even wet soils you can plant a birch. It is a native Russian tree which draws moisture and dries the soil like a pump. In wet clay will grow perfectly in red maple, thuja western and all varieties of IW. Only when planting willow, drainage is necessary (the remains of bricks, pebbles or claydite will do). Planting alder can improve the structure of clay soil. As you can see, despite the problem of clay, annual and perennial plants, decorative, fruit and vegetable crops can grow on this basis.” width=”940″ height=”465″ />

Ornamental trees that grow on water taps:

All types of conifers.

To improve fertility, Labor invests in earthworks and changes the mechanical composition of the soil, or the ratio of sand to tone. The more tone, the worse the soil crumbles, the less moisture, the worse the microflora develops. On the contrary, floors with a high specific gravity of sand crumble slightly from applied moisture and fertilizers, especially minerals.

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What grows on a tinted floor?

Tinted flooring is not that hopeless, and if you have purchased an area with a tinted floor, don’t rush to try to fight it. There are many plants that do just fine on such ground. In that case, is it not better to grow what is suitable for this land, rather than trying to constantly change its composition, wasting time and a lot of work? In this article we will talk about what fruit trees can be planted in such soil, and what flowers, shrubs and even vegetable crops.

What flowers like sound soil?

Soil with a clay texture is difficult to work, waterlogging in the fall and cracking in the summer, but holds moisture and nutrients well. There are many plants that thrive in such soil, and they may well beautify your property.

Don’t deny yourself the pleasure of enjoying a variety of wonderful fragrances. Perennial flowers can be planted in clay soil.

  • For example, plant lilacs. By the way, do not spare and cut off the branches to arrange yourself a bouquet and put it in a vase – this does not harm the lilacs at all, on the contrary, gives new strength to grow even more.
  • Blood-red currants are fine on clay soil. No, they do not make jam from it, as from the usual red. Although the fruits are edible, but they are of little use and not very tasty. This plant has become widespread in landscape design because of the beautiful flower brushes. A bush of blood-red currants in the garden or flower bed will delight the eye from mid-spring to mid-autumn. If the plant grows a lot, it can be trimmed in summer.
  • If you want to create a dense cover of grass, plant a vigorous bergenia. This perennial is undemanding and grows everywhere: it does not break through on loam, even on stony soil! Breeders have created many varieties and hybrids of this plant, so you can choose from purple, pink, white and red flowers. Even without flowers, this plant will decorate the site with its “elephant ears” – decorative leaves – until late fall.
  • Well, if you want to have permanent flowers on the dacha, plant roses that will bloom again. In principle, all kinds of roses take root and bloom on clay soil. They bloom several times a season with little to no interruption. The only thing to consider when planting roses in clay soil is acidity. To reduce this indicator, when planting roses to a depth of half a meter, add a little ash and dolomite flour to the hole. It does not hurt to pour there sand, peat and chopped dry grass – all this loosens the soil a little, and the roots of bushes develop better.
  • Do not forget to plant and pickleweed. It is enough to sow the seeds once, and it will germinate very quickly and will bloom every spring, attracting bees. Classic species of lungwort not only give beautiful flowers: medicinal lungwort and fuzzy lungwort are consumed as food, they are processed into salads. In England, lungwort is classified as a salad plant. It remains to be seen what it tastes like.
  • Despite the clay soil, geraniums can be planted in a sunny spot. Garden varieties of this flower will take root and please with their colors, only they do not need excessive moisture.

You can also plant iris, cinquefoil, hellebore, spirea, coreopsis and other flowers.

What fruit crops can be grown?

On heavy soils, including clay soils, it is quite possible to grow apples, pears and blueberries. However, the planting of these fruit crops should be accompanied by the filling of the pit with a special mixture. Therefore, drainage is necessary for the apple tree: a special substrate is poured into the hole before planting to a depth of half a meter. The root neck of the tree is not deepened into the ground. If you plant an apple tree in clay soil, you will need to fertilize it more often than when planting an apple tree in ordinary soil. Observing all these and other agronomic rules, you will get good harvests.

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Experienced gardeners plant columnar apple trees in clay places. For them, make a narrower and deeper hole and be sure to fill in a drainage layer. Freshly prepared substrate is needed to nourish the roots. The root neck is left at a height of 6-7 centimeters from the surface. The pear grows well on moderately loamy plots, as it likes moisture, and loam retains moisture. But when planting, as well as apple trees, a special soil mixture is poured into the hole. Well take root on loamy soils with an acidic environment, the fruit bush of the culture of Yarrow. But on heavy clay soils, when planting necessarily make humus at the rate of up to 8 kg per square meter, peat mixture – 10 kg per square meter, and sand – at least 15 kg. The pit for this bush is dug at a height of half a meter.

What else grows well?

For gardeners, clay soil is not the most ideal option, so many build raised beds and fill them with chernozem. But even on clean clay soil you can grow quite a lot of vegetable crops. This soil has its own advantages:

  • It is rich in nutrients;
  • The density of the soil allows it to retain moisture and nutrients.

All this contributes to a good harvest. The list of things you can grow in a garden on clay soil is quite impressive.

Plants with a shallow root system develop well in such an environment, and these are all leafy greens, varieties of cabbage: Brussels sprouts, white cabbage, broccoli, as well as lettuce, chard.

Peas are not afraid of a loamy base; they will grow in any loamy-sandy environment. But potatoes, although they improve clay soils, can be difficult to grow on such soils, as can growing other root crops (carrots, radishes, turnips, etc.). However, if you want to improve soil structure, increase the drainage layer and plant root crops in clay soil. Pumpkin can also be planted after root crops, this crop likes well-drained clay soil. On a heavy clay soil, it will not grow the first time.

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In addition, you can grow beans, tomatoes, spinach, Jerusalem artichoke, onions and other crops on such soil. But back to ornamental plants that tolerate clay soil. In the spring, the hube apple tree will be one of the first to bloom in the garden if you plant it. This ornamental tree pleases not only in spring with a picturesque composition of flowers, but also in autumn with decorative apples, from which you can make jam, and the young leaves of this apple tree are used as a substitute for tea.

Alfalfa, clover and other green fertilizers grow well on clay soils, at the same time they improve the structure of such soils. Therefore, sowing them in the garden will be quite appropriate, so that the root system of trees and shrubs can better “breathe” and get the necessary elements. In such areas, you can grow climbing plants and form a hedge of lianas. Petiolate Hydrangea thrives in clayey soil and can grow in both shade and full sun to a height of up to 20 metres. Maiden bunches grow to about the same size, but honeysuckle thorax and caprifolium are lower lianas.

If the soil is clayey and even wet, you can plant a birch. This is a native Russian tree, which draws moisture and dries the soil like a pump. In wet clay, red maple, Thuja westerly and all varieties of Iv. will grow well. Only when planting willow, drainage is necessary (remnants of bricks, pebbles or claydite will do). Planting alder can improve the structure of clay soil. As you can see, despite the problem of clay, annual and perennial plants, decorative, fruit and vegetable crops can grow on this basis.

Experienced gardeners supplement the soil when planting plants with a fertile soil mixture (humus, sand, manure) and quietly grow whatever they want.

See the following video on how to turn clay soil into fertile and friable soil.

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