Caterpillar JCB 220 crawler excavator – description and characteristics

JCB 220 crawler excavator

The machine is designed for repair and construction of roads in difficult working conditions. JCB 220 crawler excavator belongs to the civil engineering class and is characterized as a highly efficient and productive machine. Such parameters are due to the high power of the power unit, which allows you to overcome the soft ground and has high traction, capable of independently pulling the machine out of the sticky ground.

JCB 220 crawler excavator

JCB 220 crawler excavator

features and benefits

Excellent technical characteristics of JCB 220 in combination with the modern control system, improved functions, powerful engine and additional protection of the undercarriage make the excavator capable of performing the following works:

  • demolition of construction sites;
  • Excavation of soils of category I to IV, including massifs of loess-like frozen ground;
  • Moving large amounts of waste soil when working on garbage dumps.

JCB 220 crawler excavator. Photo

Excavator JCB 220. Photo

The work of any complexity can be performed in any conditions, including on uneven ground and slopes. It is necessary to carefully select the articulated equipment, among which the most popular are hydraulic cutters, buckets of different configuration and volume, hydraulic shears, pickups, etc. To increase the speed of changing the working equipment the fast carriage is provided. It allows the operator to interact with different bodies during one work shift and perform work in accordance with its purpose.

Wide popularity of JCB 220 Caterpillar backhoe is due to such advantages as easy maintenance, high technical characteristics and ability to use the machine in the conditions of earth and marshland. Other important features are reliability, durability, multi-functionality, ability to work in difficult conditions, and economy in terms of maintenance, repair and fuel consumption. Consumers also note the following positive qualities in comparison with analogues:

  • Boom and implement breakout power can be increased by 10 percent by increasing the pressure in the hydraulic system.
  • The Hydroxus Hydroxus Hydroxus advanced cleaning system greatly extends replacement intervals;
  • Ergonomic controls;
  • power reserve due to the possibility of increasing the pressure in the hydraulic system;
  • easy maintenance due to the concentration of the main components in easily accessible places;
  • automatic adjustment of power depending on the complexity of the work;
  • Availability of additional options of car radio, climate control, etc;
  • aesthetics of appearance;
  • increased safety;
  • Comfortable interior space of the operator’s cabin with the possibility of adjustment.

modifications

JCB JS 220 can be supplied in several versions:

  • SC index includes a standard assembly;
  • LC index – long chassis;
  • NC index – with reduced width.

Technical characteristics and parameters

Regardless of weather conditions, the excavator moves large volumes of material, develops the excavation and prepares the place for construction projects. In this case, the technical characteristics of the JCB JS 220 excavator always match the declared values:

parameter value
Operating weight 22 t
Radius 10 m
Maximum depth of the trench 6.5 m
Maximum dumping height 8 м
Standard work fund capacity 1,25 cubic meters. m
Pressing force 155 PR
Floor pressure 38 kPa to 52 kPa
Tipping 12.5 t
Max travel speed 5,6 km/h

Total dimensions of JCB 220: length – 9.5 m, width – 2.9 m (with a working device – 3.3 m), height – 3.05 m. The length of wheelbase is 3.37 m and width of the raupillar belt is 0.5 m. Optionally, you can install 0.9 m wide belt to reduce pressure on the floor.

Average dimensions of JCB 220 and high technical characteristics are inherited in the machine weighing 20 tons. At the same time the excavator can perform complex operations of digging and hauling material, with a slope of 35 on the street, leveling, putting pressure on the floor from 38 kpa to 52 kpa and can move at speeds up to 5.6 km / h.

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JCB 220 dimensions:

parameter value
Transport length 9.5 m
Height 3.05
Wide 2,9 m (with tool 3,3 m)
Soil 0.486 m

engine

The excavator is equipped with a power unit made by ISUZU. Four-cylinder model 4HKIX has an output of 128 kW or 172 hp. JCB 220 engine features high torque and low diesel consumption. At the same time, the quality of its exhaust is of class 2.

parameter value
Engine manufacturer Isuzu
model 4HKix
Number of cylinders 4
output 128 kW / 172 hp
displacement 5.2 L
Cooling type liquid
Torque 560 Nm
fuel diesel
Tank Capacity 340 l

The advantage of the unit is the performance, which is more than 10% higher than that of similar engines. Several operating modes are used to adapt fuel consumption: economically, smoothly, uphill, car (for moving and transporting). Each of them is arranged in such a way that it performs certain work processes. When the engine is started, the economy mode is automatically set, according to which the operator can change it himself. These options can reduce fuel consumption by up to 24 percent. We also effectively influence the cost of oil recirculation without going through hydraulic cylinders. This reduces cycle times. When working in automatic mode and with low load on the hydraulic system, you can enable the power unit to idle. JCB 220 fuel consumption is from 7.5 to 9.5 liters and depends on the mode of operation. At the same time, the fuel tank capacity is 340 liters.

The engine volume is 5.2 liters. It is controlled in such a way that ensures comfortable operation. For easy cleaning of the radiator and charge air cooler you are installed in the aircraft. RPM is 2000 rpm.

device

In order to increase the duration of the equipment, tests are provided in front of the open area.

The frame, cut by cross events, is welded, which provides strength and reliability of the three-sided construction. JCB JS 220 excavator is equipped with work tools made of high-strength steel, so they are most sensitive to loads. In order to make the mechanism of the boom more durable, its reinforcement is provided by internal baffles. The boom is made of one piece of metal. Stability and reliability is ensured by connecting the three-phase structure and the chassis by welding. In addition, all welded joints create a safety margin of the welded elements.

JCB 220 tractor

JCB 220 tractor

Operating conditions for safety systems and operators are carefully designed. Hydraulic dampers are installed on the boom and attachments. This reduces dynamic loads and vibrations.

To make it easy to service the machine, the hood can be tilted and fitted with pneumatic cylinders.

Hydraulic system

The regenerative hydraulic system circulates oil through the cylinders to reduce cycle times and fuel consumption.

Hydraulic unit of the excavator

Excavator Hydraulics

Additional hydraulic lines ensure smooth and precise operation of the attachments. To increase the speed of the Jisibi 220 excavator, a rotary unit with optimal balance and a rotary-type hydraulic cylinder is installed.

Operator’s cabin

Before you buy JCB JS 220, it is necessary to get acquainted with the functions of the operator’s cabin. First of all, there is the ROPS safety system, which protects the machine and the operator from overturning. FOPS system is installed optionally on special elements of the assembly and protects the height from falling objects.

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The standard assembly includes a heating system that contains a device that prevents the front window from opening. There are also ergonomic control handles and an operator’s seat with air capsule. In order to keep track of technical data, the AMS control system is provided, which informs the operator on the monitor. This contributes to increased productivity and efficiency.

JCB JS220 cab. Photo

Cab of JCB JS220. Photo

The windshield opens up a large viewing area due to the 70/30 split. Also visible is the right track, which can be used to protect work and increase maneuverability. There is a screen in the cab that shows the situation behind the machine. The roof of JCB JS 220 excavator is made by Glass Multilayer technology.

The correct organization of interior space is provided by a compartment for belongings, which are behind the seat. Reduced vibration during work is provided by the dials, which are indicated by rubberized supports on which the cabin is installed. Comfortable large pedals ensure precise operation.

Easy operation and maintenance

The new JCB 220 is the first to go after 1,000 hours of maintenance, as the dial mechanism and hand mechanism and trade are melted down. Subsequent operation includes the same intervals. The oil must be changed every 5,000 hours. Extending this interval is due to the installation of an innovative filter system that separates contaminant particles as small as 2 micrometers. The air filter is easy to change because it is constructed of two separate elements.

JCB 220 excavator ditch floor

JCB 220 backhoe ditch floor

The JCB 220 crawler excavator is easy to operate due to:

  • One-piece hood with pneumatic elevators. They lift the bonnet backwards and open up access to the engine compartment.
  • Block arrangement of components such as the radiator, hydraulic oil tank and charge air cooler. This allows not only their complete replacement, but also a quick and easy inspection of each individual unit.
  • The location of the filter units – two oil and fuel filters;
  • A monitor that displays information about oil levels and machine errors.

For control of the machine and as a protection against theft of devices, an optional anti-theft system is installed.

Crawler excavator JCB JS 220. Photo

Crawler excavator JCB JS 220. Photo

The control levers are locked, stopping the operation of the hydraulic system if the machine is not temporarily entered. The hydraulic system is mounted on the engine with a separate and locked lever.

Unassembled equipment

JCB JS220 crawler excavator moving

The JCB JS220 excavator

The price of the JCB 220 backhoe depends on the attachment equipment supplied with the machine. Performing certain tasks requires the installation of additional devices in a wide range:

  • JCB 220 buckets: standard, standard, profile creation, squeeze, heavy-duty;
  • Esco fine tine bucket with tines 1.5 m – 2 m;
  • Hydraulic hammers, machines for quick change of working equipment, shears;
  • Comet head;
  • Record for grading.

Crawler excavator JCB JS 220. Photo

Crawler excavator JCB JS 220. Photo

This equipment is designed to expand the scope of special equipment and increase its versatility.

The cost of a new and used

The price of JCB 220 without mileage is about 4.8 million rubles. In the standard assembly. A used model costs 2.2-3 million rubles. In excellent condition.

You can rent JCB 220 for 1.5-1.6 thousand rubles work per hour.

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Analog

Before buying JCB 220 excavators, it is worth evaluating the technical properties of the analogues of this model – Hitachi ZX 200 and Caterpillar 320 DL.

Caterpillar JCB JS220 Excavator: Overview and Specifications

Excellent technical characteristics of JCB 220 in combination with the modern control system, improved functions, powerful engine and additional protection of the undercarriage make the excavator capable of performing the following works:

  • demolition of construction sites;
  • Excavation of soils of category I to IV, including massifs of loess-like frozen ground;
  • Moving large amounts of waste soil when working on garbage dumps.

Excavator JCB 220. Photo

The work of any complexity can be performed in any conditions, including on uneven ground and slopes. It is necessary to carefully select the articulated equipment, among which the most popular are hydraulic cutters, buckets of different configuration and volume, hydraulic shears, pickups, etc. To increase the speed of changing the working equipment the fast carriage is provided. It allows the operator to interact with different bodies during one work shift and perform work in accordance with its purpose.

Wide popularity of JCB 220 Caterpillar backhoe is due to such advantages as easy maintenance, high technical characteristics and ability to use the machine in the conditions of earth and marshland. Other important features are reliability, durability, multi-functionality, ability to work in difficult conditions, and economy in terms of maintenance, repair and fuel consumption. Consumers also note the following positive qualities in comparison with analogues:

  • Boom and implement breakout power can be increased by 10 percent by increasing the pressure in the hydraulic system.
  • The Hydroxus Hydroxus Hydroxus advanced cleaning system greatly extends replacement intervals;
  • Ergonomic controls;
  • power reserve due to the possibility of increasing the pressure in the hydraulic system;
  • easy maintenance due to the concentration of the main components in easily accessible places;
  • automatic adjustment of power depending on the complexity of the work;
  • Availability of additional options of car radio, climate control, etc;
  • aesthetics of appearance;
  • increased safety;
  • Comfortable interior space of the operator’s cabin with the possibility of adjustment.

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chassis

Number of shoes per side 49
shoe size 600 mm
Number of track rollers per side 8
Number of roller bearings per side 2
ground pressure 34,3 kPa
Max travel speed 5,6 km/h
traction hook 191,9 kN
track 2390 mm

engine

The excavator is equipped with a power unit made by ISUZU. Four-cylinder model 4HKIX has an output of 128 kW or 172 hp. JCB 220 engine features high torque and low diesel consumption. At the same time, the quality of its exhaust is of class 2.

parameter value
Engine manufacturer Isuzu
model 4HKix
Number of cylinders 4
output 128 kW / 172 hp
displacement 5.2 L
Cooling type liquid
Torque 560 Nm
fuel diesel
Tank Capacity 340 l

The advantage of the unit is the performance, which is more than 10% higher than that of similar engines. Several operating modes are used to adapt fuel consumption: economically, smoothly, uphill, car (for moving and transporting). Each of them is arranged in such a way that it performs certain work processes. When the engine is started, the economy mode is automatically set, according to which the operator can change it himself. These options can reduce fuel consumption by up to 24 percent. We also effectively influence the cost of oil recirculation without going through hydraulic cylinders. This reduces cycle times. When working in automatic mode and with low load on the hydraulic system, you can enable the power unit to idle. JCB 220 fuel consumption is from 7.5 to 9.5 liters and depends on the mode of operation. At the same time, the fuel tank capacity is 340 liters.

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The engine volume is 5.2 liters. It is controlled in such a way that ensures comfortable operation. For easy cleaning of the radiator and charge air cooler you are installed in the aircraft. RPM is 2000 rpm.

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Boom/section 3 specifications

Transport height of the unit 3025 mm
Transport length of the unit 9440mm
Maximum digging depth 6605mm
Maximum reach along the bottom 9701,8 mm
Maximum cutting height 9397 mm
Maximum load level 6757,4 mm
Maximum depth of vertical wall blade 6071,6 mm

layout

Extendable platform of the excavator is mounted on a power frame. Operator’s cabin is located on the left side of the boom. The engine and hydraulic components are located behind the operator.

Low seating of the operator and optimal location of excavation equipment opens the view of the right track, which provides greater safety for surrounding workers.

cab

The manufacturer offers several options for equipping the operator’s workplace.

  • The basic design includes a rollover protection for the operator and a heater.
  • In addition, the machine is equipped with FOPS and air conditioning systems. The former is mounted on special brackets on the roof of the cab and protects against falling objects.
  • The controls in the cab are ergonomic, reducing strain on the operator’s hands and forearms.
  • Vibration is dampened by rubber-metal shock absorbers and the driver with an air capsule.
  • The technical condition of the main units is monitored electronically and the current information is shown on the display.
  • In addition, the excavator is equipped with a rear-view camera with image output to the monitor.

Proper organization of the interior space is ensured by a storage compartment located behind the seat.

A heating system blows air through the windshield to prevent it from fogging up.

JCB 220 tractor

Dimensions

Parameters of the machine in terms of dimensions do not differ from the typical, similar devices.

Table 3. Dimensions

Name value
Operating weight, kg 21900
Height of cab roof, mm 2950
Width by edge of track, mm 2990
Length in transport position, mm 11200
Track width, mm 2390
Distance between the axes of rollers, mm 3660

Earthmoving equipment of excavator is represented by a backhoe, stick and boom. In standard version, JCB JS220 is equipped with a 1.1 m³ bucket. However, the manufacturer offers several models with a capacity from 0.4 to 1.2 m³.

  • The maximum digging depth with the standard digging equipment is 6.7 m and the cutting height is 9.21 m.
  • The excavated soil can be loaded at 6.6 m.
  • The bucket rotates at an angle of 183° and its hydraulic cylinders have a capacity of 14.55 TF.

Reconstruction of the Arrue/Section 2.

Transport height of the unit 3060 mm
Transport length of the unit 9560 mm
Maximum digging depth 6019.8 mm
Maximum reach along the bottom 9168,4 mm
Maximum cutting height 9195,8 mm
Maximum load level 9576.8mm
Maximum depth of vertical wall blade 5462mm

Price, analogues

The new excavator costs 80 thousand dollars. The price may vary depending on the current exchange rate, the chosen intermediary and configuration of the machine.

A used machine costs about half as much. If the technical condition of the JCB JS220 is almost the same as a new machine, its price is 75-85%.

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Hitachi ZX 200 and Caterpillar 320 DL excavators have similar operating parameters.

Realizations of RAUS/section 1

Maximum reach along the bottom 8711.2 mm
Maximum cutting height 8939.8mm
Maximum load level 6300,2 mm
Maximum depth of vertical wall blade 4901,2 mm
Transport height of the unit 3055 mm
Transport length of the unit 9570mm
Maximum digging depth 5538,2 mm

design

The transverse frame of three-phase design ensures its reliability and durability. The traction equipment of the excavator consists of a high beam and reinforcements in the areas of maximum loads. Internal baffles make the boom mechanism “stronger” to increase its strength. The boom itself is ejected from solid metal. The welded connection between the chassis and the swivel structure guarantees reliability and stability. Additional strength characteristics in the welded elements are created by welded joints.

The safety system and comfort of the operator is carefully designed. The accumulators and the boom mechanism are equipped with hydraulic barriers that reduce vibrations and dynamic loads.

JCB 220 crawler excavator operating manual

Realizations of RAUS/section 1

1. transport length of the unit 9570mm
3. transport height of the block 3055 mm
9. Maximum cutting height 8939.8mm
10. Maximum loading height 6300,2 mm
Maximum reach along the floor 8711.2 mm
12. maximum vertical wall unloading depth 4901,2 mm
13. Maximum trench depth 5538,2 mm
1. transport length of the unit 9560 mm
3. transport height of the block 3060 mm
9. Maximum cutting height 9195,8 mm
10. Maximum loading height 9576.8mm
Maximum reach along the floor 9168,4 mm
12. maximum vertical wall unloading depth 5462mm
13. Maximum trench depth 6019.8 mm
1. transport length of the unit 9440mm
3. transport height of the block 3025 mm
9. Maximum cutting height 9397 mm
10. Maximum loading height 6757,4 mm
Maximum reach along the floor 9701,8 mm
12. maximum vertical wall unloading depth 6071,6 mm
13. Maximum trench depth 6605mm

Cabin, operating equipment

To increase the service life of the boom, there is a three-section plate with molded ends installed in its lower part.

For the JS line of excavators, specialists of English company have developed a special rapid carriage, which can be used to replace the roof in the shortest possible time. A wide range of optional hydraulic lugs is available, including a model for working with a hydraulic shaft and a low-flow option.

The hydraulic system has also been developed by JCB specialists and is regenerative. This type of hydraulic system provides oil recirculation to the gripper cylinders. As a result, the full cycle is shortened and fuel is used more economically.

JCB JS 220LC Bagger is equipped with own engine

Source of photos: JCB.comThe JCB JS 220LC is equipped with its own engine

There is a 3.5-inch color display in the cabin, which shows all the main indicators. The cooling fan has a proportional control system. Its function is to maintain the optimal fan speed. The important indicator is the noise level: it is 72 dB (A) in the cabin, and 103 dB (A) outside. Optional dual-mode climate control system is available: the system can use either fresh or circulating air.

A few words about the solutions that improve visibility. Firstly, the windshield is divided in a 70/30 ratio, and secondly, the hood with a low line is used.

There is a button on the joystick to activate a short-term increase in hydraulic power.

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