It’s time to worry about your future harvest – August in the garden
August brings both joy and worry. In the garden, on the branches of fruit trees and shrubs, the last of the summer berries and fruits are poured. The growth of young shoots is complete, and active preparation is underway for the remainder of the season. How this time goes largely determines the fruiting of the garden and the future harvest.
Pest control and pruning the garden in August
Not all of the ovary has time to grow. Some of it inevitably falls off and becomes a breeding ground for insect pests and fist – active bacteria. In August the ovaries are regularly collected and destroyed, and as few long-lasting straps as possible are placed under the busiest branches.
More than one generation of pests change in a few summer weeks. While it is warm, young currants, raspberries, pears and apples are attacked by aphids, sucking other insects and damaging foliage. That’s why it’s so important for trees to change their hunting belts and remove fallen leaves, weeds under the crowns and grafting. In addition, crown treatments with insecticides are necessary.
If the orchard plantings are not yet complete, the use of chemicals is not in doubt. To spray the crown, it is better to take an infusion of marigold, garlic arrows, celandine.
Sanitary pruning in August is not the end of the basal bunting under all fruit crops. After fruiting, it is time to remove common two-year-old raspberries. It is important that the cut is at ground level and that all fallen stems and stem parts are removed. Remontant varieties are fed with potassium fertilizer. This will help the plants form a second crop.
In August, beetles can appear on fruit trees. To prevent wood damage from becoming a haven for pests, lichens, fungi and bacteria, the bark should be cleaned and carefully treated with garden varnish.
Irrigating and fertilising a summer garden in August
Although most of the harvest has already been taken, gardens in the country should be pouring. However, it needs to be done with the characteristics of the different crops in mind.
For example, all trees, especially young trees, currants, gooseberries, IRGI, and chokeberries, should be watered. Left without water, gooseberries, cherries, red currants and a number of other plants lose their leaves. If you do not make up for the lack of moisture, you are worse prepared for winter and endure frosts.
Beds with garden berries of remontant varieties and vines, on which the grapes mature, in August, water less often than in the first half of summer. Return to the normal schedule after the berry harvest.
Lettuce in August should help prepare the garden for fall and winter. To do this, change the regime and composition of fertilizers and reduce their nitrogen content. This chemical element causes the growth of leaves and prostrate. If the nitrogen fertilizer consumption is not limited, the young shoots will inevitably freeze, the plants will weaken, and next summer you can hardly expect an abundant harvest.
In August, fruit trees and shrubs in the garden are fed with potassium-phosphorus mixtures or sifted wood pulp. After such fertilization, the fruit buds of gooseberries and black currants form the future harvest, the growth increases strongly and faster. However, it is unlikely that the green stems will have time to grow more than 30-40 cm to withstand the cold. For such annual shoots on berry bushes, it is recommended.
August plantings and preparations for them at the cottage
In July, after harvesting garden strawberries, plants actively form whiskers with daughter plants. This is a great planting material for renewing or expanding plantings a month later. Everyone’s favorite berry.
Daughter plants are separated and transferred to a preparatory bed. In order for the strawberries for the next year to get stronger and give a decent harvest, soil or sand is added to the dense soil. During planting, it is important not to deepen the point of growth. If the point of growth is under a layer of substrate, it will slow the development of the bush, or it will not survive the winter at all.
If adult plants remain for the next year, the beds are tidied up, dead leaves removed, and rosettes that were too crowded during summer planting are pruned and removed.
In August, it’s time to think about the future of the garden and prepare planting pits for young fruit trees and shrubs.
The place for them is chosen so that the existing garden plants do not block the light, and adult young apple and cherry trees do not take nutrition from their adult “colleagues”.
For apple trees and pear trees, depending on the variety, the distance between the trees is laid at least 3-5 meters. Shrubs are planted at a distance of 1.5-2 meters from each other. Planting pits, seasoned with humus or fertilizer, cover with film, and in 2-4 weeks, when the time comes to plant fruit plants, the organic is finally renewed and serves as an active root of the seedlings.
Video of work in the garden in August
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Why has the Goose-Berry munya been dropping its leaves?
If it happened now, there’s nothing to worry about – like all deciduous shrubs, the Muraya is just preparing you for the rest of the season. However, when the leaves fall off during the spring and summer, it’s worth taking a close look at the shrub. Premature leaf fall can be caused by powdery mildew or the presence of a weed such as wheatgrass (its roots release toxins that are harmful to the ants) under the shrub. In addition, the leaves may fall early due to lack of moisture or lack of potassium.
Taking care of an orchard in August
However, the orchard in August pleases us with a good harvest, so the abundance of fruit does not harm the tree. Care must be taken to help the tree withstand the enormous additional weight of ripe fruit. To do this, Y-fork inserts must be placed on the back with the top fork.
First put the combs under the large branches of the trees of summer varieties, and then, when the crop is harvested, they are transferred to the autumn and winter varieties. It is necessary to systematically check the condition of the rear part of the branches and, if necessary, correct their position or install additional ones.
In August, shoots of most trees in the orchard stop shooting. The last buds are forming at the ends of the growth, and buds in the axils of leaves of annual growth are also indicated. At this time, you can take care of the garden, the system of fertilizers and watering. At this time, you can cause the active establishment of flower buds for the future harvest.
On young trees, on consecrated branches of old trees for better wood maturation for the winter, summer pruning of branches and boles of the drive. In the previous winter, all vertical shoots in the upper part of the crown are also reduced. By the end of August, the shoots are fully blossomed, their color changes, and vegetative buds appear during the rest.
To increase winter hardiness, trees can be fertilized with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
Wounds of frozen trees – frost-bitten fruit-trees – continue to be treated. To do this, they are brushed with a sharp knife on a strip of green bark and coated with a mixture of mullein with sound in equal parts or garden varnish and linen sacking wrapped.
Tuning can be done in August. For a bucket of the wash mixture (4 parts tone, 1 part ash, 1 part fresh mullein is added. Such a white bag with the addition of ash is not only protection against pests and diseases, but also a kind of leaf feed for the tree. It lasts a long time, breathes well, gets wet in the rain, gives nutrients to the bark, and prevents the entry of pests and pathogens.
Profession in August.
Successful cultivation requires: – Maturation of scion eyes, – Intensive soillessness of tools, good tools – The most appropriate day and the most appropriate hour for fencing to help you in August.
Protecting the garden in August from pests and diseases
Hot days interspersed with rain can cause an outbreak of late leaf blight. If this is the case, you can spray trees with a solution of urea (500 g per 10 litres of water).
Hot weather in August promotes the third generation of the apple moth. In this case, fall and winter apple varieties are required.
Plum fruits can also damage beeswax, but in August chemical agents are used if there are too many fallen fruits. Phytoverm can be used with a minimum wait. After harvesting, a treatment against clusterosporiosis with fungicides is necessary.
Do not forget to collect and destroy the fallen fruits, so that the pests are noticeably less.
In late summer, Abiga Peak and Horus stone fruit trees are treated with fungicides. They protect cherries from Cox’s Committee, all butterflies from clusterosporosis and moniliosis.
Garden care in August, summer houses big problems, but they are useful and very enjoyable: apples, pears, cherries, plums, cherries, even apricots and peaches – all these fruits in your garden and as much as you want.