Flower garden from the ground up to new: 5 tips that help you to design your dream flower bed
If there is at least one flower garden with beautiful plants in the garden, admiring glances for green properties are guaranteed. We tell you what to look for so that the landing succeeds.
If there is at least one flower garden with beautiful plants in the garden, admiring looks for the green properties are guaranteed.
1. Decide on a place
First you have to choose a corner in which your flower dream come true. Ideally, this should be the point that is the most advantageous for consideration.
The landing of the lawn is separated from paving stones by a clear curb. The smooth lines of the flower garden enable them to smooth the strict appearance of the garden, which is decorated in a regular style.
- A flower garden that stays in the sun for 5 or more hours is considered sunny,
- illuminated 2-5 hours a day – partially shaded,
- 2 hours or less – shady.
2. Select plants for the flower garden
Everyone has their favorites among the flora representatives. However, it is not always a good idea to collect all favorites on a stack because they may have different needs. Plants only develop fully and enjoy good health if they live in a place that is suitable for them. To create a successful flower garden, you must therefore create a list of your preferred species and varieties based on future growth conditions. Do not forget to take into account the amount of plants and the flowering period, because on the whole, the flower garden should not only be beautiful a month a year, but as long as possible.
Our market will help you to create a list of plants that decorate your garden throughout the season. Compare offers from different online shops to select multi-year seeds and seedlings.
In the photo: A round flower garden serves as a miracle frame for a pond with fountain. The first to bloom here are daffodils and sneezing, later – Goryanka and cuff. The plants are selected specifically so that they do not cover the mini pond.
A round flower garden serves as a wonderful frame for a pond with fountain
3. We move contours and have “habitat” every plant
Since you cannot change flower beds like a piece of furniture, you should not hurry up with the realization of your dream. First you have to find out which shape and size the flower bed will have. At the same time, you can and should “play” a little with the contours, ie experiment by “drawing” different options with boards, a rope or a hose. Interesting ideas are stimulated by publications:
It is advisable to draw a plan
And finally it remains to be calculated which representatives of the flora you need in what amount.
Tip: Most flower perennials look more impressive if they are planted in several places at the same time.
4. What do I have to pay attention to when buying?
If you have the opportunity to drive to a nursery or a garden center with a large offer, use it. You can not only see the plants on site, but also choose the best copies and save shipping costs at the same time. In addition, representatives of the flora grown near them are best adapted to the local climate conditions.
You can not only watch the plants on site, but also select the best copies and save shipping costs at the same time
If you have ordered plants on the Internet, try to plant a “pet” as soon as possible after receiving a package. After all, the goods are alive!
Tip: It is best to lay a flower garden in spring or autumn, because at that time it is not hot and the floor is wet enough so that the plants are faster and better in a new place.
5. The right way to a good start
1) Depending on whether you have a sound floor on the construction site or sandy, improve it through compost or sand.
2) Now place all available herbs in your places according to the plan. At the same time, do not forget to leave the recommended distance between them so that later adult plants do not suppress each other. If you dispel the residents of the flower garden throughout the area, it becomes clear whether there are enough plants for your plan.
Important: It is better to buy or remove additional “pets” than to plant it too thick or rarely.
Left: Put all herbaceous perennials to your places according to the plan. Right: disassemble
3) Better the roots of the plants in a bucket of water and keep them there until the bubbles stop diving. Then carefully disassemble a lump of roots with their fingers.
4) Plants start from the back rows so as not to trample the newly planted.
Left: Plants begin with the back rows. Right: flood the flower garden well after planting
5) Even if the roots have already been nourished in a bucket, the flower garden is well excited after the plants. This is necessary so that the floor is stored and closely bordered on the roots of plants.
Steps to a perfect flower garden
My experience with half centers with flowers, although I do not consider myself a professional in Landscape Design, a performance to share some thoughts on the planning of flower garden. I hope these notes help others to get the ideal.
The location of the flower beds in the garden
|by the way|
|The flower garden of a geometrically correct shape should be proportional to the total area of your garden. And the mixed border of soft outlines can be both small and large to have any length, but it is better for the convenience of plant maintenance not to plan it particularly broadly – up to 1.5–2 m.|
In all cases, the choice of a place for flower beds is dictated by layout. Break them at the most visited and wel l-observed places: at the entrance to the garden and house, along the tracks, near the recreation area and even next to the household area where we are forced to spend a lot of time. The number of flower beds and their area depend on their physical and material skills. Rate soberly. Otherwise, your life in summer can become constant exhausting work. And you who bend in spring will only tighten in the late autumn and you will not even be able to evaluate the results of your work. Remember that all plants need care.
Types, sizes, seasonality
|Too long to avoid monotony can be interrupted by plants from the Kochia of brooms, oatmeal made of blue or stunted dahlias. And still not overload the garden! Do not push a flower with an area of about 10 m2 more than 10-12 species.|
The types of flower beds are well known and repeatedly described in various books. Here I will only list them: a curb, a slave, a flower bed, a mixed border (mixed curb) and a combination of different, frequent geometrically correct shapes called as partners.
Mix border are usually planned in private gardens that can have both regular and any free form. These are mixed plantings, including a variety of ornamental plants, including shrubs.
For a garden with an area of 6-8 hectares, I think it is sufficient to create 2-3 flower beds with an area of no more than 10 m2 each.
|A distance is required for a comfortable perception of an object that corresponds to its double and preferably triple height. For example, if you are on a path in front of a flower garden, a cultural knight with a height of 2 m should be at least 4 m away from you, the height differences of the neighboring species in the composition should be no more than 20, a maximum of 30 cm.|
In addition, individual large perennials such as perennial or shrub päonia can be planted, which are best growing and blooming without being overwhelmed by other plants. Narrow discounts of low, long-flowering one-year-olds help to emphasize the paths or separate the garden: sea loobularie (alissum), ageratum, Malcolmia, drummondi-phlox, dwarf mul, etc. And if you want garden beds to be decorated, plant fragrant on Duck the end, installation of a coars e-mesh support for this.
Seasonality refers to the period in which the flower garden is particularly decorative, ie it can be spring, summer or autumn. Such a division is very limited. For example, the flowering of spring fruits can extend to the beginning of summer, and then it turns out that the composition is spring summer, etc. You can even plan a spring autumn version! Most of the time, however, they want to see blooming plants all the season. This also does not cause any special difficulties, although the flower usually turns out wavy with short breaks.
“Mountains” and “levels”
|To make the “relief” visible, you need a mix border plan in a scale of 1: 100 or even 1:50. Sketch it with a simple pencil: stripes with edge plants, ovals and curved shapes for groups and circles for individual plantings. Shade various low, medium and high views, cut them out and arrange them on another leaf within the same limits of the flower garden, and let your imagination run wild.|
The next step is to select the plants by height. To avoid monotony, you should “grow” differently, and the flower garden must be planned so that all plants from observation points are clearly visible and do not cover each other.
With a flower bed from 1.5 m wide, which can only be viewed from one side, three levels can be provided. The foreground is designed with too small marginal plants (less than 0.5 m), the middle plan – those whose height is in the range of 0.6–1.0 m, the rear part – high: 1.2–1.6 m.
In the “Island” flower garden, which can be viewed on all sides, high plants must be placed in the middle part. If it allows the width, the landing can also be arranged here on three levels. When choosing the plants, you must take their removal from the viewpoint.
The “participants” of the mix border are usually not arranged linearly. The border can be emphasized with a border, and even – no longer than 3 m. So that it does not look monotonous, they introduce too small plants in the form of “bays” deep into the flower garden.
|Make several copies of the developed relief plan with already known stripes, circles and ovals. And then paint with colored pencils or water colors. Think about several options with different color combinations without being bound to certain plant species.|
Do not arrange medium-sized species in rows and columns: it is better to arrange them in groups of 3-5 pieces and to plant them individually when they grow into large bushes. Plants that do not lose their decorative effects by the end of the season have the right to come to the fore. And those whose lower leaves die and the stems are exposed are pushed deeper into the flower garden and decorated with smaller ones.
The intended relief can be repeated several times in a mix border of considerable length, which specifies a certain rhythm. This is a common technique for decorating flower beds.
|There are only three basic colors when coloring: red, yellow and blue. All others are formed by mixing: red and yellow result in orange, yellow and blue – green, red and blue – purple, etc.|
This part of the work is the most difficult and interesting. Such a scheme usually doesn’t work immediately.
Let yourself be guided by your own taste and preferences and also take into account the laws of the color combination.
In flower beds, contrasting colors can coexist: red with green, orange with blue and yellow with purple. Such combinations are considered harmonious. But if all the flowering and neighboring plants have glowing, juicy colors, this becomes tiring even with a harmonious combination for perception. It is necessary to dilute them with neutral colors – white, gray and green that highlight, shade and emphasize bright colors. But plants in a flower garden can not only be combined according to the principle of the color contrast, but also according to the intensity and saturation of a sound. Dark red, for example, becomes light red, then salmon and light pink. Such flower beds are called monochrome.
Orange is the color of the sun, the brightest and warmest. In addition to blue, it becomes even brighter and blue is getting colder.
The intensity of the red color increases against the green background. And both seem brighter against the background of yellow. In addition to blue, red takes on a purple color while green becomes darker.
A very important function fulfills a neutral white color. Thanks to him, it is possible not to separate harmonious colors, and white makes each of them brighter and a little brighter. White also brings things closer, she enlarges. Silbrig-gray tones play the same role in which the leaves of many plants are painted, for example the one-year-old Cineraria by the sea or the multi-year woolly chistensa.
If you want to see a magnificent natural spectacle with changing colors during the day, watch your flower gardens from morning to evening in different weather. In the early, cheerful morning, the colors are very bright, soft and the shadows deep. During the day, when the weather is clear, the bright sun distorts the colors. Plants with red, oranges or yellow flowers can be painful. In my garden, this can be clearly recognized by orange lilies, red roses and yello w-leaved overberery. The blue colors on such a day, especially in the shade, only get lighter. But in cloudy weather, yellow and orange literally illuminate the surrounding space and imitate sunlight.
The most interesting thing happens at sunset. Blue and small shades change literally in minutes: the first – thicken, and the latter – blue. As the sun sinks below the horizon, the lilac inflorescences of perennial bluish asters become intensely blue, bright and incredibly beautiful. Red flowers of hybrid peonies (for example, varieties of a rare charm) at sunset begin to glow from within, as if they have accumulated sunlight during the day. Miracles continue after sunset. Gradually the colors begin to fade: red, pink and blue at dusk become invisible in the first place. Yellow and orange “glow” for a long time. Even with the onset of darkness, the rays of light appear to emanate from the yellow bushes of Barberry. But the most unexpected and strongest impression is made by white. It does not go for the longest, white flowers or inflorescences, visible even in thickened twilight. When the street lamp is lit, white plants simply come to life.
The strongest, most unforgettable impression is made by Lupine with inflorescences emerging from the darkness, like white candles. And Iris with white flowers looks just amazing, like a wonderful alien. The leaves of hydrangeas with treelike autumn are painted in light yellow. At night, under the street lantern, they shine with a real moonlight that is enchanting.
Be sure to take into account the background on which the flower garden will be located, the density and range of green curtains, the color of the walls, fences or other structures in the immediate vicinity. The flower garden colors should not merge with the colors of the background, but also not create disharmony. The best option is a composition surrounded by a lawn.
Choose plants not only in the coloring of flowers or inflorescences, but also in their density. A number of plants bloom so profusely that a closed patch of color is formed. For example, at that time the leaves with large pictures of large leaves are not visible at all.
Fairly dense patches of color give blue and purple agratum, rocky borers, varied petunias, some species of daisies and boots, sea lobuli, awl, flood phlox and blizzard phlox, some modern varieties of lilies from the Assian puff section, etc. other CROPs, etc. other CROPS form a diluted shade, their green leaves and stems are clearly visible. A large number of species do not create such a point at all: single flowers or single inflorescences stand out. With dense colored spots should not be abused. In addition, too light or dark spots should not be large: they focus on the disadvantage of other colors and violate harmony. It is not good if dense patches are adjacent to flowering plants at the same time. This will have a depressing effect. Such a shade is better for surrounding the spärmer and very rarely flowering plants in the neighborhood.
Of course, you need to take into account the size of flowers or inflorescences and their shape. Plants with very large and light or dark buds should be used with caution. Don’t collect them in groups, but spread them out individually, using multiple copies to enliven the image. Large-flowered cultures harmoniously coexist with small-flowered ones. Flowering in the same plane – with spicate or candle mold. Plants of the same height with large chamomile-like inflorescences (the type of inflorescences is a cupule. – Approximately editor’s note) look bad next to each other, even with matching colors (e.g. annual asters with dahlias, rudbeckia, cornflower o zinnias, all blooming in the second half of summer).
Use different sheets. Large-leaved ones should stand next to small-leaved ones or plants where the leaf blade is dissected. Shades of green go well with grey, which in turn goes well with beetroot. The latter are harmoniously combined with gray ones. Accent the edges of the flower garden, nooks and turns with gorgeous hostas that come in many shapes and colors.
Do not lose sight of the fact that in cloudy weather and at night the flowers or inflorescences of many plants (from annuals – these are Arctotis, Gazania, Calendula, Convolvulus, Escholcia and others) close.
Sometimes it happens
I can’t forget how, at the request of a young employee, we made a luxurious bouquet of elegant chamomile inflorescences from Arctotis. In the evenings he took them to his future wife, and they folded up and completely lost their appearance. The next day he came terribly excited and kept repeating: arctotis, arctotis. We all got it.
It does not hurt to consider that some perennial plants (Bergenia succulent, Large-leaved Brunner, Mountain Cornflower, Tubergen’s Source, Flat-leaved Geranium, Common Goldenrod, etc., some species of Wormwood, Yarrow Ptarmica, etc. , Beaver and Felt Vine, Shrub Primula) have the unpleasant trait of growing fast and aggressively. Protect the plantings of these plants with slate to a depth of 20 cm or bury a curb. Otherwise, they can clog and strangle neighboring plants. And such a cute fluffy perennial as cypress spurge should not be planted in a mixed flower garden at all – getting rid of it will be very difficult.
The last stage – the settlement of the flower garden
After deciding on heights and colors of your scheme, move on to plant selection. For each position of the plan you need to choose several types. This is determined by the different biological demands of the plants on the growing conditions. All cultures should be selected so that they are suitable for your site and require approximately the same care methods.
When analyzing needs, pay special attention to the attitude of plants to lighting and heat, that is, those factors that are not subject to us. Almost all floral-decorative plants, with the exception of swamp and coastal species, require drained soil with groundwater not more than 80 cm from the surface. For competent watering, it is important to take into account the need for moisture. Types that require constant high soil moisture, in a sunny place and light, quick-drying soil will bind and spoil the appearance of the flower garden. In my garden on hot days, even with daily and abundant watering, this happens with the Buzulnik Przhevalsky and a beautiful little one, although they are illuminated by the sun for only 2 hours in the morning. Do not forget to take into account the requirements for soil fertility. They are not easy to fulfill, especially considering that after 4-5 years, many years plants have a transplant, and each site and burying bulbs each year requires a new site.
As a result of analysis, many species are removed from us. The result of the work is the final list of plants required for the designed flower garden.
I will not write about transferring the plan from paper to nature. So you can just find out or read in other sources. The purchased deleine, bulbs, roots or seedlings must be planted in competently prepared places on distant terms recommended in reference books on the best terms for these plants. Do not give in to the temptation to thicken the landings. After all, perennials grow not in the first, but some, and not in the second year. First, the flower garden will appear empty. Sell the yearbooks, but don’t let them interfere either. Don’t be afraid to leave programs: clean, detached land is also an element of design.
In summary, I will say that I would be very similar in the newspaper AIF. In the country ”to see a constant column with examples of successful and unsuccessful floral design with comments from specialists in this field.
In order to develop the taste and the so-called “professional eye”, be sure to look and evaluate all the landings nearby that you are. Foot them and try to identify the plants planted in flower beds. Read newspapers and magazines on the subject, or at least. Be sure to visit special exhibitions. Gradually you will begin to distinguish competently and beautifully decorated flower beds from random and messy landings. I dare to assure you that, having gained experience, you will taste it, and the creation of flower beds will captivate you no less than any other type of creativity. Our hobby is even more interesting with you, since we are dealing with a living substance. Every year we are forced to update our flower beds by planting something and getting rid of something. And because the richness of plant life is virtually inexhaustible, our artistic, natural canvas lends itself to constant renewal, correction, and improvement. Such specificity, it seems to me, has undeniable advantages over completed static creations.
From the editorial office
We sincerely thank our permanent author Louise Kitaev, who generously shares his many years of experience, and we hope that the principles of creating a traditional flower garden from her will be very useful to our readers at the beginning of the new summer season. But life does not stand still, and in the field of landscape design in recent years there have been many current trends, which often contradict the provisions that have already become classic. We will also talk about these new trends on the pages of our newspaper.