August work in the garden.

Hot August Work: What does your garden need?

August is a very important month for the gardener, since this is when the crop is forming and ripening. A lot of work appears at this time, some of which must be continued from the previous month – watering, feeding and pest control. New ones are added related to harvesting and partially processing the harvest.

August is harvest time

August is harvest time

work in August.

Harvest garlic and turnips early in the month. Immediately after harvesting, they should be dried for 5-7 days, but not in the sun, but under a shelter. If you dry the onions in the sun, they will not store well.

Harvesting and drying onions and garlic. Photo by the author

Remove and dry onions and garlic. Photo by the author

Continue picking cucumbers and zucchini. Cover the cucumbers again with cling film overnight: it will be cool after the sun goes down. Zucchini and zucchini picked in August store best and longest.

Periodically pick ripening tomatoes and peppers, and in the second half of August, cut off unnecessary flowers: the fruits from them will not ripen, but only delay the ripening and reduce the quality of the existing ones. At the first signs of disease, it is better to immediately remove all tomatoes (including green ones) and ripen or prepare them for further use. Also pluck the blossoms from pumpkins, melons and watermelons.

Unripe tomatoes can be used for excellent preserves for winter

Unripe tomatoes can make great preserves for the winter

At the end of August, harvest early potatoes and make a last cut of herbs and aromatic perennial grasses for winter storage. This is also when the pumpkins are ripening.

August is a good time to sow radishes and lettuce. In the vacated beds, sow siderates – peas, white mustard, calendula. If you want to propagate perennial bulbs, now is the time.

New plants - daikon. Author's photo

New crops: daikon. Photo by the author

In mid-August, you can already start transplanting garden strawberries (strawberries). Plant late cabbage and leeks. If there is no drought, gradually reduce the frequency of watering. Remember to stop watering two weeks before the vegetable crop is harvested.

In August you should pay attention to garden strawberries. Author's photo

Pay attention to garden strawberries in August. Photo by the author

August is the best time for canning vegetables.

What does the harvest depend on?

  • First, environmentally friendly and tasty products. Non-organic and tasteless vegetables and berries are easy to buy and cheap.
  • Second, a bountiful harvest so that there is enough to eat and for various winter preserves.

Productivity is not determined by any factors. Author's photo

Productivity is not determined by one factor. Photo by the author

Of course, yield is largely a genetic category, it depends on what is “programmed” in a variety or hybrid. But finally, this “program” should not be realized if the conditions are not good. For example, there will not be enough nutrients or the necessary trace elements for proper metabolism.

How to recognize malnutrition

First, by appearance. During the summer, gardeners often notice some curiosities with individual plants – the color of the leaves changes, in different places even occur with good care and timely treatment through diseases and pests. This means that the plants lack something for safe minerals. And the matter may be that the composition of the soil has gradually changed, or fertilizer was used in the wrong dosage. It also happens that the rainfall transition has a slightly different acidity than usual, and the floor has nothing to do with it.

Changes in the appearance of plants can signal which element is missing. For example, if cucumbers suddenly began to bend or use pear, it means that potassium assimilation has deteriorated.

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Cucumber lacks potassium. Author's photo

The cucumber lacks potassium. Photo by the author

Young shoots and leaves often have a light green or yellowish color. If the leaves are light and the veins are green, it means that the plant lacks iron (chlorosis). This leads to reduced immunity and winter hardiness. The plant may freeze or (if it is a vegetable crop) get a minimal crop of poor quality. In this case, iron spraying should be done on the ferrous leaves.

If the plants’ lower leaves are the first to yellow, this is not a sign of iron deficiency, but a natural process. Nothing needs to be done.

A plant lacks iron. Photo by author

The plant is iron deficient. Photo by the author

It happens that the leaves first acquire a metallic sheen, and then white spots appear on them. This is a sign of a lack of manganese. Such a plant will not persist and may produce a crop that does not keep well. The solution is to add manganese preparations to the soil.

If there is a lack of calcium and phosphorus, it is reflected in the appearance of the plant as follows: the upper leaves turn yellow, may turn off, and the fruit rots, exposed to pests and diseases. In this case it is necessary to introduce calcium and phosphorus.

Micronutrient deficiencies in the soil are sometimes comparable to the effects of parasites and diseases. But it is easy to compensate, and your plants will recover.

Feeding in August

You can both turn to folk recipes, and use effective professional means. Of course, we can’t talk about “chemicals” now: the time for them is not quite right.

Funding in August affects the crop. Author's photo

Fertilizing in August affects the harvest. Photo by the author

Home remedy

  • The first option. Fertilizer, whey, ash and nettles are added to the starter, then all these components exist for at least 2 weeks. However, this recipe is more suitable for the beginning and middle of summer, and now we need something fast and nitrogen-free.
  • The second option is a classic yeast fertilizer. Dilute 1 packet of fresh pressed yeast for 10 liters of water, mix thoroughly and let stand for about 3 hours. Water the vegetable plants at the root.
  • The third option. For 10 liters of water dilute 1 package of dry top yeast and 2 tablespoons. Add sugar. Sustain about 6 hours (no longer). Water the vegetable plants under the root.

Yeast and ash are folk omens. Author's photo

Yeast and ash – a folk stopper. Photo by the author

Strong (bread) fertilizer. In the barrel for watering the vegetable garden first pour water for 2/3, and then gradually put there bread (black and white), potato peels and nettles and gout. Bread should predominate, the proportion is approximately this: 70% of the bread and peel and 30% of the green mass. To speed up the process (and to avoid spreading an unpleasant odor), tie the barrel with an oiled towel. The ageing is 3 weeks.

Infusion of ash. It is very easy to prepare: 2 cups pour 10 liters of water and incubate for a day. It is not necessary to prepare the mixture. The beds are watered by the bucket, there is no exact rate here, but it is not required: the plants “understand” the organic substances and take as much as they need.

Feeding with iodine is not suitable for all vegetable plants, but mainly for tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and cabbage. To prepare it, take 10 drops of iodine and 1 liter of milk with a fat content of 1.5% per bucket of water. Sprinkle this solution on plants along the leaves.

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Professional Organic Fertilizer

Initially “biological composition of rustobion” and “organic composition from Sapropel Super Host” affect the yields directly. Think about the mechanism of action of these natural remedies and your benefits.

Installation of Rostobion and Sapropel on the harvest! Author's photo

“Rostobion” and “Sapropel”: setting for the harvest! Photo by the author

“Biocomplex Rostobion” is a powerful multivitamin biostimulator based on chlorella algae, enriched with phytohormones, amino acids and vitamins. In addition to basic nutrients, special phytohormones (which are not produced naturally, for example due to climatic conditions), amino acids and enzymes are necessary for the formation of vegetable plants. Thanks to its rich composition, rustobion increases fruiting and the number of crops, and improves the taste of fruits, berries and vegetables. And it happens in the fall, colder temperatures and rains are not uncommon – our vegetables can be stressed. So they need to be supported and stimulated. The best option in this case is to use the natural biostimulator Rostobion.

Organic complex Sapropel-Super hostess is the bottom camp of freshwater lakes and contains iron, phosphorus, potassium, silicon, zinc, magnesium, calcium all that is necessary for the construction of plant cells and the formation of culture. Sapropel also plays a role of natural biostimulator, activates the development of beneficial floor microflora, which provides natural soil purification from pathogenic bacteria, fungi and harmful microorganisms. Sapropel is a nutrient concentrate that is suitable for everyone, including flowers, as they will bloom now and continue to bloom for a long time.

Sapropel is ideal for flowers. Author's photo

Sapropel is ideal for flowers. Photo by the author

Dry or liquid fertilizer?

It’s August – we’re at the finish line. There is no time to wait for top dressing, because many gardeners already in September close the gardening season and go to the city. And this means that the harvest must be “finish” and collect. So feeding with “long-life” fertilizers is not good for us right now: These are usually dry mineral fertilizers. We need high-speed ones, meaning those that dissolve in liquid form or dissolve before application.

We need a high-speed fertilizer

We need a high rate fertilizer.

The foliar feeding is of particular importance at this stage, because in this case the favorable effect is seen already in 2-3 days! “Rostobion” is just such a product: it is liquid and ideal for both root and leaf feeding.

Do not leave your garden in August without additional nutrition: it needs it now as much as at the beginning of the season. The important thing is to choose a quick fertilizer that will have time to have a positive effect and increase your harvest.

Work in the garden and vegetable garden in August – useful tips from the green company on the main topics

Work in the garden and vegetable garden in August - useful tips from the green crown on fundamental problems - Photo

August is good for work on the plot, unless, of course, it rains. The sun is no longer as faded as in July, there are fewer and fewer mosquitoes, and there are more ways to enjoy the results of your work. In addition, the experts of the Tatarstan club “Green Crown” tell about the August activities in the garden and vegetable garden

Early varieties of apples, pears, buckthorn, guinea fowl and late cherries ripen in August. Rowan and chokeberry are dormant; currant and gooseberry fruits are finishing the pulp. Don’t leave apples and pears out.

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Choose a dry day for harvesting. Immediately cull any lazy or damaged fruit.

Harvest cucumbers and tomatoes every 2-3 days, avoiding overharvesting.

When to pick cucumbers

Dig up a medium-early potato and dry it well in the sun.

In late summer, remove the pumpkin and lay it in a warm room. Then it keeps well through the winter.

In the first decade of August, harvest the main parts of vegetables, dill, cauliflower, broccoli, and paprika.

Zucchini is usually harvested when the fruit reaches a length of 20 – 25 cm.

Onions are harvested in August.

As soon as eggplants begin to cook, they should also be harvested from the beds. If late, the vegetables turn into rough and bitter fruit.

If there is no drought in August, all vegetable plants are finished except cucumbers, cabbage, carrots, beets and other late harvest root vegetables.

Particular care should be taken to monitor soil moisture in carrot beds.

How to water carrots

If there is insufficient moisture and irregular watering, the root crops will become ugly.

Watering the trees is gradually reduced, but not completely stopped if the weather is hot and dry. Bee bushes need moisture as they form flowering buds for next year’s crop.

What to plant for this year’s harvest in August?

How to plant beets

– Radishes. This crop likes short daylight hours, so August is a good time to plant radishes. When the first week of the month is hot, delay planting until the middle of the month.

– Greens. Lettuce, dill, parsley, spicy herbs – all of these greens can also be planted in free beds during the last month of summer.

– Radishes and beets. These representatives of the cross a-SWIWEMAILIE are also suitable for late sowing. Especially if you plan to put the root crops in storage, the best time to sow is late July to early August.

– Peas. Giving preference to early varieties, you will bring a harvest in a month and a half. Plant every 10 days to enjoy fresh pods and their contents for as long as possible.

– Chinese cabbage. The ideal time to plant this crop is not May or even June, but July or August.

Lazy weed control.

If you don’t want to plant other plants in the vacant space, you can leave the floor fallow. If possible, such soil should be cleared of weeds.

Weed control

A variety of weeds grow with personal action, so it is necessary to control them regularly until deep fall. It is advisable to carry out agronomic techniques. These are loosening, shallow tillage, digging and removing weeds along with the root system. Before getting rid of weeds, you should look at the plants, because they give dacha owners information about the condition of the soil.

In the presence of quinoa, organic fertilizers are necessary. Dide, hoofgrass, field tail, buttercup creeper are indicated.

In the presence of large amounts of horsetail and chamomile, the field must be dotted, otherwise the soil will not be suitable for growing onions, cabbage and beets.

What to do with weeds in a personal plot after weeding them? Most dacha owners are familiar with two options: destruction or recycling in a compost pile. But there is also a third way, much simpler – leave the weed weed in place. This green cover provides the beds with extra protection from excessive light and prevents the soil from drying out too much. Over time, the residue will decompose and become a great fertilizer.

Prepare your garden for winter!

Don’t forget the syrates.

Peas as a siderat

It’s important that the soil be able to restore the nutrient balance that has been disturbed. This is necessary for the sowing of syder crops: mustard, rye, alfalfa, vetch, peas, etc.

These plants loosen the soil as they grow, which improves air and moisture saturation. This will be especially useful for clay soils. As for loose and sandy soil, the plants, on the contrary, strengthen it with their root system. Get rid of surprise roots after mowing the plants.

While new plantings take root through the channels provided in the soil. Soil protection from erosion and inflation is provided by the leaves and bulls of the plants, they do not allow the soil to crack and dry out. When the life of sideral plants comes to an end, they are processed into protein, nitrogen, starch and a number of other useful substances.

Who attacks the garden and vegetable garden in August

Pests in August

In mid-July to early August, the second year of vegetable flies and cabbage pests appear, during which serious damage is done to vegetables and root crops. The flies are deposited on the soil surface next to the eggplants, from which larvae emerge. They bite the root or stem of the plant and then make holes in it, which results in the death of the plant or loss of the crop.

Moths lay eggs on the underside of leaves. Eggs of daytime moths (cabbage moth or cabbage moth, turnip moth) are well visible, yellow or orange in color, and easy to destroy by hand. But moths (cabbage moth, onion moth) lay individual eggs, and it is not easy to see them.

Spike moths (cabbage moth, garden moth, and others) are also moths. They fly the first time in May and the second time in August. In the first summer, the females lay eggs mainly on weeds, and in the second, on cabbage and other plants. Dirty brown winter moth caterpillars are especially dangerous, damaging the roots of plants.

The most effective remedy against the moth is to disorient it with the smells of weeds, tomatoes, potato haulm, dudnik, and wormwood to prevent the moths from laying eggs.

Watch out for strawberries in August!

Care of strawberries in August

August is the period of active formation of fruit buds. Therefore, the strawberry bed requires special attention. It is watered, fertilized and dissolved. Do not forget to mulch the soil.

The best summer month for planting strawberries is August. By this time, young whiskers have already had time to form, it is easy to plant them on prepared beds.

Strawberries should be planted in a new place every 3-4 years. On the selected place, humus, compost and peat are introduced. Everything is carefully leveled and abundantly watered. After seven days, you can proceed to planting. By this time, organic fertilizers will saturate the soil with all the necessary elements.

Stratification is cut with a secateurs, rosettes are carefully dug with a shovel. Only one rosette is planted in each hole, as the bush should have enough space to develop.

fruit trees and shrubs

How to Plant Currants

These shrubs and trees can be planted in late August and early September:

In August, fruit trees lay the next year’s crop. At this time, they need nutrition in phosphorus and potassium.

Growing seedlings at home step by step

To keep the crowns of fruit trees small, prune them. Stop the growth of strong one-year growths 40-50 cm or more in length, especially when young at least 4-5 leaves are formed. Cut out all vertical shoots in the upper part of the crown. Do not cut the lower part of the crown.

Boil, pickle, pickle

Harvesting for winter

August is probably the most difficult month in terms of preserves.

Here are some of the best preserves you can make for the winter in August:

Pickled cucumbers, pickled cucumbers, canned cucumbers.

– In August, you can start canning tomatoes.

– Pears and apples can be made into jam.

– Various canned eggplants.

– Zucchinis can be canned

– Tomatoes, cucumbers, and other vegetables can be used to make a variety of salads for the winter

– Sharing Beans

In late August, salads for the winter are prepared with beans, tomatoes, onions, peppers, and carrots.

10 rules for storing fruit and vegetables for a long time

10 rules for storing vegetables

1. All fruits and vegetables, intended for long-term storage, must be absolutely healthy and without mechanical damage. Otherwise, the risk of disease is very high. And each diseased fruit causes damage to all the neighbors. All crops must be dried before being put into storage.

2. Do not store early-ripening fruits and vegetables for long periods of time. They can be stored for no more than 4 months, even if you make them in ideal conditions. Only medium-ripening and late varieties are suitable for longer storage.

3. The room where the edibles are stored should be dry and well ventilated. If you find condensation on the surface of fruits, it means that the ventilation is not all right, it must be adjusted.

4 The temperature in the room should not fall below 0 ° C and rise above 15 ° C. At lower rates, most vegetables begin to rot, at higher rates – to dry out or germinate. For most crops, the optimal temperature is 2-4 ° C.

5. When storing fruit and vegetable products, humidity is very important. For most crops, the optimal moisture content is 90-95%. Fruits with dense, dry peels require no more than 75-80%.

6. Sunlight should not enter the storage area. In some vegetables, such as potatoes, the light produces the biotoxin solanine, which is harmful to health.

7. The place where vegetables and fruits are kept should be free of insects, rodents, and other living things that can cause mechanical damage to their crops and become spreaders of infections.

8. Fruit of different species should be stored in separate containers. Under no circumstances should they be allowed to come into contact with each other. The only exception is potatoes and beets. The juxtaposition benefits both crops: the beets protect the potatoes from rotting, taking away excess moisture, and the beets from drying out.

9. Boxes and other storage containers should not be airtight. It is necessary for air to circulate freely between the fruits. Therefore, choose containers with holes.

10. From time to time, the crop should be inspected. Any fruits that show signs of damage should be discarded immediately. Vegetables that were in the immediate vicinity of the damaged fruit should also be removed.

(The material is prepared by experts of the Tatarstan Green Crown Club).

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