A new season – a new lawn. When and how to sow grass in the garden?
Dense, evenly growing and healthy green-green lawn – an excellent background for ornamental plants: trees, shrubs and flowers. It improves the microclimate in the garden and gently increases moisture, while creating a comfortable seating and entertaining area for the whole family in the house!
Choosing lawn seeds
Pay attention to the degree of light in the areas to be sown. Choose a suitable grass mixture depending on where you spend most of the day – in the sun or in the shade. this. It consists of the species (varieties) that do best under strictly defined conditions.
A lawn as a decoration or maybe a place for recreation and entertainment? Before you buy seeds, make up your mind!
The most popular types of lawn grasses are:
- Rye stands.
Fast growing, green grass, blooms 7 days after sowing. Versatile, grows well in both sunny and shaded areas. Shows high sensitivity to spring frosts and at the same time has the ability to self-heal. Grows quickly if damaged or pruned. Characterized by a high need for nitrogen fertilizer, especially during detuning.
A type of slow-growing grass, seeds appear up to 21 days after sowing. Does not require frequent mowing. Characterized by low soil requirements and at the same time high resistance to shade and difficult growing conditions (e.g., drought, frost).
The most popular varieties of fescue are:
Red fescue: shoots, clumps
Forms a branched system of underground ditches that evenly cover the lawn.
Red fescue (both rhizome and clump) produces two types of stems: not too long but very row-like autonomous stems, and much longer ruffled generative stems (long, stiff and raised stems, reaching about 1 m in height).
For this reason they are regarded as ornamental grasses, suitable both for covering the whole lawn and for parts of the garden, for example at the edges themselves – around compositions of shrubs or ornamental trees.
Ornamental grass has a small and narrow leaf plate. Even with minimal water and nutrients, the lawn has a dense cover.
From left to right: Giclee oblong, and Kochets – red, able-bodied, and rumpy. Which of the most popular types of lawn grass would you like to see in your yard every day?
The type of lawn grass seed also depends on… The function your lawn should serve. Will it just be a beautiful window to your yard’s landscape, or a place to really relax after a hard day – laying on a chaise lounge chair or plaid with a book? Or will it become a mini playground for family games of badminton, volleyball or soccer?
- For a representative lawn that is rarely used, a mixture of “park” grasses will do:
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O Aflower Red creep (varieties: Mystic, Calliope, Rossinante).
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Sowing in the spring.
The first convenient time to establish a lawn is spring (April-May).
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Work with the garden.
The substrate is fully thawed and not yet threatened by drought, so it absorbs water and nutrients (micro, macronutrients) that come in the form of fertilizer. On the other hand, grass seed has plenty of time to grow and prepare for the coming winter; Solfolgen six months, read from early April on Ott & §, COGD in & § Fungentung Fuunt Fuuntion.
However, spring grass crops are threatened by morning and evening frosts. They last until about mid-April, and then come again a month later, from May 12 to 14. This time due to the so-called cold snap.
This is a climatic phenomenon characteristic of Central Europe. It consists of a strong change in climatic conditions. More precisely: the circulation of air, that is, the system of air currents over the earth’s surface; the High Barricade weakens and grows. This gives (among other things) Arctic air from the polar regions to Poland.
In mid-spring, for a few days in May, the substrate in the garden is subject to frost. Cover them in advance with agrotextile, and nothing bad will happen.
Sow herbs in the fall.
A second, equally good name for sowing herbs around the house is autumn (September-October).
Then the soil is not in danger of drying out, as in the spring, and the freshly sown grass has time to train a strong and stable root system before winter comes. In addition, when establishing a lawn in the autumn, there is a risk of ground icing due to frost! The first ones appear around September/October.
Bottom line: You should plan your lawn recultivation in the garden in the spring (from about April 14th to May 10th or after a cold spell at the end of the month). The fall season is better organized with the traditional adage in mind – the earlier…
As a result, the grass is not only properly rooted, but also really prepared for winter frosts, frost bumps or snowfalls.
What day to sow grass?
- warm and sunny, but not hot
- Taking into account predicted precipitation.
If you plan to establish a lawn in your garden regardless of the time of year, check the long-term weather forecast. Unsuccessful or false grass seeding is the result of, among other things: high winds (seed shedding) and heavy rains.
The rain not only washes out the grains, but also seals them together. Unfortunately, compacted seeds are not suitable for sowing, they should be removed and replaced with new individual seeds. Otherwise, your lawn will grow unevenly. Seeding too densely can also lead to fungal infestations in your lawn.
Preparing your lawn
Step 1: Clear the soil for your lawn.
Start clearing the soil of rocks and any debris, such as trash.
Step 2: Evenly excavate the area where you want to place your lawn:
- Loosen the soil.
- Remove weeds and roots.
In a small garden, it’s practical to use a shovel at this stage of the job. With a large plot, manually digging is an extremely time-consuming activity (if at all possible!), use a rake or … Renting a tractor with an EGGE roundup is by far the best solution.
Kreiselgrubber and rounder work on the same principle. They dig and loosen the floor evenly and easily reach the depth at which the weed roots grow. That means at least 15 cm deep into the ground.
Rugged gyros are ideal for breaking up compacted soil in the garden. Heavy clay soils are precisely loosened with the drive with a practical switching function (1 or 2 forward, 1 backward). Comfortable and easy operation even in very large gardens is guaranteed by the ergonomically adjustable steering wheel.
In this way, you will quickly remove unnecessary “self-propulsion” from the plot – a potential habitat for fungi or bacteria. They can infect a young lawn, where natural resistance to damage, including disease, gradually develops as the grass grows and develops.
Step 3: Check soil fertility: soil structure and pH.
Grass likes an aqueous substrate that allows water, oxygen and nutrients to move freely to the root zone, supplying individual soil layers along the way. Why does a different type of soil – clay or sandy soil – cause a lawn to fail?
- Clay soil.
Clayey, dense and firm soil is very difficult to work because it limits the flow of water and macro- and micronutrients into the substrate. It also prevents air circulation in the root zone. To loosen the soil structure and improve its absorption capacity, mix it with river sand.
- Sandy soil fertilizer.
Sandy, loose and water-permeable soil does not allow water, oxygen and nutrients to pass through. It promotes their leaching. To strengthen soil structure and reduce water permeability, mix it with garden peat, compost or humus – the topmost, fertile soil rich in humus.
- Fertilizer for all soil types
If you’re not sure what type of soil you’re dealing with in your garden, you can fertilize it by breaking up black earth.
This is a versatile type of intensive low-fertility nutrition. Mix fertile soil with garden soil, and then spread an additional 10 centimeter layer of black earth over the area where you plan to sow the grass seeds.
You will get the best results by using special black earth for your lawn. It is light, optimally drained and rich in organic matter (dead plants). It improves thermal and water properties in the deeper layers of the substrate; Soil rich in humus warms up quickly, retains heat for a long time and at the same time absorbs water, which protects young stems from drought.
Fertilized, humus-rich soil (chernozem) improves the quality of the soil where you want to break up your desired turf. Use it to create the right conditions for proper grass growth and development.
Black earth also promotes the development of healthy soil microorganisms. They break down organic matter and make it available for grass roots to develop. Which in turn improves air circulation in the basal layer.
As a result, grass grows faster and more beautiful!
- Acidic (pH) soil
You will know the acidity of your soil by doing a pH test (with an Acidometer). Garden grasses grow best on substrates with a pH between 5.5 and 7.0. That is, slightly acidic to neutral.
When preparing your lawn substrate, take care to maintain the correct level of soil acidity (pH). As a result, the young stems will grow vigorously and cover the area around the house beautifully.
If you find that the soil in your garden is too acidic or weakly acidic, adjust its pH with the proper fertilizer.
- Increase the pH by reducing the acidity of soil that is too acidic.
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Crushed dolomite should be dosed as follows: 0.8 – 2.1 kg of fertilizer per 10 m² plot. Of course you can find exact dosing recommendations depending on pH, type and amount of calcium and magnesium in the soil.
- Lower the pH value and acidify the soil with too little acid.
Mix the floor with acidic peat at a ratio of 1: 1. Also add some pine needles or coniferous acid; For this reason, it takes longer for the soil to acidify.
Level 4: Paving the area.
A garden roller will help you. Because the soil, which is most susceptible to hardening, is slightly wet, roll the area under the lawn either after the predicted rain or a few hours after watering the ground.
Do not hide the roller in the garage or tool room after work is done. You will need it again in the near future!
How do I sow grass? Grass sowing step by step
Step 1: Divide your plot into several identical areas (squares).
If you can make your job easier, do it! By dividing the lawn into smaller sections, you’ll minimize the risk of uneven seed distribution.
Step 2: Plant the same amount of grass seed in each square.
That means: 1 kg is about 40 m². The best way to sow the seeds is crosswise; first over the spot and then over it. This technique allows the grains to be evenly distributed over the entire surface of the future lawn.
Step 3: Thoroughly weed the entire lawn.
With a thin, 1 cm floor layer, protect them from intense sunlight (drying out).
Step 4: harden the base again.
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Step 5: Regularly derilize the sown seeds
For the first 2 weeks after sowing the grass around the house, water the future lawn with water from a sprayer (it will not wash away the seeds). Watering should be done in the morning or late afternoon. Never in the afternoon because of the high sun, which can cause germinated stems to dry out.
In undesirable weather that threatens the state of lawn development, the lawn should be watered twice a day. Then the grass will be able to develop and grow normally even in prolonged temperatures accompanied by a lack of precipitation.
How does the grass grow?
One week after sowing, fast-growing grains – varieties that are distinguished by sprouting in a short time – appear. Slow-growing grains, which lack the ability to reproduce intensively, bloom a little longer, about 4 weeks.
To enjoy the perfect lawn in your home, you need to … Put it in place first! Use the following: practical tips and gardening techniques. Together we’ll create a lawn and then really pay attention to what will accentuate the natural beauty of your personal landscape. It will also become a resting place for you, your family and their friends.
Spodobał ci się artykuł? Koniecznie przeczytaj następny!
Here you will find even more practical knowledge about lawns!
- Do you look like a desert? Check the acidity of the soil!
- How do I fertilize my lawn with a rotary cultivator?
- First: Fear. Second: ventilation.
When to sow lawn grass?
When is it time to sow lawn grass, at what temperature does it grow best? These questions are often asked by property owners who want a well-groomed green lawn under their windows. The choice of the period for sowing is really very important. In order to understand whether you can sow your lawn in the spring or it is better to sow it in the fall, it is worth weighing the advantages and disadvantages of each of these options.
Peculiarities of autumn sowing
The time of planting a lawn on the plot is of great importance for the subsequent successful cultivation of the selected plants. The fact is that in this case, the grasses are selected individually and quite carefully, they require the same attention as crops. Not surprisingly, the timing of planting should be determined by the climate of the region and other external factors.
Of course, you can sow lawn grass in the warm season, but most gardeners prefer to do it in autumn, when the average temperature is about +15 degrees.
September is considered the best time for planting a natural, not roll carpet lawn. In the case of sowing at the beginning or middle of the month, through the winter cold, the root system is already sufficiently developed. Accordingly, frost will not harm the plants. Sowing in September easily solves the problem of creating the necessary microclimate, warm and humid, the seedlings do not need to be watered – they have enough rainfall.
Before planting in the fall, it is important to properly prepare the floor. The topography must be leveled, otherwise later when pruning will be difficult with height and unevenness. The floor must be well water permeable, but at the same time be dense enough, otherwise it will be impossible to adapt it for walking, playing and resting on the lawn.
The procedure for fall lawn planting will be as follows.
- Cleaning up the waste, renting the place. If there are stumps, roots of plants and bushes on the territory of the future lawn, they must be uprooted.
- Orientation. It begins with the removal of the fertile layer from the surface, it is put in piles for a while. Then a special net or yarn is stirred up, and soil is extracted from the back stocks for backfilling. After the relief is perfect, the plot is rolled, once again checked for elevation differences, if necessary, supplemented with earth.
- Drainage. It is necessary when the floor is very dense and loamy, puddles stagnate after the rain. In this case, the floor is selected not by 20 cm, but by 40 cm, a sand and gravel cushion is laid, and then a fertile layer.
- Remove the trench and weeds. If a cleared surface is set aside for the lawn, the roots can be easily removed by hand. If there are significant amounts of weeds, more serious measures may be needed. Harbicides help to remove dense vegetation by treating the entire area intended for lawn seeding with them. Spraying is carried out twice with one month intervals, so you need to prepare in advance in the summer.
- Use of fertilizers. Fertilizing is an important part of lawn soil preparation. Be sure to apply organic fertilizers – manure or humus, as well as mineral complex. After that, the lawn should be rolled again, compact its surface and leave it for some time.
- Seed sowing. It begins with a light loosening of the top layer of soil. Then the whole plot is divided into sectors or squares of 1 m2. A seed rate is measured for individual plots. Sowing is carried out consistently in the longitudinal and transverse direction. Finally, it is necessary to pass over the terrain with a rake, with which the seeds are scattered.
- Tamping. After the entire area is evenly sown, it is necessary to roll the soil and fill the seeds to a shallow depth. This eliminates displacement of the planting material, its leaching and bird predation.
- Irrigation. The daily rate should be about 6-10 liters per 1 m2. In rainy weather, these measures will also be. Watering continues until the seedlings reach a height of 6 cm.
Autumn lawn planting can be carried out later. In this case, it is necessary to act according to a strictly defined scheme.
Sowing in late autumn
The end of October and beginning of November can also be considered a period for sowing lawns. This scheme is suitable for regions with stable winter temperatures, without sharp thaws and other fluctuations. Do not expect 100% germination with lazy scenic fall planting. A significant increase in the seeding rate will help to reduce losses by 1.5-2 times. Planting is carried out at ambient temperatures no higher than +3 degrees Celsius, otherwise the seeds will have time to germinate.
Among the reasons for choosing autumn sowing before frost are the following.
- Natural setting. Seeds become hardened, tolerate frosts better, and their germination is stimulated.
- Obtaining moisture in the spring. Snowmelt and rising soil during sowing make up for the lack of moisture in arid regions.
- Early germination. Sprouts appear 1.5 months earlier than in the spring. No need to wait to start planting rasis.
Autumn lawn seeding is the best option for getting a quality green carpet. This is the period that is most suitable for shaping your lawn without rushing, with careful site preparation. In general, autumn has practically no disadvantages – the only danger is early frosts.
The advantages include the absence of weeds, a comfortable microclimate and soil moisture.
Planting at other times of the year
It is possible to sow lawns not only in the fall. In the countryside it can also be sown in summer or spring. Depending on the climatic zone, it is worth focusing on average temperatures. For example, in the Urals, the lawn will grow better if it is cut in late April or early May. In the middle belt is recommended to start in the middle. In the south, you can start in early March, in the northwest you will have to wait until May.
Sowing lawn grass in summer is possible, but it is not desirable, especially for southern regions with hot climates. In northwestern regions, you can choose to sow in early June and late August without fear that the plants will suffer from the heat. In addition, during the summer, the watering process must be carefully thought out. It should be regular and abundant – the most reasonable is to install an automatic system with sprayers.
When planting lawns with seeds in regions with unstable winter temperatures, the optimal time for this can be called spring. At the end of April there is already moisture in the soil, but not too much sunshine, which can kill young sprouts. Spring planting is good for lawn mixtures with different development dates. Over the summer and fall, the grass will have time to get stronger, which means it will survive the first overwintering well.
This can be identified under the obvious advantages of spring sowing.
- High germination of seeds. Since there are no risk factors in the form of frost and sizzling summer heat, losses are minimal. The number of seeds per m2 should not be artificially inflated.
- Lessons of long daylight hours. This is very important at the initial stage of plant development. In autumn, even with early planting, it may not be enough.
- A high supply of nutrients in the soil. It has enough moisture and other necessary components to activate growth in the early stages.
There are also disadvantages, which should also be considered when choosing the right time. For example, in regions with strong spring frosts, the lawn can suffer from cold weather, especially if it starts when the first sprouts appear.
In addition, at this time, not only cultivated plantings, but also many weeds are actively growing. This can be dangerous for young sprouts with undeveloped root system.
Sowing can be started in spring, after the floor has warmed up to +10 degrees and the surface has dried up. In this case, the movement on the floor does not leave deep traces. It is important that the drifts completely disappear. If there are dancing areas on the site, it is worth laying wooden bridges, then it will be quite safe to move on the surface.
Sowing a lawn certainly requires effort, but it is equally important to follow the rules after planting it. For example, consider the characteristics and purpose of the lawn. With sports and all-purpose lawns, you can go out for seeding sooner than 3-4 months if the rungs are strong enough. English lawns are not suitable for such use in the Moorish style – their role only in the design of the landscape. Walking on them is strictly forbidden.
If the case ends in winter, then with the onset of warm days it is worth taking care of the young sprouts. To do this, the following measures should be taken.
- Cross the icebox, remove the snow as early as possible. This will avoid excessive flooding of the area.
- The grass should be worked with a rake or upright, which also improves the flow of oxygen to the roots.
- After the first mowing, feed the lawn.
You have to consider the rate of growth. For example, a rambler takes a long time to determine sufficient lawn density. If you want to get a beautiful lawn in a short time, it is wise to choose plants with a high growth rate. When preparing the floor for the lawn, use mineral fertilizer before sowing the grass.
Immediately after this, you can not sow. It is necessary to wait at least 1 week, otherwise the nutrients simply will not have time to penetrate deep into the ground.
A few weeks after sowing, the lawn should be able to attract attention again. At this time, weeding is done, which can hit the root of cultivated plants. Perennial deceptive plants should be removed along with the root. When the manual removal of the weeds is complete, the turf pad is tamped again and then moistened. If odd niches have formed on the site, it is worth taking care to fill them with a mixture of sand and fertile soil.
It is worth considering some other recommendations.
- Experienced gardeners choose to sow in the fall, and start planting in late September or October.
- In summer and spring, it is necessary to keep the soil “fallow”. To do this, the plot is plowed and covered with a special unscraped material to kill weeds. Only after that can you proceed to sowing.
- When planting seeds, the greatest density of their placement should be on the edges. This is where the greatest loss when sprouts appear.
- In this case, it is worth to leave a reserve of material. In case of uneven sprouting of the rungs, it will always be possible to even out the gaps.
With all of these recommendations in mind, you can get great results the first time you plant your lawn in seasons.